APPENDIX 5 THE FREEDOMS OF THE AIR
The freedoms of the air are the rights granted
by contracting States to the Chicago Convention to the other contracting
There are five formal freedoms, set out in the
"Five Freedoms Agreement" of 1944, which was signed
by the Chicago signatories. There is also cabotage, which is not
set out as a formal freedom. The list of formal freedoms is as
|First||The right of State A to fly across State B without landing.
|Second||The right of State A to land in State B for non-traffic purposes.
|Third||The right of State A to take passengers (and cargo and mail) to State B (eg LondonParis).
|Fourth||The right of State A to pick up return passengers (etc) in State B (eg Paris-London).
|Fifth||The right of State A to pick up passengers in State B and take them on to State C (eg a UK carrier flying Paris-Munich).
|Cabotage||The right of State A to operate domestic services within state B (eg a UK carrier flying Paris-Nice).
This chart is presented illustrate graphically the several
types of traffic rights. The aircraft which is shown in each example
is that of a flag carrier of Nation A.