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Lord Stoddart of Swindon: My Lords, the prison population is projected to reach 100,000, which is 30,000 more than it is at present. What will be the extra cost of building new prisons to house those extra 30,000 prisoners? Is the 100,000 projection the highest figure that is considered by the Government and, if not, what is that figure?
Lord Falconer of Thoroton: My Lords, I have always said that it is unwise to comment on prisoner projections over the next few years as they always turn out to be inaccurate in some respect. It is projected that there will be more people in prison. For that reason in the previous Budget the Chancellor of the Exchequer made in excess of £100 million available to provide more prison places. We must ensure that there are enough prison places for those whom the courts send to prison. But, as I say, it is for the courts to decide what the appropriate sentence is; it is for the Government to ensure that those sentences can be delivered.
Lord Ackner: My Lords, does the noble and learned Lord agree that until you have effectively tackled overcrowding in prison these pious hopes to reform the experience of prison are not likely to be realised?
Lord Falconer of Thoroton: My Lords, I do not agree with that proposition. I refer to the work that has been done by the Prison Service under the leadership of Martin Narey in relation to the vast increase in the number of educational programmes, the vast number of offender behaviour programmes and the decrease in the reoffending rate. That shows that the pessimistic prognostications of the noble and learned Lord are wrong.
Lord Blaker: My Lords, does the noble Baroness recall that, in rejecting the proposal for a referendum, the Government described the work of the convention as a tidying-up exercise? Is she aware that the distinguished president of the convention, Mr Giscard d'Estaing, an ex-president of France, has described the convention as in his view being comparable to that of the founding fathers on the constitution of the United States of America?
Is the noble Baroness also aware that three members of the presidium of the convention are ex-prime ministers of European countries, and two are ex-foreign ministers of European countries? Does she think that, if they had been told that they were going to take part in a tidying-up exercise, they would have accepted, or would they have insisted that it be something much more important?
Baroness Crawley: My Lords, the Government take the work of the convention extremely seriously. As noble Lords will know, the convention is looking at ways to identify how the EU can become more effective and able to deliver with a membership of 25 and more countries. We do not dismiss the work of the convention in any way, as I rather thought was implied by the noble Lord's follow-up question. The Prime Minister himself said of the convention:
Lord Wallace of Saltaire: My Lords, does the noble Baroness understand the Question as meaning that the Conservatives would like to have a referendum on the outcome of the convention, and then another on the outcome of the inter-governmental conference after the further negotiation? Would the Government not provide greater help to public opinion if they were to make sure that there was a worthwhile information campaign on proposals as they come out from the convention? When may we expect a White Paper and some very thorough parliamentary scrutiny of the outcomes of the convention over the summer?
Baroness Crawley: My Lords, I absolutely agree with the noble Lord on ensuring that we have a treaty that is not complex and overlapping but simple and clear, and that can be a very important information document in itself. That is an important aim of the Government. I am sure that there will be a good information campaign, but we are at a very early stage.
Lord Carter: My Lords, is my noble friend aware that a number of us are rather puzzled by the new-found Conservative enthusiasm for a referendum on the European convention? I believe that there was no referendum on the Single European Act or the Maastricht Treaty. My memory is not as good as it was. When did a Conservative government, or indeed a Liberal government, last allow a constitutional referendum?
Lord Lamont of Lerwick: My Lords, on the very point that has just been raised, would the noble Baroness not admit that the previous Conservative government promised a referendum on the single European currency, which was the most important outcome of the Maastricht Treaty? To say that that government did not promise a referendum on the Maastricht Treaty is therefore completely untrue.
What is the Government's reply to the remarks of Mr Dini, a former prime minister of Italy, who this weekend said that if Mr Blair says that the convention is merely tidying up he is trying to deceive the British people?
Baroness Crawley: My Lords, I am afraid that I did not hear the remarks to which the noble Lord refers, so I cannot respond to them. On his becoming slightly aerated about the record of former Conservative governments on the issue, I am sure that noble Lords appreciate delivery rather than promises.
Lord Hogg of Cumbernauld: My Lords, does my noble friend recognise that, on these not-quite-so-radical Back Benches, there are those of us who are pro-European but none the less in favour of a referendum on this important matter, recognising that the Government have set precedents for referendums? There were referendums ahead of devolution in Scotland and Wales, there are proposals for referendums on regional authorities, and we are promised a referendum on the euro. Has the precedent not been set that how the people are governed, and the arrangements for government, are put before the people in a referendum? Why have the Government changed their mind?
Baroness Crawley: My Lords, my noble friend obviously feels very strongly on the issue. However, I have to say to him, as I said to the noble Lord, Lord Blaker, in my original reply, that in Britain a national referendum is only for exceptional changes to our system of government. We had referendums so far as Scotland and Wales were concerned, as my noble
Baroness Crawley: My Lordsif I can make myself heardthere is no suggestion that the draft constitution being debated by the Convention on the Future of Europe will lead to significant changes in the relationship between the European Union and its citizens.
Lord Saatchi: My Lords, I beg to introduce a Bill to make provision for public information about the burden of taxation, for a public holiday in each calendar year to mark in symbolic fashion the date on which the national burden of taxation may be said to have been discharged, and for connected purposes. I beg to move that this Bill be now read a first time.
Moved, That Standing Order 41 (Arrangement of the Order Paper) be dispensed with on 17th June to allow the Motion standing in the name of the Lord Lester of Herne Hill to be taken before the two Motions standing in the name of the Lord Sainsbury of Turville.(Lord Williams of Mostyn.)