falls to be deducted, in consequence of an election under section 279A,
from any chargeable gains accruing to the taxpayer in that later eligible
The assumption falls to be made immediately after the making of the
election in respect of the relevant loss.
(8) The provisions are—
(a) section 2(5)(a)(ii) (taper relief),
(b) section 2(5)(aa)(ii) (taper relief),
(c) section 2(5)(b) (addition of certain amounts treated as amounts
of chargeable gains), and
(d) section 2A (taper relief),
except that paragraphs (b) and (d) above are not to affect the operation
of section 2(7) for the purposes of subsection (6) above.
(9) All such adjustments shall be made, whether by discharge or
repayment of tax, the making of assessments or otherwise, as are
required to give effect to the election under section 279A made by the
taxpayer for the relevant loss to be treated as accruing in an earlier year
in accordance with this section.
(10) Any reference in this section or section 279D to deduction in accordance
with section 2(2)(a), section 2(2)(b) or section 2(2) includes a reference
to such deduction by virtue of section 2(5)(a)(i) or (aa)(i).
279D Elections under section 279A
(1) An election under section 279A is irrevocable.
(2) Any election under that section must be made by giving a notice in
accordance with this section.
(3) The notice must be given to an officer of the Board.
(4) Subsections (5) to (8) below have effect in relation to the notice given by
the taxpayer in respect of the relevant loss.
(5) The notice must specify each of the following—
(a) the amount of the relevant loss;
(b) the right disposed of;
(c) the year of the right’s disposal;
(d) the year of the loss (if different from the year of the right’s
(e) the year in which the right was acquired;
(f) the original asset or assets.
(6) The notice must also specify each of the following—
(a) the eligible year in which the relevant loss is to be treated in
accordance with section 279C(2) as accruing to the taxpayer;
(b) the first year limit (see section 279C(3) and (4));
(c) how much of the relevant loss falls to be deducted in accordance
with section 2(2)(a) from chargeable gains accruing to the
taxpayer in that year.
(7) If, in accordance with section 279C, any part of the relevant loss falls to
be deducted in accordance with section 2(2)(b) from chargeable gains
accruing to the taxpayer in any later eligible year, the notice must also
(a) each such year;
(b) in the case of each such year, the later year limit (see section
(c) how much of the relevant loss falls to be deducted in accordance
with section 2(2)(b) in each such year from chargeable gains
accruing to the taxpayer in that year.
(8) The notice must be given on or before the first anniversary of the 31st
January next following the year of the loss.
(9) An election under section 279A is made on the date on which the notice
of the election is given.
(10) Different notices must be given in respect of different losses.
(11) Where a person makes two or more elections under section 279A on the
same day, the notices must specify the order in which the elections are
(12) For the purposes of any provisions of sections 279A to 279C whose
operation is affected by the order in which any elections under section
279A are made, elections made by a person on the same day shall be
treated as made at different times and in the order specified in
accordance with subsection (11) above.”.
(a) on the disposal of a right to which section 279A of the Taxation of
Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (c. 12) applies, an allowable loss would,
apart from section 279C of that Act, accrue to a person in any year of
(b) an election is made under section 279A of that Act for the loss to be
treated as accruing in an earlier year in accordance with section 279C,
(c) the right is an earn-out right, within the meaning of section 138A of that
Act, which was conferred before 10th April 2003,
no election may be made under section 138A of that Act (election for earn-out
right to be treated as security etc) in respect of the right, whether at the same
time as the election under section 279A or subsequently.
(3) The amendment made by subsection (1) has effect in relation to allowable
losses that would, apart from that amendment, accrue on or after 10th April
For this purpose, losses that would, apart from that amendment, be treated by
virtue of section 10A of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (c. 12) as
accruing in the year 2003-04 shall be treated as so accruing on or after 10th
(4) Subsection (2) shall be deemed to have come into force on 10th April 2003.
163 Transfers of value: attribution of gains to beneficiaries
(1) For section 85A of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 substitute—
“85A Transfers of value: attribution of gains to beneficiaries and treatment
(1) Schedule 4C to this Act has effect with respect to the attribution of gains
to beneficiaries where there has been a transfer of value to which
Schedule 4B applies.
(2) Sections 86A to 95 have effect subject to the provisions of Schedule 4C.
(3) No account shall be taken of any chargeable gains or allowable losses
accruing by virtue of Schedule 4B in computing the trust gains for a
year of assessment in accordance with sections 87 to 89, except in
computing for the purposes of paragraph 7A(2) of Schedule 4C the
amount on which the trustees would have been chargeable to tax under
section 2(2) if they had been resident or ordinarily resident in the
(4) No account shall be taken of any chargeable gains or allowable losses
to which sections 87 to 89 apply in computing the gains or losses
accruing by virtue of Schedule 4B.”.
(2) Schedule 4C to that Act (transfers of value: attribution of gains to beneficiaries)
is amended in accordance with Schedule 29 to this Act.
(3) In section 90 of that Act (transfers between settlements), for subsection (5)
“(5) This section does not apply—
(a) to a transfer to which Schedule 4B applies, or
(b) to gains to which Schedule 4C applies (that is, to “Schedule 4C
gains” within the meaning of that Schedule).”.
(4) The following provisions have effect with respect to the coming into force of
the amendments made by this section and Schedule 29—
(a) the amendments apply where the trustees of a settlement have made a
transfer to which Schedule 4B applies at any time on or after 21st March
(b) where there has been a transfer of value to which Schedule 4B applies
before 9th April 2003, the transferor settlement shall be treated as
having a Schedule 4C pool as from that date containing such Schedule
4C gains as would fall to be included in the pool if—
(i) a year of assessment had ended with 8th April 2003, and
(ii) the reference in paragraph 1(2)(b) of Schedule 4C as amended to
the end of the year of assessment in which the transfer of value
was made were to that date;
(c) where a transferor settlement ceased to exist on or after 21st March 2000
and before 9th April 2003, Schedule 4C as amended applies as if it had
ceased to exist on 8th April 2003 (so that paragraph (b) above applies);
(d) so much of Schedule 4C as amended as provides—
(i) that gains treated as accruing to beneficiaries who are not
chargeable to tax are treated as outstanding section 87/89 gains,
(ii) that gains in a settlement’s Schedule 4C pool are not to be
treated as accruing to such beneficiaries,
applies only in relation to capital payments made on or after 9th April
(e) gains included in a settlement’s Schedule 4C pool by virtue of
paragraph 1(2)(b) of that Schedule as amended shall only be attributed
in accordance with the provisions of that Schedule to beneficiaries who
receive capital payments on or after 9th April 2003.
(5) Paragraph 8A(3) and (4) of Schedule 4C, inserted by paragraph 4 of Schedule
29 to this Act, applies only where the transfer referred to in that provision
occurs on or after 9th April 2003.
(6) Expressions used in subsection (4) that are defined for the purposes of
Schedule 4C to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (c. 12) as amended
by Schedule 29 to this Act have the same meaning as in that Schedule.
Capital allowances and related matters
164 Avoidance affecting proceeds of balancing event
(1) In Chapter 5 of Part 12 of the Capital Allowances Act 2001 (c. 2) (miscellaneous
supplementary provisions), after section 570 insert—
570A Avoidance affecting proceeds of balancing event
(1) This section applies where an event occurs in relation to an asset (a
“balancing event”) as a result of which a balancing allowance would
(but for this section) fall to be made to a person (“the taxpayer”) under
Part 3, 4, 4A, 5 or 10.
(2) The taxpayer is not entitled to any balancing allowance if, as a result of
a tax avoidance scheme, the amount to be brought into account as the
proceeds from the event is less than it would otherwise have been.
(3) In subsection (2) a “tax avoidance scheme” means a scheme or
arrangement the main purpose, or one of the main purposes, of which
is the obtaining of a tax advantage by the taxpayer.
(4) Where this section applies to deny a balancing allowance, the residue
of qualifying expenditure immediately after the balancing event is
nevertheless calculated as if the balancing allowance had been made.
(5) In this section as it applies for the purposes of Part 5 (mineral extraction
(a) the references to the proceeds from the balancing event that are
to be brought into account shall be read as references to the
disposal value to be brought into account, and
(b) the reference to the residue of qualifying expenditure shall be
read as a reference to the unrelieved qualifying expenditure.”.
(2) This section applies in relation to any balancing event (within the meaning of
section 570A, inserted by subsection (1) above) occurring on or after 27th
November 2002, except where the event—
(a) occurs in pursuance of a contract entered into before that date, and
(b) does not occur in consequence of the exercise on or after that date of an
option, right of pre-emption or similar right.
165 Extension of first-year allowances for ICT expenditure by small enterprises
In section 45(1) of the Capital Allowances Act 2001 (c. 2) (ICT expenditure
incurred by small enterprises: first-year qualifying expenditure), in paragraph
(a) (under which the expenditure must be incurred on or before 31st March
2003) for “31st March 2003” substitute “31st March 2004”.
166 Expenditure on software for sub-licensing
(1) Section 45 of the Capital Allowances Act 2001 (first-year allowances for ICT
expenditure incurred by small enterprises) is amended as follows.
(2) In subsection (1)(d) (expenditure must not be excluded by general exclusions
in section 46) at the end insert “or subsection (4) below”.
(3) After subsection (3) insert—
“(4) Expenditure on an item within Class C is not first-year qualifying
expenditure under this section if the person incurring it does so with a
view to granting to another person a right to use or otherwise deal with
any of the software in question.”.
(4) This section applies in relation to expenditure incurred on or after 26th March
167 First-year allowances for expenditure on environmentally beneficial plant or
Schedule 30 to this Act (first-year allowances for expenditure on
environmentally beneficial plant or machinery) has effect in relation to
expenditure incurred on or after 1st April 2003.
168 Relief for research and development
(1) Schedule 31 to this Act (which makes amendments relating to relief for
expenditure on research and development) shall have effect.
(2) In that Schedule—
Part 1 amends Schedule 20 to the Finance Act 2000 (c. 17) (relief for small
and medium-sized enterprises);
Part 2 amends Part 1 of Schedule 12 to the Finance Act 2002 (c. 23) (relief
for large companies);
Part 3 amends Part 2 of that Schedule (work sub-contracted to small or
Part 4 inserts a new Part 2A into that Schedule (entitlement of small or
medium-sized enterprise to additional relief available to large
companies in respect of subsidised expenditure);
Part 5 makes supplementary amendments to Parts 3 to 6 of that Schedule;
Part 6 amends Schedule 13 to the Finance Act 2002 (c. 23) (expenditure on
vaccine research etc).
(3) Except as provided by subsection (4)—
(a) the amendments made by Parts 1 and 6 of Schedule 31 have effect in
relation to expenditure incurred on or after the appointed day, and
(b) the amendments made by Parts 2 to 5 of that Schedule have effect in
relation to expenditure incurred on or after 9th April 2003.
(4) The exceptions are that—
(a) the amendments made by paragraphs 2 and 3 in Part 1 have effect for
accounting periods beginning on or after the appointed day;
(b) in the application of paragraph 5 of Schedule 20 to the Finance Act 2000
(c. 17) (staffing costs) for any purpose of Schedule 12 to the Finance Act
2002 by virtue of paragraph 17(b) of that Schedule (meaning of “staffing
costs”), the amendments made by paragraph 5 in Part 1 of Schedule 31
to this Act (persons partly engaged directly and actively in R&D) have
effect in relation to expenditure incurred on or after 9th April 2003;
(c) the amendments made by paragraph 6 in Part 1 (qualifying
expenditure on externally provided workers), in their application by
virtue of paragraph 19 in Part 5 (application for purposes of Schedule
12 to the Finance Act 2002), have effect in relation to expenditure
incurred on or after 9th April 2003;
(d) the amendments made by—
(i) paragraph 9 in Part 2,
(ii) paragraphs 12 and 13 in Part 3, and
(iii) paragraph 15 in Part 4,
have effect for accounting periods beginning on or after 9th April 2003;
(e) the amendments made by paragraph 21 in Part 6 (reduction of
company’s required minimum qualifying expenditure in an
accounting period from £25,000 etc to £10,000 etc) have effect for
accounting periods beginning on or after the appointed day.
(5) In this section the “appointed day” means such day as the Treasury may by
order appoint; and different days may be so appointed for different provisions
or different purposes.
169 Tonnage tax: extension of capital allowance restrictions on lessors of ships
Schedule 32 to this Act (tonnage tax: restrictions on capital allowances for
lessors of ships) has effect.
Life insurance and pensions
170 Insurance companies
Schedule 33 to this Act (which makes provision about the taxation of insurance
companies, including companies which have ceased to be insurance
companies after a transfer of business) has effect.
171 Policies of life insurance etc: miscellaneous amendments
(1) Schedule 34 to this Act (which makes provision relating to Chapter 2 of Part 13
of the Taxes Act 1988) has effect.
(2) In that Schedule—
Part 1 relates to group life policies;
Part 2 relates to charitable and non-charitable trusts;
Part 3 restricts the meaning of “life annuity”; and
Part 4 makes provision for and in connection with the repeal of section
540(2) of the Taxes Act 1988 (rollover of gain on maturity into new
(3) This section and that Schedule shall be deemed to have come into force on 9th
172 Charges under life insurance policies for exceptional risk of disability
(1) In Schedule 15 to the Taxes Act 1988 (provisions for determining whether an
insurance policy is a “qualifying policy”)—
(a) in paragraph 12(a) (disregard of so much of premium as is charged on
the grounds of exceptional risk of death), and
(b) in paragraph 12(b) (disregard of provision in policy charging, on those
grounds, a sum as a debt against capital sum guaranteed on death),
after “death” insert “or disability”.
(2) Accordingly, in the heading before paragraph 12 of that Schedule, for
“mortality risk” substitute “risk of death or disability”.
(3) In paragraph 3 of that Schedule (friendly society policies), omit paragraphs
(b)(iii) and (c) of sub-paragraph (8) (which make provision corresponding to
paragraph 12(a) and (b) but are unnecessary).
(4) In paragraph 18 of that Schedule (rules about substituted policies applied
where policies are varied) insert after sub-paragraph (3)—
“(4) For the purposes of this paragraph there is no variation in the terms
of a policy where—
(a) an amount of premium chargeable on the grounds that an
exceptional risk of death or disability is involved becomes or
ceases to be payable, or
(b) the policy is amended by the insertion, variation or removal
of a provision under which, on those grounds, any sum may
become chargeable as a debt against the capital sum
guaranteed by the policy on death or disability.”.
(5) In section 460 of that Act (registered friendly societies: exemption from tax in
respect of life or endowment business), in subsection (3)(b) (which makes
provision corresponding to paragraph 12(a) of Schedule 15) after “death” insert
(6) The amendments made by this section shall be deemed always to have had
effect; but this section shall be disregarded to the extent that it would prevent
a policy from being a qualifying policy at any time before 9th April 2003.
173 Gains on policies of life insurance etc: rate of tax
(1) Schedule 35 to this Act (which makes provision for and in connection with
charging certain gains on policies of life insurance, etc at the lower rate) has