(c) require the removal of, or prohibit the use of, any apparatus lawfully
installed on, in or over any premises before that suspension.
(12) Subsection (9) of section 39 applies for the purposes of subsection (1) as it
applies for the purposes of that section.
111 Procedure for directions under s. 110
(1) Except in an urgent case, OFCOM are not to give a direction under section
110(4) suspending the application of the electronic communications code in the
case of any person (“the operator”) unless they have—
(a) notified the operator of the proposed suspension and of the steps (if
any) that they are proposing to take under section 114;
(b) provided him with an opportunity of making representations about the
proposals and of proposing steps for remedying the situation that has
given rise to the proposed suspension; and
(c) considered every representation and proposal made to them during the
period allowed by them for the operator to take advantage of that
(2) That period must be one ending not less than one month after the day of the
giving of the notification.
(3) As soon as practicable after giving a direction under section 110 in an urgent
case, OFCOM must, provide the operator with an opportunity of—
(a) making representations about the effect of the direction and of any
steps taken under section 114 in connection with the suspension; and
(b) proposing steps for remedying the situation that has given rise to the
(4) A case is an urgent case for the purposes of this section if OFCOM—
(a) consider that it would be inappropriate, because the circumstances
appearing to OFCOM to require the suspension fall within subsection
(5), to allow time, before giving a direction under section 110, for the
making and consideration of representations; and
(b) decide for that reason to act in accordance with subsection (3), instead
of subsection (1).
(5) Circumstances fall within this subsection if they have resulted in, or create an
immediate risk of—
(a) a serious threat to the safety of the public, to public health or to national
(b) serious economic or operational problems for persons (apart from the
operator) who are communications providers or persons who make
associated facilities available; or
(c) serious economic or operational problems for persons who make use of
electronic communications networks, electronic communications
services or associated facilities.
112 Modification and revocation of application of code
(1) OFCOM may at any time modify the terms on which, by virtue of section
103(5), the code is applied in a person’s case.
(2) OFCOM may revoke a direction applying the electronic communications code
in a person’s case if an application for the revocation has been made by that
(3) If at any time it appears to OFCOM that a person in whose case the electronic
communications code has been applied is not the provider of an electronic
communications network or conduit system for the purposes of which the code
applies, OFCOM may revoke the direction applying the code in his case.
(4) A modification or revocation under this section shall be by a further direction
under section 103 to the person in whose case the electronic communications
code has been applied by the direction being modified or revoked.
(5) The matters required by section 104(8) to be included, in the case of a direction
for the purposes of this section, in the statement of OFCOM’s proposal are
whichever of the following is applicable—
(a) a statement of their proposal to modify terms imposed under section
(b) a statement of their proposal to revoke the direction applying the code.
113 Notification of cessation by person to whom code applies
(1) This section applies where, by virtue of a direction under section 103, the
electronic communications code applies in any person’s case for the purposes
of the provision by him of—
(a) an electronic communications network which is not of a description
designated for the purposes of section 30; or
(b) such a system of conduits as is mentioned in section 103(4)(b).
(2) If that person ceases to provide that network or conduit system, he must notify
OFCOM of that fact.
(3) A notification under this section must be given within such period and in such
manner as may be required by OFCOM.
(4) OFCOM may impose a penalty on a person who fails to comply with a
requirement imposed by or under this section.
(5) The amount of a penalty imposed on a person under this section is to be such
amount not exceeding £1,000 as OFCOM may determine to be both—
(a) appropriate; and
(b) proportionate to the matter in respect of which it is imposed.
(6) Where OFCOM impose a penalty on a person under this section, they shall—
(a) within one week of making their decision to impose the penalty, notify
that person of that decision and of their reasons for that decision; and
(b) in that notification, fix a reasonable period after it is given as the period
within which the penalty is to be paid.
(7) A penalty imposed under this section—
(a) must be paid to OFCOM; and
(b) if not paid within the period fixed by them, is to be recoverable by them
(8) The Secretary of State may by order amend this section so as to substitute a
different maximum penalty for the maximum penalty for the time being
specified in subsection (5).
(9) No order is to be made containing provision authorised by subsection (8)
unless a draft of the order has been laid before Parliament and approved by a
resolution of each House.
114 Transitional schemes on cessation of application of code
(1) Where it appears to OFCOM—
(a) that the electronic communications code has ceased or is to cease to
apply, to any extent, in the case of any person (“the former operator”),
(b) that it has ceased or will cease so to apply for either of the reasons
specified in subsection (2), and
(c) that it is appropriate for transitional provision to be made in connection
with it ceasing to apply in the case of the former operator,
they may by order make a scheme containing any such transitional provision
as they think fit in that case.
(2) Those reasons are—
(a) the suspension under section 110 of the application of the code in the
former operator’s case;
(b) the revocation or modification under section 112 of the direction
applying the code in his case.
(3) A scheme contained in an order under this section may, in particular—
(a) impose any one or more obligations falling within subsection (4) on the
(b) provide for those obligations to be enforceable in such manner
(otherwise than by criminal penalties) and by such persons as may be
specified in the scheme;
(c) authorise the retention of apparatus on any land pending its
subsequent use for the purposes of an electronic communications
network, electronic communications service or conduit system to be
provided by any person;
(d) provide for the transfer to such persons as may be specified in, or
determined in accordance with, the scheme of any rights or liabilities
arising out of any agreement or other obligation entered into or
incurred in pursuance of the code by the former operator;
(e) provide, for the purposes of any provision contained in the scheme by
virtue of any of the preceding paragraphs, for such questions arising
under the scheme as are specified in the scheme, or are of a description
so specified, to be referred to, and determined by, OFCOM.
(4) The obligations referred to in subsection (3)(a) are—
(a) an obligation to remove anything installed in pursuance of any right
conferred by or in accordance with the code;
(b) an obligation to restore land to its condition before anything was done
in pursuance of any such right; or
(c) an obligation to pay the expenses of any such removal or restoration.
(5) Sections 107 to 109 apply in relation to the requirements imposed by virtue of
a scheme contained in an order under this section as they apply in relation to a
requirement imposed by virtue of restrictions or conditions under section 106.
(6) Section 396 applies to the power of OFCOM to make an order under this
115 Compulsory acquisition of land etc.
Schedule 4 (which provides for compulsory acquisition of land by the provider
of an electronic communications network in whose case the electronic
communications code applies and for entry on land by persons nominated by
such a provider) shall have effect.
116 Power to give assistance in relation to certain proceedings
(1) This section applies where any actual or prospective party to any proceedings
falling within subsection (2) (other than the operator, within the meaning of the
electronic communications code) applies to OFCOM for assistance under this
section in relation to those proceedings.
(2) The proceedings falling within this subsection are any actual or prospective
proceedings in which there falls to be determined any question arising under,
or in connection with—
(a) the electronic communications code as applied in any person’s case by
a direction under section 103; or
(b) any restriction or condition subject to which that code applies.
(3) OFCOM may grant the application if, on any one or more of the following
grounds, they think fit to do so—
(a) on the ground that the case raises a question of principle;
(b) on the ground that it is unreasonable, having regard to the complexity
of the case or to any other matter, to expect the applicant to deal with
the case without assistance under this section;
(c) by reason of any other special consideration.
(4) Assistance by OFCOM under this section may include—
(a) giving advice or arranging for the giving of advice by a solicitor or
(b) procuring or attempting to procure the settlement of the matter in
(c) arranging for the giving of any assistance usually given by a solicitor or
(i) in the steps preliminary or incidental to proceedings; or
(ii) in arriving at, or giving effect to, a compromise to avoid
proceedings or to bring them to an end;
(d) arranging for representation by a solicitor or counsel;
(e) arranging for the giving of any other assistance by a solicitor or counsel;
(f) any other form of assistance which OFCOM consider appropriate.
(5) Nothing in subsection (4)(d) shall be taken to affect the law and practice
regulating the descriptions of persons who may appear in, conduct or defend
any proceedings, or who may address the court in any proceedings.
(6) In so far as expenses are incurred by OFCOM in providing the applicant with
assistance under this section, the recovery of those expenses (as taxed or
assessed in such manner as may be prescribed by rules of court) shall constitute
a first charge for the benefit of OFCOM—
(a) on any costs or expenses which (whether by virtue of a judgment or
order of a court, or an agreement or otherwise) are payable to the
applicant by any other person in respect of the matter in connection
with which the assistance is given; and
(b) so far as relates to costs or expenses, on the applicant’s rights under a
compromise or settlement arrived at in connection with that matter to
avoid proceedings, or to bring them to an end.
(7) A charge conferred by subsection (6) is subject to—
(a) any charge imposed by section 10(7) of the Access to Justice Act 1999
(c. 22) and any provision made by or under Part 1 of that Act for the
payment of any sum to the Legal Services Commission;
(b) any charge or obligation for payment in priority to other debts under
the Legal Aid (Scotland) Act 1986 (c. 47); or
(c) any charge under the Legal Aid, Advice and Assistance (Northern
Ireland) Order 1981 (S.I. 1981/228 (N.I. 8)).
Regulation of premium rate services
117 Conditions regulating premium rate services
(1) OFCOM shall have the power, for the purpose of regulating the provision,
content, promotion and marketing of premium rate services, to set conditions
under this section that bind the persons to whom they are applied.
(2) Conditions under this section may be applied either—
(a) generally to every person who provides a premium rate service; or
(b) to every person who is of a specified description of such persons, or
who provides a specified description of such services.
(3) The only provision that may be made by conditions under this section is
provision requiring the person to whom the condition applies to comply, to the
extent required by the condition, with—
(a) directions given in accordance with an approved code by the
enforcement authority and for the purpose of enforcing its provisions;
(b) if there is no such code, the provisions of the order for the time being in
force under section 119.
(4) The power to set a condition under this section includes power to modify or
revoke the conditions for the time being in force under this section.
(5) Sections 44 and 45 apply to the setting, modification and revocation of a
condition under this section as they apply to the setting, modification and
revocation of a condition under section 42.
(6) OFCOM must send a copy of every notification published under section 45(1)
with respect to a condition under this section to the Secretary of State.
(7) A service is a premium rate service for the purposes of this Chapter if—
(a) it is a service falling within subsection (8);
(b) there is a charge for the provision of the service;
(c) the charge is required to be paid to a person providing an electronic
communications service by means of which the service in question is
(d) that charge is imposed in the form of a charge made by that person for
the use of the electronic communications service.
(8) A service falls within this subsection if its provision consists in—
(a) the provision of the contents of communications transmitted by means
of an electronic communications network; or
(b) allowing the user of an electronic communications service to make use,
by the making of a transmission by means of that service, of a facility
made available to the users of the electronic communications service.
(9) For the purposes of this Chapter a person provides a premium rate service
(“the relevant service”) if—
(a) he provides the contents of the relevant service;
(b) he exercises editorial control over the contents of the relevant service;
(c) he is a person who packages together the contents of the relevant
service for the purpose of facilitating its provision;
(d) he makes available a facility comprised in the relevant service; or
(e) he falls within subsection (10) or (11).
(10) A person falls within this subsection if—
(a) he is the provider of an electronic communications service used for the
provision of the relevant service; and
(b) under arrangements made with a person who is a provider of the
relevant service falling within subsection (9)(a) to (d), he is entitled to
retain some or all of the charges received by him in respect of the
provision of the relevant service or of the use of his electronic
communications service for the purposes of the relevant service.
(11) A person falls within this subsection if—
(a) he is the provider of an electronic communications network used for
the provision of the relevant service; and
(b) an agreement relating to the use of the network for the provision of that
service subsists between the provider of the network and a person who
is a provider of the relevant service falling within subsection (9)(a) to
(12) Where one or more persons are employed or engaged under the direction of
another to do any of the things mentioned in subsection (9)(a) to (d), only that
other person shall be a provider of the relevant service for the purposes of this
(13) References in this section to a facility include, in particular, references to—
(a) a facility for making a payment for goods or services;
(b) a facility for entering a competition or claiming a prize; and
(c) a facility for registering a vote or recording a preference.
(14) In this section—
“approved code” means a code for the time being approved under section
“enforcement authority”, in relation to such a code, means the person who
under the code has the function of enforcing it.
118 Approval of code for premium rate services
(1) If it appears to OFCOM—
(a) that a code has been made by any person for regulating the provision
and contents of premium rate services, and the facilities made available
in the provision of such services;
(b) that the code contains provision for regulating, to such extent (if any)
as they think fit, the arrangements made by the providers of premium
rate services for promoting and marketing those services; and
(c) that it would be appropriate for them to approve that code for the
purposes of section 117,
they may approve that code for those purposes.
(2) OFCOM are not to approve a code for those purposes unless they are
(a) that there is a person who, under the code, has the function of
administering and enforcing it; and
(b) that that person is sufficiently independent of the providers of
premium rate services;
(c) that adequate arrangements are in force for funding the activities of
that person in relation to the code;
(d) that the provisions of the code are objectively justifiable in relation to
the services to which it relates;
(e) that those provisions are not such as to discriminate unduly against
particular persons or against a particular description of persons;
(f) that those provisions are proportionate to what they are intended to
(g) that, in relation to what those provisions are intended to achieve, they
(3) The provision that may be contained in a code and approved under this section
includes, in particular, provision about the pricing of premium rate services
and provision for the enforcement of the code.
(4) The provision for the enforcement of a code that may be approved under this
(a) provision for the payment, to a person specified in the code, of a
penalty not exceeding the maximum penalty for the time being
specified in section 120(2);
(b) provision requiring a provider of a premium rate service to secure that
the provision of the service is suspended or otherwise ceases or is
restricted in any respect;
(c) provision for the imposition on a person, in respect of a contravention
of the code, of a temporary or permanent prohibition or restriction on
his working in connection with the provision of premium rate services
or, in the case of a body corporate, on its providing such services or on
its carrying on other activities in connection with their provision.
(5) OFCOM may, at any time, for the purposes of section 117—
(a) approve modifications that have been made to an approved code; or
(b) withdraw their approval from an approved code.
(6) Where OFCOM give or withdraw an approval for the purposes of section 117,
they must give notification of their approval or of its withdrawal.
(7) The notification must be published in such manner as OFCOM consider
appropriate for bringing it to the attention of the persons who, in OFCOM’s
opinion, are likely to be affected by the approval or withdrawal.