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Baroness Amos: We understand from the World Bank that its support to Turkey is focused on key structural and social reforms, in line with the bank's overall mission to reduce poverty and improve living standards. In conjunction with the IMF, the bank is supporting the Government of Turkey in implementing a three-year disinflation which aims to bring inflation below 10 per cent by the end of 2002 and restore economic growth. The World Bank is not involved in the demobilisation of conventional forces or in police training. It is not directly involved in meeting the needs of internally displaced people in Turkey. The bank provided substantial support to help Turkey deal with the aftermath of the Marmara earthquake. DfID does not have a bilateral programme in Turkey.
Baroness Amos: DfID has so far disbursed £2.4 million of humanitarian assistance through the United Nations Agencies and International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to help displaced people in the North Caucasus. We have recently committed a further £0.5 million to the ICRC for the coming winter, and expect to make further contributions to the UN Consolidated Appeal, which runs until 31 December 2000. I will be pleased to write to my noble friend with details of this contribution when it is finalised. This direct assistance is in addition to the UK's 16 per cent share of the activities of the European Commission Humanitarian Office.
What changes in levels of employment have been assumed in the calculation that 1.2 million children will be lifted out of poverty; and[HL4031]
What changes in levels of earnings have been assumed in the calculation that 1.2 million children will be lifted out of poverty; and[HL4032]
What effect on child poverty has been attributed to each of their measures individually; and[HL4033]
What part of the expected reduction of child poverty is attributed to parents entering work as a result of government measures; and how much effect is attributed to which measures; and[HL4034]
In calculating reduction in child poverty through the effects of parents entering work, what allowance they have made for the effects of substitution.[HL4035]
Lord McIntosh of Haringey: The 1.2 million children lifted out of poverty is an estimate, using the Treasury's tax benefit simulation model, of the impact of the measures announced during this Parliament. It is not a forecast of the change in the number of children living in low income families over the Parliament.
The estimate encompasses the income effect of the measures, with one exception. A small adjustment has been made to allow for increases in employment amongst lone parents, which have already been seen since 1997. Other than this, for the purposes of this estimate, no account has been taken of the possible impact of the tax and benefit measures on earnings or employment.
The impact of each of the key measures on families' incomes is shown in Box 5.1 on page 86 of the March 2000 Economic and Fiscal Strategy Report. This shows that changes in the working families' tax credit and income-related benefits have the biggest impact in the lower deciles of the income distribution.
While it is not possible to break down the impact of the individual measures on child poverty, it is possible to provide some detail on the types of household affected. The estimates suggest that of the 1.2 million children lifted out of poverty, around one-third are in lone parent families and about two-thirds in families with someone in employment.
The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence (Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean): Information on the broad range of Ministry of Defence-related activities is not held centrally and could only be provided at disproportionate cost. However, we are not aware of access being denied to personnel of the three Services' recruiting organisations who take part, with other would-be employers of high calibre staff, in careers fairs organised by the universities.
Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: At 0.95 nautical miles, or about 20 seconds before impact, the crew released the on-board navigational computer from its fix on the Mull of Kintyre. At that point the pilots knew how close to the Mull they were. At 15 to 18 seconds before impact, the aircraft's height was only 468 feet as recorded on the tactical air navigation system. The pilots would have seen the same information on their radar altimeter, but even so at that point the aircraft was still climbing only gently.
Evidence from the pilots' pre-flight planning shows they were fully aware of the safety altitude required for each leg of the route under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR). If the pilots' intention was to overfly the Mull through cloud, under IFR, they should have established flight at least 1,000 ft above the height of the Mull. This is why the Board of Inquiry concluded that the selection of an inappropriate rate of climb to overfly the Mull safely was the most probable cause of the accident.
Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: Her Majesty's Government reaffirm their high regard for the work of the Services Cotswold Centre on behalf of Army families. However, the centre remains under-utilised and is now the subject of an investment appraisal which will examine whether a solution exists which offers better value for money. This exercise should be complete by early December and will form the basis of a decision on the future of the centre by Her Majesty's Government. For the time being, the centre remains open and continues to provide temporary accommodation for Service families. I will write further to the noble Baroness once the position is clear, and a copy of my letter will be placed in the Library of the House.
Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: Officials are seeking to establish this information and a review of policy on wrecked military vessels is also being undertaken. I will write to the noble Lord when this work is complete, and a copy of my letter will be placed in the Library of the House.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office (Lord Bassam of Brighton): The Armed Forces carry out a wide range of activities in support of the community and the civil authorities, and provide help at times of civil emergency. In relation to the purposes described in the Question, they would be deployed in support of the civil authorities only where their aid was considered by the Government to be essential for the achievement of those purposes. Information on whether different criteria have been in operation at any time since 1945 is not readily available.
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