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The Chairman of Committees (Lord Boston of Faversham): Papers of the Scottish Parliament and of the Welsh and Northern Ireland Assemblies are not, at present, made available in the Printed Paper Office.
|Bottom decile||Second decile||Third decile||Fourth decile||Fifth decile||Sixth decile||Seventh decile||Eighth decile||Ninth decile||Top decile|
|Before Housing Costs||108||144||172||202||236||274||316||370||453||649|
|After Housing Costs||71||106||132||164||200||236||277||327||402||582|
1. All figures are estimates and are taken from the Households Below Average Income (HBAI) data set which is based on the Family Resources Survey (FRS). The FRS does not include Northern Ireland. 1996-97 is the latest year for which information is available.
2. The income measure used is weekly net (disposable) equivalised household income (that is to say "actual" income that is adjusted to reflect the composition of the household). The figures given are equivalent to the "actual" household income of a couple with no children.
3. Median incomes are given to avoid any potential bias affecting the mean, as a result of the large numbers of outlying observations present in both the first and tenth deciles of the income distribution, both of which are skewed downwards. These outliers result from problems with both under-recording of household income and high sampling variability at the top and bottom of the income distribution.
4. It is standard HBAI practice to give results for income both before and after housing costs, in order to allow for the effect of variations in housing costs between households.
Further to the Written Answer by Baroness Hollis of Heigham on 18 May (WA 27), why they believe the reduction in spouses' benefits under SERPS does not deprive anyone of a possession within the
8 Jun 1999 : Column WA156
Baroness Hollis of Heigham: We do not believe that benefits which depend on the payment of contributions by another person are possessions within the meaning of Article 1. In addition, we consider that the reduction in SERPS benefits is consistent with Article 1, which allows for needs to be reassessed in the light of changing social policy.
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