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Lord Gilbert: In the time available so far it has not been possible to complete appropriate enquiries in order to provide an answer to these questions. As soon as I have sufficient information I will write to the noble Countess. A copy of my letter will be placed in the Library of the House.
Lord Gilbert: During the Gulf War three vaccines--anthrax, pertussis, as an adjuvant, and plague--were used in the UK anti-biological warfare agent immunisation programme. Details of these vaccines were published on 28 October in the paper Background to the use of medical countermeasures to protect British Forces during the Gulf War (Op. GRANBY), a copy of which has been placed in the Library of the House.
British troops could also have received a number of routine immunisations. These were those which service personnel are normally required to have, for yellow fever, tetanus, typhoid and poliomyelitis; those appropriate for travellers to the region, for cholera; and those appropriate to particular categories of Service personnel, for hepatitis B. Recent work on Gulf War records suggests some troops also received meningitis vaccine.
There have also been suggestions that other standard vaccines were used. For example, hepatitis A and rabies are two vaccines that are sometimes given to travellers to the region. Hepatitis A immunoglobulin is also known to have been available in-theatre. As yet the MoD has no specific evidence of these three products being used. However, the Fact Finding Team which is conducting a study into the implementation in-theatre of the anti-biological warfare agent immunisation programme is also seeking more information on the range of standard vaccines which may have been received by certain groups of Service personnel.
The Minister of State, Department of Health (Baroness Jay of Paddington): The proposal for the Willesden Centre for Psychological Treatment is part of a comprehensive review of mental health services which is currently being undertaken by Brent and Harrow Health Authority. A series of proposals are subject to a public consultation exercise. The outcome of consultation will be discussed at the health authority
Baroness Jay of Paddington: I refer the noble Earl to the reply I gave on 7 July at column WA63. This shows the number of reported cases surviving three years or more after an AIDS diagnosis. We do not know how many are constant users of antiviral drugs because the choice of treatment for HIV and AIDS patients is a matter for discussion between the patient and clinician; records of an individual's treatments are confidential.
Baroness Jay of Paddington: In April this year the first consensus of medical opinion was published about the anteretroviral treatment of HIV seropositive individuals in the form of guidelines from the British HIV Association. These guidelines do not contain recommendations about the length of time an individual should remain on medication. The choice and duration of treatment is a matter for discussion and agreement between individual patients and their clinicians, and medical advice will be tailored to the individual.
The Minister of State, Department of Trade and Industry (Lord Simon of Highbury): Ministers in this Government will continue to make public statements about their involvement in specific cases where it is valuable for the conduct of a particular case to do so.
As already announced, the Minister for Competition and Consumer Affairs has stood aside from consideration of the Monopolies and Mergers Commission's reports on P&O/Stena and on the travel trade, and papers relating to the European Commission's investigation under the European Community Merger Regulation of the proposed
Whether the additional payments made to the universities of Oxford and Cambridge are made in recognition of high standards of education achieved at those universities; and if so, whether they will make similar payments to other United Kingdom universities where equally high standards are achieved.
The Minister of State, Department for Education and Employment (Baroness Blackstone): The college fee for students at Oxford and Cambridge universities represents the provision of a wide variety of services--for example, additional library facilities--provided in the colleges. It also reflects more generous provision for teaching allowing a greater use of the individual tutorial approach in the Oxbridge colleges than elsewhere.
We have asked the Higher Education Funding Council for England for advice on the mechanisms for settling future funding for universities and colleges at Oxford and Cambridge and on any implications for the three independent colleges at Durham, which also receive funding through reimbursement of college fees. We are currently awaiting their advice.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office (Lord Williams of Mostyn): The Prison Service monitors the time that is available for prisoners to spend out of their cell, based on normal prison routines, rather than actual time that prisoners spend in their cell.
The Prison Service monitors average time engaged in constructive activity on a weekly rather than a daily basis. The average weekly number of hours spent in constructive activity for each Young Offenders Institution is shown in Table B.
|Male closed young offender||Aylesbury||9.12|
|Male open young offender||Colchester||21.80|
|Male closed young offender||Aylesbury||23.21|
|Male open young offender||Colchester||n/a|
The data for September are provisional, so these 12-month figures may be subject to minor changes.