H O U S E of L O R D S - a brief guide - continued
Unlike MPs, Lords are unelected and unpaid, except for certain
allowances to cover attendance, which is voluntary.
Lord Chancellor welcoming a new peer
ARCHIBISHOPS AND BISHOPS||26|
LIFE PEERS, INCLUDING LAW LORDS ||about 500|
HEREDITARY PEERS ||about 750|
(Apart from Bishops numbers in each category and within
crossbench groups change frequently the Internet has up
to date figures)|
Each of the three main party groups, Conservative, Labour and
Liberal Democrat has a leader, whips who organise the business
of the House and departmental spokesmen who sit on the frontbench.
The Lord Chancellor is the Speaker of the House but unlike the
Speaker of the House of Commons has no power to control proceedings.
The House regulates itself, under the guidance of the Leader of
the House who, as well as leading the party in government has
a responsibility to the House of Lords as a whole.
Many peers have no party affiliation and are known as Crossbenchers.
They have a Convenor but no whip system. Their independence is
a distinctive feature of the House of Lords.
|On Parchment, In Print, On TV and On-Line|
|The House of Lords business is recorded in a variety of
- Archives from 1497, including original Acts of Parliament,
are kept in the House of Lords Record Office which is open
to the public.
- The days proceedings are printed in the Official
Report, referred to as Hansard after its first printer. It is
also available on the Internet, along with much other information.
- The televising of parliament was pioneered by the House
of Lords in 1985 and the Lords proceedings can be seen on
the Parliamentary Channel when the House is sitting.