The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Transport (Viscount Goschen): My Lords, the Government provide considerable support to counties in respect of their highways duties, but we believe that it must be for local authorities to decide their own local spending priorities within their budgets.
The Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair: My Lords, since putting down the Question I have had much support not only from my local council in Berkshire but from the British Road Federation Ltd., which sent me a five-page detail of the serious deterioration of roads, in particular rural and country roads. Is the Minister aware that unless funds become available very soon to local councils the serious deterioration will make roads quite unusable and the cost of keeping them up will be beyond the scope of government or local government?
Viscount Goschen: My Lords, the point is that funds are made available. Within those funds local authorities must determine their own priorities. In considering the Question it is important to note that the 1994 report of the National Road Maintenance Condition Survey indicated a steady overall improvement in the condition of rural roads since the mid-1980s.
Lord Monkswell: My Lords, bearing in mind the reorganisation of local government which the Government have engendered over the past couple of years, will the Government give the House an indication of the extra funds being made available to the new smaller district authorities for maintaining roads to compensate for the reduction in economies of scale in the county councils?
Viscount Goschen: My Lords, proper allocation of resources is made by central government by way of the revenue support grant, based on the standard spending assessment. That assessment is used to calculate the sum of money provided by central government in terms of the revenue support grant. Beyond that it really must be for local authorities to decide how to spend their money.
Baroness Gardner of Parkes: My Lords, does the Minister agree that in country areas where little public transport is available people are far more dependent on the use of their local roads than in city areas?
Viscount Goschen: My Lords, yes, where public transport is not available, people are naturally more dependent on the use of their roads. I believe that the National Road Maintenance Condition Survey, to which I referred earlier, gives an indication of the quality of our local roads and, indeed, indicates that it has improved since the mid-1980s.
Lord Walpole: My Lords, while I agree with the Minister that some rural roads may not be too bad, does he not think that it would be a better use of resources in rural areas if county councils and the relevant authorities maintained their A and B roads to the present standard, developed a series of tertiary routesa system that has gone out of fashionand left the remainder for access only, to be maintained to a low standard? At present such a proposal is, I know, against the law because a county council which fails to maintain a road can be sued. But is it not more sensible to maintain a few roads to a higher standard and leave other roads for access only?
Viscount Goschen: My Lords, it is important to note that central government are, of course, the relevant highway authority for trunk roads. Beyond that we already provide direct funding to local authorities in respect of structural maintenance of roads of more than local importance, and for bridge assessment and strengthening on all roads. Beyond that, for roads for which the local authority is the highway authority it must be a local decision in respect of the local circumstances.
Baroness Farrington of Ribbleton: My Lords, when local authorities state that there are inadequate funds for social, education, fire, environmental health, and maintenance of roads services, Government Ministers constantly fall back on the statement that it is a matter for local authorities to determine. Does not the Minister agree that if the total amount is inadequatepeople want adequate fire and education servicesthe Government cannot hide behind their constant reiteration that local authorities can take the funds intended for some other purpose?
Viscount Goschen: My Lords, there will always be calls for more public expenditure. Ministers are responsible for the level of money that is spent and local authorities have their role to play in constraining public expenditure.
Lord Stoddart of Swindon: My Lords, in the supplementary to his original Question the noble Marquess mentioned that he had received representations from Berkshire County Council. Is the noble Viscount aware that Berkshire County Council wastes millions of pounds in building unnecessary road schemes which simply attract traffic? If some of that money were diverted to improving rural roads it would be far better for the county.
Viscount Goschen: My Lords, I am afraid that I do not accept the noble Baroness's comparison. Traffic levels are taken into account in deciding the level of money which is provided via the revenue support grant.
Lord Clinton-Davis: My Lords, is the Minister aware that the AA and Transport 2000 do not share his expressionswhich, with respect, are rather complacentabout the state of rural roads? Is he aware that the decline in accidents which has occurred on urban roads is far less for rural roads? A great deal of that has something to do with the failure to look after the roads and maintain them properly. Local authorities do not share the Minister's view that they have sufficient spending provision to be able to keep the roads properly signed and in good condition.
Viscount Goschen: My Lords, local authorities are responsible for their own roads for which they are the local highway authority. We believe that adequate funding is available from central government. Beyond that, it must be for the local authorities to decide their own spending commitments. If the noble Lord feels that a particular local authority is not fulfilling its duty, then he must take it up with that local authority. We provide specific safety funding. Since 1992 the department has allocated £193 million to local authorities to spend on local safety schemes.
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Baroness Chalker of Wallasey): My Lords, the total cost in 1993 was £416 million. The total cost in 1988 was £213 million. At 1988 prices, the figure for 1993 would be £318 million, which represents an average increase of 8 per cent. per annum, which was within the expenditure ceilings for the period.
Lord Boyd-Carpenter: My Lords, I thank my noble friend for that reply. Can she say whether Her Majesty's Government are exerting themselves to restrain that growth of expenditure which costs the British taxpayer a substantial amount?
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: Yes, my Lords. It is largely as a result of UK pressure that we have succeeded in improving the financial management in a number of ways, including making better use of the budget discharge procedures and the work of the European Court of Auditors. So we are certainly working in the direction that my noble friend wishes and so is the new commissioner in charge of that area of expenditure.
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