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The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Baroness Chalker of Wallasey): Information about the summit has been disseminated to over 200 contacts from a wide range of organisations in the UK. Of those who wish to contribute, some are in direct contact with the Government; others are in touch with a central contact point in UNED-UK (the UK branch of the United Nations Environment and Development NGO) which the Foreign Office is funding specifically to disseminate information about the summit and to ensure that any NGO with an interest in the summit's issues can make its voice heard. We welcome their interest and involvement and will remain in close touch with UK NGOs during the preparatory process and at Copenhagen itself.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: Those government departments most directly involved in preparing for the United Kingdom's participation in the World Summit for Social Development are the Foreign Office (which is co-ordinating preparations), the Overseas Development Administration, the Department of Employment and the Department of Social Security. The Department of Trade and Industry, HM Treasury, the Department for Education, the Department of Health, the Central Statistical Office and the Lord Chancellor's Department have also participated as appropriate.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: We fully recognise the high social and economic costs of armed conflicts. We are, for example, taking a leading role in the major OECD/DAC evaluation of the international emergency response to the Rwanda crisis.
We are also fully aware of the importance of preventive diplomacy and of its potential benefits. At the 48th General Assembly in 1993, we introduced, jointly with France, an initiative which, inter alia, led to us handing over to the Secretary-General a representative list of British statesmen and experts prepared to undertake preventive diplomacy measures. We are also engaged in discussion with various NGOs on the subject of preventive diplomacy.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: A number of individuals and organisations, including the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children, lobbied delegates outside the meeting rooms at the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo, distributing leaflets and expressing their concerns. Members of the United Kingdom delegation had no formal meetings with the individual named or with members of his group.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: The UK delegation held a number of meetings with members of the US delegation, where we discussed a range of issues. We do not have a record of the individuals named being present at those meetings.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) report that the China Family Planning Association (CFPA) is working to curb excesses and bring abuses of reproductive rights to the attention of the authorities at township and provincial levels. CFPA's recommendations for reform of provincial family planning regulations in nine provinces, to give more emphasis to individual voluntary choice, have been adopted by the Chinese State Family Planning Commission.
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has also held high-level discussions with the Chinese Government on provincial family planning regulations and has specifically requested that they bring all regulations into conformity with international human rights standards. In addition, UNFPA has developed projects that aim specifically at promoting informed consent and reproductive rights. Its Executive Director and Deputy Executive Director will visit China in February further to discuss these issues with senior Chinese officials.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) are both advocates of the principle of voluntary choice in family planning. Both organisations oppose coercion in the implementation of family planning programmes in all countries. A sample of statements opposing coercion will be deposited in the Libraries of the House.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: Although approved in 1988, almost all expenditure against the grant took place during 1991/92/1993/94: it represented about 10 per cent. of total gross public expenditure to Botswanan in that period.
Baroness Chalker of Wallasey: Under the declaration to which the question refers, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe may examine matters of concern relating to the implementation of commitments concerning democracy, human rights and the rule of law in any member state. These may be brought to its attention by, amongst others, the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe.