Foreign Investment in UK: Pakistan

Andrew Stephenson: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills what estimate he has made of the level of foreign direct investment in the UK from Pakistani investors in each of the last five years. [108986]

24 May 2012 : Column 879W

Mr Prisk: Estimates of foreign direct investment in the UK are produced by the Office for National Statistics. Data for the last five years are shown below. Data for 2011 are due for publication in February 2013.

Investment from Pakistan in the UK, 2006-10
£ million
  2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

FDI flows

9

4

0

n/a

0

FDI stocks

84

97

n/a

n/a

91

FDI earnings

12

5

0

n/a

0

n/a = Not available Source: BIS analysis of ONS data

Four Seasons Health Care

Nick Smith: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills whether his Department had any communication with Terra Firma representatives about the company's short and long-term plans for the care and nursing home group, Four Seasons, prior to its recent takeover of Four Seasons; and if he will make a statement. [108415]

Norman Lamb: The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills received correspondence from Terra Firma following its takeover of Four Seasons Health Care. Responsibility for the regulation and oversight of the residential care sector rests with the Secretary of State for Health, the right hon. Member for South Cambridgeshire (Mr Lansley). I refer the hon. Member to the reply given to him on 21 May 2012, Official Report, column 460W, by the Minister of State, Department of Health, my hon. Friend the Member for Sutton and Cheam (Paul Burstow).

Officials in the Shareholder Executive have been providing professional advice to the Department of Health to assist it in its work.

Intellectual Property and Growth Review

Jim Dowd: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills what timetable he has set for the introduction of legislative proposals resulting from the consultation on the Hargreaves Review of Intellectual Property (HRoIP); whether these will be in the form of primary or secondary legislation; whether Option 5 in the consultation document on the HRoIP relating to educational exceptions is still under consideration by his Department; if he will publish (a) the responses to the consultation and (b) the results of the research his Department has undertaken on the costs and benefits of the various options in the consultation; what assessment he has made of the merits of undertaking consultation with collecting societies prior to the consultation on the HRoIP; and if he will make a statement. [107943]

Norman Lamb: The Government responded to the Hargreaves Review of Intellectual Property and Growth in August 2011, and committed to bringing forward proposals for the opening up of the UK's copyright exceptions regime. The Government then ran a consultation on copyright from 14 December 2011 to 21 March 2012. The collecting societies were active participants in that process. The Government is currently considering responses and the way forward.

24 May 2012 : Column 880W

Lost Property

Mr Thomas: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills how many items of equipment valued at £10,000 or more his Department lost in (a) 2010-11 and (b) 2011-12; and if he will make a statement. [108920]

Norman Lamb: No items of equipment valued at £10,000 or more were lost by the Department in (a) 2010-11 or (b) 2011-12.

Ministerial Meetings

Mr Thomas: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills on what dates (a) he, (b) Ministers and (c) senior officials in his Department have met representatives of (i) the Institute for Public Policy Research, (ii) the Taxpayers' Alliance, (iii) the Institute of Economic Affairs, (iv) ResPublica, (v) the Centre for Social Justice and (vi) Policy Exchange; and if he will publish the minutes and agendas of these meetings. [108978]

Norman Lamb: Information about Ministers' meetings is now published quarterly and can be accessed via the following link. Details of meetings which occurred prior to publication in October 2009 and meetings with officials, which are not recorded centrally, could be produced only at disproportionate cost.

http://www.bis.gov.uk/transparency/staff

Offshore Industry: Trade Unions

Katy Clark: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills what assessment he has made of the effect on (a) trade union membership levels and (b) trade union organising in the offshore energy sector of the practical difficulties for trade unions of gaining access to workplaces on offshore installations. [108817]

Norman Lamb: I have made no such assessment and am not aware of any evidence that one is necessary.

Regional officers for both UNITE and RMT trade unions are located in Aberdeen and have easy access to the offshore workforce via the heliport in Aberdeen through which the majority of offshore workers will pass during the course of a fortnight. In addition, most offshore installations will have shop steward representation and there are also good email facilities on platforms.

Overseas Trade: BRIC Countries

Mr Buckland: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills with reference to the recommendations of the British Chamber of Commerce's report, Exporting is Good for Britain but Market Barriers Stifle Opportunities, if he will take steps to assist small and medium-sized businesses to access markets in Brazil, Russia, India and China. [108850]

Mr Prisk: UK Trade & Investment (UKTI) focuses on 20 high growth and emerging markets, including Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC). UK exports to these markets have been growing particularly strongly. Over the past year, for instance, UK goods exports to India grew by 31% and to China by 15%.

24 May 2012 : Column 881W

UKTI is encouraging small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to increase exports to these markets by:

Raising awareness among UK businesses of these markets through a series of outreach events like “Doing Business in Asia” and “Journey through Latin America”. Set-piece activities focused on the last and the next hosts of the Olympic games (i.e. China and Brazil) will take place at the British Business Embassy during the Olympic games.

Communicating to SMEs the specific business opportunities in BRIC markets via the UKTI website, and through UKTI's network of teams in the UK and in the BRIC markets.

Campaigning for better access for UK companies in these markets, including engaging in Government to Government trade dialogues and backing plans for ambitious EU free trade agreements. UK trade dialogues with BRIC markets are attended by the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, my right hon. Friend the Member for Twickenham (Vince Cable) and take place annually.

Ensuring there are targeted services and advice available for businesses considering these markets. The UKTI website provides free-of-charge guidance for doing business in the BRIC markets. The guidance includes a comprehensive guide on doing business, sectoral briefings, case studies, information on business risk and regular updates on the political and economic situation in the BRIC markets. On top of this free advice, UKTI also provides paid services tailored to the individual needs of UK businesses.

Overseas Trade: China

Andrew Stephenson: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills what proportion of exports were to China in each of the last three years. [109467]

Mr Prisk: Data on exports of goods from the UK to China are available from the UKTradeinfo website. Data are shown in the following table.

In 2011 3.0% of UK exports of goods were to China.

In 2010 2.7% of UK exports of goods were to China.

24 May 2012 : Column 882W

In 2009 2.3% of UK exports of goods were to China.

£ million
UK exports to: 2011 2010 2009

China

8,773

7,225

5,129

World

295,629

263,905

226,323

Source: BIS Analysis of HMRC Overseas Trade Statistics

Overseas Trade: Libya

Ann Clwyd: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills which companies were represented on the UK Trade and Investment Defence and Security Organisation mission to Libya from 29 April to 3 May 2012; and if he will make a statement. [108719]

Mr Prisk: The companies which participated in UK Trade and Investment Defence and Security Organisation's trade mission to Libya from 29 April to 3 May were BAE Systems, CAE, GD(UK), KBR, NATS, 3SDL, Selex Galileo, and Surrey Satellite Technology.

Patents

Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills how many patents were issued in each sector in each of the last 10 years for which figures are available. [108890]

Norman Lamb [holding answer 22 May 2012]:The following two tables give the number of UK patents (a) applied for at the Intellectual Property Office and (b) granted by the Intellectual Property Office for the calendar years 2002-11 by technical area.

(a) Number of UK national published patent applications by technical area 2002-11
Technical area 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

Agriculture; animal husbandry; forestry; fishing

223

173

186

231

200

179

214

175

149

213

Foodstuffs; tobacco

89

89

95

77

77

74

60

62

66

64

Apparel; footwear; jewellery; furniture; household articles

638

630

717

763

742

648

726

700

643

627

Health; surgery; amusement

831

845

813

844

789

854

805

763

687

757

Medical, dental or toilet preparations

131

134

133

132

107

136

147

138

124

127

Separating; cleaning; crushing; coating

261

268

294

265

277

244

283

297

267

218

Metal-working; machine tools

201

145

147

142

146

147

146

135

109

111

Hand tools; shaping; layered products

312

349

371

342

405

324

297

281

269

300

Printing; bookbinding; writing; decorating

193

190

171

176

142

166

133

113

90

81

Vehicles; transporting; conveying; packing; containers

830

1,228

1,243

1,167

1,175

1,127

1,054

977

1,013

1,052

Micro-structural technology; nano-technology

532

7

2

3

6

6

9

9

7

5

Inorganic chemistry; glass; fertilisers

97

96

109

100

92

94

91

73

81

77

Organic chemistry; biocides

203

176

130

138

115

135

117

119

118

85

24 May 2012 : Column 883W

24 May 2012 : Column 884W

Macromolecular compounds

83

65

78

63

66

87

92

57

57

45

Dyes; paints; oils; fats; petroleum; detergents

151

152

155

157

133

153

142

146

112

110

Microbiology; alcoholic beverages; sugar; skins

112

94

94

78

77

98

79

82

100

64

Metallurgy; electrolysis; crystal growth

79

95

82

73

76

91

59

69

76

54

Textiles; sewing; ropes

119

96

73

61

68

73

45

52

67

57

Paper

20

29

22

14

13

10

11

8

11

10

Building; civil engineering; locks

817

657

788

689

716

802

721

721

645

631

Earth or rock drilling; mining

423

469

610

537

500

521

408

459

429

473

Engines; pumps; hydraulics; pneumatics

369

405

433

343

360

363

400

424

431

502

Engineering elements; storing gases; pipe-lines

565

556

505

471

490

422

436

423

387

422

Lighting; heating; cooling; drying; heat-exchange

292

283

260

289

223

243

266

332

309

290

Weapons; ammunition; blasting; explosives

66

42

42

30

54

76

60

66

52

67

Measuring; testing; optics; photography

1,036

987

1,027

936

993

1,033

854

825

832

832

Controlling; computing; timing; checking; signalling

1,690

1,773

1,663

1,456

1,343

1,220

1,216

1,120

989

1,017

Educating; advertising; music; recording

393

381

346

371

310

311

241

216

210

177

Nucleonics

9

11

7

9

7

9

15

3

10

5

Electric elements; electric power

1,014

1,038

1,012

872

908

971

844

766

792

737

Electronic circuitry; telecommunications

1,780

1,626

1,385

1,307

1,236

1,255

1,090

959

890

832

Others(unclassified)

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

Total

13,562

13,089

12,993

12,136

11,846

11,872

11,061

10,570

10,022

10,043

(b) Number of UK national patents granted by technical area 2002-11
Technical area 2002 200 3 200 4 200 5 200 6 200 7 200 8 200 9 201 0 201 1

Agriculture; animal husbandry; forestry; fishing

101

157

138

112

112

60

63

67

89

84

Foodstuffs; tobacco

65

53

54

78

52

41

19

19

27

47

Apparel; footwear; jewellery; furniture; household articles

351

381

414

477

366

314

298

271

300

361

Health; surgery; amusement

418

493

624

517

384

335

342

355

314

480

Medical, dental or toilet preparations

51

48

116

74

52

54

61

61

76

79

Separating; cleaning; crushing; coating

170

244

193

218

176

144

125

114

157

192

Metal-working; machine tools

118

175

146

128

115

67

81

66

80

90

Hand tools; shaping; layered products

236

275

264

256

228

167

138

143

168

170

Printing; bookbinding; writing; decorating

153

161

161

151

109

92

82

70

50

41

Vehicles; transporting; conveying; packing; containers

712

875

975

879

732

618

585

444

409

689

Micro-structural technology; nano-technology

352

1

1

4

2

1

2

6

4

10

Inorganic chemistry; glass; fertilisers

75

89

63

85

65

43

32

46

44

55

Organic chemistry; biocides

72

110

167

85

43

48

42

66

73

79

Macromolecular compounds

57

69

80

53

23

31

46

41

62

41

Dyes; paints; oils; fats; petroleum; detergents

116

132

118

116

79

75

66

106

94

99

24 May 2012 : Column 885W

24 May 2012 : Column 886W

Microbiology; alcoholic beverages; sugar; skins

44

46

84

61

46

33

42

29

46

55

Metallurgy; electrolysis; crystal growth

68

105

84

82

51

45

31

19

35

58

Textiles; sewing; ropes

79

79

67

78

44

16

12

31

49

32

Paper

14

16

23

19

9

11

2

4

4

4

Building; civil engineering; locks

569

597

508

561

466

307

285

322

335

410

Earth or rock drilling; mining

364

514

393

535

551

367

341

311

387

498

Engines; pumps; hydraulics; pneumatics

285

282

373

311

235

150

159

184

214

320

Engineering elements; storing gases; pipelines

544

450

556

430

338

234

245

229

253

325

Lighting; heating; cooling; drying; heat-exchange

167

163

155

236

143

101

102

141

127

156

Weapons; ammunition; blasting; explosives

44

53

56

32

18

44

42

23

28

57

Measuring; testing; optics; photography

778

806

759

840

732

555

510

610

602

656

Controlling; computing; timing; checking; signalling

631

928

121 4

129 9

838

534

450

425

457

664

Educating; advertising; music; recording

264

297

275

280

198

197

139

115

104

140

Nucleonics

6

11

14

6

6

6

6

4

3

3

Electric elements; electric power

805

798

831

937

673

536

460

489

401

635

Electronic circuitry; telecommunications

978

135 3

163 5

121 9

102 1

704

552

617

602

643

Others(unclassified)

3

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Total

8,690

9,761

10,541

10,159

7,907

5,930

5,360

5,428

5,594

7,173

Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills how many patents were registered in each region of the UK in each of the last 10 years for which figures are available; and what proportion of such patents were registered by universities. [108891]

Norman Lamb [holding answer 22 May 2012]: Global data on the numbers of patents granted by UK region or by universities are not readily accessible. There are 166 higher education institutions in the UK(1), of which 87 have had UK patent applications published since 2002. As regards patents granted by the Intellectual Property Office, table (a) gives the number of UK national patents granted for each UK region for the calendar years 2002-11. Table (b) shows the number of UK national patents granted held by universities by region for those years.

(a) Number of UK national patents granted by region 2002 to 2011
Region 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

East Midlands

167

180

194

174

128

96

109

114

111

155

East of England

359

420

492

484

371

284

272

302

288

409

London

521

561

645

570

524

316

361

292

382

401

North West

252

326

274

312

254

187

167

192

201

246

Northern Ireland

25

13

18

32

13

11

10

11

7

16

North East

52

54

51

64

82

33

32

37

41

70

Scotland

163

183

162

179

138

130

117

127

169

207

South East

611

799

820

822

607

428

411

421

472

591

South West

327

355

350

390

344

207

212

209

244

363

Wales

130

117

116

147

88

62

60

67

66

82

West Midlands

419

360

332

287

234

149

159

167

163

216

Yorkshire

177

172

216

200

150

125

132

146

141

175

Unknown(1)

107

106

110

90

45

30

28

33

38

61

Total

3,310

3,646

3,780

3,751

2,978

2,058

2,070

2,118

2,323

2,992

(1) Data not available at point of capture.
(b) Number of UK national patents granted by universities by region 2002 to 2011
Region 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

East Midlands

2

3

2

3

2

3

2

7

3

6

East of England

2

0

3

4

2

9

2

2

4

3

London

4

5

12

6

8

1

3

9

10

6

24 May 2012 : Column 887W

24 May 2012 : Column 888W

North West

2

2

3

4

0

2

0

1

5

8

Northern Ireland

2

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

North East

2

2

2

0

3

1

1

2

0

0

Scotland

5

11

8

10

8

5

6

3

3

7

South East

4

9

14

6

8

6

4

8

12

9

South West

4

1

6

0

0

1

0

6

4

1

Wales

1

4

2

1

2

0

2

1

3

3

West Midlands

1

4

5

5

4

3

2

3

7

4

Yorkshire

4

7

11

14

5

12

10

4

6

8

Total

33

48

68

54

42

43

32

46

57

55

(1) http://www.hesa.ac.uk/index.php/component/option.com_hei contacts/ltemid.87

Patents: Higher Education

Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills how many patents were registered by each university in the UK in each of the last 10 years for which figures are available. [108888]

Norman Lamb [holding answer 22 May 2012]: Global data on the numbers of patents obtained by universities are not readily accessible, especially in relation to those obtained by UK universities in other countries or through routes other than direct to the Intellectual Property Office. There are 166 higher education institutions in the UK(1), of which 87 have had UK patent applications published since 2002. The following two tables show the numbers of (a) published patent applications and (b) granted patents which the Intellectual Property Office has processed for UK universities for each of the calendar years 2002-11.

(1) Note:

http://www.hesa.ac.uk/index.php/component/option,com_heicontacts/ltemid,87

(a) Published patent applications filed by universities between 2002-11
Rank Higher Education Institution 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total

1

The University of Sheffield

7

6

5

9

16

6

12

6

14

7

88

2

The University of Cambridge

2

1

2

7

10

13

1

4

3

4

47

2

The University of Oxford (Isis Innovations)

6

6

5

8

2

4

2

4

8

2

47

2

The University of Southampton

4

4

6

5

6

8

3

3

2

6

47

5

Sheffield Hallam University

2

10

5

7

3

1

7

5

3

43

6

Imperial College (Imperial Innovations)

11

4

2

4

1

4

2

3

5

36

7

King's College London

7

2

7

5

2

5

2

30

8

Cardiff University

2

2

5

2

 

9

2

2

3

2

29

9

The University of Dundee

1

7

2

1

3

4

4

3

1

1

27

10

Cranfield University

3

 

1

2

4

1

5

1

2

7

26

10

De Montfort University

1

1

3

1

10

5

5

26

10

The University of Warwick

2

1

5

4

6

1

3

1

3

26

13

The University of Surrey

2

2

5

3

1

4

1

3

4

25

14

The University of Bristol

6

5

4

1

2

1

2

2

23

15

The University of Manchester

1

 

3

3

2

1

2

1

7

2

22

16

The University of Edinburgh

1

1

4

2

4

2

2

1

4

21

16

The University of Lancaster

1

2

3

3

4

8

21

18

The University of Glasgow

9

4

1

1

2

3

20

18

University College London

7

4

3

2

2

1

1

20

20

The University of Nottingham

2

2

2

2

2

1

6

2

19

21

Brunei University

4

1

1

1

2

3

1

5

18

22

Loughborough University

2

1

3

1

2

1

2

3

15

22

The University of Hull

1

4

1

3

2

1

2

1

15

22

The University of Plymouth

2

7

2

3

1

15

24 May 2012 : Column 889W

24 May 2012 : Column 890W

25

The University of Aberdeen

1

1

1

1

3

5

2

14

25

The University of Bolton

1

4

2

5

2

14

25

University of Durham

1

3

1

6

1

1

1

14

28

The University of York

1

6

2

3

1

13

29

The University of Leeds

2

1

1

1

3

2

2

12

29

The University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne

1

2

1

2

3

1

2

12

29

The University of Wolverhampton

1

2

3

5

1

12

32

The City University

1

1

3

1

2

3

11

32

The University of Kent

2

3

3

2

1

11

32

The University of Sussex

6

1

1

2

11

35

Bangor University

1

1

1

1

5

10

35

London South Bank University

3

2

2

2

10

35

The University of Bradford

1

2

2

2

1

1

10

35

The University of Exeter

1

3

3

2

10

35

The University of Greenwich

2

1

1

1

5

10

35

The University of Strathclyde

1

2

1

1

2

3

10

41

The Nottingham Trent University

2

1

1

1

4

9

41

The University of St. Andrews

3

2

1

2

1

9

43

Coventry University

1

1

1

1

 

1

3

8

43

Edinburgh Napier University

1

1

1

1

1

3

8

43

The Open University

2

1

3

 

1

1

8

43

The University of Salford

1

1

6

8

43

University of Glamorgan

1

3

1

3

8

43

University of Hertfordshire

1

1

1

2

 

2

1

8

49

Bournemouth University

3

1

1

1

1

7

49

Heriot-Watt University

1

3

1

1

1

7

49

The Manchester Metropolitan University

1

1

1

2

2

7

49

The University of Leicester

2

1

4

7

53

Aston University

1

2

1

2

6

53

Queen Mary and Westfield College

2

1

1

2

6

53

Royal College of Art

1

2

1

1

1

6

53

The University of Bath

1

1

1

1

1

1

6

53

The University of East Anglia

1

2

1

2

6

53

The University of Northumbria at Newcastle

2

2

1

1

6

59

Glasgow School of Art

1

2

2

5

59

Liverpool John Moores University

2

1

1

1

5

59

Royal Holloway and Bedford New College

1

2

1

1

5

59

The Queen's University of Belfast

1

1

2

1

5

59

The University of Liverpool

1

1

3

5

59

The University of Reading

1

1

2

1

5

59

The University of Westminster

4

1

5

66

Oxford Brookes University

1

2

1

4

66

The University of Birmingham

1

1

1

1

4

68

Anglia Ruskin University

2

1

3

68

Staffordshire University

1

1

1

3

68

Teesside University

1

2

3

24 May 2012 : Column 891W

24 May 2012 : Column 892W

68

The Robert Gordon University

1

1

1

3

68

The University of Brighton

1

2

3

68

The University of Huddersfield

1

1

1

3

74

London Metropolitan University

2

2

74

Middlesex University

1

1

2

74

The Royal Veterinary College

2

2

74

The University of Keele

1

1

2

74

University of Abertay Dundee

1

1

2

74

University of the West of England, Bristol

1

1

2

74

University of Wales Institute Cardiff

1

1

2

81

Aberystwyth University

1

1

81

Birkbeck College

1

1

81

Canterbury Christ Church University

1

81

The University of Central Lancashire

1

81

The University of Northampton

1

81

The University of Portsmouth

1

81

University of The Arts London

1