Developing Countries: Politics and Government

Tony Cunningham: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development whether his Department will continue to support (a) the Humanitarian Leadership Development Programme and (b) other initiatives that build humanitarian leadership. [81451]

Mr Duncan: The Government attach high priority to improving leadership in international humanitarian activities, as set out in its Humanitarian Policy "Saving Lives, Preventing Suffering and Building Resilience" (a copy of which has been placed in the Library of the House). For example, we are working with the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and the Inter Agency Standing Committee to support a strengthening of leadership within the humanitarian sector at all levels.

Developing Countries: Roads

Caroline Lucas: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what funding his Department provided to improve road safety in each developing country in each of the last three years; and if he will make a statement. [81496]

Mr Duncan: The Department for International Development (DFID) views road safety as being the primary responsibility for country governments and the multilateral development banks as major international funders of infrastructure. However, in response to the recent International Development Committee inquiry on DFID's role in building infrastructure in developing countries we are giving further consideration to the appropriate level of engagement by DFID on this issue.

Pakistan: Floods

Andrew Stephenson: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what support his Department has provided to people affected by flooding in Pakistan. [81019]

Mr Duncan: In August 2010, the UK launched its largest ever humanitarian response to help Pakistan

21 Nov 2011 : Column 66W

recover from catastrophic flooding. The UK provided safe drinking water to over 2.6 million people; health support services to over 2.8 million people, and emergency food rations to over 400,000 women and children, among many other life-saving items.

In anticipation of further flooding this year, the UK prepositioned relief supplies, including 5,000 family tents, 10,000 tarpaulin sheets and 35,000 thermal blankets in 12 locations across Pakistan via the International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC), which are currently being distributed. UKaid also funded the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) to supply shelter to over 37,000 families and supported the World Health Organisation (WHO) disease early warning system to help prevent health epidemics.

In response to the initial UN Rapid Response Plan, the UK provided further support to IOM to deliver emergency shelter and flood resistant new homes to more than 255,000 affected people in Sindh.

Education

Young People: Employment and Education

16. Stella Creasy: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what recent estimate he has made of the number of young people aged 16 to 19 who are not in employment, education or training. [81770]

Mr Hayes: The most recent annual data showed that 141,800 16 to 18-year-olds were not in education, employment or training at the end of 2010. This was a reduction from 186,900 at the end of 2009.

Pupil Premium

19. Chris Ruane: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what estimate he has made of the change in average expenditure on schools in real terms per student following the introduction of the pupil premium. [81774]

Sarah Teather: Average funding per pupil for 2011-12 has been kept cash flat at £5,082 per pupil, plus the Pupil Premium. The Pupil Premium totals £625 million this year, rising to £2.5 billion in 2014-15. The Pupil Premium provides £488 for each free school meal child and looked after child. In addition, children of families in the armed services will attract £200.

Children's Centres

24. Annette Brooke: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what research his Department has (a) commissioned and (b) evaluated on the effect of reductions in funding by local authorities on services provided through children's centres. [81779]

Sarah Teather: The Department has commissioned the Evaluation of Children's Centres in England to assess the impact of children's centres, particularly in reaching and supporting the most disadvantaged families.

We have kept statutory duties to provide sufficient children's centres to meet local need, and have refocused their core purpose on improving outcomes, particularly

21 Nov 2011 : Column 67W

for the most vulnerable. We are reflecting those priorities in statutory guidance and payment by results arrangements.

We will continue to evaluate the impact of children's centres and in particular the impact of policies such as payment by results and parenting support.

Academies: Halifax

Mrs Riordan: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what recent assessment he has made of the effect of academies on education equalities in Halifax. [81762]

Mr Gibb: We believe that teachers and head teachers know best how to run schools. Academies give them the freedoms and flexibilities to help drive up standards, narrow the gap in educational attainment and ensure that all pupils are equally able to fulfil their full potential. The first academy in Halifax has been open for just over a year and is already reporting impressive results. We are confident that as the number of academies grows in Halifax as elsewhere that this success will continue.

Rural Schools Funding

Dr Poulter: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what steps his Department is taking to ensure that small rural schools are not adversely affected by future pupil funding reviews. [81775]

Tim Loughton: The Government recognise the vital contribution made by rural schools to their communities. We believe that in many parts of the country the current funding system has not supported rural areas properly. Our recent consultation on reforming the funding system

21 Nov 2011 : Column 68W

looked carefully at how small schools should be supported. We aim to consult on more detailed proposals in the spring.

Academies: School Meals

Mrs Hodgson: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many (a) established and (b) new academies are being surveyed by the School Food Trust on their approach to meeting the nutritional standards expected of schools subject to the Education (Nutritional Standards for School Lunches) (England) Regulations 2006. [81138]

Mr Gibb: The School Food Trust will be undertaking a qualitative study to look at the approach taken by academies to providing healthy school food for their pupils in 12 academies in January and February 2012. Six of the academies will be established and six will be new academies opened after September 2010.

Adoption

John Hemming: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many children left care and went to permanence (a) who were (i) under one, (ii) one to five, (iii) five to 10, (iv) 10 to 16 and (v) 16 and over and (b) by category of permanence in (A) 2009, (B) 2010 and (C) 2011 to date; and what the total increase was in those leaving care to permanence between 2010 and 2011. [78485]

Tim Loughton: The information requested is provided in Table A. ‘Permanence' is defined as one of three scenarios: children who have ceased to be looked after due to adoption, the making of a special guardianship order, or residence order.

Children who ceased to be looked after by Adoption, Special Guardianship and Residence Order, (1,2,3) years ending 31 March 2009 to 2011, Coverage: England
Numbers
  Adoption Special Guardianship Residence Order Total (4)

2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011

All children

3,330

3,200

3,050

1,240

1,290

1,740

930

1,010

1,180

5,490

5,500

5,970

                         

Age on ceasing (years)

                       

Aged under 1

80

70

60

110

90

130

90

100

120

290

260

310

Aged 1 to 4

2,380

2,250

2,170

510

570

810

360

420

490

3,250

3,240

3,480

Aged 5 to 9

770

780

730

350

350

440

250

270

330

1,370

1,390

1,490

Aged 10 to 15

80

100

90

240

250

320

220

210

230

540

550

640

Aged 16 and over

10

10

x

20

20

40

10

10

10

40

50

50

  Percentage increase from 2010 to 2011

Adoption Special guardianship Residence Order Total (4)

All children

-5

35

16

9

         

Age on ceasing (years)

       

Aged under 1

-10

43

17

19

Aged 1 to 4

-3

42

18

7

Aged 5 to 9

-6

26

21

7

Aged 10 to 15

-7

30

8

15

Aged 16 and over

x

54

18

18

(1) Numbers have been rounded to the nearest 10, percentage have rounded to the whole number. (2) Figures exclude children looked after under an agreed series of short term placements. (3) x denotes figures which are not shown in order to protect confidentiality. (4) Total of adoption, special guardianship and residence orders. Source: SSDA 903

21 Nov 2011 : Column 69W

Carers: Grandparents

Mr Amess: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many children in each local authority area were brought up by their grandparents in each of the last five years for which figures are available. [78671]

Tim Loughton: Information on children who were brought up by their grandparents is not collected centrally. However, information is available on children looked after by parents or other persons with parental responsibility (as defined in the Children Act 1989) and foster placements with relatives or friends at 31 March 2011. This is contained in table A3 which can be accessed via the Excel link ‘England Summary Tables’ in the Statistical First Release (Children Looked After by Local Authorities in England (including adoption and care leavers)—year ending 31 March 2011) published on 28 September 2011 at:

http://www.education.gov.uk/rsgateway/DB/SFR/s001026/index.shtml

A recent study on kinship care which highlights the number of children in England living with grandparents was recently published by Hadley Centre. This information can be accessed via this link:

http://www.bristol.ac.uk/sps/research/projects/completed/2011/rj5314/finalkinship.pdf

Charities

Dr Whiteford: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what grants his Department made to charitable organisations in each of the last five years. [79076]

Sarah Teather: DfE's direct grant spend with civil society organisations, which includes charities, was £366 million for the financial year 2010-11 and £166 million

21 Nov 2011 : Column 70W

between April 2011 and 31 October 2011. A number of those grants were awarded through our VCS Prospectus (announced on 25 February 2011) and figures for each funded organisation can be found in the press notice on the DfE website:

http://www.education.gov.uk/inthenews/a0074906/voluntary-and-community-organisations-awarded-60-million-grant

The sector also receives money from DfE through a number of other routes, including funding through arm’s length bodies, through the money we give to local authorities and from services commissioned from schools.

We are unable to provide information on funding to charitable organisations in earlier years as extracting and analysing that information would exceed the disproportionate cost threshold.

Children in Care

John Healey: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many looked-after children there were in (a) England and (b) each local authority area in the latest period for which figures are available. [80983]

Tim Loughton [holding answer 14 November 2011]: The number of looked after children in England as at 31 March 2011 was 65,620. This information is contained in the Statistical First Release (Children Looked After by Local Authorities in England (including adoption and care leavers)—year ending 31 March 2011) which was published on 28 September 2011 at:

http://www.education.gov.uk/rsgateway/DB/SFR/s001026/index.shtml

Information on the number of children looked after in each local authority for the years ending 31 March 2007 to 2011 is contained in table LAA1 and is shown in the following table. The information can also be accessed in the above Statistical First Release (via the Excel link “Local Authority summary tables” on the release's web page).

Table LAA1: Children looked after at 31 March, by local a uthority (1,2 ) years ending 31 March 2007 to 2011, Coverage: England
Numbers and rates per 10,000 children aged under 18 years
  Numbers (3) Rates (4)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011

England

59,970

59,360

60,890

64,410

65,520

55

54

55

58

59

                     

North East

3,260

3,250

3,250

3,640

3,820

61

61

61

69

73

Darlington

140

135

130

145

185

63

61

59

66

86

Durham

410

410

435

500

520

40

40

43

49

52

Gateshead

305

290

290

300

365

77

74

75

78

95

Hartlepool

135

150

150

165

165

63

72

73

81

82

Middlesbrough

245

270

275

320

330

77

85

87

102

105

Newcastle Upon Tyne

470

455

460

525

525

90

87

89

101

101

North Tyneside

230

230

210

275

285

57

57

53

69

71

Northumberland

325

300

270

285

265

52

49

44

47

44

Redcar and Cleveland

140

140

140

155

150

46

46

47

54

53

South Tyneside

250

260

260

295

315

80

84

84

96

105

Stockton-On-Tees

185

225

235

285

295

44

53

55

67

69

Sunderland

415

390

395

390

410

71

67

68

69

73

                     

North West

10,410

10,290

10,590

11,170

11,350

69

69

71

75

77

Blackburn with Darwen

295

305

320

365

365

76

79

83

95

96

Blackpool

265

280

325

375

395

88

93

109

128

136

Bolton

405

420

435

480

520

65

68

70

77

83

Bury

285

295

285

290

325

67

70

68

69

77

21 Nov 2011 : Column 71W

21 Nov 2011 : Column 72W

Cheshire(5)

540

565

655

n/a

n/a

37

39

45

n/a

n/a

Cheshire East(5)

n/a

n/a

n/a

435

440

n/a

n/a

n/a

58

59

Cheshire West and Chester(5)

n/a

n/a

n/a

325

345

n/a

n/a

n/a

48

51

Cumbria

470

480

450

510

505

46

48

45

52

53

Halton

160

150

160

145

125

57

54

57

54

47

Knowsley

295

305

305

295

285

81

87

87

87

85

Lancashire

1,295

1,275

1,255

1,285

1,295

51

51

50

52

53

Liverpool

860

845

860

920

940

96

96

99

108

111

Manchester

1,480

1,430

1,405

1,425

1,385

158

151

148

149

142

Oldham

390

340

325

345

335

71

62

59

63

61

Rochdale

325

350

405

430

455

65

70

82

87

93

Salford

570

530

490

495

580

122

115

105

106

123

Sefton

325

315

365

375

380

55

54

64

67

70

St Helens

320

315

325

355

345

81

81

84

93

91

Stockport

330

310

315

315

295

54

51

52

52

49

Tameside

330

310

330

350

375

68

64

68

73

78

Trafford

215

235

235

250

265

46

49

50

52

54

Warrington

185

200

245

265

245

43

46

57

61

57

Wigan

400

425

485

510

465

60

64

73

77

71

Wirral

670

610

625

630

680

97

89

92

93

102

                     

Yorkshire and the Humber

6,540

6,530

6,720

7,060

7,300

59

59

61

64

66

Barnsley

255

255

260

245

245

53

53

54

50

51

Bradford

810

840

875

890

890

65

66

69

69

69

Calderdale

260

250

270

270

320

57

55

60

59

70

Doncaster

410

400

425

470

450

63

63

67

74

72

East Riding of Yorkshire

295

260

255

275

305

45

39

38

42

47

Kingston Upon Hull, City of

525

540

525

570

620

94

99

96

106

117

Kirklees

385

445

505

555

590

41

47

54

59

62

Leeds

1,355

1,360

1,335

1,420

1,450

88

89

88

93

95

North East Lincolnshire

155

150

150

155

145

43

41

43

44

43

North Lincolnshire

160

155

155

160

165

47

45

45

47

48

North Yorkshire

425

410

415

470

475

34

34

34

39

40

Rotherham

340

345

405

410

390

59

61

72

73

70

Sheffield

665

635

590

580

625

62

60

56

54

59

Wakefield

340

320

345

375

395

49

46

50

54

58

York

155

170

200

225

235

45

48

58

64

67

                     

East Midlands

3,680

3,730

3,910

4,200

4,430

39

40

42

45

48

Derby

395

405

425

420

460

74

76

80

79

87

Derbyshire

500

545

550

630

660

31

34

35

40

42

Leicester

435

450

455

480

495

64

65

65

68

70

Leicestershire

330

310

325

325

350

25

23

24

25

27

Lincolnshire

525

530

540

525

490

37

38

39

38

35

Northamptonshire

565

555

645

700

735

37

36

42

46

48

Nottingham

465

475

475

520

520

83

85

85

93

92

Nottinghamshire

440

455

480

575

685

27

28

30

36

43

Rutland

20

15

20

30

35

24

15

19

32

37

                     

West Midlands

7,310

7,370

7,630

8,010

8,180

61

61

64

67

68

Birmingham

2,100

2,095

2,095

2,025

1,900

84

83

83

80

75

Coventry

500

535

515

590

585

74

79

76

87

86

Dudley

470

510

545

610

610

70

76

82

93

93

Herefordshire

170

155

165

165

200

46

42

46

47

57

Sandwell

500

480

475

510

545

74

71

70

74

79

Shropshire

185

195

200

220

220

31

32

33

37

37

Solihull

320

340

405

410

400

70

74

88

91

90

Staffordshire

655

660

695

745

795

38

38

41

44

47

Stoke-On-Trent

440

415

395

405

410

85

81

76

78

80

Telford and Wrekin

230

230

250

270

270

60

61

66

71

71

Walsall

430

445

465

495

520

71

74

77

82

85

Warwickshire

455

485

540

585

635

41

43

48

53

57

21 Nov 2011 : Column 73W

21 Nov 2011 : Column 74W

Wolverhampton

370

350

365

405

495

70

66

69

77

94

Worcestershire

470

480

530

580

590

40

41

45

50

51

                     

East of England

5,650

5,630

5,740

6,210

6,400

46

46

47

50

52

Bedfordshire(5)

310

260

275

n/a

n/a

34

29

30

n/a

n/a

Bedford Borough(5)

n/a

n/a

n/a

165

165

n/a

n/a

n/a

46

46

Central Bedfordshire(5)

n/a

n/a

n/a

160

175

n/a

n/a

n/a

29

31

Cambridgeshire

375

410

450

475

470

30

33

36

38

37

Essex

1,235

1,270

1,330

1,465

1,580

42

43

45

49

53

Hertfordshire

970

910

980

1,135

1,095

40

37

40

46

44

Luton

380

385

340

340

385

81

82

72

70

78

Norfolk

835

830

840

890

960

51

51

52

54

59

Peterborough

375

350

315

300

310

96

90

80

75

76

Southend-on-Sea

290

280

275

265

270

84

80

79

75

76

Suffolk

695

725

715

785

785

46

48

48

52

52

Thurrock

185

205

220

235

210

52

57

60

63

57

                     

London

11,260

10,690

10,680

10,960

10,390

70

66

65

66

61

Inner London

5,360

4,920

4,760

4,910

4,600

91

83

80

81

75

Camden

345

275

270

265

275

89

72

69

67

69

City of London

25

10

15

15

10

269

133

132

159

93

Hackney

425

360

340

295

265

83

71

67

57

51

Hammersmith and Fulham

365

320

290

260

250

121

105

94

82

79

Haringey

445

425

490

590

615

91

88

101

121

125

Islington

365

330

305

315

325

109

99

92

94

94

Kensington and Chelsea

200

175

165

155

130

69

60

55

52

43

Lambeth

595

570

545

565

500

110

106

101

105

92

Lewisham

455

465

465

525

485

81

82

81

90

81

Newham

660

595

560

560

490

101

91

85

85

74

Southwark

615

570

530

555

520

114

104

97

100

94

Tower Hamlets

355

340

350

350

325

72

69

71

70

63

Wandsworth

250

235

230

205

205

54

50

47

41

40

Westminster

260

240

215

245

210

78

70

63

71

57

                     

Outer London

5,890

5,770

5,920

6,050

5,780

57

56

56

57

54

Barking and Dagenham

345

340

385

375

410

78

75

83

78

83

Barnet

345

330

330

310

305

46

44

43

40

38

Bexley

205

210

215

220

215

40

41

42

43

41

Brent

405

365

360

370

385

72

66

64

65

66

Bromley

265

260

250

285

265

40

39

37

42

39

Croydon

990

1,045

1,070

1,005

845

125

132

134

125

104

Ealing

440

395

395

400

385

68

61

60

60

56

Enfield

290

255

260

280

305

43

38

38

40

42

Greenwich

525

515

530

595

590

101

99

101

112

109

Harrow

160

140

150

160

140

32

29

30

32

28

Havering

185

190

200

200

200

37

38

39

39

39

Hillingdon

500

475

450

425

385

86

82

76

71

63

Hounslow

340

335

340

355

345

70

68

69

71

67

Kingston Upon Thames

80

90

110

125

115

25

28

33

38

33

Merton

95

105

115

135

130

24

26

28

33

31

Redbridge

175

180

215

230

210

29

29

34

35

32

Richmond Upon Thames

85

95

90

95

90

22

24

22

24

22

Sutton

145

120

120

145

165

34

29

29

34

37

Waltham Forest

330

325

335

335

310

63

61

63

62

56

                     

South East

7,310

7,360

7,660

8,150

8,480

41

41

42

45

46

Bracknell Forest

80

75

80

90

85

29

28

31

33

32

Brighton and Hove

400

370

395

465

485

88

81

85

99

103

Buckinghamshire

315

290

330

345

385

28

26

29

30

33

East Sussex

435

445

480

530

585

42

43

46

51

57

Hampshire

1,025

1,015

1,085

1,105

1,085

37

37

39

40

39

Isle Of Wight

200

200

195

180

175

73

73

72

68

67

21 Nov 2011 : Column 75W

21 Nov 2011 : Column 76W

Kent

1,240

1,355

1,420

1,475

1,695

40

44

46

47

54

Medway Towns

340

330

310

350

425

57

55

52

60

73

Milton Keynes

215

210

225

260

270

39

38

40

45

46

Oxfordshire

410

405

410

450

430

30

30

30

33

31

Portsmouth

265

260

285

290

315

68

68

74

76

82

Reading

215

215

195

205

215

73

74

66

67

69

Slough

135

120

135

175

170

46

42

45

56

53

Southampton

295

270

290

375

385

70

63

67

86

89

Surrey

750

790

820

765

735

32

33

34

32

30

West Berkshire

115

115

95

125

125

33

32

27

34

34

West Sussex

735

755

750

785

750

45

46

45

48

45

Windsor and Maidenhead

85

75

90

105

105

26

22

27

32

31

Wokingham

65

70

65

80

70

19

19

19

22

20

                     

South West

4,560

4,520

4,710

5,000

5,160

43

43

45

47

49

Bath and North East Somerset

130

130

120

140

160

38

38

35

41

47

Bournemouth

145

160

180

205

200

51

56

62

69

68

Bristol, City of

635

665

650

645

680

81

84

82

80

84

Cornwall

465

415

460

450

475

45

40

44

43

45

Devon

585

555

540

615

645

40

38

37

43

45

Dorset

255

280

265

275

275

31

35

33

34

34

Gloucestershire

400

390

465

490

485

32

31

38

40

39

Isles Of Scilly

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

North Somerset

160

175

195

225

230

38

41

46

53

53

Plymouth

390

370

380

435

375

77

74

76

87

76

Poole

110

105

115

120

135

38

37

41

42

47

Somerset

385

375

395

430

450

34

33

36

39

41

South Gloucestershire

170

170

180

185

210

30

31

32

33

38

Swindon

255

220

240

245

235

60

52

55

56

53

Torbay

185

175

180

180

220

71

67

70

71

86

Wiltshire

295

335

340

355

385

29

33

33

35

38

n/a = Not applicable. (1) Figures exclude children looked after under an agreed series of short term placements. (2) Historical data may differ from older publications. This is mainly due to the implementation of amendments and corrections sent by some local authorities after the publication date of previous materials. (3) England and Regional totals have been rounded to the nearest 10. Other numbers have been rounded to the nearest 5. See Technical Notes for more information on rounding. (4) The rates per 10,000 children under 18 years have been derived using the mid-year population estimates for 2010 provided by the Office for National Statistics. (5) In 2009, Cheshire local authority split into Cheshire East and Cheshire West and Chester. Similarly, Bedfordshire LA split into Bedford and Central Bedfordshire. Source: SSDA 903