|Percentage of pupils achieving A* -C grades in:|
|At least two sciences (5)||Either History or Geography|
|2007/08||2008/09||2009/10 (6)||2007/08||2008/09||2009/10 (6)|
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|(1) Number of pupils at the end of Key Stage 4 in each academic year. (2) 2007/08 and 2008/09 figures are based on final data. 2009/10 figures are amended. (3) Highest grade achieved in English, English Studies or English Language. (4) Covers the following GCSE languages: French, German, Spanish, Danish, Dutch. Italian, Modem Greek, Portuguese, Arabic, Bengali, Chinese, Gujarali, Hindi, Japanese, Modern Hebrew, Panjabi, Polish, Russian, Turkish, Urdu, Persian. (5) The two sciences can be either: i. Double science GCSE or ii. GCSE Science (Core or Applied) plus GCSE Additional Science or Applied Additional Science or GCSE Land and Environment or iii. At least two of the following subjects: Physics GCSE, Chemistry GCSE and Biological Science GCSE. (6) In 2010 iGCSEs, accredited at time of publication, have been counted as GCSE equivalents and also as English and mathematics GCSEs. (7) Due to small numbers of pupils from those ethnic groups, small changes may not be significant and year-on-year comparisons should be treated with caution. (8) Includes pupils for whom ethnicity or first language was not obtained, refused or could not be determined. Source: National Pupil Database|
Education Maintenance Allowance: Medway
Tracey Crouch: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many children received education maintenance allowance in the (a) Medway council and (b) Tonbridge and Malling borough council area in the latest period for which figures are available. 
Mr Gibb: This is a matter for the Young People's Learning Agency (YPLA) who operate the education maintenance allowance for the Department for Education and manage the Capita contract. Peter Lauener, the YPLA's chief executive, has written to the hon. Member for Chatham and Aylesford with the information requested and a copy of his reply has been placed in the House Libraries.
I am writing in response to your Parliamentary Question PQ50045 that asked:
“How many children received education maintenance allowance in the (a) Medway Council and (b) Tonbridge and Malling Borough Council area in the latest period for which figures are available.”
Information on the number of young people who have received EMA is available for upper tier local authorities but not by constituency, local authority ward or council level.
EMA take-up is defined as young people who have received one or more EMA payments in the academic year.
The table below shows local authority take-up as at 28 February 2011.
EMA take-up data showing the number of young people who have received one or more EMA payments during 2004/05, 2005/06, 2006/07, 2007/08, 2008/09 and 2009/10 is available on the YPLA website, at the following address:
Mr Gibb [holding answer 18 January 2011]: We announced our intention to introduce the English Baccalaureate in the Schools White Paper in November and invited schools to submit their comments by the end of the year. We have included the English Baccalaureate measure in the performance tables to make information about schools' performance more widely available in line with the coalition Government's commitment to improve transparency. Our aim is to provide parents with more information on schools and, in the process, stimulate debate on what schools should be teaching. We have not set any targets for the English Baccalaureate and are not using it as an accountability measure.
Free School Meals
Tracey Crouch: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many children received free school meals in each ward in the (a) Medway council and (b) Tonbridge and Malling borough council area in the latest period for which figures are available. 
|Number and percentage of resident pupils (1) eligible for free school meals (2) in each ward (3) in (a) Medway and (b) Tonbridge and Ma l ling in January 2010|
|Resident pupils (1) eligible for free school meals (2)|
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|(1) Includes full-time and part-time pupils, including boarders, who are sole or dual registrations, attending maintained nursery, primary, middle deemed primary, secondary and middle deemed secondary schools. City technology colleges, academies and all special schools. (2) Pupils eligible for free school meals who have full-time attendance and are aged 15 or under, or pupils who have part-time attendance and are aged between five and 15. (3) Census area statistic (CAS) wards. Source: School Census (Final).|
Free School Meals: Pendle Borough Council
Andrew Stephenson: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many children received free school meals in each ward in the Pendle borough council area in the last year for which figures are available. 
|Number and percentage of resident pupils (1) eligible for free school meals (2) in each ward (3 ) in Pendle in January 2010|
|Number of resident pupils (1 ) eligible for free school meals (2, 4)||Percentage of resident pupils (1) eligible for free school meals (2)|
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|(1) Includes full time and part time pupils, including boarders, who are sole or dual registrations, attending maintained nursery, primary, middle deemed primary, secondary and middle deemed secondary schools, city technology colleges, academies and al special schools. (2) Pupils eligible for free school meals who have full time attendance and are aged 15 or under, or pupils who have part time attendance and are aged between 5 and 15. (3) Census Area Statistic (CAS) Wards. (4) Numbers in this table have been rounded to the nearest 10. (5) Figures suppressed to protect confidentiality. Source: School Census (Final)|
Further Education: Free School Meals
Angela Smith: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what plans he has to ensure 16 to 18-year-olds in full-time education in a further education or sixth form college have access to a free lunch. 
The Department has registered concern that similar funding is not available for pupils studying in further education or sixth form colleges but currently has no plans to extend free school meal eligibility.
Mr Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many children achieved five or more A* to C GCSEs in each year since 1997, where those GCSEs included (a) English language, (b) mathematics, (c) a modern foreign language, (d) history or geography and (e) a science; and if he will make a statement. 
|Children who achieved five or more A* to C GCSEs where those GCSEs included English language, mathematics, history or geography, a modern foreign language and a science, for the period 2007-10|
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Further years can be provided only at disproportionate cost but we are committed to producing a time series for English Baccalaureate in the future. The figures above are not identical to the subjects included in the English Baccalaureate. The 2010 published data can be found at the following link:
Maths (Pure and applied)
Maths (Pure and decsn)
Maths (Pure and stats)
Stats and decsn. maths
Maths (Pure and mechs)
Biology: Human and Soc
Sci: Dual Award A
Env and Land Science
Sci: Dual Award B
Science Double Awd
Sci: Double Awd B
Sci: Biol and Chem
Sci: Biol and Phys
Sci: Chem and Phys
Sci: Agric and Hortic
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Science in Society
Sci for Public Und
Welsh (2nd language)
School and College Performance Tables.
GCSE: Free Schools Meals
Mr Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many and what proportion of children gained five or more A* to C grades at GCSE including English and mathematics in each year since GCSEs were introduced; and how many of those were (a) eligible and (b) ineligible for free school meals in each such year. 
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|Achievements at GCSE and equivalent for pupils (1) at the end of key stage 4 by free school meal eligibility, 2005/06 to 2009/10 (2, 3) , England, maintained schools (including academies and CTSs)|
|All pupils||FSM||Non-FSM||Unclassified (4)|
|(1) Number of pupils at the end of key stage 4 in each academic year. (2) Figures for 2005/06 to 2008/09 are based on final data, 2009/10 figures are based on provisional data. (3) In 2010, iGCSEs, accredited at time of publication, have been counted as GCSE equivalents and also as English and mathematics GCSEs. (4) Includes pupils for whom free school meal eligibility could not be determined. Source: National Pupil Database.|
“Five GCSEs including English and mathematics” was not recorded on the national pupil database before 2003/04. Figures for 2003/04 and 2004/05 could not be calculated without exceeding disproportionate costs.
Mr Offord: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what assessment he has made of the conclusions and recommendations of the March 2011 Ofsted survey of history in schools in respect of the use in schools of set textbooks. 
Mr Gibb: As part of our review of the national curriculum, which is under way, we will be considering ways in which we can stimulate the market to produce high quality text books and other resources to support the new curriculum. The Government believe, however, that teachers should be free to use their professional judgment when determining which resources they should use in the classroom to meet the needs of their pupils.
Mr Baron: To ask the Secretary of State for Education when he plans to respond to the letters from the hon. Member for Basildon and Billericay of 31 January and 21 February 2011 on his constituent Ms K. Evans. 
Andrew Stephenson: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how much Ofsted has spent on its learning and skills division in each of the last five years; and what proportion of that expenditure was on on-site inspections. 
Your recent parliamentary question has been passed to me, as Her Majesty’s Chief Inspector, for response.
Ofsted does not and has not had a learning and skills division. However, the table below sets out:
i) the total cost of learning and skills inspections (operational costs plus overheads) for the financial years 2007/08, 2008/09 and 2009/2010;
ii) the overall operational cost of learning and skills inspections excluding overheads for the financial years 2007/08, 2008/09 and 2009/2010. We are taking operational costs of inspections (direct and indirect costs) to equate here to ‘expenditure on site inspections’;
iii) the proportion of total costs that is operational cost.
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|Overall costs as defined above||2007/08||2008/09||2009/ 10|
This covers inspection of further education colleges, sixth form colleges, work-based learning providers, teacher training providers, adult and community learning providers, next step adult information, advice and guidance providers, Department for Work and Pensions contracted employment providers, ‘learndirect’ provision and training and education provided by prisons and probation trusts.
Ofsted does not hold comparable data for the previous financial years 2005/06 and 2006/07 since this period preceded the merger between Ofsted and the Adult Learning Inspectorate which transferred the functions of inspecting adult learning, skills and employment to Ofsted from April 2007.
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A copy of this reply has been sent to Nick Gibb MP, Minister of State for Schools, and will be placed in the library of both Houses.
Pupil Exclusions: Berkshire
Alok Sharma: To ask the Secretary of State for Education how many pupils were excluded permanently from schools in (a) Berkshire, (b) Reading and (c) Reading West constituency in each of the last five years. 
|Maintained primary, state-funded secondary and special schools (1, 2) , number of permanent exclusions (3, 4,) 2004/05 to 2008/09|
|Maintained primary, state-funded secondary and special schools (1, 2, 5)|
|Number of permanent exclusions||Percentage of school population (6)||Number of permanent exclusions||Percentage of school population (6)||Number of permanent exclusions||Percentage of school population (6)|
|Number of permanent exclusions||Percentage of school population (6)||Number of permanent exclusions||Percentage of school population (6)|
|(1 )Includes middle schools as deemed. (2 )Includes maintained and non-maintained special schools. Excludes general hospital schools. (3 )Figures are as confirmed by local authorities as part of the data checking exercise. (4 )Numbers have been rounded to the nearest 10. (5 )Includes city technology colleges and academies (including all-through academies). (6 )The number of permanent exclusions expressed as a percentage of the number (headcount) of pupils (excluding dually registered pupils). (7 )Less than 5, or a percentage based on less than 5. Source: School Census|
Tim Loughton [holding answer 1 April 2011]: The Department’s primary method of written communication to schools and local authorities is by official e-mail. Since 1 June 2010, the Department has issued 29 such e-mails to all local authorities, eight to small groups of schools for operational purposes and nine to all schools informing them of major policy issues.
Comparative figures for 2009/10 show that the Department issued 48 e-mails to all local authorities, 47 to small groups of schools for operational purposes and 33 to all schools informing them of major policy issues.
Mr Gibb: The Secretary of State has written to all local authorities, including Newcastle city council asking them to produce a school improvement plan for underperforming schools in their area by 15 April 2011.
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Sarah Teather [holding answer 31 March 2011]: There are no plans to introduce such a programme nationally. Headteachers are already entitled to develop voluntary approaches within their schools and departmental advice is set out in ‘Drugs: Guidance for Schools’ published in 2004 and available at:
This document is currently being simplified and updated in line with our commitments to reduce bureaucracy in schools. However, the advice on drug testing is unlikely to change substantially based on currently available evidence.
Mr Charles Walker: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what assessment his Department has made of the likely effects of the use of skunk cannabis on the academic performance of adolescents; and if he will make a statement. 
Sarah Teather [holding answer 31 March 2011]: Early cannabis use is associated with increased risk of disengagement from school and, ultimately, poor academic performance. This effect is found in both international research papers and in the annual survey “Smoking Drinking and Drug Use Amongst Young People in England” (SDD) funded by the Department for Education, Home Office and NHS Information Centre.
The most recent SDD report found that pupils who had truanted or been excluded from school were far more likely to report regular drug use (14% compared with 1% of pupils who had not truanted or been excluded). Cannabis is the most common drug used among the SDD sample.
However, it is often not possible to identify a simple causal relationship between cannabis use and educational attainment. It is most likely that these behaviours are interrelated with drug use increasing the risk of exclusion or disengagement from school which in turn increases the risk of drug or alcohol misuse.
Mr Charles Walker: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what research his Department has (a) commissioned and (b) evaluated on any potential link between academic underperformance and the use of drugs; and if he will make a statement. 
Sarah Teather [holding answer 31 March 2011]: There are clear links between early drug use and poor educational outcomes. The Department for Education currently funds a proportion of the annual survey ‘Smoking Drinking and Drug Use Among Young People in England’ which provides detailed information on patterns of reported drug use among pupils aged 11 to 15.
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and social outcomes. The report, which is being completed by the National Centre for Social Research, will draw on data from the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England and will be published shortly.
A report ‘Specialist Drug and Alcohol Services for Young People—A Cost Benefit Analysis’ published in February 2011 looked at the costs associated with poor educational and employment outcomes due to young people’s drug and alcohol use.
As part of developing the national Drug Strategy published in December 2010, officials from the Department evaluated a broad range of research evidence on the effects of early drug use on educational and social outcomes and on the effectiveness of programmes designed to prevent drug use among young people.
Bill Esterson: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what progress has been made in returning funding to school sport partnerships following the initial withdrawal of that funding in October 2010. 
Tim Loughton: Funding of £47 million was paid to school sport partnerships in February this year. This will fund their work up to the end of the summer term 2011. This is in addition to £71 million paid to partnerships in October last year.
Ring-fenced funding for school sport partnerships will not continue beyond the summer term 2011. Instead, the Secretary of State is making available £65 million of new funding for schools to enable them to provide more opportunities for competitive sport. This funding will cover the school years 2011/12 and 2012/13 and will pay for one day a week of a secondary PE teacher's time to be spent out of the classroom, encouraging greater take-up of competitive sport in primary schools and securing a fixture network for schools to increase the amount of intra- and inter-school competition. Further details of this funding will be sent to schools soon.
In addition, at the Sports Colleges Conference in Telford in February, the Secretary of State for Culture, Olympics, Media and Sport, my right hon. Friend the Member for South West Surrey (Mr Hunt), announced outline plans for a network of School Games Organisers from September 2011. These organisers will be funded by the Department of Health and Sport England for three days a week to help schools sign up for the nationwide School Games. Further details on the funding for these organiser posts, their precise roles, and how schools can apply for them have been sent to schools.
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Mr Gibb [holding answer 11 February 2011]: The final National Challenge programme funding allocation will be paid to local authorities at the end of March 2011 as part of the Standards Fund grant. Local authorities have already been notified of their allocations for 2010-11.
Schools: Sun Protection
Mr Gibb: The Department for Education holds no information on the number of schools with a sun protection policy; has not issued departmental advice on reducing the exposure of children to harmful levels of sunlight; and has no plans to require, in law, the use of sun block in schools.
where teachers can download guidelines on developing sun protection policies, as well as advice on incorporating sun protection into the school curriculum and various SunSmart posters and other resources. There are also other sources of advice and guidance to the public on sun protection such as the Health Protection Agency webpage at:
Mr Gibb: The Schools White Paper, The Importance of Teaching signalled our plans for the future of teacher training including raising standards for new entrants, for example by providing the funding to more than double the size of Teach First, and ensuring that appropriate and relevant training is available for both new graduates and career changers. We will publish for consultation our detailed proposals for the funding of initial teacher training later this year.
The White Paper reaffirms our commitment to ensure that more teacher training is on the job and practical. Universities will continue to play an important role in training teachers, in partnership with schools.
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Sarah Teather: The big society is more than a collection of policies—it is an approach which is at the heart of the Government’s reforms across all policy areas with the aim of localising power and opening up public services and encouraging social action. Each Department has a range of specific programmes which will contribute to growing the big society. These policies are co-ordinated across Government through meetings at official and ministerial level, including the Informal Ministerial Group on the Big Society and Localism, which shares ideas and supports progress on cross-cutting issues relating to the big society.
The Department for Education has several programmes aimed at achieving the big society goals of catalysing social action, decentralising power and opening up public services. These include Free Schools, where we are working with local groups who have submitted proposals and are on track for the first Free Schools to be opened in September 2011, and the National Citizen Service where we are working closely with the Cabinet Office with the first pilots starting in summer 2011.
University Technical Colleges
Mr Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for Education whether it is his policy that all university technical colleges will (a) enrol children aged 11 to 18 years, (b) be established in partnership with a university and a further education or sixth form college and (c) offer a curriculum which consists of a maximum of 20 per cent. of vocational education. 
The Department welcomes proposals across the age range for new technical academies. UTCs have a 14 to 19 age range and are sponsored by a local university. Further education colleges and other educational institutions may also work in partnership with UTCs.
In her report, Professor Alison Wolf recommended an academic core to the pre-16 curriculum. Where technical academies or UTCs cover pre-16 education, they will provide this academic core, alongside technical studies, through a longer day and year. The Department has not specified how technical academies or UTCs should split students' time between academic and vocational or technical studies.
Fiona Mactaggart: To ask the Secretary of State for Education what assessment he has made of the potential effects of the transition from the Young People's Learning Agency to the Education Funding Agency on access by school pupils to work experience in Autumn 2011; and if he will make a statement. 
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will take over the Young People's Learning Agency's funding responsibilities from 1 April 2012. In these circumstances, the proposed transition will not impact on access by school pupils to work experience in autumn 2011.
Burma: Politics and Government
Paul Blomfield: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development whether his Department has assessed the humanitarian needs of ethnic Kachin people relocated to the Myitsone Aung Mye Thar model village in Kachin state, Burma. 
Mr Duncan: We are aware of many cases in Burma where people have been displaced as a result of conflict or to make way for development projects. Humanitarian needs are vast right across the country. The Department for International Development (DFID) is expanding its programme of assistance to the Burmese people significantly over the next four years, focusing on health, education, livelihoods of rural families, civil society and people affected by conflict. Our aid is provided through the United Nations, non-governmental organisations and civil society rather than the Burmese central Government.
Maria Eagle: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development on what date (a) he and (b) each other Minister in his Department last used a ministerial car while travelling in an official capacity; and how many times (i) he and (ii) each other Minister in his Department has travelled to their constituency in a ministerial car since May 2010. 
Mr Duncan: The Department for International Development (DFID) does not hold a central record of all journeys undertaken by Ministers and the mode of transport used. All travel is undertaken in accordance with the ministerial code. The Secretary of State, Parliamentary Under-Secretary-of State and I last travelled in a ministerial car on 4 April 2011.
Maria Eagle: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development (1) on what date (a) he and (b) each other Minister in his Department last travelled by (i) London Underground and (ii) public bus services on Government business; how many times (A) he and (B) each other Minister in his Department has travelled by each such form of transport on government business since May 2010; and if he will make a statement; 
(2) how many of his ministerial team have been issued with (a) an Oyster card and (b) a (i) monthly and (ii) annual travel card valid on London Transport and paid for by his Department for use while travelling on Government business. 
Mr Duncan: The Department for International Development (DFID) does not hold a central record of all journeys undertaken by Ministers and the mode of transport used. All travel is undertaken in accordance with the ministerial code. Ministers have not been issued with Oyster or other travel cards, but do walk or cycle when possible.
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Maria Eagle: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development how much his Department has spent on ministerial travel by (a) ministerial car, (b) train, (c) bus, (d) commercial aircraft and (e) private aircraft since May 2010. 
Mr Duncan: Details of overseas travel by Ministers between 13 May and 30 September 2010 are available on the Department for International Development's (DFID's) website. Details of overseas travel between 1 October and 30 December 2010 will be published on the website shortly. DFID is unable to provide details of ministerial travel in the UK without incurring disproportionate cost. All travel is undertaken in accordance with the Ministerial Code.
Ivory Coast: Overseas Aid
Mr O'Brien: In response to the humanitarian crisis in Ivory Coast, the UK has swiftly responded to the growing needs of its people. The British Government announced last week an urgent emergency aid package totalling £8 million to help tens of thousands of people in Ivory Coast affected by fierce fighting and violence. In addition the British Government have announced a further £8 million to Liberia to help with the refugee influx from the Ivory Coast. The UK also committed £1 million to Liberia for Ivorian refugees back in February.
Japan: Humanitarian Aid
Miss McIntosh: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what recent estimate he has made of the level of humanitarian aid to Japan provided by his Department following the earthquake of March 2011; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr Andrew Mitchell: Japan is well equipped to deal with disasters, but the scale of the devastation caused by the recent earthquake and tsunami was unprecedented. In response, 134 countries including the UK offered humanitarian assistance. However, the decision as to which offers of assistance to accept correctly sits with the Government of Japan, who are best placed to co-ordinate the relief effort in conjunction with local partners. They have been doing a tremendous job in very difficult circumstances.
As a highly developed country, the gaps in humanitarian need that cannot be met by Japan itself are very specific. In addition to the request for the UK to send a search and rescue team, Japan asked the Department for International Development to deliver 100 tonnes of bottled water to Ibariki prefecture so that it could be mixed with baby food. This is being used to protect infants from absorbing potentially damaging levels of radiation leaked into water supplies from the stricken Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.
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Mali: Development Aid
John Mann: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what recent steps his Department has taken to support (a) diversified lending and investment, (b) debt relief and (c) the achievement of the millennium development goals in Mali. 
Mr O'Brien: The Department for International Development (DFID) supports Mali to achieve the millennium development goals through our contributions to multilateral development organisations, including the UN, World Bank and European Commission. In 2008-09, the UK’s share of multilateral spending in Mali was £38.67 million. The Global Poverty Action Fund, launched in October 2010, is open to applications from civil society organisations to work in the bottom 50 countries on the Human Development Index, including Mali.
DFID was an early supporter of the heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) Initiative. On reaching completion point in 2003 Mali received debt relief totalling $0.9 billion through HIPC and $2 billion through the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI). The UK provided an additional £2.09 million in debt relief to Mali in 2006-07. Although Mali’s risk of debt distress is low, we encourage the Government of Mali to maintain sound debt and fiscal policies and to promote growth and economic diversification in line with IMF guidance.
Mr O'Brien: Following a good harvest in late 2010, food availability forecasts across Mali are positive, with the majority of poor households being food secure. However, as the lean season approaches, food availability in the east of the country is likely to deteriorate.
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committed to spend as a result of each international conference on
climate change and
poverty in the last 10 years; and how much such funding has been spent in each case. 
Mr Duncan: This information can be provided only at disproportionate cost. The coalition Government are clear that the UK will no longer make international promises in monetary terms. What matters is not the amount of money spent but the results delivered for poor people. That is why the Deputy Prime Minister, my right hon. Friend the Member for Sheffield, Hallam (Mr Clegg) and the Secretary of State for International Development, my right hon. Friend the Member for Sutton Coldfield (Mr Mitchell) made commitments such as saving the lives of at least 50,000 women in pregnancy and childbirth, a quarter of a million newborn babies and enable 10 million couples to access modern methods of family planning, at the Millennium Development Goals summit in New York last September.
Palestinians: Overseas Aid
Mr Duncan: It is not possible to fully disaggregate UK aid to Gaza from our total support to the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPTs). For example, our financial assistance to the Palestinian Authority (PA), via a World Bank Trust Fund, helps pay for basic services and salaries of public sector workers in both Gaza and the West Bank. In addition, our support to the UN Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) helps provide basic services, such as education, healthcare and social services, to Palestinian refugees across the OPTs and the middle east.
The UK does not provide any support, either directly or indirectly, to the de facto authorities in Gaza. Under European Union and British legislation it is illegal to provide financial assistance to Hamas.
The following table shows, for each of the last five financial years, how much aid the UK provided to the PA, UNRWA, OPTs-wide projects that included a Gaza component, and humanitarian aid and funding for early recovery work to Gaza.
|UK aid intervention||2010-11||2009-10||2008-09||2007-08||2006-07|
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Mr Hoban [holding answer 31 March 2011]: The Government have no plans for a debate on the interim report of the Independent Commission on Banking. The Government welcome the progress that the Commission has made and look forward to receiving its final recommendations in September 2011.
Banks: Corporate Hospitality
Mrs Main: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what discussions he has had with banking institutions in which the Government has a stake on planned expenditure on corporate hospitality in (a) 2011 and (b) 2012. 
Mr Hoban: The Chancellor of the Exchequer meets chief executives of UK banking institutions on a range of issues. It is not the Government’s practice to provide details of all such meetings and discussions.
Mr Bain: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer (1) if he will estimate the number of individuals likely to benefit from the exemption whereby trusts established by firms for the payment of bonuses in the banking industry may defer paying tax on such bonuses for between three to five years in each of the next four financial years; 
(3) if he will estimate the cost to the Exchequer of the exemption whereby trusts established to pay bonuses by firms in the banking industry may defer paying tax on such bonuses for between three and five years. 
Mr Hoban: As part of the Government’s commitment to tackle tax avoidance, Finance Bill 2011 includes legislation to target arrangements involving intermediary vehicles, including trusts, put in place by employers to disguise remuneration or avoid restrictions on pensions tax relief. The Government have consulted widely and have given very careful consideration to ensuring that the legislation does not impact on responsible and sustainable remuneration structures where there is no tax avoidance motive.
Legislation in the 2011 Finance Bill will not apply to genuine deferrals of remuneration, subject to a five year limit. Taking account of genuine deferral will ensure consistent treatment with existing rules applying to rewards that are paid directly to the employee by the employer, but with the additional safeguard of the five year time limit.
Mr Umunna: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer with reference to paragraph 16 of Project Merlin - Banks' Statement, whether the chief executive of each banking institution will forfeit their right to (a) a bonus and (b) an annual increase in base salary if the relevant lending targets are not met. 
Mr Hoban: The banks have stated a capacity and willingness to lend £190 billion of new credit to business in 2011, up from £179 billion actual lending in 2010. If demand exceeds this, the banks will lend more. £76 billion of this new lending capacity will be to small and medium-sized enterprises.
These lending commitments will be part of the performance metrics of each bank's chief executive. If a bank does not meet the commitment, its chief executive will not receive the maximum pay and bonus as a result.
Child Tax Credit
Mr Bain: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will estimate the savings to his Department from the reduction in sums payable under the childcare element of working tax credit in each of the next four financial years. 
Justine Greening: The latest estimate of the savings to HMRC from the reduction in sums payable under the child care element of working tax credit was published in chapter 2 (p.44) of the Budget 2011 document, available at
Mr Bain: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will assess the likely effect on annual incomes of households to which the childcare element of working tax credit is to be reduced of circumstances where one spouse or partner is required to reduce their hours of employment in order to provide additional childcare in person. 
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Justine Greening: The reduction of child care support to 70% from 80% is part of a range of reforms to the tax credits system announced at the spending review. There are interactions between the measures so estimating the impact of just one measure does not give a clear indication of the full impact on households.
Tessa Munt: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what contracts his Department and its associated public bodies signed with Lockheed Martin in each of the last 10 years; and for what purposes each such contract was let. 
Justine Greening: HM Treasury Group (including HM Treasury, the UK Debt Management Office, and the Asset Protection Agency) has not held any contracts with Lockheed Martin since financial year 2002-03. As a result of change in the Department’s finance and accounting systems, information for previous years could be provided only at disproportionate cost.
Treasury Ministers and officials meet representatives from a wide range of organisations and individuals in the public and private sector as part of the process of policy development and implementation. As was the case with previous Administrations, it is not the Government’s practice to provide details of all such meetings.
Danny Alexander: The Government set out in the Budget and in their Plan for Growth the steps they intend to take to rebalance the UK economy, including the Welsh economy. Measures that will benefit Wales include reducing corporation tax and tax simplification; support for SMEs including increasing finance for new start-ups and business growth; support for investment including the Green Investment Bank, reforms to UKTI, and sectoral support; and a more educated workforce including additional work experience placements. In devolved areas of policy it is for the Welsh Assembly Government to determine its own policies and priorities.
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Jonathan Evans: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what recent assessment he has made of the level of exposure of companies regulated by the Financial Services Authority to defaults relating to (a) government debt within the euro-zone, (b) household lending, (c) commercial property, (d) US residential and commercial property and (e) emerging markets; and if he will make a statement. 
Mr Hoban: The Treasury works closely with the Bank of England and the FSA to monitor and manage risks to financial stability, including those posed by exposure to specific default risks. The authorities consider a wide range of scenarios and make contingency plans accordingly. In addition, the FSA stress tests institutions regularly to ensure they have sufficient capital to withstand severe financial and economic shocks. More details on the FSA stress testing process are available on the FSA website:
Jonathan Evans: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what measures are in place to assess whether the banks participating in Project Merlin meet their commitment on levels of new credit to be made available to business in 2011; and what steps he plans to take if these commitments are not met. 
Mr Hoban: The Bank of England will publish quarterly data on the banks' total new lending to businesses under the Project Merlin definition. The Government will consider the banks' performance against the commitment in due course.
Jonathan Evans: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what discussions he has had with (a) mortgage providers and (b) the Council for Mortgage Lenders on the FirstBuy programme; and if he will make a statement. 
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Justine Greening: Based on established practice the Government’s expectation is that retailers should pass on duty changes to their customers. The Government routinely monitor pump price data and are taking note of other evidence.
Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Mr Bain: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will assess the effects on economic growth of the adoption of the recommendation of the Committee on Climate Change that the UK should aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 60 per cent. of 1990 levels by 2030. 
Justine Greening: The Government are currently considering the recommendations in Committee on Climate Change’s report on the level of the fourth carbon budget (2023-27). Government are required by the Climate Change Act to set the level of the fourth carbon budget by June, taking into account a range of issues including economic and fiscal impacts. The Committee on Climate Change assessed the cost of implementing their recommendations, and concluded they would be less than 1% of GDP in 2025. This is in line with previous assessments of the cost of tackling climate change.
Jonathan Evans: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer whether he has assessed the merits of bringing forward proposals to assist home owners who are unable to move house due to (a) the state of the property market and (b) difficulty in securing lending; and if he will make a statement. 
The Government are determined that creditworthy borrowers looking to buy a home or move should have access to affordable mortgages. Our tough action on the deficit will help keep market interest rates low. The Government are also working with the Financial Services Authority (FSA), the Bank of England and international authorities to maintain stability in the financial system. This will help ensure banks and building societies have access to the funds they need to lend.
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a number of reforms to the planning regime to help ensure that we increase rates of house building. This will be crucial to improving housing affordability over the medium term.
Mr Raab: To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer what proportion of income tax revenue was derived from the (a) first, (b) second and (c) third quartile of earners in (i) 1997-98 and (ii) 1998-99. 
Mr Gauke [holding answer 3 March 2011]: Estimated proportions of income tax liabilities accounted for by individuals in the first, second and third quartiles of taxpayers by total income in 1997-98 and 1998-99 are provided as follows:
|Taxpayer quartile by total income||Share of income tax liabilities 1997-98||Share of income tax liabilities 1998-99|
An error has been identified in the written answer provided on 15 February 2011, Official Report, columns 691-92W, to a related question, providing the percentage of income tax derived from the (a) top 1%, (b) top 5%, (c) top 10%, (d) top 25%, (e) lowest 50%, (f) lowest 25%, and (g) lowest 10%, of earners in 1998-99.
|Table 2.4: Shares of total income (before and after tax) and income tax for percentile groups, 1999-2000 to 2010-11, Taxpayers only|
|Percentile Groups (ranged on total income before tax)||1%||5%||10%||25%||50%||50%||25%||10%||5%||1%|
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|“—” = Negligible. (1) Projected estimates based upon the 2007-08 Survey of Personal Incomes using economic assumptions consistent with the OBR’s November 2010 economic and fiscal outlook. These projections fall outside the scope of National Statistics. Source: Survey of Personal Incomes|