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|Table 2: Volume of UK exports of beef, 1999-2008( 1)|
|(1) Includes bone in bovine, boneless bovine, edible offal and prepared/preserved bovine meat products.|
(2) 2008 data are subject to amendments.
Tim Farron: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs how much his Department has spent on research into (a) colony collapse disorder and (b) the varroa destructor mite in each of the last six years. 
Jane Kennedy: The causes of the syndrome called colony collapse disorder in the USA are currently unclear and we have no current evidence to suggest that it is occurring in the UK. DEFRA provided an additional £27,000 to the National Bee Unit for work related to abnormal colony losses in 2007-08 and, with the Welsh Assembly Government, provided £120,000 in the current year to continue this work. DEFRA funded a project on the fungal control of Varroa jacobsoni (destructor) between 2002 and 2006 at a cost of £383,802.
Mr. David Anderson: To ask the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs what steps he has taken in response to the decision of the Court of Appeal in the case of OSS Group v. Environment Agency in relation to the burning of used cooking oil to generate electricity; and if he will make a statement. 
Jane Kennedy: DEFRA will shortly publish a consultation paper on draft guidance on the definition of waste. The draft guidance will set out DEFRA's views on, among other things, the courts judgment in the OSS case.
Jane Kennedy: Farmers are already subject to a penalty for overdue tests. Under the 'zero tolerance' policy farmers who do not ensure their herds are tested by specified deadlines have movement restrictions immediately applied on their herds. The Government can also prosecute cattle owners who fail to comply with the testing requirements laid down in the Tuberculosis (England) Order 2007.
Jane Kennedy: Over the last three years a total of 8,005,014 passports have been issued for newly registered cattle. The passports issued for each individual year, from 1 January to 31 December are as follows:
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