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9 Jun 2008 : Column 36W—continued

Mr. Tom Harris: The Department has not carried out a formal assessment of this kind. In our view any such analysis would be inconclusive, as there is no clear way to isolate the effect of franchise length. It is clear,
9 Jun 2008 : Column 37W
however, that performance and expenditure by operators has varied considerably among franchises of similar length.

The Department and Network Rail have mechanisms in place to ensure that rail expenditure overall is targeted to deliver improvements that are effective for passengers and provide good value for money to taxpayers.

Railways: Passengers

Mrs. Villiers: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many people used the rail network in the most recent accounting period for which figures are available, broken down by (a) franchise and (b) route. [209284]

Mr. Tom Harris: The Department for Transport does not hold information of this detail on the number of rail passenger journeys made. The Office of Rail Regulation (ORR) does, however, publish rail passenger flows by train operating company and by region. These are given in the National Rail Trends Yearbook editions, which are available in the House Library or from the ORR website at:

Royal Visits

Andrew Mackinlay: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport (1) what funding her Department and its predecessors provided for each official overseas visit by (a) HM the Queen and (b) other members of the royal family in each of the last 10 years; [207655]

(2) what arrangements there are for the apportionment of costs in relation to official travel overseas by members of the royal family between her Department, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and other Government Departments; and if she will make a statement. [207705]

Jim Fitzpatrick: The costs of all official overseas visits undertaken by members of the royal family are met by the grant in aid for royal travel by air and rail. An annual report on the grant in aid is published each June as part of the Royal Household Report on Royal Public Finances. Copies of the report—which includes an appendix detailing all official overseas visits undertaken by members of the royal family are placed in the Libraries of both Houses. The report for 2007-08 will be issued later this month.

Trailers: EU Action

Mr. Goodwill: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what assessment she has made of the likely effects of the provisions of the draft EC Whole Vehicle Type Approval Directive on small trailer manufacturers. [208652]

Jim Fitzpatrick [holding answer 5 June 2008]: Our proposals for implementing EC Whole Vehicle Type Approval (EU Directive 2007/46/EC) are currently out for consultation.

Our latest assessment shows that the average cost to the small trailer industry will be:


9 Jun 2008 : Column 38W

Our assessment has been made in close conjunction with industry and key stakeholders and is set out in more detail in the draft impact assessment at:

Transport: Exhaust Emissions

Norman Baker: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if she will set a sector-specific target for reductions in carbon dioxide emissions from road transport. [209044]

Jim Fitzpatrick [holding answer 5 June 2008]: No. This would not be sensible as we are seeking to reduce emissions across the economy not just within road transport. Stern highlights the need for flexibility to take action where it costs least to ensure the cost of mitigation is manageable. Imposing targets for particular sub-sectors will reduce those flexibilities and increase costs.

In the carbon budgets, to be established under the Climate Change Bill, the UK's emissions will be split into those sectors of the economy that participate in emissions trading schemes (the traded sector) and those that do not (the non-traded sector). A similar approach has been proposed by the European Commission in order to meet the EU's 2020 greenhouse gas reduction targets. The European Commission has proposed a 16 per cent. reduction target over 2005 levels for the UK's non-traded sector.

About half the UK's emissions are in the non-traded sector. Over half of these are from transport, with most of the remainder coming from domestic heating. Under the EU proposal and the UK's own carbon budgeting system, the level of effort for emissions reduction will be set for the whole non-traded sector. This will cover all of the UK's road transport emissions.

World War II: Medals

Mr. Greg Knight: To ask the Secretary of State for Transport how many Air Transport Auxiliary Veterans Badges she expects to issue; when she expects to issue them; and what the cost of the project is. [209323]

Jim Fitzpatrick: It is understood there were around 4,000 members of the Air Transport Auxiliary by 1945. The Department for Transport is working with the Air Transport Auxiliary Association to ensure that all eligible members of the Air Transport Auxiliary receive a Veterans Badge when it is launched later this year.

The final cost of the project is dependent upon the number of eligible recipients identified by the association.

Innovation, Universities and Skills

Unemployment

Mr. Willetts: To ask the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills how many (a) males aged 16 to 18, (b) females aged 16 to 18, (c) males aged 19 to 24 and (d) females aged 19 to 24 years were not in employment, education or training in each English region in (i) May 1997 and (ii) May 2008. [208853]


9 Jun 2008 : Column 39W

Bill Rammell: The data presented in the following tables are taken from the labour force survey (LFS). The tables show, for each Government office region, the number of people not in employment, education or training (NEET) by age group (16 to 18 and 19 to 24)(1)
9 Jun 2008 : Column 40W
and gender for (i) quarter 4 1997 and (ii) quarter 4 2007. Information for May 2008 is not yet available.

Table 1: Number of people not in employment, education or training in quarter 4 1997, by region, age and gender( 1)
16 to 18 19 to 24
Government office region Male Female Total Male Female Total

North East

7,000

6,000

13,000

12,000

17,500

29,500

North West (including Merseyside)

10,500

19,000

29,500

26,500

44,000

70,500

Yorkshire and Humber

7,500

8,500

16,000

20,000

36,500

56,500

East Midlands

5,500

4,500

9,500

16,500

20,500

37,000

West Midlands

10,000

10,000

20,000

21,500

41,500

63,000

Eastern

7,500

8,000

15,500

16,500

27,500

43,500

London

10,500

12,000

22,500

41,500

58,500

100,000

South East

10,500

9,000

19,500

24,500

47,000

71,500

South West

5,500

6,000

11,500

11,000

25,000

36,000

England

74,000

83,000

157,000

190,000

317,500

507,500

(1) Figures have been rounded to the nearest 500.

Table 2 : Number of people not in employment, education or training in quarter 4 200 7, by region, age and gender( 1)
16 to 18 19 to 24
Government office region Male Female Total Male Female Total

North East

3,000

7,500

10,500

14,000

24,000

38,500

North West (including Merseyside)

15,000

10,000

25,000

45,500

49,500

95,000

Yorkshire and Humber

14,500

10,500

25,000

22,500

34,500

57,000

East Midlands

12,000

6,500

19,000

21,000

30,000

51,000

West Midlands

13,500

12,500

26,000

20,500

46,000

67,000

Eastern

10,500

9,500

20,000

18,000

36,000

53,500

London

16,500

7,000

23,500

35,000

64,000

99,000

South East

15,500

12,500

28,000

35,000

53,500

88,500

South West

9,500

5,000

14,500

14,500

27,000

41,000

England

110,500

81,500

192,000

226,000

364,500

590,500

(1) Figures have been rounded to the nearest 500.

The total number of 16 to 18-year-olds and 19 to 24-year-olds not in employment, education or training (NEET) has risen since 1997, but this reflects an increase in the overall population. The proportion of 19 to 24-year-olds NEET remains unchanged at 15 per cent., although the proportion of 16 to 18-year-olds NEET had risen slightly (from 9 per cent. to 10 per cent.).

It should be noted that although the proportion of 19 to 24-year-olds NEET is higher than the proportion of 16 to 18-year-olds NEET, 37 per cent. (217,000) of 19 to 24-year-old NEETs claim to be economically inactive because they are looking after their family or home. The proportion of 16 to 18-year-old NEETs looking after their family or home is 12 per cent. (22,000).

Table 3 : Percentage of people not in employment, education or training in quarter 4 199 7, by region, age and gende r
16 to 18 19 to 24
Government office region Male Female Total Male Female Total

North East

13

12

13

14

20

17

North West (including Merseyside)

9

15

12

11

19

15

Yorkshire and Humber

8

9

8

11

21

16

East Midlands

7

6

7

11

14

12

West Midlands

9

11

10

12

22

17

Eastern

8

8

8

9

17

13

London

8

10

9

15

19

17

South East

7

6

7

9

18

14

South West

6

8

7

7

16

12

England

8

10

9

11

19

15


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