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16 Oct 2007 : Column 1010W—continued

Building Schools for the Future Programme: Sports

Mr. Hunt: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families how much funding from the Building Schools for the Future initiative has been spent on modern sports facilities. [155760]

Jim Knight: The Department does not collect information on the amount of funding spent on specific facilities within school buildings.

The total capital investment in schools will rise to over £8 billion a year by 2010-11 and the envelope of funding provided for Building Schools for the Future will support substantial investment in sports facilities where this is the local priority.

Departments: Reviews

Mr. Laws: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families what independent reviews have been commissioned by his Department and its predecessors since 1 May 1997. [149933]

Jim Knight: The information requested could be provided only at disproportionate cost.

Education Maintenance Allowance

Anne Main: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families what the policy objectives of the educational maintenance allowance were; what evaluation has been undertaken of its performance in meeting those objectives; what the criteria are for receiving the allowance; and if he will make a statement. [158608]

Jim Knight: EMA is designed to address the issue that the UK has one of the lowest rates of participation in education among 16-year-olds in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. Its aim is to encourage more young people from lower income backgrounds to enter academic or vocational post-compulsory education.

EMA was subject to one of the most comprehensive evaluations of any educational initiative. The results indicated an increase in participation by 16-year-olds of 3.8 per cent. points nationally and 4.1 per cent. points nationally for 17-year-olds.

A young person will be entitled to receive EMA in England in the 2007/08 academic year if they are:


16 Oct 2007 : Column 1011W

Age 16,17 or 18 and

Anne Main: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families how much was allocated to the provision of educational maintenance allowance (EMA) in each financial year since inception including piloting; how many young people received EMA in each year since its inception including piloting; what the impact of compulsory education until 18-years-old is expected to be on the EMA; what plans he has for alternative provision in the light of that policy; and what estimate he has made of the total (a) establishment and (b) annual costs of compulsory schooling to 18 years. [158609]

Jim Knight: The numbers of young people receiving EMA in each academic year since inception is shown in the table as follows:

Numbers accessing EMA

1999/2000

14,135

2000/01

73,230

2001/02

114,254

2002/03

124,351

2003/04

126,871

2004/05

297,567

2005/06

430,327

2006/07

528,403


Expenditure on education maintenance allowance since its inception in 1999 is shown in the table as follows:

Expenditure £ million

1999-2000

11

2000-01

52

2001-02

109

2002-03

120

2003-04

142

2004-05

260

2005-06

406.6

2006-07

502.9


Financial support for learning will be restructured when the compulsory participation age is raised to 18, and we are looking at a variety of methods to ensure that this is done in the most effective way to ensure young people are enabled to participate. In doing this we will build on the reforms from the Government’s review of financial support for young people, and the views we gathered in the public consultation on “supporting young people to achieve”.

We will ensure that there is appropriate, engaging and worthwhile provision available to all young people to enable them to participate successfully.


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The estimated costs of raising the participation age are set out in the Regulatory Impact Assessment published alongside the Green Paper on 22 March. This can be accessed at:

I have placed a copy in the Library of the House. We estimate that there will be one-off costs of around £200 million, made up of £80 million for new buildings and facilities, and £120 million for the training of new staff. We estimate that there will be annual costs of around £740 million on top of costs already factored into achieving our existing aspiration of 90 per cent. participation of 17-year-olds by 2015. This is made up of £590 million in additional participation costs, £50 million in additional funding for local authorities (to run the registration system, to provide additional support and guidance, and to enforce the duty), £10 million in enforcement costs and £90 million in additional costs to support those with Special Educational Needs (SEN).

Education: Assessments

Mr. Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families how many and what proportion of 15 year olds were (a) on school rolls, (b) entered for one or more Key Stage 4 qualification and (c) awarded passes for one or more such qualifications in (i) England, (ii) Wirral and (iii) Birkenhead in each year since 1997. [158214]

Jim Knight: The information that is readily available is given as follows:

The proportion of 15-year-olds on roll as a proportion of all 15-year-olds is not held by the Department.

Number of 15-year-old( 1) pupils
Birkenhead Wirral England

1997

996

3,899

586,766

1998

1,019

3,965

575,210

1999

785

4,029

580,972

2000

735

3,838

580,393

2001

829

4,121

603,318

2002

836

4.065

606,554

2003

880

4,233

622,122

2004

942

4,392

643,560

2005

912

4,279

636,771

2006

885

4,264

648,942

(1) Aged 15 on 31 August.
Note:
England figure includes all schools.
Source:
School Achievement and Attainment Tables


16 Oct 2007 : Column 1013W
Percentage of 15-year-old pupils( 1) to be entered for one or more GCSEs or equivalent
Wirral England

1997

93.6

94.0

1998

92.9

94.6

1999

93.9

94.9

2000

94.9

95.4

2001

96.3

95.6

2002

95.8

95.7

2003

96.7

96.2

2004

96.7

97.0

2005

97.6

97.7

2006

97.3

97.5

(1) Aged 15 on 31 August.
Note:
England figure includes all schools.
Source:
School Achievement and Attainment Tables.

The percentage of 15-year-olds to attempt GCSEs or equivalents in Birkenhead is available only at a disproportionate cost.

Percentage of 15-year-old( 1) pupils to achieve any such qualification
Birkenhead Wirral England

1997

88.8

92.2

92.3

1998

87.3

92.1

93.3

1999

89.4

93.1

93.9

2000

93.3

93.9

94.3

2001

96.0

95.0

94.4

2002

93.1

94.5

94.5

2003

91.4

94.7

94.8

2004

93.7

95.9

95.9

2005

93.2

96.3

96.4

2006

95.7

97.1

96.7

(1) Aged 15 on 31 August.
Note:
England figure includes all schools.
Source:
School Achievement and Attainment Tables.

Further constituency level statistics are available on the Department’s In Your Area website at:

Education: Warrington

Helen Southworth: To ask the Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families what steps he plans to take to increase the percentage of young people between 16 and 18 years old in Warrington education. [158717]

Jim Knight: Engagement in learning, and educational attainment, are critical if young people are to achieve good outcomes, and fulfil their potential. My Department has a number of initiatives already in place to ensure that 16 to 19-year-olds have access to education and employment with training. Our 14-19 reforms, that include an entitlement for every young person to access a Diploma programme from 2013, will ensure that all young people have the opportunity to choose a learning pathway which suits them and which can be the basis for progression to further learning, higher education and employment.

Government-funded apprenticeships offer the opportunity for young people to earn as they learn. There over 200 apprenticeships, designed by employers, available to 16 to 19-year-olds in 80 different sectors with 130,000 employers taking part. These apprenticeships give employees the opportunity to learn on the job and also through off the job training.


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