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Violent Crime Reduction Bill


Violent Crime Reduction Bill
Part 1 — Alcohol-related violence and disorder
Chapter 1 — Drinking banning orders

1

 

A

Bill

To

Make provision for reducing and dealing with the abuse of alcohol; to make

provision about real and imitation firearms, about ammunition and about

knives and other weapons; to amend the Football Spectators Act 1989 and the

Football (Disorder) Act 2000; to amend the Sexual Offences Act 2003 and

section 8 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998; to amend section 23 of the

Children and Young Persons Act 1969; to amend the Mobile Telephones (Re-

programming) Act 2002; and for connected purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and

consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present

Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Part 1

Alcohol-related violence and disorder

Chapter 1

Drinking banning orders

Introductory

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1       

Drinking banning orders

(1)   

A drinking banning order is an order that prohibits the individual against

whom it is made (“the subject”) from doing the things described in the order.

(2)   

Such an order may impose any prohibition on the subject which is necessary

for the purpose of protecting other persons from criminal or disorderly

10

conduct by the subject while he is under the influence of alcohol.

(3)   

The prohibitions imposed by such an order must include such prohibition as

the court making it considers necessary, for that purpose, on the subject’s

entering—

 
Bill 1054/1
 
 

Violent Crime Reduction Bill
Part 1 — Alcohol-related violence and disorder
Chapter 1 — Drinking banning orders

2

 

(a)   

premises in respect of which there is a premises licence authorising the

use of the premises for the sale of alcohol by retail; and

(b)   

premises in respect of which there is a club premises certificate

authorising the use of the premises for the supply of alcohol to

members or guests.

5

(4)   

A drinking banning order may not impose a prohibition on the subject that

prevents him—

(a)   

from having access to a place where he resides;

(b)   

from attending at any place which he is required to attend for the

purposes of any employment of his or of any contract of services to

10

which he is a party;

(c)   

from attending at any place which he is expected to attend during the

period for which the order has effect for the purposes of education or

training or for the purpose of receiving medical treatment; or

(d)   

from attending at any place which he is required to attend by any

15

obligation imposed on him by or under an enactment or by the order of

a court or tribunal.

(5)   

A drinking banning order has effect for a period (not less than two months and

not more than two years) specified in the order.

(6)   

A drinking banning order may provide that different prohibitions have effect

20

for different periods, but in each case that period must be not less than two

months and not more than two years.

(7)   

Expressions used in subsection (3) and in the Licensing Act 2003 (c. 17) or in a

Part of that Act have the same meanings in that subsection as in that Act or

Part.

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Orders made on application

2       

Orders on an application to magistrates’ court

(1)   

An application to a magistrates’ court for the making of a drinking banning

order against an individual may be made by a relevant authority if—

(a)   

it appears to the authority that the conditions in subsection (2) are

30

satisfied with respect to the individual; and

(b)   

the individual is aged 16 or over.

(2)   

The conditions are—

(a)   

that the individual has, after the commencement of this section,

engaged in criminal or disorderly conduct while under the influence of

35

alcohol; and

(b)   

that such an order is necessary to protect relevant persons from further

conduct by him of that kind while he is under the influence of alcohol.

(3)   

An application under this section to a magistrates’ court has to be made by

complaint.

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(4)   

Before making an application under this section, a relevant authority must

consult the appropriate persons.

(5)   

If, on an application under this section with respect to an individual, it is

proved that the conditions in subsection (2) are satisfied in his case, the

magistrates’ court may make a drinking banning order against him.

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Violent Crime Reduction Bill
Part 1 — Alcohol-related violence and disorder
Chapter 1 — Drinking banning orders

3

 

3       

Orders in county court proceedings

(1)   

This section applies where proceedings have been brought in a county court.

(2)   

If a relevant authority—

(a)   

is a party to the proceedings, and

(b)   

considers that another party to the proceedings is an individual in

5

relation to whom it would be reasonable for it to make an application

under section 2,

   

it may make an application in the proceedings for a drinking banning order

against the individual.

(3)   

If a relevant authority—

10

(a)   

is not a party to the proceedings, and

(b)   

considers that a party to the proceedings is an individual in relation to

whom it would be reasonable for it to make an application under

section 2,

   

it may make an application to be joined to those proceedings for the purposes

15

of this section and (if it is joined) may apply for a drinking banning order

against the individual.

(4)   

Subsection (5) applies if a relevant authority is a party to the proceedings and

considers that—

(a)   

an individual who is not a party to the proceedings has engaged in

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criminal or disorderly conduct while under the influence of alcohol;

and

(b)   

that conduct is material in relation to the proceedings.

(5)   

The relevant authority—

(a)   

may make an application for the individual to be joined for the

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purposes of this section; and

(b)   

if that individual is joined, may apply for a drinking banning order

against him.

(6)   

A relevant authority must consult the appropriate persons—

(a)   

before making an application for a drinking banning order under

30

subsection (2);

(b)   

before making an application to be joined to proceedings under

subsection (3);

(c)   

before making an application to join an individual to proceedings

under subsection (5).

35

(7)   

If, on an application under this section for a drinking banning order against an

individual—

(a)   

it is proved that the conditions in section 2(2) are satisfied in relation to

the individual, and

(b)   

his criminal or disorderly conduct while under the influence of alcohol

40

is material in relation to the proceedings,

   

the court may make a drinking banning order against him.

4       

Variation or discharge of orders under section 2 or 3

(1)   

This section applies to a drinking banning order made under section 2 or 3.

 
 

Violent Crime Reduction Bill
Part 1 — Alcohol-related violence and disorder
Chapter 1 — Drinking banning orders

4

 

(2)   

The following persons may apply to the court which made the order for it to be

varied or discharged by a further order—

(a)   

the subject;

(b)   

the relevant authority on whose application the order was made.

(3)   

In the case of an order under section 2 made by a magistrates’ court, the

5

reference in subsection (2) to the court which made the order includes a

reference to any magistrates’ court acting in the same local justice area as that

court.

(4)   

An application under subsection (2) to a magistrates’ court has to be made by

complaint.

10

(5)   

The order may not be varied so as to extend the period for which it has effect

to more than two years.

(6)   

The order may not be discharged unless—

(a)   

it is discharged from a time after the end of the period that is half the

duration of the period specified in the order in accordance with section

15

1(5); or

(b)   

the relevant authority on whose application the order was made has

consented to its earlier discharge.

Orders made on conviction

5       

Orders on conviction in criminal proceedings

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(1)   

This section applies where—

(a)   

an individual aged 16 or over is convicted of an offence (the

“offender”); and

(b)   

at the time he committed the offence, he was under the influence of

alcohol.

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(2)   

The court must consider whether the conditions in section 2(2) are satisfied in

relation to the offender.

(3)   

If the court decides that the conditions are satisfied in relation to the offender,

it may make a drinking banning order against him.

(4)   

If the court—

30

(a)   

decides that the conditions are satisfied in relation to the offender, but

(b)   

does not make a drinking banning order,

   

it must give its reasons for not doing so in open court.

(5)   

If the court decides that the conditions are not satisfied in relation to the

offender, it must state that fact in open court and give its reasons.

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6       

Supplementary provision about orders on conviction

(1)   

For the purpose of deciding whether to make a drinking banning order under

section 5 the court may consider evidence led by the prosecution and evidence

led by the defence.

(2)   

It is immaterial whether the evidence would have been admissible in the

40

proceedings in which the offender was convicted.

 
 

Violent Crime Reduction Bill
Part 1 — Alcohol-related violence and disorder
Chapter 1 — Drinking banning orders

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(3)   

A drinking banning order under section 5 must not be made except—

(a)   

in addition to a sentence imposed in respect of the offence; or

(b)   

in addition to an order discharging the offender conditionally.

(4)   

The court may adjourn any proceedings in relation to a drinking banning order

under section 5 even after sentencing the offender.

5

(5)   

If the offender does not appear for any adjourned proceedings, the court may

further adjourn the proceedings or may issue a warrant for his arrest.

(6)   

But the court may not issue a warrant for the offender’s arrest unless it is

satisfied that he has had adequate notice of the time and place of the adjourned

proceedings.

10

(7)   

A drinking banning order under section 5 takes effect on—

(a)   

the day on which it is made; or

(b)   

if on that day the offender is detained in legal custody, the day on

which he is released from that custody.

(8)   

Subsection (9) applies in relation to proceedings in which a drinking banning

15

order is made under section 5 against a young person.

(9)   

In so far as the proceedings relate to the making of the order—

(a)   

section 49 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1933 (c. 12)

(restrictions on reports of proceedings in which children and young

persons are concerned) does not apply in respect of the young person

20

against whom the order is made; and

(b)   

section 39 of that Act (power to prohibit publication of certain matters)

does so apply.

(10)   

In section 3(2)(fa) of the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 (c. 23) (functions of

the Director), after the first occurrence of “conviction of certain offences)”

25

insert “, section 5 of the Violent Crime Reduction Act 2005 (orders on

conviction in criminal proceedings)”.

(11)   

In this section and section 5 “the court” in relation to an offender means—

(a)   

the court by or before which he is convicted of the offence; or

(b)   

if he is committed to the Crown Court to be dealt with for the offence,

30

the Crown Court.

7       

Variation or discharge of orders under section 5

(1)   

The following persons may apply to the court which made a drinking banning

order under section 5 for the order to be varied or discharged by a further

order—

35

(a)   

the subject;

(b)   

the Director of Public Prosecutions; or

(c)   

a relevant authority.

(2)   

But a relevant authority may make an application under subsection (1) only if

it appears to it that—

40

(a)   

in the case of variation, the protection of relevant persons from criminal

or disorderly conduct of the subject while he is under the influence of

alcohol would be more appropriately effected by a variation of the

order;

 
 

Violent Crime Reduction Bill
Part 1 — Alcohol-related violence and disorder
Chapter 1 — Drinking banning orders

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(b)   

in the case of discharge, that it is no longer necessary by means of such

an order to protect relevant persons from criminal or disorderly

conduct by the subject while he is under the influence of alcohol.

(3)   

If the subject makes an application under subsection (1), he must also send

notice of his application to the Director of Public Prosecutions.

5

(4)   

If the Director of Public Prosecutions or a relevant authority makes an

application under subsection (1), he or it must also send notice of the

application to the subject.

(5)   

In the case of an order under section 5 made by a magistrates’ court, the

reference in subsection (1) to the court which made the order includes a

10

reference to any magistrates’ court acting in the same local justice area as that

court.

(6)   

An order under section 5 may not be varied so as to extend the period for which

it has effect to more than two years.

(7)   

No order under section 5 is to be discharged on an application under

15

subsection (1)(a) unless—

(a)   

it is discharged from a time after the end of the period that is half the

duration of the period specified in the order in accordance with section

1(5); or

(b)   

the Director of Public Prosecutions has consented to its earlier

20

discharge.

(8)   

In section 3 of the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 (c. 23) (functions of the

Director of Public Prosecutions), in subsection (2) after paragraph (fc) insert—

“(fd)   

where it appears to him appropriate to do so, to have the

conduct of applications under section 7(1)(b) of the Violent

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Crime Reduction Act 2005 for the variation or discharge of

orders made under section 5 of that Act;

(fe)   

where it appears to him appropriate to do so, to appear on any

application under section 7(1)(a) by a person subject to an order

under section 5 of that Act for the variation or discharge of the

30

order.”

Supplemental provisions about drinking banning orders

8       

Interim orders

(1)   

This section applies in each of the following cases—

(a)   

where an application is made for a drinking banning order;

35

(b)   

where the court is required under section 5 to consider whether the

conditions for making a drinking banning order are satisfied.

(2)   

Before—

(a)   

determining the application, or

(b)   

considering whether the conditions are satisfied,

40

   

the court may make an order under this section (“an interim order”) if it

considers that it is just to do so.

(3)   

An application for an interim order against an individual may be made

without notice being given to that individual.

 
 

Violent Crime Reduction Bill
Part 1 — Alcohol-related violence and disorder
Chapter 1 — Drinking banning orders

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(4)   

The following permission is required for the making of an application in

accordance with subsection (3)—

(a)   

in the case of proceedings in or before the Crown Court or the county

court, the permission of the court; and

(b)   

in the case of an application to a magistrates’ court or of proceedings in

5

such a court, the permission of the justices’ clerk.

(5)   

Permission may only be given under subsection (4) if the court or clerk is

satisfied that it is necessary for the application to be made without notice being

given to the individual in question.

(6)   

An interim order—

10

(a)   

may contain any provision that may be contained in a drinking banning

order; but

(b)   

has effect, unless renewed, only for such fixed period of not more than

four weeks as may be specified in the order.

(7)   

An interim order—

15

(a)   

may be renewed (on one or more occasions) for a period of not more

than four weeks from the end of the period when it would otherwise

cease to have effect;

(b)   

must cease to have effect (if it has not previously done so) on the

determination of the application mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or on

20

the court’s making its decision whether to make a drinking banning

order under section 5.

(8)   

Section 4 applies in relation to an interim order made in a case falling within

subsection (1)(a) as it applies in relation to a drinking banning order made

under section 2 or 3, but with the omission of section 4(5) and (6).

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(9)   

Section 7 applies in relation to an interim order made in a case falling within

subsection (1)(b) as it applies in relation to a drinking banning order made

under section 5, but with the omission of section 7(6) and (7).

9       

Appeals

(1)   

An appeal lies to the Crown Court against the making by a magistrates’ court

30

of a drinking banning order under section 2 or 5.

(2)   

On such an appeal the Crown Court—

(a)   

may make such orders as may be necessary to give effect to its

determination of the appeal;

(b)   

may also make such incidental or consequential orders as appear to it

35

to be just.

(3)   

An order of the Crown Court made on an appeal under this section (other than

one directing that an application be re-heard by a magistrates’ court) shall be

treated for the purposes of sections 4 and 7 as an order of the magistrates’ court

from which the appeal was brought.

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10      

Breach of drinking banning orders

(1)   

If the subject of a drinking banning order or of an interim order does, without

reasonable excuse, anything that he is prohibited from doing by the order, he

is guilty of an offence.

 
 

 
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