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Mr. Bob Ainsworth [holding answer 11 July 2002]: The existing Positive Futures projects have recently been subjected to independent evaluation which found that they are achieving their aims of increasing sports participation and reducing youth crime and drugs misuse. It found:
Positive changes in behaviour and lifestyle for many of these youngsters who were deemed to be 'at risk', for example returning to the education system;
An increase in sports participation with many youngsters joining sports clubs, gaining coaching and leadership qualifications.
Mr. Bercow: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what the estimated cost to public funds is of achieving the PSA target to make significant progress towards one million more people being actively involved in their communities by March 2004. 
Beverley Hughes [holding answer 11 July 2002]: My right hon. Friend the Chancellor (Mr. Brown) announced in January 2001 that he was making available £300 million as part of a package which almost doubled the Government's commitment to encourage more people to get involved in their communities. This includes expenditure on a range of initiatives including:
£70 million for the Children's Fund, which was announced as part of the Spending Review 2000;
£50 million for community groups in deprived areas; and
£120 million to fund volunteering in public services and a new National Experience Corp for the over 50's to pass on their skills and experience to help others.
Beverley Hughes: There is no international travel ban applying to Macedonian nationals at present. Nor have any Macedonian nationals been excluded from entering the United Kingdom within the last 10 years at the personal direction of my right hon. Friend the Home Secretary using the powers available to him under the Immigration Rules. There will, however, be Macedonian nationals who are excluded on an individual basis under immigration powers, such as those who have been deported from the United Kingdom. It would entail disproportionate cost to identify all such individuals.
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Mr. Frank Field: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what the estimated level of losses to fraud and corruption was in (a) his Department's Vote 1 budget and (b) his Department's Vote 2 budget for (i) 19992000 and (ii) 200001. 
(32) Vote 1interpreted as core Home Office, agencies and no departmental public bodies and
(33) Vote 2interpreted as Prison Service
The Home Office has a comprehensive anti-fraud and corruption policy and a response plan that is applied vigorously. All cases of reported fraud and theft are investigated with follow-up action taken, which includes prosecution where appropriate. There has been a decrease in overall reported cases of fraud and theft during 200102.
The document is a report back on the criminal justice system business plan 200102. It summarises the progress which has been made in modernising the criminal justice system, building on that reported in the previous two annual reports.
National road accident statistics do not identify cases where drivers involved in fatal road accidents were under the influence of drugs. There are no estimates of the numbers involved in accidents where drivers had been under the influence of cannabis. Recent research shows
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that 12 per cent. of those killed in road accidents had traces of cannabis in the body. However, the presence of the drug cannot be taken as evidence of accident causation. In addition, the inactive element of cannabis remains detectable for a long time after any impairing effect.
Mr. Stinchcombe: To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department what estimate he has made of the number of deaths related to misuse of (a) alcohol, (b) tobacco, (c) cannabis, (d) ecstasy, (e) amphetamines, (f) LSD, (g) heroin, (h) cocaine and (i) crack cocaine in the past 12 months. 
The available information estimates that between 5,000 and 40,000 deaths per annum are caused by alcohol in England and Wales, reflecting the wide range of methods of calculation used in many studies.
Figures published by the Office for National Statistics indicate the number of times cannabis, ecstasy, amphetamines, LSD, heroin, and cocaine are mentioned on death certificates. These figures are shown in the table. Separate figures are not available on crack cocaine.
|All deaths with substance mentioned|
|Cocaine (including crack cocaine)||80|
(34) As heroin breaks down in the body into morphine, the latter may be detected at post mortem and recorded on the death certificate
"Death related to drug poisoning: England and Wales 19932000" Health Statistics Quarterly 13, spring 2002, Office for National Statistics; ONS database of drug-related poisonings
Mr. Bercow: To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office how many statutory instruments have been (a) introduced, (b) removed and (c) amended by his Department since 1 January; and what the (i) cost and (ii) saving has been in each case. 
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