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Mr. Andrew Turner: To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Skills what requirements were (a) placed on and (b) removed from the Office for Standards in Education in the last year for which information is available. 
Mr. Timms: The number of places on courses of initial teacher training that my right hon. Friend makes available each year is designed to ensure a supply of newly qualified teachers adequate for the forecast needs of maintained schools in England. The total is informed by a statistical model of the demand for new teachers, taking account of the availability of funding and of the capacity of training providers. The number of places available has risen each year since 19992000 and, from this September, will be the highest for over a decade.
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her between (a) 1 to 30 June 2001, (b) 1 to 31 July 2001, (c) 1 to 30 September 2001, (d) 1 to 31 October 2001, (e) 1 to 30 November 2001, (f) 1 to 31 December 2001, (g) 1 to 31 January 2002, (h) 1 to 28 February 2002, (i) 1 to 31 March 2002 and (j) 1 to 30 April 2002 that had not received a substantive answer by 30 April; and if she will state (i) the name of the hon. Member asking the question and (ii) the reasons the question had not received a substantive answer. 
|Mark Todd||228 February 2002||1|
|John Battle (1)||131 March 2002||13|
|John Bercow (4)|
|Colin Breed (1)|
|Damian Green (1)|
|Lynne Jones (1)|
|Eleanor Laing (3)|
|Phil Willis (1)|
|Tony Wright (1)|
|John Bercow (8)||130 April 2002||68|
|Graham Brady (3)|
|Alistair Burt (1)|
|Brian Cotter (1)|
|Ross Cranston (1)|
|Claire Curtis-Thomas (1)|
|Louise Ellman (1)|
|Chris Grayling (9)|
|Jane Griffiths (1)|
|Alan Hurst (2)|
|Lynne Jones (1)|
|Julian Lewis (4)|
|David Lidington (1)|
|Tim Loughton (1)|
|John Mann (8)|
|Gillian Merron (1)|
|Mark Oaten (1)|
|Chris Ruane (1)|
|Barry Sheerman (3)|
|Phyllis Starkey (1)|
|Gerry Steinberg (1)|
|Matthew Taylor (1)|
|Jenny Tonge (1)|
|Andrew Turner (8)|
|Dave Watts (1)|
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John Healey: Arrangements for training in the manufacturing industry are a matter for employers, as in any other industry. However, my Department has in place a wide range of policies designed to improve the nation's skills base. There are four key elements to our strategy for achieving a high skills, high value added economy, they are to:
create excellence in vocational learning;
work with employers to boost skills and productivity;
promote the adult basic skills strategy.
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(2) how many of the bilateral debt repayments held in trust by the UK have been repaid to developing countries. 
As of end of 2001, the UK has been holding in trust a total of £1,057,200 for six countries. Provision is being made to make payment to countries that have reached their Decision Point in this financial year.
Mrs. Spelman: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what recent assessment she has made of the impact of natural disasters on levels of debt sustainability of heavily indebted poor countries. 
Clare Short: The Government have been following closely the impact of falling commodity prices on developing countries even before the events of 11 September. At the annual meetings of the World bank and IMF in Ottawa last November, we raised this concern and asked bank and fund staff to revisit the debt sustainability analyses of all commodity dependent low-income countries, including HIPCs. The IMF and World bank analysis, published last month, shows that, although the situation varies from country to country, the external debt indicators for most HIPC countries have deteriorated, and several HIPC countries now face unsustainable debt burdens as a result. Following UK pressure, the World bank and IMF boards have agreed to provide additional relief to countries in this situation. This was reconfirmed at the spring meetings last month.
Mrs. Spelman: To ask the Secretary of State for International Development what the total is of public and publicly guaranteed external debt owed by all developing countries; and what proportion of this is owed by the heavily indebted poor countries. 
Clare Short: The total public and publicly guaranteed external debt owed by all developing countries to the UK is £21.656 billion, of which £1.356 billion is owed by heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC), as at 31 March 2002. This includes £167 million of aid debts for middle and low-income countries; HIPCs account for £54 million of this. The UK has already written off its aid loans to all the poorest countries, not just HIPCs. However, the outstanding amounts are still included in DFID's accounts, as payments are written off as they become due.
The remaining amount consists of publicly guaranteed debt owed to ECGD (£21.349 billion, of which HIPCs account for £1.248 billion) and CDC (£140.12 million, of which HIPCs account for £54.21 million). The HIPC figures take account of debt relief to date and will continue to diminish over time as countries complete the HIPC process. The UK's definition of developing countries is based on the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) list of aid recipients at 1 January 2000, which includes countries in transition and middle- income countries.
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Clare Short: When assessing developing countries' debt sustainability, principally in the context of the heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) initiative, the IMF and World bank work with Government in the countries themselves to produce detailed forecasts of export growth, GDP growth and new borrowing. These forecasts take account of various factors affecting the countries' economic situation, and the need for concessional borrowing to finance their poverty reduction strategies.
Clare Short: Immunisation against common childhood diseases are among the most cost effective interventions in health. Reducing the burden of communicable diseases directly benefits child survival and contributes to progress toward the child mortality millennium development goal. Vaccines against diphtheria, measles, pertussis, tetanus, polio, and tuberculosis currently save up to 3 million lives annually worldwide. Of the 30 million children who do not get vaccinated about 25 million live in low income countries.
Through its support of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI) my Department is helping to achieve higher coverage with routine and new vaccines in poor countries that has the potential to save a further two million lives each year.
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