POSSIBLE IMPACTS OF RELEVANCE TO NATURE CONSERVATION
The following provides an outline of nature
conservation impacts that may need to be considered in an environmental
assessment of a wave or tidal energy development.
On site/off site buffer area/area
Other (eg construction site, spoil disposal sites).
In combination with other projects/activities.
There are likely to be a range of interests
that could be affected both directly and indirectly by a wave
or tidal energy development.
Mobile acquatic species (Fish, mammals).
Sedentary and reef-forming acquatic species.
Coastal habitats and associated species.
CHECKLIST OF POSSIBLE IMPACTS OF RELEVANCE
TO NATURE CONSERVATION
|Direct habitat loss (eg on site, cable route, moorings) and associated biological impacts (eg reduced species diversity, loss of feeding/breeding habitat
|Habitat damage (eg on site, access roads, cable route, anchoring) and associated biological impacts (eg reduced species diversity, loss of feeding/breeding habitat)
|Introduction of new substrate/habitat||
|Interference with coastal processes (eg increased erosion)
|Interference with sediment transport||
|Pollution (particularly toxic)||/
|Sediment disturbance (turbidity, siltation)
|Disburbance to mobile species (eg mammals, birds, fish, including migration, feeding, breeding)
| (i) Noise
||(i) /||(i) /
| (ii) Vibration
||(ii) /||(ii) /
| (iii) Lighting
|| ||(iii) /
|Associated infrastructure including:||
| (i) Access (tracks/roads, moorings)
| (ii) Visitor centre (Disturbance)
| power lines
| (iv) Coastal protection
||(iv) /||(iv) /
|Vehicle/vessel movements (disturbance)
p = pre-construction, c = construction phase, o = operation
phase, d = decommissioning
In addition to the above impacts, there are landscape/seascape
and cultural impacts, and impacts of associated infrastructure,
which could be indirectly linked to nature conservation (eg change
in land use, restriction on sea use such as navigation or fisheries).