The Department of Defense of the United
States of America and The Ministry of Defence of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (5 February 2000)
DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES FOR DEFENSE EQUIPMENT
AND INDUSTRIAL COOPERATION
The Governments of the United States of America
and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland have
a longstanding cooperative relationship across a broad spectrum
of defence activities, including strict enforcement of export
policies for armaments and technologies; strong industrial security
systems and compatible industrial security practices; close relationships
in law enforcement and cooperation on industrial security matters
and export control violations; and close relationships in intelligence
sharing on matters of counterintelligence and industrial security,
and countering economic espionage and export control violations.
Moreover, the Department of Defense of the United States of America
(U.S. DoD) and the Ministry of Defence of the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland (U.K MoD) desire to maximize
value for money in defense equipment acquisition, based on the
principle of competition.
Our relationship is underpinned by the Memorandum
of Understanding between the Department of Defense of the United
States of America and the Secretary of State for Defence of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning
Principles for Research, Development, Production and Procurement,
dated December 13, 1994, and other bilateral arrangements and
Our past efforts to improve the level of defense
equipment cooperation and trade have not realized their full potential.
Nonetheless, we believe that it is fundamental to our common interests
to enhance the environment for mutual defence equipment and industrial
cooperation. We therefore intend to improve significantly the
cooperative framework that will facilitate both traditional and
new types of collaboration by our defense companies and a more
integrated and stronger industrial base. It is also our intention
to take the necessary steps to ensure that U.K. industry doing
business in the United States will be treated no less favourably
than U.S. industry doing business in the United Kingdom. We believe
that this initiative will provide an important and welcome opportunity
to enhance our mutual interdependence in the defense equipment
The U.S. DoD and U.K. MoD intend to apply the
provisions of this Declaration and Annex to those matters within
their respective areas of responsibility. They affirm the prerogatives
of other agencies of their respective governments on certain matters
related to this Declaration and Annex and note that in the case
of the United States, the provisions of the Declaration and Annex
do not apply to matters that are under the jurisdiction of other
agencies of the government including the Department of State.
They also note that within their respective governments there
is ongoing work related to such matters to further the objective
of cooperation between their governments, the outcome of which
is not prejudiced by the provisions of this Declaration and Annex.
They also affirm their desire to promote similar cooperation between
each of them and other allies, both bilaterally and multilaterally.
Therefore, the U.S. DoD and U.K. MoD have reached
the understandings reflected in this Declaration of Principles
and its Annex attached hereto. The principles established in this
Declaration and in the Annex to this Declaration, which is an
integral part of the Declaration, are not intended to be legally
binding, nor to entail new fiscal obligations on the part of either
the U.S. DoD or the U.K. MoD, but to point the way to arriving
at future arrangements or agreements which may be legally binding.
It is further understood that these future arrangements or agreements
may entail amendments to national laws or regulations.
Signed in duplicate at Munich, Federal Republic
of Germany, on the fifth day of February 2000.
Secretary of State for Defence United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Williams S. Cohen
Secretary of Defense United States of America