Mr. Austin Mitchell : To ask the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland whether, further to his reply to the hon. Member for Great Grimsby on 15 January, Official Report, column 17, he will provide a list of the accountancy firms used by his Department.
Mr. Cope : The information requested was given in my reply to the hon. Member on 20 April (Vol. 170, column 1044 ). That answer included one firm, John Compton Associates, which was not employed on accountancy work. The figures given in my reply on 15 January to the hon. Member also included some firms not employed on accountancy work and contained an element of double counting. I am grateful for the opportunity to clarify the position.
Mr. Alan Howarth : It is for LEAs and schools to decide what teachers to employ and how to deploy them. It is therefore not possible to estimate with any precision how many teachers will be employed and in which subjects. In 1988--the most recent year for which figures are available-- provision for science in secondary schools in England was made by the equivalent of some 27,600 full-time teachers. We expect that in 1991 a similar number of science teachers will be needed.
Year |Number --------------------- 1989 |5 1988 |6 1987 |1 1986 |None 1985 |8
Mr. John D. Taylor : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science how many schools were closed in each of the past five years within the area now covered by Greenwich local education authority.
Mr. Alan Howarth : Greenwich local education authority came into being on 1 April 1990. Information on school closures in Greenwich is not readily available before this date as it is not possible to identify accurately those schools in the former Inner London education authority that fall within the Greenwich area. Information on schools closures held by the Department is coded at local education authority level. The codings could be subdivided to areas below this level only with the assistance of LEAs concerned, and would involve disproportionate cost.
The Department is not currently aware of any closures in Greenwich since April 1990.
|Number --------------------- 1989 |8 1988 |12 1987 |7 1986 |10 1985 |16
Dr. Thomas : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will publish in the Official Report the number of (a) undergraduate and (b) postgraduate students in England who have home addresses in Wales.
|c|Welsh domiciled full-time and part-time higher education students in|c| |c|England, 1988-89|c| |Postgraduates |Undergraduates|Total ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- Universities |1,177 |6,971 |8,148 Polytechnics and Colleges |492 |9,247 |9,739 Source: Universities Statistical Record. Further Education Statistical Record.
Miss Lestor : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what was local government expenditure on the voluntary sector of the youth service in 1990 and equivalent figures for 1979-80 and each year from 1984-85 to 1989-90.
Mr. Alan Howarth : There have been several changes over the period 1979-80 to 1988-89 in the coverage of the categories in local education authority spending returns which relate to expenditure by local education authorities on the voluntary youth service. So it is not possible to give the figures requested on a comparable basis. As a rough guide, however, the trend in spending in the relevant categories is estimated as :
|£ million cash --------------------------------------------- 1979-80 |9.0 1984-85 |17.2 1985-86 |18.7 1986-87 |18.0 1987-88 |17.5 1988-89 |20.6
Figures for subsequent years are not yet available.
Miss Lestor : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will list by education authority (a) expenditure on the voluntary sector of the youth service and (b) the related grant-related expenditure allocation for 1988-89 and 1990-91.
Mr. Alan Howarth : Not all local education authorities have yet submitted spending returns for 1988-89. Of those that have, 23 have recorded expenditure on services provided by voluntary associations relating to the youth service, as follows :
|£'000s ----------------------------------------- Bexley |15 Bromley |51 Croydon |227 Merton |53 Birmingham |921 Coventry |109 Knowsley |1 Wirral |90 Bolton |34 Rochdale |102 Doncaster |38 Bradford |750 Newcastle-upon-Tyne |7 South Tyneside |79 Avon |1,129 Buckinghamshire |152 Devon |492 Humberside |217 Lancashire |368 North Yorkshire |101 Oxfordshire |90 Suffolk |83 Warwickshire |6 |----- England |Total |5,115
No figures are yet available for spending in 1990-91. There has been no sum specifically identified for spending on the voluntary sector of the youth service within the grant-related expenditure or standard spending assessments of individual LEAs.
Miss Lestor : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science what was central Government expenditure on the voluntary sector of the youth service in (a) 1990, (b) 1979-80 and (c) each year from 1984-85 to 1989-90.
Mr. Alan Howarth : The information is not readily available in the form requested. The table sets out total expenditure by the Department on the youth service as a whole. While the majority of this expenditure is specifically on voluntary work in the field, the figures include payments for general support made direct to national youth bodies.
|c|Expenditure on the youth service|c| £ thousand Financial |Current |Capital<1> years -------------------------------------------- 1979-80 |1,623 |4,003 1984-85 |3,158 |263 1985-86 |3,493 |511 1986-87 |3,592 |536 1987-88 |3,727 |511 1988-89 |3,940 |463 1989-90 |4,190 |368 1990-91<2> |4,577 |651 <1> From 1981-82, the responsibility for grant-aid for local voluntary building projects for the youth service and for village halls and community centres devolved to local government. <2> Estimates provision.
Mrs. Rumbold : The Government are committed to maintaining the standards of A-level and Advanced Supplementary examinations and improving their effectiveness in meeting the needs of students and the requirements of higher education and employment.
My right hon. Friend asked the School Examinations and Assessment Council last August to draw up general principles to govern Advanced level syllabuses and examinations, with a view to having an improved system in place by 1994. These principles will provide controls on standards, syllabus development and progression from GCSE. Draft principles will be considered by the council in July, before wider consultation.
My right hon. Friend has also more recently asked the council to advise him in July on the scope for embodying in the programmes of all Advanced level students a range of core skills needed for adult working life ; and on the possibilities for credit transfer between Advanced level and vocational qualifications.
My right hon. Friend will consider carefully the implications of what the council proposes.
Mr. Straw : To ask the Secretary of State for Education and Science if he will set out the criteria which his Department applies in considering requests for the establishment of new voluntary-aided schools.
Mr. MacGregor : Under section 13 of the Education Act 1980 a voluntary body of any religious persuasion which wishes to establish a new voluntary aided school, whether or not the school already exists as an independent school, is free to seek the approval of the Secretary of State, after consulting the relevant local education authority. When making the decision whether to approve an application for voluntary-aided status, the Secretary of State considers each case on its merits, taking account of a number of factors, including :
(i) the overall need for school places in the area, as well as denominational need ;
(ii) whether the proposal has the support of the LEA, which would be responsible for the cost of maintaining the VA school ; (
(iii) whether the premises are up to standard ;
Column 719(iv) whether the teachers are suitably qualified and the school is able and willing to deliver the national curriculum and to provide equal opportunities for boys and girls ;
(v) whether the promoters are able to meet the expenses which would fall to them.
Mrs. Chalker : Expenditure for 1989-90 under the know-how fund for Poland was £2.3 million. The know-how fund for eastern Europe now covers operations in Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and the German Democratic Republic. Commitments are growing rapidly, and we expect to spend fully the £15 million available for expenditure in the current financial year.
Mrs. Chalker : I have allocated £3 million, of which I have pledged £1 million to the International Committee of the Red Cross for its relief operations in southern Sudan. The balance will be apportioned between British non-governmental organisations and international agencies once their specific appeals have been received and evaluated.
Miss Lestor : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer how many people from whom a completed tax return was not obtained because, after inquiries, they could not be traced there were in 1988-89 and 1989-90.
Mr. Devlin : To ask the Chancellor of the Exchequer if he will tabulate for each fiscal year since 1963-64 the proportion of gross national product represented by (a) public expenditure, (b) taxation and (c) the public sector borrowing requirement.
|c|As a percentage of money GDP|c| |General |Taxes and |PSBR |government |national |expenditure |insurance |(GGE) |contributions ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1963-64 |36.2 |29.1 |3.3 1964-65 |35.8 |29.5 |2.7 1965-66 |37.2 |31.2 |2.6 1966-67 |38.7 |32.0 |2.9 1967-68 |42.4 |33.3 |4.9 1968-69 |40.9 |35.2 |0.8 1969-70 |40.3 |36.9 |-1.3 1970-71 |40.6 |36.3 |1.5 1971-72 |41.1 |34.7 |1.6 1972-73 |40.6 |32.4 |3.6 1973-74 |42.7 |33.2 |5.8 1974-75 |48.0 |35.6 |9.0 1975-76 |48.4 |36.1 |9.2 1976-77 |45.9 |35.7 |6.4 1977-78 |42.3 |34.6 |3.6 1978-79 |43.2 |33.8 |5.3 1979-80 |43.2 |35.0 |4.8 1980-81 |45.8 |36.2 |5.3 1981-82 |46.3 |39.3 |3.3 1982-83 |46.5 |38.8 |3.1 1983-84 |45.4 |38.4 |3.1 1984-85 |45.5 |39.1 |3.0 1985-86 |43.7 |38.5 |1.6 1986-87 |42.3 |37.9 |0.9 1987-88 |40.0 |37.9 |-0.8 1988-89 |37.3 |37.2 |-3.0 <1>1989-90 |38.1 |36.7 |-1.5 <1> PSBR is outturn, GGE, and taxes and NICs are 1990 budget estimates. Ratios are adjusted for the distortion to money GDP arising from the abolition of domestic rates.
Mr. Freeman : To date approximately 180 routes have been put out to tender, which is about 25 per cent. of the London Regional Transport bus network. LRT estimates that tendering of routes has resulted in real net savings of some 15 per cent. on total operating costs.
The new amendments follow up European requirements on gaseous emissions that are already being applied in the Type Approval Regulations. They also apply the strict stage II emission limits for small cars set by Community directive 89/458 from 31 December 1992. This means that virtually all new petrol-engined cars from 1993 onwards will need to be fitted with catalysts.
Limits on particulate emissions from diesel cars are also introduced.
The regulations require the user of a vehicle to keep the engine in tune and any emission control equipment, such as a catalyst, in good working order. It is important for drivers to recognise this responsibility and it is in their own
Column 721interest to do so. Keeping the engine in tune helps to reduce fuel consumption as well as keeping emissions down.
The new regulations also introduce the first gaseous emission limits for lorries and buses. Community directive 88/77 covers diesel-engined vehicles over 3.5 tonnes gross weight. These limits for heavy duty diesels are just a first step. The Commission has just announced proposals for a substantial tightening of these limits and the introduction of a particulate standard. However, they do not go quite as far as I would like. The Government believe that for the mid-1990s the European Community should adopt limits for other gaseous and particulate emissions as close as possible for the United States 1994 standards, which are the strictest worldwide.
Mr. Warren : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he has received representations from companies operating in the United Kingdom concerning their possible need to relocate to continental bases because of current restrictions at London Heathrow on business aviation.
Mr. McLoughlin : My right hon. Friend has received representations concerning the restrictions on business aviation at Heathrow, asserting that adequate access to the airport is important to maintain the United Kingdom's international competitiveness. It has also been stated that inadequate access could lead business aircraft owners and operators to relocate to other countries, but specific cases have not been put to us.
Mr. Warren : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport what evidence has been obtained by his Department from business aircraft operators concerning their operations at London's airports following publication of document CAP 559.
Mr. Warren : To ask the Secretary of State for Transport if he will review the competitiveness of London's airport provision for business aviation ; if he will make a comparable assessment of the strategy of the Paris airports ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. McLoughlin : Business aviation interests keep before us their views on the sector's needs in the London area. It is our policy that the peripheral London airports should accommodate business aviation displaced from Heathrow and Gatwick. If the industry felt that a dedicated facility on the lines of Paris Le Bourget was desirable, we should expect it to develop proposals.
Mr. Tony Banks : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what plans or studies have been made by his Department to assess what measures would have to be taken in the event of contamination by airborne plutonium resulting from a nuclear weapons accident aboard a Royal Navy ship docked at Greenwich ; and if he will make a statement.
Mr. Chris Smith : To ask the Secretary of State for Defence what plans or studies have been made by his Department to assess measures that would have to be taken in the event of contamination by airborne plutonium resulting from a nuclear weapons accident aboard a Royal Navy ship docked at Greenwich.
Mr. Archie Hamilton : It has been the policy of successive British Governments neither to confirm nor to deny the presence of nuclear weapons on Her Majesty's ships. There are, however, detailed contingency plans for dealing with the extremely remote possibility of an accident involving the release of radioactive material from a weapon while in the custody of the Royal Navy, and these include plans to deal with such an accident on board a warship.
Mr. Ronnie Campbell : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what was the total sum of unclaimed social security benefits in Blyth Valley and Northumberland in the latest convenient 12-month period.
I regret that there were errors in the list of 1990-91 social fund budget allocations in the Official Report on 26 March at column 35 for Portsmouth, South and Havant local offices. Boundary changes in Birmingham, following the closure of Birmingham Bradford street office, and in London South region have also resulted in revised allocations to four offices. The amended allocations for the offices concerned are set out in the table.
|Loans |Grants |£ |£ ---------------------------------------------- Havant |198,973|78,996 Portsmouth South |222,318|84,125 Birmingham Ladywood |623,631|260,652 Birmingham Ravenhurst |492,642|214,821 Oval |370,937|179,390 Balham |480,070|205,798
Mr. Nicholas Brown : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security how many of the jobs announced in April for the Newcastle Central office at Long Benton are (a) existing posts relocated to Newcastle and (b) completely new additions to his Department's overall manpower.
Mrs. Gillian Shephard : Of the 1,000 jobs to be located at the Newcastle site for the contributions agency, 800 are existing posts from the Department's regional organisation dealing with contributions record keeping. The centralisation of this function will enable a better service to
Column 724be provided. The offsetting staff savings will fall in very small numbers over approximately 450 local offices throughout the country. About 200 new posts will be created to form the headquarters of the agency, but because of efficiency savings overall there will be no commensurate increase in the Department's total manpower.
Mr. Vaz : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security if he will list the average amount of national insurance paid by (a) married men and (b) single men, in the age groups (i) 16 to 20 years, (ii) 20 to 25 years, (iii) 25 to 30 years, (iv) 30 to 35 years, (v) 35 to 40 years, (vi) 40 to 45 years, (vii) 45 to 50 years, (viii) 50 to 55 years, (ix) 55 to 60 years and (x) 60 to 65 years, in the last five years.
|c|Average amounts of National Insurance paid, 1987<1> (£ per week)|c| |Single men paying |Married men paying |All single |contributions (all|All married |contributions (all Age group |men |classes) |men |classes) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 16-19 |3.37 |6.73 |7.92 |7.92 20-24 |8.21 |11.35 |9.13 |12.42 25-29 |10.85 |13.39 |11.83 |14.09 30-34 |10.53 |13.83 |13.70 |15.78 35.39 |9.99 |13.94 |14.20 |16.07 40-44 |9.78 |14.05 |14.26 |16.29 45-49 |9.31 |14.44 |13.45 |15.50 50-54 |8.74 |12.93 |11.59 |14.63 5-59 |8.29 |12.43 |10.26 |13.84 60-64 |4.78 |13.26 |5.96 |12.40 <1> Source Family Expenditure Survey, 1987.
Mr. Allen : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security what is his latest estimate of the amount defrauded from the social security system as a total cash amount and as a number of pence on the basic rate of income tax.
Mr. Scott : Yes. We propose that where single young people of 16 to 17 who qualify for the disability premium are claiming income support independently from their parents, they should in future be entitled to the higher rate of personal allowance normally appropriate for those of 18 to 24. Thus their income support rate, including the premium, will rise from £37.30 to £44.20.
We estimate that this will help some 4,000 disabled young people at an annual cost of £1,500,000. Regulations to provide for this change are being laid today, with a view to bringing it into effect from 2 July 1990.
Miss Lestor : To ask the Secretary of State for Social Security if he has any plans to assist separated parents by the provision of financial assistance towards long-distance travelling costs of accommodation.
Mr. Scott : A separated parent may obtain help with these costs from the social fund. If receiving income support, he or she may be awarded a community care grant, whether for visiting a child living with the other parent pending a custody decision, or where the child or other parent is ill, or where the payment would ease a domestic crisis. Alternatively, crisis loans are available to anyone where payment is the only means of avoiding serious risk or damage to the health or safety of the applicant or a member of his family. We have no plans to alter these arrangements.
Mr. Austin Mitchell : To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what information he has of the total cost to public funds on an absolute and per-employee basis of support for manufacturing industry and on both national and regional levels in the five most recently available years in (a) France, (b) West Germany, (c) Italy, (d) Denmark and (e) the United Kingdom.
Column 725Mr. Douglas Hogg : The information is as follows :
9 |c|Aid to manufacturing (excluding shipbuilding and steel) in national|c| |c|currency at constant 1986 prices (millions)|c| |1982 |1983 |1984 |1985 |1986 --------------------------------------------------------- France |40,655|40,793|41,481|38,794|36,173 West Germany |15,254|14,449|14,949|15,836|15,601 Italy<1> <2> |26,360|33,994|30,760|29,263|34,851 Denmark |2,182 |1,975 |1,495 |1,762 |1,107 United Kingdom |2,867 |1,940 |2,185 |1,975 |1,906
|c|Aid in manufacturing ( excluding shipbuilding and steel) as ECU per|c| |c|employee in manufacturing-average 1981-86|c| |Millions --------------------------------- France |1,223 West Germany |940 Italy<1> |5,951 Denmark |609 United Kingdom |757 Source: European Commission. <1> Italian figures are to be revised downwards. <2> In billion Lira.
Mr. Barry Jones : To ask the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry what is the amount of special engineering steels imported into the United Kingdom, from which countries, by tonnage and by estimated price, for each of the years 1980 to 1989.
Mr. Andrew Bowden : To ask the Secretary of State for Health if he will give a breakdown by age of the patients resident in each of the hospitals for the mentally ill and the mentally handicapped which he listed as becoming empty over the next five years in his answer to the hon. Member for Nottingham, North (Mr. Allen) of 5 April, Official Report, column 737.
Mr. Wigley : To ask the Secretary of State for Health what proportion of the £50 million bridging fund to improve community care for people with mental illness or mental handicap has so far been claimed on behalf of mental handicap services and mental illness services, respectively.
Mr. Dorrell : The capital loan fund provides for £10 million to be allocated in England this year with a further £15 million and £25 million respectively in the following two years ; thus establishing a £50 million rolling programme. A substantial number of applications for funds has been made and are now being assessed with priority being given to mental health projects which develop care in the community facilities, without distinction between mental handicap and mental illness. The intention is to announce successful applications which will cover the first year's allocation by the end of the month.