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29 Jun 2011 : Column WA419



29 Jun 2011 : Column WA419

Written Answers

Wednesday 29 June 2011

Abortion

Questions

Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Earl Howe): Reference cost data are currently collected from National Health Service provider organisations (NHS foundation trusts, NHS trusts and primary care trust provider arms) and show the costs they incur in providing services to patients. This covers both the services that they themselves provide and services they contract out to independent sector organisations.

The cost to primary care trust commissioners of commissioning services from the independent sector for services such as abortion is not currently an explicit requirement of the reference cost collection. Any requirement to collect these data in the future would be subject to the department's review of central returns process. This is intended to ensure that central collections of information are appropriate to their purpose, do not duplicate existing collections, and minimise the burden on the NHS of submitting the data.

There were 189,100 abortions performed on women resident in England and Wales in 2009 and 189,574 in 2010. Of the 189,574, over half, 59 per cent, took place in the independent sector under NHS contract.

Asked by Lord Alton of Liverpool

Earl Howe: The department does not collect information on the nature and extent of counselling provided to individual women seeking an abortion, including repeat abortions.

The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists' evidence-based guideline, The Care of Women Requesting Induced Abortion, a copy of which has already been placed in the Library, highlights that abortion service professionals must be able to provide the degree of support and counselling required by each individual and identify those who require more support. For the minority of women who need formal, therapeutic counselling, services should have agreed care pathways

29 Jun 2011 : Column WA420

in place, with access to trained counsellors with appropriate expertise. We are considering how the provision of counselling can be strengthened to support improvements to women's health and wellbeing.

Armed Forces: A400M

Questions

Asked by Lord Gilbert

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence (Lord Astor of Hever): The A400M development fleet continues to undergo rigorous testing, including that of the engine and gearbox, as part of the flight test activities leading to civil and military certification. During a flight test being conducted on Monday 6 June 2011, a gearbox incident took place, resulting in the automated shut down of the engine and the safe return of the aircraft to its base at Toulouse. An extensive investigation was immediately initiated and the gearbox is currently undergoing detailed inspection and failure analysis. This investigation is expected to take a number of weeks to be able to conclusively detail the cause of the incident and its report will be presented to A400M nations. To date there has been no direct impact on the overall flight test programme, although this will be reviewed once the investigation is complete.

The A400M flight test programme continues, with appropriate limitations and inspections.

Asked by Lord Gilbert

Lord Astor of Hever: The decision not to fly the aircraft was taken by Airbus Military, as the operator of the aircraft, at a late stage prior to the start of the Paris air show. Due to the late nature of this decision by Airbus Military, it was not possible to brief Ministers beforehand.

Asylum Seekers

Question

Asked by Lord Stoddart of Swindon

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Browning): The Government are not persuaded of the need for a common EU asylum policy. We believe that by focusing its energies on unnecessary legislation, the

29 Jun 2011 : Column WA421

current EU work programme misses the opportunity to take more practical steps that will help member states now with the real challenges they face on the ground.

Engaging with the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) allows us to further our commitment to tangible, practical co-operation at EU level, in particular by providing technical assistance to build capability in member states that are facing particular migration pressures. Effective border and asylum systems in other member states are firmly in the UK's national interest as they deter illegal migration and asylum shopping. The UK has recently deployed a number of asylum experts to Greece as part of EASO operations and expects to send at least three more in the next few months.

Bahrain

Question

Asked by Lord Hylton

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): Our embassy in Bahrain sent observers to the trials on 6 and 13 June. We will continue to monitor progress in the ongoing National Safety trials. We urge the Government of Bahrain to ensure that due process is followed in all cases and that human rights are fully respected. We will continue to raise our concerns on a regular basis.

Bank of England Act 1998

Question

Asked by Lord Myners

The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): At the Budget in June 2010, the Chancellor of the Exchequer confirmed the Monetary Policy Committee's objective of targeting 2 per cent inflation, as measured by the 12-month increase in the Consumer Prices Index.

Banking: European Central Bank

Question

Asked by Lord Myners



29 Jun 2011 : Column WA422

The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): The capital of the European Central Bank (ECB) is provided by the national central banks of all EU member states. The key for capital subscription or capital key determines the share of the total capital (currently €10.76 billion) paid by each member state. It is based on a weighting of each member state's share of the European Union (EU) population and share of EU gross domestic product.

Euro area member states pay 100 per cent of their subscribed capital. Non-euro area member states pay a much smaller percentage (currently, and since 29 December 2010, 3.75 per cent). This reflects the fact that the national central banks of all member states, including the United Kingdom, participate in the European system of central banks. However, the Bank of England contributes a relatively small amount (€58.5 million) to the ECB's capital, specifically as a contribution to its operating costs. The Bank of England makes no other contribution.

Changes to the ECB's subscribed capital may lead to adjustments to the individual contributions from all EU member states. The ECB last increased its subscribed capital in December 2010 by €5 billion, in line with the Economic and Financial Affairs (ECOFIN) Council Regulation No. 1009/2000 of 8 May 2000, which granted the ECB's governing council the power to decide on an increase up to this amount. At the same time, the percentage of subscribed capital that non-euro area national central banks are required to pay was adjusted down from 7 per cent to 3.75 per cent; as a result, the Bank of England contributed an additional €40,473.51. Any further increase to the ECB's subscribed capital would require EU member states at ECOFIN to agree on a new council regulation.

Net profits and losses of the ECB are allocated among the euro area national central banks. The non-euro area national central banks are not entitled to receive any share of the distributable profits of the ECB, nor are they liable to fund any losses of the ECB.

Banking: Royal Bank of Scotland

Question

Asked by Lord Myners

The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): The only report commissioned by the Financial Services Authority to which this Question appears to refer is the PricewaterhouseCoopers report, on which I refer the noble Lord to the Answer I gave him on 14 June (Official Report, col. WA 170).



29 Jun 2011 : Column WA423

Battle of Waterloo: Commemoration

Question

Asked by Lord Laird

Baroness Rawlings: Initiatives are being organised by a number of national and regional military museums to mark the occasion, including the National Army Museum and relevant regimental museums, which come under the remit of the Ministry of Defence. There is also likely to be some commemorative activity at associated heritage sites such as Apsley House, the home of the Duke of Wellington, and Walmer Castle.

Benefits

Questions

Asked by Lord German

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Work and Pensions (Lord Freud): The information requested is given below.



29 Jun 2011 : Column WA425



29 Jun 2011 : Column WA426

Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) Claimants with main disabling condition Crohn's disease, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis by NUTS 2 areas-November 2010.
All casesSupport GroupWork Related Group
AllCrohn's diseasePsoriasisRheumatoid arthritisAllCrohn's diseasePsoriasisRheumatoid arthritisAllCrohn's diseasePsoriasisRheumatoid arthritis

Great Britain and Abroad

593,930

1,900

820

2,920

54,620

270

50

310

160,570

570

270

1,280

Inner London

34,420

70

40

100

2,590

-

-

10

6,970

20

10

30

Outer London

41,420

130

50

190

3,400

10

-

20

8,980

30

10

70

Greater Manchester

34,470

110

50

160

3,850

30

-

20

10,440

30

20

70

Merseyside

20,460

70

30

90

1,420

10

-

-

6,300

20

20

50

South Yorkshire

12,720

40

10

60

1,160

10

-

-

3,770

20

-

30

Northumberland and Tyne and Wear

20,880

50

40

120

1,890

-

-

10

4,990

20

20

50

West Midlands

29,410

80

30

130

2,390

10

-

10

6,920

20

10

50

West Yorkshire

23,810

70

30

100

2,210

10

-

10

6,190

20

-

50

Tees Valley and Durham

14,470

40

30

60

1,220

10

-

-

3,830

10

10

30

Cheshire CC

9,460

40

20

50

840

10

-

10

2,940

10

10

30

Lancashire

18,350

40

20

90

2,180

10

-

10

5,280

10

10

40

East Yorkshire and Northern Lincolnshire

8,670

40

10

50

830

10

-

10

2,740

20

-

20

North Yorkshire CC

4,860

10

10

10

520

-

-

-

1,290

-

-

-

Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire

19,540

60

30

100

1,730

10

-

10

5,820

10

10

40

Leicester Rutland and Northamptonshire

13,840

50

20

80

1,390

10

-

-

3,930

20

10

40

Herefordshire Worcestershire and Warwickshire

9,720

30

10

60

990

10

-

-

2,560

10

-

20

Shropshire and Staffordshire

14,580

40

20

70

1,220

-

-

10

3,770

20

-

40

Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and Bristol/Bath area

18,460

70

30

110

1,750

10

-

10

6,360

20

10

60

Cornwall and Isles of Scilly

5,060

20

10

30

390

-

-

-

1,600

10

10

20

Devon

9,360

30

10

60

920

10

-

10

3,180

10

10

30

Dorset and Somerset

10,280

30

10

40

950

-

-

10

3,470

10

10

20

East Anglia

18,710

60

20

100

2,170

10

-

10

5,290

20

10

50

Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire

11,730

60

20

70

970

10

-

-

2,880

20

-

30

Essex

14,450

50

10

60

1,040

-

-

-

3,500

10

-

20

Kent

15,250

70

20

100

1,460

10

-

10

5,340

30

10

50

Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire

14,220

50

10

60

1,420

10

-

10

3,740

10

-

30

Surrey , East and West Sussex

19,680

80

20

110

2,060

10

-

10

5,230

30

10

60

Hampshire and Isle of Wight

14,830

50

20

60

1,410

10

-

10

4,320

20

-

20

Cumbria

4,910

20

-

30

360

-

-

-

1,810

10

-

20

Lincolnshire

5,690

30

10

40

710

10

-

10

1,900

10

-

20

North Eastern Scotland

3,430

20

-

20

460

-

-

-

890

-

-

10

Eastern Scotland

20,560

70

30

120

2,030

10

-

10

4,740

20

10

50

South Western Scotland

33,900

100

80

160

3,670

20

10

20

7,460

30

20

70

Highlands and Islands

2,540

10

-

20

240

-

-

-

580

-

-

-

West Wales and The Valleys

26,820

80

30

130

1,840

10

-

20

7,980

20

20

50

East Wales

12,610

50

20

60

900

10

-

10

3,560

10

10

20

Unknown/Abroad

350

-

-

-

40

-

-

-

50

-

-

-

ESA Claimants by NUTS 1 areas and phase/stage of the claim-November 2010.
All casesSupport GroupWork Related Group
AllCrohn's diseasePsoriasisRheumatoid arthritisAllCrohn's diseasePsoriasisRheumatoid arthritisAllCrohn's diseasePsoriasisRheumatoid arthritis

GB and abroad

593,930

1,900

820

2,920

54,620

270

50

310

160,570

570

270

1,280

North East

32,200

70

60

160

2,840

10

-

10

7,850

20

20

70

North West

87,650

280

120

410

8,650

60

10

50

26,770

80

50

200

Yorkshire and the Humber

53,210

170

70

240

5,000

20

10

20

14,960

50

10

110

East Midlands

39,070

130

60

220

3,830

20

-

20

11,640

40

20

100

West Midlands

53,700

160

60

270

4,600

20

-

30

13,250

50

20

110

East of England

44,890

170

50

240

4,170

30

-

20

11,670

50

20

100

London

75,840

200

100

290

5,980

20

-

30

15,940

50

20

100

South East

63,980

250

70

340

6,350

30

-

30

18,630

100

20

160

South West

43,170

150

70

240

4,010

30

10

40

14,600

40

30

130

Wales

39,440

120

60

190

2,740

20

-

20

11,530

30

20

70

Scotland

60,430

190

110

320

6,400

30

10

40

13,680

50

30

130

Unknown/Abroad

350

-

-

-

40

-

-

-

50

-

-

-



29 Jun 2011 : Column WA427



29 Jun 2011 : Column WA428

Number of Incapacity Benefit (IB)/Severe Disablement Allowance (SDA) claimants with main disabling condition Crohn's disease, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis by NUTS 2 areas-November 2010
AllCrohn's diseasePsoriasisRheumatoid arthritis

Great Britain and Abroad

2,031,930

6,770

5,060

19,780

Inner London

115,310

280

230

590

Outer London

125,660

370

260

1,030

Greater Manchester

120,430

420

250

940

Merseyside

75,800

260

220

640

South Yorkshire

45,110

140

100

480

Northumberland and Tyne and Wear

70,820

260

220

780

West Midlands

100,770

290

280

1,080

West Yorkshire

77,760

260

200

750

Tees Valley and Durham

54,590

180

130

540

Cheshire CC

32,130

140

100

350

Lancashire

60,030

170

160

540

East Yorkshire and Northern Lincolnshire

30,650

110

90

370

North Yorkshire CC

17,310

70

60

210

Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire

76,750

260

210

730

Leicester Rutland and Northamptonshire

43,800

150

140

480

Herefordshire Worcestershire and Warwickshire

30,910

120

80

380

Shropshire and Staffordshire

52,190

140

120

600

Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and Bristol/Bath area

61,650

230

130

550

Cornwall and Isles of Scilly

18,460

80

40

220

Devon

37,940

120

100

410

Dorset and Somerset

35,270

120

70

330

East Anglia

61,460

200

150

700

Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire

36,030

140

60

360

Essex

44,030

170

90

460

Kent

45,090

170

80

510

Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire

40,090

140

50

380

Surrey , East and West Sussex

61,610

210

120

530

Hampshire and Isle of Wight

43,020

150

80

510

West Wales and The Valleys

104,770

340

290

1,060

East Wales

41,680

140

110

440

Cumbria

17,290

50

60

200

Lincolnshire

22,170

60

40

260

North Eastern Scotland

13,980

50

30

130

Eastern Scotland

75,940

290

230

840

South Western Scotland

119,000

430

400

1,140

Highlands and Islands

12,630

50

50

150

Unknown/Abroad

9,790

30

30

110

Number of IB/SDA claimants with main disabling condition Crohn's disease, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis by NUTS 1 areas-November 2010.
AllCrohn's diseasePsoriasisRheumatoid arthritis

Great Britain and Abroad

2,031,930

6,770

5,060

19,780

North East

114,250

400

330

1,220

North West

305,680

1,030

780

2,670

Yorkshire and The Humber

181,990

610

470

1,900

East Midlands

142,720

470

390

1,470

West Midlands

183,880

550

480

2,070

East of England

141,520

510

300

1,530

London

240,970

650

490

1,620

South East

189,810

670

340

1,930

South West

153,320

560

340

1,500

Wales

146,450

480

400

1,490

Scotland

221,560

820

710

2,250

Unknown/Abroad

9,790

30

30

110



29 Jun 2011 : Column WA429

Children: Poverty

Questions

Asked by Baroness Lister of Burtersett

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Work and Pensions (Lord Freud): Estimates of the number and proportion of children living in poverty are published in the Households Below Average Income (HBAI) series. HBAI uses household income adjusted (or equivalised) for household size and composition, to provide a proxy for standard of living.

The latest year of data that are available is 2009-10. The table below shows the number and proportion of children with income below 60 per cent of contemporary median income after housing costs (AHC) in the UK, for available years between 1979 and 2009-10.

Table: Numbers and proportions of children in households with equivalised incomes below 60 per cent of contemporary median income after housing costs (AHC)
Number (million)Proportion (%)

1979

2.0

14

1981

2.8

21

1987

3.3

27

1988 and 1989

3.4

27

1990 and 1991

3.9

31

1991 and 1992

4.1

32

1992 and 1993

4.4

34

1993-94 to 1994-95

4.3

33

1994-95

4.1

33

1995-96

4.2

33

1996-97

4.3

34

1997-98

4.2

33

1998-99

4.4

34

1999-00

4.3

33

2000-01

4.1

31

2001-02

4.0

31

2002-03

3.9

30

2003-04

3.7

29

2004-05

3.6

28

2005-06

3.8

30

2006-07

3.9

30

2007-08

4.0

31

2008-09

3.9

30

2009-10

3.8

29

Coroners' Inquests

Question

Asked by Lord Laird

The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice (Lord McNally): The circumstances in which coroners in England and Wales must hold an inquest are set out in Section 8 of the Coroners Act 1988. This provides that where a coroner is informed that a body of a person is lying within their district and there is reasonable cause to suspect that the deceased has either died a violent or unnatural death; has died a sudden death of which the cause is unknown; or has died in prison or police custody, then, regardless of where the death occurred, the coroner must hold an inquest into the death of the deceased as soon as practicably possible. They may not hold inquests in other circumstances.

Education: Duty to Co-operate

Question

Asked by Lord Touhig

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Schools (Lord Hill of Oareford): The findings of the Audit Commission's report Are We There Yet? showed that before the duty to co-operate was extended, schools

29 Jun 2011 : Column WA431

and colleges in most areas were engaging voluntarily as partners in local co-operation arrangements.

The Government have taken into account the evidence in that report and the need to reduce the burden of statutory duties on schools and colleges. We are not convinced that the addition of schools and colleges to the list of statutory relevant partners, under Section 10 of the Children Act 2004, was an effective or appropriate way of improving children's educational outcomes or of enabling the best local co-operation arrangements to be put in place.

Emergency Travel Documents

Question

Asked by Lord Avebury

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Browning): The number of emergency travel documents issued to nationals of Iran, Palestine and Eritrea for each of the past three calendar years is as follows:

YearsEritreaIranPalestineTotal *

2008

0

5

6

11

2009

1

9

1

11

2010

1

7

0

8

Finance: Private Finance Initiative

Question

Asked by Baroness Randerson

The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): HM Treasury currently collect, from departments, and publish PFI project data biannually. This includes information on the capital value, equity owners and full stream of payments over a project's life. This information can be accessed from the Treasury website: www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/ppp_pfistats.htm.

HM Treasury recognise that there is insufficient transparency in investor returns, particularly in relation to secondary market sales. The Treasury is now engaging with the National Audit Office to scope a workstream on PFI equity issues including transparency.


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