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To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions they have held since May 2010 with the Government of India about (a) gender based sex-selective abortion, and (b) infanticide; and what response the Government of India gave.[HL9977]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Minister for Equalities), Home Office and Government Equalities Office, my honourable friend the Member for Hornsey and Woodgreen (Ms Lynne Featherstone), discussed the problem of sex-selective abortion and female infanticide, as well as other issues affecting women in India, during meetings with the Indian Ministry for Women and Child Development and the Indian Parliamentary Committee for Women's Empowerment, in her visit to India from 15 to 17 June 2011. Ms Featherstone's interlocutors agreed that although there was a law in place there was still a need for more social movement to change mindsets. They are focusing on women's health, education and economic empowerment as a long term solution.
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they contribute, directly or indirectly, towards the funding of gender-based abortions in India; and whether development aid from the United Nations Population Fund or other agencies funded by the Government has been used for these purposes.[HL9978]
Baroness Verma: The UK strongly opposes sex-selective abortion. We do not fund any programmes which contribute directly or indirectly to sex-selective abortion. Through our own reproductive health programmes, and through the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), we support partner Governments' efforts to prevent it.
India's 1994 National Pre-Conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques Regulation Act (PC&PNDT) bans the use of sex selection techniques before or after conception and the misuse of pre-natal diagnostic techniques for sex selective abortions. The UK and UNFPA both support the primary vehicle through which the Act is implemented, India's Reproductive and Child Health Programme (RCH) under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM).
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they have provided ultra-sound equipment, or funds for the purpose of obtaining such equipment, to the Government of India or agencies operating in India since 1999.[HL9979]
Baroness Verma: We do not directly procure ultrasound equipment. We provide financial support to three poor States (Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Orissa) to improve
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To ask Her Majesty's Government how many times RAF Tornado aircraft deployed to Afghanistan fired air to ground ordnance in close air support of ground forces in (a) October-November 2010, (b) December 2010-January 2011, (c) February-March 2011, and (d) April-May 2011.[HL10018]
|Period||No. of air to ground munitions used by Tornado GR4 in support of ground troops|
RAF Tornados are tasked by the NATO combined air operations centre in a variety of roles across Afghanistan. Use of force in Afghanistan remains closely regulated and the avoidance of civilian casualties has been paramount; we carefully select the type of weapon in every engagement to ensure the most appropriate munition is used to deliver the required effect, while minimising the risk to civilians.
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many flying hours were logged by RAF Tornado aircraft deployed to Afghanistan in (a) October-November 2010, (b) December 2010-January 2011, (c) February-March 2011, and (d) April-May 2011.[HL10019]
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they will give priority to families with children, in particular those with children born in the United Kingdom, when extending legal advice to migrants and asylum applicants, especially those facing deportation. [HL10029]
The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice (Lord McNally): On 21 June we published the Government's response to the consultation on Proposals for the Reform of legal aid in England and Wales. We have decided that asylum matters will be kept within the scope of the legal aid scheme and that all immigration matters will be removed from scope, except for where the person is detained.
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Earl Attlee on 14 June 2011 (WA 168), whether the Civil Aviation Authority is responsible for informing airline passengers of the occurrence of fume events; and, if not, how passengers who may have suffered health effects as the result of a fume event are notified.[HL10136]
The main message from the Cranfield University research published on 10 May 2011 is that, with respect to the conditions of flight that were experienced during the study, there was no evidence for target pollutants occurring in the cabin air at levels exceeding available health and safety standards and guidelines. Moreover, levels observed were comparable to those typically experienced in domestic settings.
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer on 14 June (WA 169) by Earl Attlee, whether protection of the health of passengers includes protecting them from the effects of fume events.[HL10137]
Earl Attlee: The Government take the health of air crew and passengers extremely seriously. That is why we have put in hand a number of research studies looking into cabin air quality. The main research was published by Cranfield University on 10 May 2011. It found that, with respect to the conditions of flight that were experienced during the study, there was no evidence for target pollutants occurring in the cabin air at levels exceeding available health and safety standards and guidelines. Moreover, levels observed were comparable to those typically experienced in domestic settings.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (Baroness Wilcox): The Government have increased funding to over £1.4 billion, sufficient to train 360,000 apprentices in the 2011-12 academic year across all sectors. Overall, this Government will deliver at least 250,000 more apprenticeship places over the lifetime of this Parliament than the previous Administration planned. The latest statistical first release data show that we have delivered 326,700 apprenticeship starts in the first nine months of the 2010-11 academic year. This is 114,000 more than the previous year, and more than double our ambition.
The apprenticeships programme is demand led. We rely on employers and providers to work together to offer sufficient opportunities to meet local and sectoral demand taking advantage of the greater freedoms and flexibilities that we have created in the further education system. For example, in the aerospace industry Rolls-Royce is training more apprentices than they need themselves which will deliver more qualified people to work in the supply chain.
Baroness Wilcox: The Government welcome the Air League's commitment to engage young people from all backgrounds in the aviation industry. We also welcome the suite of financial support the Air League has made available to enable individuals to experience the industry.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the Government of Bahrain regarding the arrest of doctors accused of treating the wounds of civilians voicing opposition to the current ruler.[HL9983]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): The UK Government continue to press for the Government of Bahrain to ensure that due process is carefully and transparently followed in the trial of doctors and medical staff and that civil liberties are protected, particularly where severe penalties are proposed. Anyone accused should have adequate time to prepare a defence, access to legal counsel and be tried before independent, impartial tribunals. It is essential that medical personnel can treat their patients free from political interference. We remain deeply concerned about the continued allegations of abuse in detention and continue to urge the Government of Bahrain, at the highest level, to take forward their commitment to investigate the claims.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made to the United Nations in relation to why their representative in Bahrain
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Lord Howell of Guildford: The UK Government are aware that the Bahraini police were asked to remove three women from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) mission to Bahrain following a sit-in protest. We have made no representations to the United Nations in relation to this. This is a matter for the UNDP.
To ask Her Majesty's Government how the work of the Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee and Financial Policy Committee will be co-ordinated; and how the role of independent members who do not sit on both committees will be protected. [HL10139]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): There will be significant executive cross-membership between the Monetary Policy Committee and the Financial Policy Committee. The Governor, two Deputy Governors and the Bank's Executive Director for Markets will sit on both committees. This will ensure that interactions between the remit and work of each committee are fully considered and taken into account.
There will be no cross-membership of independent members. This will allow the independent members, as specialist experts in the relevant field, to focus entirely on the remit of the committee of which they are members.
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether independent members of the Financial Policy Committee will be dependent on the Bank of England for research support or whether they will have independent research budgets.[HL10140]
To ask Her Majesty's Government how the use of time varying capital requirements by the Financial Policy Committee (FPC) of the Bank of England will be co-ordinated internationally; and how the FPC proposes to ensure that its policies are not undermined by the activities of European Union banks "passported" into the United Kingdom or the lending activities of other international banks and credit providers operating in the United Kingdom. [HL10142]
Lord Sassoon: Time varying capital requirements (the countercyclical capital buffer) were included in the Basel 3 package, endorsed by the G20 at the Seoul November meeting in 2010. Under these proposals, the buffer held by international banks is linked to the geographic location of their credit exposures. Under this principle, all banks lending in the UK would be affected by the buffer setting determined by the Financial Policy Committee.
Following the G20 endorsement of macroprudential policy, the International Monetary Fund, Bank of International Settlements, and Financial Stability Board are leading a joint workstream on developing macroprudential frameworks. A key part of this work is developing effective international co-ordination and sharing best practice. The UK is supporting this workstream.
The UK has agreed in Europe to the setting up of the European Systemic Risk Board to survey and monitor systemic risk and oversee macroprudential policy across Europe. The Government are expecting European Commission proposals later this year on the implementation of Basel 3 through further amendments to the capital requirements directive. The UK is calling for the faithful implementation of the Basel 3 agreement in Europe.
To ask Her Majesty's Government where the public shareholding in the banks is currently recorded in the public accounts; and how the consequential revenues will be recorded and accounted for once the shares are sold.[HL10111]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): The Government's investments in financial institutions are recorded in the Treasury's resource accounts. Any share sale would also be recorded in the resource accounts.
The accounting will be in accordance with international financial reporting standards with any gains or losses recognised in the Treasury's statement of comprehensive net expenditure within the resource accounts.
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the United Kingdom will have the ability to require United Kingdom retail banks to have Core Tier One equity capital of 10 per cent of risk weighted assets if CRD4 is passed into European Union law and this prevents Governments from requiring capital in excess of that specified in Basel III.[HL10138]
Lord Sassoon: The Government are expecting European Commission proposals on the implementation of Basel 3 through further amendments to the Capital Requirements Directive (CRD) later this year. The
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To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Sassoon on 25 May (WA 430) concerning the Financial Services Authority approval of senior management exercising significant influence within the firms it regulates, what is meant by "significant influence"; and, in the case of the Bank of Scotland (Ireland)'s branches in the United Kingdom, what level of management was involved. [HL10242]
Lord Sassoon: This is a matter for the Financial Services Authority, whose day-to-day operations are independent from government control and influence. This question has been passed on to the FSA, which will reply to you directly by letter. A copy of the response will be placed in the Library of the House.
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the answer by Lord Sassoon on 6 June (Official Report, cols. 6-9), who will decide whether the proposals from the Payments Council to replace cheques are acceptable.[HL10128]
To ask Her Majesty's Government how they propose to ensure that the Payments Council consults the general public and treasurers of societies and clubs in their current round of consultation on the future of cheques.[HL10129]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): The Payments Council has made a commitment not to close the cheque clearing system unless alternatives are put in place, including a paper-based system.
The Government are clear that any alternative system will need to replicate the flexibility and ease of use of cheques, while improving processing times and being cost-effective. An alternative will need to have been tested in practice and be widely available, widely acceptable and widely adopted by users who do not currently have a suitable alternative. Until this is demonstrated by the Payments Council, there is not a credible and coherent case for abolishing cheques. The Government are keenly monitoring the progress of the cheque replacement programme and are considering whether they may need to intervene to protect vulnerable individuals and businesses if there is any threat that cheques may be withdrawn without suitable alternatives being put in place.
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the assets to be sold under Project Verde by Lloyds Banking Group to meet its obligations under the state aid agreement will be funded by equity and retail deposits, and not be dependent on wholesale market funding.[HL10148]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): Lloyds Banking Group (LBG) has started the process of disposing of assets, as set out by the terms of the state aid agreement with the European Commission. The Group has stated publicly that the total assets of the divestment will be greater than the liabilities. It is up to LBG to dispose of these assets as it sees fit, subject to the terms of the state aid agreement.
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether HM Treasury Ministers or officials have asked the Governor of the Bank of England and the Chairman of the Court of the Bank of England whether Bank directors, Court members or employees were asked to give evidence to the authors of the report commissioned by the Financial Services Authority into the failure of the Royal Bank of Scotland.[HL10149]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): In May 2009, the Financial Services Authority (FSA) launched an investigation into the Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) to consider whether regulatory rules had been broken during the period leading up to the collapse of RBS and what, if any, action was appropriate.
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they have received, or have asked the Financial Services Authority for, a copy of the authority's report into the collapse of the Royal Bank of Scotland. [HL10285]
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the remarks by Lord De Mauley on the Barnett Formula on 15 June (HL Deb, cols. 869-70) that Wales received £208 million from the European Union structural funds in 2009-10, whether this money is subject to matching funds from the United Kingdom; and, if so, whether those funds form part of the Barnett formula.[HL10254]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): European Structural Funds are devolved. It is, therefore, a matter for the Welsh Government. The public spending element of any match funding is funded within the Welsh Government's existing budget.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what regard they gave to the requirement of judicial impartiality in appointing as Arbitrator in the current Chagos Islanders case a person associated with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and to that person's role in appointing an official who is involved in the case on the side of the British Government. [HL10267]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): I assume the noble Baroness is referring to the arbitration proceedings brought by Mauritius under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, in which Mauritius is challenging the appointment of Sir Christopher Greenwood, a judge of the International Court of Justice, as one of the arbitrators. The challenge is being considered by the tribunal and therefore it would be inappropriate to comment, other than to confirm that the Government have no doubt whatsoever about Sir Christopher's integrity and suitability for this appointment.
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): On 22 June Ai Weiwei was released on bail. Following his release the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, my right honourable friend the Member for Richmond (Yorks) (Mr Hague) made a public statement. The Foreign Secretary welcomed the release of Mr Ai but called on the Chinese Government to clarify the
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On 4 April 2011 the Foreign Secretary made a public statement outlining our concerns (http://www.fco. gov.uk/en/news/latest-news/?id=579056182&view=News). His statement called on the Chinese Government to clarify Mr Ai's situation and expressed the hope that he would be released immediately.
On 11 April 2011 my right honourable friend the Deputy Prime Minister raised Mr Ai's case when he met Shanghai party secretary and Politburo standing committee member, Yu Zhengsheng. The Minister of State, my honourable friend the Member for Taunton Deane (Mr Browne) wrote to the Chinese ambassador regarding Mr Ai's case and other human rights issues on 3 May 2011. The Foreign Secretary and Minister of State, my honourable friend the Member for Taunton Deane (Mr Browne) also raised Mr Ai's case with Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Fu Ying when she visited London on 12 May 2011. We will continue to monitor closely developments in Mr Ai's case and look for further opportunities to raise our concerns.
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Howell of Guildford on 5 May (WA 164-5), (a) whether they are aware of any further developments concerning Mr Gao Zhisheng, and (b) whether they intend to raise the issue of his welfare with China again.[HL10272]
Lord Howell of Guildford: The Minister of State, my honourable friend the Member for Taunton Deane (Jeremy Browne) wrote on 3 May to the Chinese ambassador, requesting information on a number of individual cases of concern to the British Government, including Gao Zhisheng. We have not yet had a response on Mr Gao's case from the Chinese Government.
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): A country that expressed an interest in joining the Commonwealth would be assessed against the membership criteria set out in the Harare Declaration of 1991. These include commitment to protection of human rights, freedom of expression and equal opportunity.
To ask Her Majesty's Government which department or agency is responsible for enforcing the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 (as amended) for United Kingdom aircrew.[HL10258]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) leads the cross-border fuel fraud enforcement group, which was formed in 2008 to bring together representatives from law enforcement agencies on both sides of the border. This group shares intelligence and co-ordinates activity against the illegal fuel trade, from single offenders to highly organised criminal gangs.
As a result, HMRC has developed closer working with partner agencies, and has been increasingly successful in taking effective action against fuel launderers, increasing the numbers of arrests of those running laundering plants or allowing their premises to be used for such activity. In 2010-11, for example, HMRC closed down 21 laundering plants and arrested 18 fraudsters, compared with 20 and 12, respectively, in 2009-10.
HMRC aims to continue to develop and refine its testing and detection techniques: for example, research is currently being carried out into improving the markers used in rebated gas oil ("red diesel") to eliminate the avoidance of tax by using this fuel as road fuel. A number of the existing techniques developed by HMRC has been adopted by other EU enforcement agencies.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what consideration they have given to the findings of Mencap's Hate Crime Research Report; and what action they have taken or will be taking in response to the report.[HL10398]
The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Browning): The Government welcome the Mencap report in highlighting disability hate crime, which, as recent events have shown, is still an issue for too many people in this country. The Government take the issue of hate crime very seriously and are working with the Association of Chief Police Officers and others to improve the reporting and recording of all hate crime, including those motivated by hostility towards disabled victims. Our cross-government hate crime programme will consider the report in the development of the Government's new hate crime strategy.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Henley): Such an estimate is not available. The Government are, though, looking at possible measures to address dangerous and nuisance dogs and encourage responsible ownership.
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they will review the estimates of the carbon footprint of heat pumps in the light of the publication of the article on "Air source heat pump carbon footprints", published in the Energy Policy journal in December 2010, a copy of which was sent to the Department of Energy and Climate Change.[HL10073]
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Energy and Climate Change (Lord Marland): The Government estimate the carbon savings arising from the operation of a heat pump and separately estimate the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by all refrigerant leakage from air conditioning and refrigeration equipment. This latter estimate is currently being updated and will include GHG emissions from heat pumps' refrigerant loss.
Some of the assumptions underpinning the estimates on carbon emissions in the Energy Policy journal article cited are different to those used by Government-notably the rate of the expected decarbonisation of the electricity grid, and the underlying assumption about the efficiency of condensing gas boilers. However the overall conclusion is similar: based on current average CO2 factors for electricity, efficient air source heat pumps result in annual CO2 emissions comparable to those of efficient gas boilers.
The Government are working with the Microgeneration Certification Scheme to address some of the issues set out in the Energy Policy journal article cited to improve
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To ask Her Majesty's Government what is their assessment of the value for money provided by offshore wind as an electricity generating technology, based on the projections of the cost per megawatt hour contained in Mott MacDonald's report UK Electricity Generation Costs Update for 2010 used and quoted by the Department of Energy and Climate Change in its consultation on Electricity Market Reform.[HL10074]
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Energy and Climate Change (Lord Marland): The cost projections in the Mott MacDonald report were produced to provide an up-to-date set of assumptions on the costs of generation technologies at that time, to inform government policy. Mott MacDonald's assumptions on the costs of different electricity generation technologies were used to inform the modelling of the electricity system for the electricity market reform (EMR) project.
The results of this modelling formed part of the assessment of the EMR options. They have not been used to provide a value for money (VFM) assessment on offshore wind nor other technologies, and the department has not carried out such a VFM assessment. The most recent independent projections on levelised generation costs are contained in a 2011 report Review of the generation costs and deployment potential of renewable electricity technologies in the UK, produced by Arup, and recently published by the department.
1 Mott MacDonald (2010), UK Electricity Generation Costs Update, can be found at http://www.decc.gov.uk/assets/decc/Statistics/Projections/71-uk-electricity-generation-costs-update-.pdf
2 Arup (2011), Review of the generation costs and deployment potential of renewable electricity technologies in the UK, can be found at http://www.decc.gov.uk/en/content/cms/news/pn11_47/pn11_47.aspx
Baroness Verma: I refer the noble Lord to the answer provided by the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills (Baroness Wilcox) on Wednesday 22 June 2011, Official Report, col. WA 304.
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): We have no doubts about the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands. There will be no negotiations with Argentina about sovereignty against the wishes of the islanders. Their right to determine their own political future is paramount.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions the Financial Services Authority has held with the Irish Financial Regulator in the last 10 years regarding the Bank of Scotland's staffing of senior positions in the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. [HL10087]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): These are matters for the Financial Services Authority (FSA), whose day-to-day operations are independent from government control and influence.
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Sassoon on 21 June (WA 278) about First World War debt, whether the $4.368 million owed to the United States is a live debt which that country may wish to have repaid.[HL10402]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): The United States proposed a one-year moratorium on all First World War debts in 1931, which allowed extensive international discussions on the general problems of debt repayment to be held. However, no satisfactory agreement was reached and, in the absence of such an agreement, the United States has not sought payments from the UK and other nations since 1934.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the Government of Israel's provision of healthcare for the needs of the people of Gaza, and the charging of health costs to the Palestinian Authority.[HL10176]
Baroness Verma: Healthcare in Gaza is provided by the Palestinian Ministry of Health, and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian refugees, with the Palestinian Ministry of Health in Ramallah holding responsibility for providing drugs and medical disposables to facilities in Gaza. The most recent assessment of healthcare provision by the World Health Organisation is of deterioration in the quality of care as a result of Israeli movement and access restrictions, and political and institutional separation between the West Bank and Gaza. The most serious issue is the shortage of essential drugs.
Where treatment is unavailable in Gaza, the Palestinian Authority pays for patient referrals to external providers, including Israeli hospitals. Rates are negotiated bilaterally and reflect the costs of providing treatment in each case.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the availability of cooking oil in the Gaza Strip; and what discussions have they had with the Government of Israel regarding this. [HL10177]
Baroness Verma: Reports from United Nations (UN) agencies working in the Gaza Strip confirm there are no shortages of cooking oil in Gaza. We are, however, concerned about the availability of cooking gas, following the breakdown of the pipeline which supplies cooking gas from Kerem Shalom into Gaza five weeks ago. While supplies entering through tunnels from Egypt mean there are currently no shortages on the ground, we are working with the UN to press the Government of Israel on the urgent need to repair the pipeline, in order to maintain a secure and sustainable supply of cooking gas to meet the needs of the Gazan population.
Baroness Verma: We remain gravely concerned by the level of unemployment in Gaza, which continues to be among the highest in the world. While the announcements by the Israeli Government in June 2010 and February 2011 to ease access restrictions were positive steps, recent reports from the United Nations show that economic stagnation and de-development in Gaza remain the norm. We are clear that more needs to be done, including easing
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The UK regularly raises Gaza with the Israeli Government. We believe that an improved economy and access to work are not only essential for the people of Gaza, but also firmly in Israel's security interests. We are taking practical steps to improve access to Gaza through our support to the UN Access Coordination Unit, our capacity building work with the Palestinian Authority and our work with the Office of the Quartet Representative on confidence building measures to facilitate exports from Gaza. We are also working to promote business regeneration through our facility for new market development, supporting 304 companies in Gaza to generate jobs for over 1,800 unemployed Gazans.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the paper Roundup and birth defects-Is the public being kept in the dark?; and what plans they have to ask the European Commission to withdraw their deferral of the review of glyphosate approval from 2012 to 2015, and to perform the review under the data requirements of European Union directive 1107/2009, rather than the previous EU Directive 91/414.[HL10430]
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Henley): Glyphosate has been subject to extensive testing and regulatory assessment in the European Union, the United States of America and elsewhere, and by the World Health Organisation, without raising concerns that it causes birth defects. The chemicals regulation directorate (CRD) of the Health and Safety Executive has reviewed the paper Roundup and birth defects and noted that the EU assessment considered studies cited in it and found no evidence for such concerns. CRD also considered that some citied studies were unlikely to be relevant to humans. The forthcoming EU review of glyphosate will consider all relevant evidence concerning the substance. The current approval was extended to 2015 in order to allow sufficient time for the review procedure to be properly completed.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Schools (Lord Hill of Oareford): Information about research and data collections which have been initiated, terminated and amended since 12 May 2010 is shown below.
|A) Research projects initiated since 12 May 2010|
|B) Research projects terminated since 12 May 2010|
|We have interpreted this to mean research projects which were terminated after a contract with a supplier had been signed by the Department.|
|C) Research projects amended since 12 May 2010|
These include data collections that were due to take place during the year stipulated that have stopped. Not included are data collections that took place in that period and will be stopping in the coming months.Diploma FundingChild Care: Extending the Two-Year Old PilotHealthy SchoolsImproving Information Sharing and Management Programme benefits surveyMaking Good ProgressOne-to-One TuitionPE and SportPriority Schools Absence dataProvision of Positive Activities for Young PeopleYouth Taskforce project monitoring
Lord Taylor of Holbeach: The Prime Minister's Office is an integral part of the Cabinet Office. Information on what research and data collection the Cabinet Office has initiated, terminated and amended since 12 May 2010 is not held centrally.
To ask Her Majesty's Government who is the Departmental Chief Scientific Adviser for the Cabinet Office; and (a) when they were appointed and for how long, (b) what is their academic or experience background, (c) what is their civil service rank, (d) whether their post is full-time or part-time, and what other work commitments they have, and (e) on how many occasions during the past year they have had meetings with the Minister for the Cabinet Office or the Minister to whom they have direct responsibility.[HL9966]
The GCSA also has oversight of other cross-government science issues. For example, the scrutiny of the scientific evidence underpinning the National Risk Assessment (NRA), which is owned by responsible departments and the Cabinet Office.
To ask Her Majesty's Government who is the Departmental Chief Scientific Adviser for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office; and (a) when they were appointed and for how long, (b) what is their academic or experience background, (c) what is their civil service rank, (d) whether their post is full-time or
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To ask Her Majesty's Government who is the Departmental Chief Scientific Adviser for the Department for International Development; and (a) when they were appointed and for how long, (b) what is their academic or experience background, (c) what is their civil service rank, (d) whether their post is full-time or part-time, and what other work commitments they have, and (e) on how many occasions during the past year they have had meetings with the Secretary of State for International Development or the Minister to whom they have direct responsibility.[HL10078]
Baroness Verma: The Departmental Chief Scientific Adviser for the Department for International Development (DfID) is Professor Chris Whitty, DSc, FRCP, FFHP, FMed Sci. The Deputy Chief Scientific Adviser is Professor Tim Wheeler, BSc, MSc, PhD;
(a) Professor Whitty was appointed as the Chief Scientific Adviser in June 2009 on a three year contract with an option for an extension; Professor Wheeler was appointed in March 2010 on a three year contract with an option for an extension.
(d) Both the Chief Scientific Adviser and Deputy Chief Scientific Adviser are part time (80 per cent) appointments seconded in from their academic institutions and both remain active in research with those institutions (20 per cent).
(e) Over the past year the Chief Scientific Adviser has had seven meetings with the Secretary of State, one with the Minister of State and eleven with the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State. Over the same
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To ask Her Majesty's Government who is the Departmental Chief Scientific Adviser for the Scotland Office; and (a) when they were appointed and for how long, (b) what is their academic or experience background, (c) what is their civil service rank, (d) whether their post is full-time or part-time, and what other work commitments they have, and (e) on how many occasions during the past year they have had meetings with the Secretary of State for Scotland or the Minister to whom they have direct responsibility.[HL10081]
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether the Chancellor of the Exchequer attended the 2011 Bilderberg Conference at St Moritz on 9-12 June in his official capacity; and, if so, what expense was incurred, including those of his accompanying officials; and whether he will be giving a report of the proceedings at the conference to the Cabinet and Parliament.[HL10062]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): The Chancellor of the Exchequer attended the Bilderberg conference in St Moritz. All travel undertaken by Treasury Ministers and officials is carried out in line with the Ministerial and Civil Service Management Codes. Details of all ministerial overseas travel are published quarterly on the Treasury website: http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/minister_hospitality.htm.
In addition, the Prime Minister reports annually to Parliament on ministerial overseas travel, encompassing costs incurred by officials and special advisers. In line with the practice of previous Administrations, details of ministerial discussions on ongoing policy issues are not disclosed, as this could undermine effective Government decision-making. Any issues that require the consideration of Cabinet or reporting to Parliament will be dealt with according to the proper protocol.
To ask Her Majesty's Government which Minister is responsible for liaising with the Irish National Asset Management Agency (NAMA), with respect to British-based assets; and when that Minister last had a meeting with the Chairman of NAMA. [HL10124]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): My honourable friend, the Financial Secretary to the Treasury, has policy responsibility for financial stability, including in relation to the Irish National Asset Management Agency.
Treasury Ministers and officials have meetings with a wide range of organisations and individuals as part of the process of policy development. As was the case with previous Administrations, it is not the Government's practice to provide details of all such meetings.
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many university courses are due to be closed nationwide for the 2011-12 academic year; and how many courses they estimate will closed in the 2012-13 academic year.[HL10265]
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Henley): We do not collect information on the total number of courses available in any one academic year. Universities are autonomous bodies and it is entirely a matter for them which courses to offer. All institutions will review from time to time their suite of courses taking into account factors such as student demand and financial viability. Additional funding is available from the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) for strategically important and vulnerable subjects.
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Henley on 26 April (WA 67), what criteria are used by the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills in order to designate, for student support purposes, specific courses at private higher education institutions in England.[HL10257]
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Henley): The Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and
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In addition all courses must currently be validated by a body with UK degree awarding powers to ensure consistent quality and academic standards are maintained. The only exceptions to this are Higher National Diplomas or Higher National Certificates which are awarded by Edexcel (formerly the Business and Technician Education Council) or the Scottish Qualifications Authority and initial teacher training courses which are subject to a separate approval process.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence (Lord Astor of Hever): HMS "Illustrious" is scheduled to return to operational service, to assume the landing platform helicopter role from HMS "Ocean", in spring 2012.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Communities and Local Government (Baroness Hanham): We do not provide estimates of future new build numbers, as forecasting is imprecise and could affect market sentiment. However, there are various private sector organisations who can, and do, use our statistics to make their own forecasts.
Ultimately, the number of new homes that are built will depend upon market conditions and decisions that are taken at the local level. This Government are
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I would note that house building starts in England are up 22 per cent in 2010-2011, compared to 2009-2010 (DCLG, House building: March Quarter 2011 England, 19 May 2011) and the value of new housing construction has risen by 23 per cent (in constant price terms) over the same period (ONS, Ouput in the construction Industry, Ql 2011, 13 may 2011).
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Communities and Local Government (Baroness Hanham): The average amount of grant per unit allocated through the Homes and Communities Agency's National Affordable Housing Programme in 2010-11 was £51,594 for affordable housing schemes (i.e. social rent and low cost home ownership).
Baroness Hanham: We have not made estimates of an average grant rate for 2011-12. This will be subject to the outcome of the Affordable Homes Programme assessment process. The deadline for offers to be submitted to the Homes and Communities Agency for funding from the Affordable Homes Programme was 3 May. The Agency is currently considering the offers made by providers and we expect initial contracts with providers who are successful in receiving allocations for the new programme to be signed from September.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of International Criminal Court referrals by the United Nations Security Council with regards to the situations in Sudan and Libya in contrast to that in Gaza, in the light of the United Nations Human Rights Council Report of the international fact-finding mission to investigate violations of international law ... resulting from Israeli attacks on a flotilla of ships carrying humanitarian assistance, published in September 2010.[HL10175]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): The situations in Darfur and Libya were referred to the International Criminal Court (ICC) as a result of the international community's concerns that serious crimes were being
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To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they or their representatives were aware of the Government of Kenya's order to deport the human rights investigator, British national Clara Gutteridge, prior to her arrest and subsequent deportation on 10 May.[HL10076]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): Neither the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London, nor our high commissions in Nairobi and Kampala, were aware of the Government of Kenya's order to deport British human rights investigator Clara Gutteridge, prior to her arrest and subsequent deportation from Kenya on 10 May. We only became aware of the deportation order shortly after Ms Gutteridge did, when she drew our attention to it. We offered Ms Gutteridge full consular assistance around her deportation.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what assessment they have made of the quality of legal advice and aid available to immigration detainees; and what are the proportions of successful applications for bail granted to detainees respectively with and without representation.[HL10193]
The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice (Lord McNally): The quality of legal aid advice and the administration of legal aid is the responsibility of the Legal Services Commission (LSC) through the award of contracts with solicitors firms and not for profit organisations. All legal aid providers are subject to a quality assurance framework, their contract work is monitored by the LSC, and they are subject to a number of supervisory requirements.
Caseworkers that carry out immigration legal aid must be registered with the Solicitors Regulation Authority or the Office of the Immigration Services Commissioner and comply with the terms of the Law Society's Immigration and Asylum Accreditation Scheme, which directly tests the competence of individuals in immigration and asylum law.
The table below shows the number of bail applications and their outcomes for clients in immigration detention for the year 2009-10, split between those with and without legal representation. Legal representation covers both those that are funded by legal aid and those who are privately represented.
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Howell of Guildford on 25 May (WA 439), how they intend to encourage India to enforce the provisions and aspirations of the United Nations protocol on human trafficking which they have recently ratified, particularly in relation to Dalits.[HL10202]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): We have discussed the issue of human trafficking with the Government of India through the EU-India human rights dialogue. The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Minister for Equalities), Home Office and Government Equalities Office, my honourable friend the Member for Hornsey and Wood Green (Ms Lynne Featherstone), raised the issue of trafficking with the Indian Ministry for Women and Child Development during her visit to India in June. We will continue to stay in close touch with EU partners and relevant non-governmental organisations that monitor the implementations of the protocol.
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Howell of Guildford on 25 May (WA 439), how they intend to monitor India's progress in enforcing the provisions and aspirations of the United Nations protocol on human trafficking which they have recently ratified, particularly in relation to Dalits.[HL10203]
Lord Howell of Guildford: We have discussed the issue of human trafficking with the Government of India through the EU-India Human Rights dialogue. The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (Minister
28 Jun 2011 : Column WA410
To ask Her Majesty's Government what representations they have made regarding the treatment of Kenyan citizen "Mezungu" and his rendition from Kenya after the Kenyan High Court ruling prohibiting renditions; and when those representations were made.[HL10077]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): We have raised our concerns about alleged renditions and the treatment of terrorist suspects with both the Kenyan and Ugandan authorities at a senior level, including with Ministers. In doing so, we have not referred to specific cases, but rather to all terrorist suspects.
The UK Government's policy is clear. We do not participate in, solicit, encourage or condone the use of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment for any purpose. We have consistently made clear our absolute opposition to such behaviour. We repeatedly stress to all our international partners the importance of due legal process and the centrality of human rights in approaches to counter-terrorism.
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): We welcome the report of the UN Human Rights Council's Commission of Inquiry which reported that crimes against humanity and many serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law, including those which amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity, have been committed by government forces in Libya. Although the commission established that there have been instances in which armed opposition forces have been responsible for committing acts which constitute war crimes, which we also condemn, it concluded that these were not part of a widespread or systematic attack against civilians such as to amount to a crime against humanity.
In the UK's statement to the Human Rights Council on 9 June we welcomed the statement made by the opposition National Transitional Council (NTC) outlining
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The UK's office in Benghazi has raised human rights violations with the NTC on several occasions, most recently on 15 June with Dr Salwa al-Daghaili, NTC Representative for Legal and Women's Affairs. We are encouraged that the NTC has insisted all its troops observe the Geneva conventions; issued guidance on humanitarian law to its forces on the front line; set up a Prisoners/Human Rights Committee and allowed the International Committee of the Red Cross full access. We will continue to engage with the NTC and remind them of the importance of upholding the values they have espoused.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what was the average price per litre of milk sold in supermarkets in (a) one pint, (b) two pint, and (c) four pint, containers in January of this year, and in each of the preceding three years.[HL10336]
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Henley): January average retail prices in pence per litre from 2008 to 2011 for milk sold in four pint containers are listed below. Defra does not keep records on retail prices of milk sold in one pint or two pint containers.
|Year||Pence per litre|
To ask Her Majesty's Government what was the face value of Northern Bank banknotes which were not returned in the 2005 recall of bank notes, aside from the amount stolen in the December 2004 robbery.[HL10067]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): Part 6 of the Banking Act 2009 updated, strengthened and modernised the regulatory regime governing commercial banknote issuance in the UK and passed the responsibility for regulation to the Bank of England. The primary aim was to ensure that holders of commercially issued banknotes received a level of protection similar to that provided to holders of Bank of England banknotes.
Since the new legislation came into effect on 23 November 2009, authorised banks have been required to back their note issue in full and at all times. This would include any notes not returned as part of Northern Bank's 2005 note recall. Reporting under the regime does not, however, require declaration of notes by series.
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): All visa applications globally are considered carefully and individually in light of the information submitted by the applicant, the information available to the UK Border Agency and against the UK's Immigration Rules. UK visa applications involving those against whom there are substantive allegations of serious human rights abuses and violations are subject to additional checks. Our embassy in Kathmandu has made this clear to the leadership of the Nepal army, Nepal police and Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
To ask Her Majesty's Government what safeguards are in place to ensure that British aid to minority groups in Pakistan reaches the intended recipients, and that those channelling British aid within Pakistan are not responsible for discriminatory practices against those groups.[HL10037]
Baroness Verma: The UK condemns all instances of violence and discrimination because of faith or belief. Our development assistance targets the poor, regardless of race, religion, creed, or nationality. Since the poorest are often minority or marginalised groups they benefit from many of our programmes. All of these programmes are carefully monitored, including through third party verification as necessary, to make sure that aid is reaching the intended recipients.
In parallel, Pakistan's commitment to agreed human rights obligations is one of the principles of the 10 year Development Partnership Arrangement (DPA) between the UK and Pakistan. We discuss progress on the DPA every year with the Government of Pakistan.
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they intend to support a resolution on the recognition of the state of Palestine, which is planned to be put before the United Nations General Assembly in September.[HL10044]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): We want to see a Palestinian state living in peace and security with Israel, and as a member of the UN. The Arab spring gives further impetus to this goal. Palestinians deserve statehood and the freedom that entails and Israelis deserve long-term security. That is why we are pressing the parties to return to negotiations urgently on the basis set out by President Obama: 1967 borders with mutually agreed land swaps and security arrangements that protect Israel and respect Palestinian sovereignty.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Communities and Local Government (Baroness Hanham): The Department for Communities and Local Government plans to carry out a consultation in England during the summer on measures to improve the licensing regime which applies to park home and caravan sites so local authorities are better equipped and resourced to tackle problems of poor management in the sector. It also plans to consult on improvements to the buying and selling process of park homes to prevent the unacceptable practice of the blocking of lawful sales by unscrupulous site owners and to provide an effective means of redress for residents where this happens.
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether they intend to take action to ensure that enforcing authorities abide by the statutory prohibition on penalty demands being issued in furtherance of civil parking and traffic enforcement by means of closed circuit television apparatus (CCTV) which has not been certified by the Secretary of State as an Authorised Device; and what action they will take to ensure the refunding of penalties unlawfully taken from motorists due to the use of CCTV apparatus that was not an Authorised Device.[HL9576]
Earl Attlee: Where a Local Authority imposes a penalty charge using a system of cameras, it must have been certified as an approved device by the Secretary of State. We are satisfied that the civil enforcement regime for the use of CCTV set out in legislation is clear and understood by relevant local authorities. It is for those authorities to comply with legislative requirements and we have no plans to take any further action to ensure that they are doing so.
If a local authority has imposed a penalty notice and has subsequently realised that the proper legal basis for the imposition of that penalty notice may not have been in place, then it will be open to that authority to consider whether it is appropriate to make a refund.
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many requests for action made to the Home Office Properties Group in respect of the facilities management contract for probation trusts in England and Wales were outstanding on the latest date available.[HL10108]
The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice (Lord McNally): On 31 May 2011, there were 6,623 open work orders on the probation estate. This included pre-planned maintenance jobs generated by the contractors and reactive work requests generated by the contract managers and building occupiers.
The Home Office contracts for the provision of facilities management to the probation and other estates do not incorporate financial penalties. Each of the six regional contracts has a mechanism that applies financial deductions against contract prices where service levels have not met performance targets. The Home Office has applied this mechanism continuously in line with the contracts and agreed aggregate deductions by way of payment credits on six occasions for three of the contracts and on five occasions for the other three contracts since July 2008.
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Earl Attlee on 16 June (WA 215), on which routes it is planned that the Intercity Express trains will operate; and, for each route, how many electric only and bimodal units are planned to be operated, and between which origins and destinations.[HL10219]
The Commercial Secretary to the Treasury (Lord Sassoon): The ECOFIN Council implementing decision granting financial assistance to Ireland was clear that loans were provided with a view to supporting the
28 Jun 2011 : Column WA415
This decision document can be found in full here: http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/articles/eu_ economic_situation/2010-12-01-financial-assistance-ireland_en.htm.
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): While the embassies to the Republic of Italy and to the Holy See are located on the same compound in Rome, they remain separate diplomatic missions and have their own diplomatic and administrative staff. The embassy to Italy assists the embassy to the Holy See primarily with security, and provides a single guard force for the compound. For security reasons we cannot provide further details of the guard force. A small number of staff in the embassy to Italy assist the embassy to the Holy See with some IT, finance and other support functions.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what discussions the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs has recently had with the Government of Rwanda on alleged assassination plots involving Rwandan expatriates in Britain.[HL10112]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs was extremely concerned about these allegations. We have sent a clear signal via our high commissioner in Rwanda and the permanent under-secretary at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to the Rwandan Government that this sort of activity is not acceptable in the United Kingdom or elsewhere.
To ask Her Majesty's Government what action they have taken since the Metropolitan Police advised two Rwandans living in the United Kingdom that police had "reliable intelligence" that the government of Rwanda posed an "imminent threat" to their lives.[HL10113]
Lord Howell of Guildford: In the light of information concerning a threat to the life of a number of Rwandans in the UK earlier this month, the Metropolitan Police issued advisory warnings to those individuals. Other measures were also taken to ensure their security.
We have sent a clear signal via our high commissioner in Rwanda and the permanent under-secretary at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office to the Rwandan Government that this sort of activity is not acceptable in the United Kingdom or elsewhere.
To ask Her Majesty's Government how much has been spent by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the Metropolitan Police and United Kingdom Security Services on countering assassination plots against Rwandan expatriates living in Britain in each year since 2008.[HL10114]
To ask Her Majesty's Government how many individuals have been questioned, detained or excluded from Great Britain in relation to alleged assassination plots involving Rwandan expatriates in Britain. [HL10115]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): My right honourable friend the Prime Minister raised Yemen during his telephone conversation with King Abdullah on 18 June, and my right honourable friend the Foreign Secretary has discussed the subject with Prince Saud including when the latter visited the UK in March. Other visiting British Ministers and officials have discussed Yemen with their Saudi counterparts in Riyadh and Jeddah, and our embassy officials in Riyadh are in regular contact with the Saudi Government on issues relating to the situation in Yemen.
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): The previous Government's position and actions on the situation in Sri Lanka in 2009 were stated in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office's annual report on human rights, and in a number of Written Answers and debates.
The UK has recently reiterated our call for an independent, thorough and credible investigation of
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To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Howell of Guildford on 10 May (WA 205), (a) whether they are aware of any further developments concerning Mr Prageeth Ekneligoda, and (b) whether they intend to raise the issue of his welfare with Sri Lanka again. [HL10273]
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether, in view of reports of air attacks against civilians in southern Kordofan in Sudan, they will ask the United Nations Security Council to authorise a no fly zone in that region.[HL10057]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): We are extremely concerned about the reports of air and other attacks on civilians in Southern Kordofan and are monitoring the situation closely. We continue to believe that the best solution is a cessation of hostilities, and a negotiated settlement between the two parties. We are calling for this urgently and are supporting the AU-led mediation between the two sides. We are also requesting that the Government of Sudan allow UNMIS to remain in Southern Kordofan and neighbouring Blue Nile State after 9 July. We note that it would be highly challenging militarily, logistically and financially to enforce and sustain a no fly zone, even were the Security Council to authorise it, something we judge extremely unlikely at the moment.
To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by Lord Howell of Guildford on 6 June (WA 75), why they do not plan separate bilateral representations, in addition to European Union statements on the freedom of the media in Turkey.[HL10023]
The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Howell of Guildford): The Minister for Europe, my right honourable friend the Member for Aylesbury (Mr Lidington) raised freedom of the media in Turkey in his meeting with the Turkish Minister for European Affairs, Egemen Bagis, on 31 March 2011. The UK Government continue to support efforts urging Turkey to fulfil its Organisation for Security and
28 Jun 2011 : Column WA418
To ask Her Majesty's Government what were (a) the total number, and (b) the percentage of the total entry of, students from ethnic minorities and from each socio-economic group who entered a Russell Group university in each of the years 1997-2010. [HL10319]
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Henley): The numbers of UK-domiciled young (aged under 21) full-time undergraduate entrants to Russell Group universities shown by ethnicity and socio-economic group will be placed in the Library of the House. Figures are taken from the Higher Education Statistics Agency Student Record and are provided for each academic year since 2002-03. Figures for the 2008-09 academic year have been excluded as they are not directly comparable with those for 2002-03 to 2007-08 and 2009-10, due to a change in the way parental or student occupation information was gathered. As a result of the change, it is not possible to determine whether the 2008-09 socio-economic class relates to the student or their parent.
Socio-economic classification was introduced into higher education student data in the 2002-03 academic year and, therefore, figures for earlier years (which show the former social classification) are not comparable.
Figures are provided for young full-time undergraduate entrants, as data on socio-economic class is gathered on a different basis for young and mature (aged 21 and over) students. Socio-economic class is derived from information on occupation: for entrants aged under 21 this is based on the occupation of their parent, and for those aged 21 and over it is based on their own occupation. Socio-economic information is not available for part-time students.
To ask Her Majesty's Government whether it is their intention to require the use of food-waste bins by all households; and, if so, under what legislative instrument the policy will be introduced; what sanctions are intended for non-compliance; and how those sanctions will be enforced.[HL10253]
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Lord Henley): The Government have no plans to require the use of food waste caddies (containers) by all households. Local authorities are responsible for delivering high quality waste and recycling solutions that meet local needs.
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