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18 May 2011 : Column WA325



18 May 2011 : Column WA325

Written Answers

Wednesday 18 May 2011

Airports: Holding Rooms

Questions

Asked by Baroness Stern

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Browning): The UK Border Agency has ended the detention of children for immigration purposes. In exceptional circumstances where it is imperative to detain families in the short-term holding facilities at any port, such cases are prioritised and expedited as soon as possible. Where it appears that secondary examination may not be concluded without prolonged detention, the family will be appropriately released on temporary admission or transferred to the family unit at Tinsley House.

Asked by Baroness Stern

Baroness Browning: The UK Border Agency has been liaising with BAA to progress the refurbishment of the terminal 3 holding room. BAA has agreed to a programme of works that will include a deep clean and installing new lighting. They have also agreed to try to identify funding to upgrade the flooring and furniture.

The main holding room and family room at terminal 3 has recently been painted.

UK Border Agency officials are awaiting quotes and a timeframe from contractors for the installation of a shower in the holding room.

Animals: Product Testing

Question

Asked by Baroness Smith of Basildon

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Browning): We are working towards delivering the ban on the testing of household products on animals through the conditions of licences issued under the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986. I am not yet in a position to set a date for implementation of the ban.



18 May 2011 : Column WA326

Apprenticeships

Question

Asked by Lord Teverson

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (Baroness Wilcox): The apprenticeships programme is demand-led. Therefore expanding and improving the apprenticeship offer depends in no small measure on a large and diverse range of businesses taking the opportunity to employ apprentices.

We recognise that delivering apprenticeships in rural areas has its challenges. However, evidence from the national employer skills survey tells us that small and medium-sized enterprises employ proportionately more apprentices than larger employers, and we are committed to simplifying the system to make it as easy and simple as possible for them to continue to do so.

The National Apprenticeship Service and local enterprise partnerships are key to shaping effective delivery, and group training association (GTA) and apprenticeship training agency (ATA) models are making it easier for small business take on apprentices. This type of delivery model can be particularly effective outside urban centres.

Armed Forces: Accommodation

Question

Asked by Lord Kennedy of Southwark

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence (Lord Astor of Hever): The Ministry of Defence's single living accommodation modernisation (SLAM) programme delivered 2,582 bed spaces in 2010-11. Sites included Catterick, Hounslow, RNAS Culdrose, RAF Brize Norton and Innsworth.

In addition, 2,229 bed spaces were under construction and 3,432 bedspaces were in design.

Armed Forces: Dental Services

Question

Asked by Lord Kennedy of Southwark

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence (Lord Astor of Hever): The defence dental services (DDS) oral health strategic plan provides the framework for improvement in defence dental services. The plan focuses on the tailored provision of dental

18 May 2011 : Column WA327

treatment to service personnel at the earliest opportunity in their careers and the development of a clearly defined preventive pathway based on a risk assessment.

Project MOLAR is designed to provide an early oral health assessment and then rapid initial treatment of Army recruits, quickly improving their oral health. Introduced in 2006, this initiative has resulted in a significant increase in the dental fitness of the Army and the halving of the outstanding treatment need of the population. The success of the project is such that it will now be extended to the other services. The reduction in the need for operative treatment affords the opportunity to increase the number of preventive interventions, such as fluoride applications, which will in turn reduce future treatment needs in the population and helps to increase the number of personnel who are able to deploy on operations.

Robust performance management systems are also in place and these are supported by intelligent analysis of more accurate and detailed reports available since the introduction of the Defence Medical Information Capability Programme (DMICP). Furthermore, continued analysis of morbidity data from operational theatres informs policy changes and assists in the identification of the most effective treatment options for the population.

The dental fitness level of our service personnel is statistically at a higher level than has been previously recorded.

Asylum Seekers

Questions

Asked by Lord Laird

The Minister of State, Home Office (Baroness Browning): A total of 375,285 principal applicants and dependants made asylum applications between 2002 and 2010 inclusive. Data for dependants are unavailable prior to 2002. A total of 301,015 principal applicants (only) made asylum applications between 1997 and 2001 inclusive. A breakdown by year is shown in the attached table.



18 May 2011 : Column WA328

Asylum applications (1)(2) received in the United Kingdom, principal applicants and dependants, 1997-2010
Applications
YearPrincipal applicantsDependants (2)Total (principal applicants & dependants)

1997

32,500

..

..

1998

46,015

..

..

1999

71,160

..

..

2000

80,315

..

..

2001

71,025

..

..

2002

84,130

18,950

103,080

2003

49,405

10,640

60,045

2004

33,960

6,665

40,625

2005

25,710

5,130

30,840

2006

23,610

4,715

28,320

2007

23,430

4,870

28,300

2008

25,930

5,380

31,315

2009 (P)

24,485

6,185

30,675

2010 (P)

17,790

4,300

22,090

Information on asylum applications is available in the published tables of the quarterly Control of Immigration: Statistics United Kingdom Q4 2010, published in February 2011.

This publication is available in the Library of the House and the Home Office Science website at http://www. home office.gov.uk/science-research/research-statistics.

Data for quarter one 2011 will be published on 26 May 2011.

Asked by Lord Laird

Baroness Browning: The only EU country that is a signatory of the Dublin regulations to which UK does not return is Greece. This policy came into effect on 20 September 2010. In the past 12 months, the UK has suspended the return of 1,349 applicants to Greece. The decision to suspend removal was a pragmatic decision based on the cost to the taxpayer while we wait for the decision of the European Court of Human Rights on whether returning asylum seekers to Greece breaches Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights.

Asked by Lord Laird

Baroness Browning: The numbers of asylum applications received in the United Kingdom, excluding dependants, from nationals of each Commonwealth country over the last 10 years are provided below in Table A.



18 May 2011 : Column WA329



18 May 2011 : Column WA330

Asylum applications received in the United Kingdom, excluding dependants(1), 2001 to 2010, Commonwealth nationals
Country of nationality200120022003200420052006200720082009 (P)2010 (P)

Antigua and Barbuda

*

*

-

-

*

*

-

*

*

-

Australia

*

5

*

*

-

-

*

*

5

*

Bahamas, The

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Bangladesh

510

720

735

510

425

440

540

455

440

450

Barbados

*

-

-

-

-

*

-

*

*

*

Belize

-

*

*

-

-

-

*

-

-

*

Botswana

*

10

15

10

5

5

5

5

10

15

Brunei

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Cameroon

380

615

505

360

290

260

160

115

90

85

Canada

5

5

5

5

5

5

*

*

5

*

Cyprus

20

40

5

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

Dominica

-

-

-

5

*

*

*

-

*

5

Fiji(2)

-

-

-

Gambia, The

65

130

95

100

90

110

100

125

210

240

Ghana

190

275

325

355

230

130

120

140

140

165

Grenada

-

-

-

*

-

5

*

*

5

*

Guyana

5

10

10

5

5

*

5

10

10

5

India

1,850

1,865

2,290

1,405

940

680

510

715

615

520

Jamaica

525

1,310

965

455

325

215

240

240

200

215

Kenya

305

350

220

145

100

95

115

150

100

115

Kiribati

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Lesotho

*

5

-

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

Malawi

45

95

150

170

130

65

65

115

160

165

Malaysia

20

25

20

15

20

20

30

35

35

55

Maldives

-

15

*

5

-

*

-

-

*

-

Malta

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mauritius

15

10

10

20

10

15

20

20

15

40

Mozambique

5

5

5

5

5

*

*

5

*

*

Namibia

5

10

*

*

*

10

5

10

20

20

Nauru

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

New Zealand

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

Nigeria

810

1,125

1,010

1,090

1,025

790

780

820

680

780

Pakistan

2.860

2.405

1,915

1,710

1,145

965

1,030

1,230

1,300

1,400

Papua New Guinea

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Rwanda

530

655

260

75

40

20

15

20

25

20

St. Kitts and Nevis

-

-

-

-

*

-

*

*

-

*

St. Lucia

*

*

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

5

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

*

-

*

*

*

*

*

*

5

5

Samoa

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Seychelles

15

20

10

5

*

*

*

5

5

*

Sierra Leone

1,940

1,155

380

230

135

125

85

55

80

80

Singapore

*

5

5

5

*

-

*

*

*

*

Solomon Islands

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

South Africa

130

230

265

180

120

90

12D

145

175

125

Sri Lanka

5,510

3,130

705

330

395

525

990

1,475

1,115

1,360

Swaziland

*

*

5

*

*

5

5

15

5

*

Tanzania

80

40

30

20

20

15

20

25

35

25

Tonga

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Trinidad and Tobago

5

5

15

10

5

5

*

15

30

10

Tuvalu

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

Uganda

480

715

705

405

205

165

130

130

155

215

Vanuatu

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Zambia

20

15

15

15

15

15

15

10

30

15

Zimbabwe(3)

2,140

7,655

3,295

2,065

1,075

1,650

1,800

3,165

5,600

1,410

Total

18,495

22,656

13,985

9,715

6,780

6,440

6,925

9,275

11,305

7,565



18 May 2011 : Column WA331



18 May 2011 : Column WA332

The numbers of refusals at initial decision for nationals of each Commonwealth country over the past 10 years are provided below in Table B.



18 May 2011 : Column WA333



18 May 2011 : Column WA334

Refusals(1)(2) of asylum, exceptional leave, humanitarian protection and discretionary leave, excluding dependants, 2001 to 2010, Commonwealth nationals
Country of nationality200120022003200420052006200720082009 (P)2010 (P)

Antigua and Barbuda

-

*

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

*

Australia

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

Bahamas, The

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Bangladesh

920

445

500

305

250

260

325

250

275

360

Barbados

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

Belize

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Botswana

5

5

15

5

5

*

5

5

5

10

Brunei

*

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

Cameroon

500

440

525

335

245

185

165

90

70

75

Canada

*

5

5

5

*

*

-

-

5

*

Cyprus

25

40

20

5

-

-

-

*

-

-

Dominica

-

-

-

5

*

*

*

-

-

5

Fiji(3)

5

5

5

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

Gambia, The

65

105

100

115

80

90

75

60

130

180

Ghana

330

230

320

315

190

85

95

95

95

150

Grenada

*

-

-

*

*

*

*

-

5

*

Guyana

5

5

10

5

5

*

5

10

10

5

India

2,880

1,815

2,300

1,510

915

565

430

325

280

345

Jamaica

470

890

1,105

500

305

160

225

170

155

200

Kenya

820

300

245

170

95

80

95

110

75

100

Kiribati

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Lesotho

*

5

*

*

*

-

*

-

*

*

Malawi

55

55

150

150

110

50

55

70

135

145

Malaysia

25

20

30

10

10

10

15

20

20

35

Maldives

*

10

*

*

-

-

-

-

*

*

Malta

-

*

*

*

*

-

-

-

-

-

Mauritius

20

5

10

20

5

10

15

20

10

35

Mozambique

5

5

*

5

5

5

*

5

5

*

Namibia

5

10

*

*

*

10

5

5

10

15

Nauru-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

New Zealand

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

Nigeria

1,110

1,010

1,040

990

805

560

595

560

515

715

Pakistan

3,995

2,310

2,050

1,795

1,040

690

775

730

1,010

1,260

Papua New Guinea

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Rwanda

455

315

360

170

50

15

25

10

15

25

St. Kitts and Nevis

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

*

St. Lucia

*

*

*

5

*

5

5

5

5

5

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

*

*

-

-

*

*

*

*

*

5

Samoa

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Seychelles

15

20

10

5

5

*

*

*

5

*

Sierra Leone

1,125

1,255

610

320

145

85

80

35

50

75

Singapore

5

5

5

*

5

-

-

*

-

*

Solomon Islands

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

South Africa

135

190

245

230

90

55

85

75

115

125

Sri Lanka

8370

3,670

1,355

625

455

370

810

670

1,060

1.395

Swaziland

*

*

*

5

*

5

10

5

5

5

Tanzania

110

35

40

20

20

15

20

20

25

25

Tonga

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Trinidad and Tobago

10

10

15

5

5

5

5

5

15

20

Tuvalu

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Uganda

955

510

615

355

190

125

115

80

130

180

Vanuatu

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Zambia

40

15

15

20

15

10

10

15

20

15

Zimbabwe(4)

1,970

3,885

3.285

2,310

945

1,510

1,155

2.015

4,110

1,300

Total

24,435

17,630

14,990

10,320

5,995

4,960

5,200

5,465

8,375

6,825


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