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Data from the Health Survey for England (HSE) 2007 estimates that 24 per cent of men and women are obese and 61 per cent are overweight (including obese). In 1993, 13 per cent of men and 16 per cent of women in England were obese, while 53 per cent of adults were overweight and obese1.

16-64 years19-64 years

Energy intake (kcals/day)





% food energy from total fat





% food energy from total carbohydrate





% overweight (BMI >25 & <30)





% obese (BMI >30)





1 The Information Centre (2008) Statistics on obesity, physical activity and diet: England, January 2008: The Information Centre, Lifestyles Statistics.

* Data from Gregory J, Foster K, Tyler H, & Wiseman M. Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British adults. HMSO (London, 1990)

** Data from Henderson L, Gregory 3, Irving K & Swan G. National Diet and Nutrition Survey: adults aged 19 to 64 years. Volume 2: Energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat and alcohol intake. TSO (London: 2003).

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Health: Former UK Residents


Asked by Lord Laird

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Lord Darzi of Denham): The European Union (EU) approved United Kingdom average cost for pensioners and their dependants for 2003 was based on the overall domestic healthcare expenditure and the UK population for that year. Once average costs for any particular year have been approved at EU level, they are not subject to a further review. The UK average costs are calculated on the same basis for every year, in arrears. The average costs for this year will be calculated once the corresponding healthcare expenditure data are available.

Asked by Lord Laird

Lord Darzi of Denham: The United Kingdom agreed average costs submitted by the Republic of Ireland in respect of 2003 and 2004 at a European Union (EU) level meeting in November 2008. Health Ministers considered that sufficient progress had been made in bilateral discussions on payments the UK makes to the Republic of Ireland under a bilateral health agreement to allow this agreement. During these ongoing bilateral discussions, UK officials have raised the difference between the UK’s and Ireland’s average costs. Under EU regulations, the UK has no direct say in how another member state calculates these costs. However, the UK has agreed with Irish officials that there will be an exchange of data in respect of Irish average costs for 2005 and onwards to enable a clearer understanding of how they are calculated and why any level of difference from UK average costs exists.

Asked by Lord Laird

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Lord Darzi of Denham: Department of Health officials are currently exploring the scope for obtaining data on overseas visitors treated by the devolved health authorities in order for the United Kingdom to make claims against other member states on their behalf.

Health: Heart Disease


Asked by The Countess of Mar

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Lord Darzi of Denham): Death rates from cardiovascular disease for people under age 75 are down by 44 per cent from 1995-97 baseline, saving nearly 33,000 lives in 2007, compared to 1996. The target of reducing premature mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and related conditions by at least 40 per cent has also been met five years ahead of schedule.

The national service framework for CHD (March 2000) set out a 10-year framework for action to prevent disease, tackle inequalities, save more lives, and improve the quality of life for people with heart disease. A study into the reasons for declining mortality rates from coronary heart disease in England and Wales between 1981 and 2000, found that 58 per cent of the decline was attributable to major risk factors rather than treatment. The principal factor was reduced smoking.

Overweight and obesity are associated with an increased risk of CHD and type 2 diabetes. The World Health Organisation's world health report 2002 estimated that, in developed countries about a third of CHD and ischaemic stroke and about 60 per cent of hypertensive disease was caused by being overweight.

Health: Influenza Virus


Asked by Earl Howe

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Lord Darzi of Denham): No direct enquiries have been made with the World Health Organisation on the subject. However, the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency became aware of the incident in February 2009 via an inquiry

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from the European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention. There was no risk to public health in the United Kingdom.

In December 2008 cross-contamination of the replication deficient H3N2 influenza virus with wild-type H5N1 virus occurred in a research facility in Austria, the Baxter Biomedical Research Centre in Orth. This virus material was produced exclusively for laboratory analytical and research purposes and as the material was not for human use, good manufacturing practice for medicinal products was not applied to its preparation. The contaminated virus material was supplied to four test laboratories in Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany and Slovenia between December 2008 and February 2009.

Baxter has reported that the contaminated material was transported and handled under appropriate bio-containment conditions and potentially exposed laboratory or transport personnel demonstrated no symptoms of influenza. When tested they were confirmed to be negative for the influenza virus. All affected facilities and equipment were disinfected and the contaminated virus material destroyed. Following root cause analysis, corrective and preventive actions have been taken by the company to prevent a recurrence of the incident.

Houses of Parliament: Demonstrations


Asked by Lord Ouseley

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office (Lord West of Spithead): The Foreign Secretary has met some demonstrators in wider meetings he has held with representatives of the Tamil community and British MPs to discuss the situation in Sri Lanka.

Asked by Lord Hylton

Lord West of Spithead: The policing of demonstrations around Parliament is an operational matter for the Metropolitan Police.

Houses of Parliament: Select Committees


Asked by Lord Lester of Herne Hill

Lord Patel of Bradford: I am not aware of any occasion where a Cabinet Office Minister has refused to give evidence to a Parliamentary Select Committee during the past five years.

Asked by Lord Lester of Herne Hill

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Communications, Technology and Broadcasting (Lord Carter of Barnes): None to my knowledge and to the research I have commissioned to see what has been the practice over the past four years.

Hussar Ltd


Asked by Lord Lester of Herne Hill

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Lord Malloch-Brown): The UN's Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has investigated the activities of Hussar Ltd in the trade of gold from DRC. Its inquiries covered Hussar Ltd's relationship with Uganda Commercial Impex Ltd, a company now subject to UN sanctions. We concluded in 2006 that it would not be appropriate to impose sanctions on Hussar Ltd through the UN. We have no information to indicate that Hussar is currently involved in the trade of gold from DRC. If it resumes its involvement in this trade, we would expect the company to act in compliance with the terms of the UN arms embargo and sanctions regime which apply in DRC.

Identity Cards


Asked by Baroness Miller of Chilthorne Domer

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office (Lord West of Spithead): Greater Manchester is already leading the way in the roll-out of identity cards. The city's airport is working with the Identity and Passport Service (IPS) as one of the first wave of

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airports which are introducing identity cards to airside workers from this autumn. Launching the service to the public in Manchester will widen the range of people in the region who are using the service.

It will give the public, retailers and service providers a chance to become familiar with the cards as supporting hardware such as chip and pin readers are introduced. Another factor in Manchester's favour is its large population of young people and students. Our research indicates that this group is particularly likely to need to be able to prove their age and identity and are thus likely to benefit from the early adoption of ID cards.

Asked by Baroness Miller of Chilthorne Domer

Lord West of Spithead: A telephone check to IPS would include the ID card (product) number as well as certain other information on the face of the card. This information would be sufficient for IPS to determine whether such a card was issued and is still valid. Such a check would also require authentication that the requesting party was authorised to make the request, that they were doing so with the card holder’s consent, that the person presenting the card resembled the photograph on the card and that the card showed no obvious signs of tampering. The process for doing this would be very similar to the current Passport Validation Service, but the exact process is still being defined.

Asked by Baroness Miller of Chilthorne Domer

Lord West of Spithead: As of the end of April 2009, the UK Border Agency had issued over 34,120 identity cards for foreign nationals.

The total estimated cost of the scheme from April 2009 to April 2019 is £379 million for non-EEA foreign nationals. These cost estimates are updated and published every six months in the Identity Cards Costs Report.

The cost of the identity card for foreign nationals is included within the immigration application fee for those in the relevant categories and these fees vary from category to category and can be found in the UKBA website. The cost of replacing a card if it is lost, stolen or damaged is £30 in 2009-10.

Asked by Baroness Hanham

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Lord West of Spithead: The Identity and Passport Service (IPS) is undertaking a range of communications activity with citizens in the Manchester area including:

Established pages on the citizen facing website

To help improve communications around the development and launch of the identity card, IPS launched a website on 6 May 2009. Through the site located at citizens will be able register their interest in identity cards and the National Identity Service (NIS). Once registered on the site they will receive regular e-newsletters providing help and advice around how to protect your identity, the development of the NIS and the introduction of identity cards.

Planned marketing activity

IPS is working with a media planning agency to finalise the marketing channel strategy for activity in and around Greater Manchester. We expect to be undertaking two campaigns. The first, due to go live during August, will be aimed at businesses in those sectors which are likely to come into contact with identity cards when they are selling products or services. The second, due to go live during October, is aimed at citizens to notify them about the ability to get an identity card in their area and explaining what it can do for them.

Recent stakeholder and communications activity

IPS has met with a large number of stakeholder organisations as part of a continuing programme to inform and consult on the NIS. These have included organisations from the public, private and third sector including the National Union of Students, Universities UK and other organisations representing students. In Greater Manchester in particular we have already met with organisations such as the Learning and Skills Council and the universities. The Home Secretary's speech on the 29 January in Manchester Town Hall was attended by 35 different organisations from Greater Manchester.

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