Select Committee on Religious Offences in England and Wales Minutes of Evidence


Supplementary memorandum from the Home Office (4)

Page 26 [paragraph 72 of transcript]: examples of religious hatred

    —  Windows smashed at Glasgow's Central Mosque. Edinburgh mosque firebombed. Reports of many other attacks on mosques

    —  Pigs' heads left outside mosques in Essex and Devon

    —  Banners left at mosque reading "The blood of the American people is on the hands of every Muslim"

    —  Afghan taxi driver paralysed by assault—attackers referred to 11 September

    —  Man in Exeter told Muslim he blamed Islam for events of 11 September—convicted of religiously-aggravated threatening behaviour

    —  Attacks on Muslim women for wearing hijab

    —  Belief that followers of Islam are intent on world domination

Page 29 [paragraph 84 of transcript]: statistics of religiously aggravated offences

  Please see Annex A to this note

Page 31 [paragraph 90 of transcript]: inflammatory material made available to the Home Office by the Internet Watch Foundation

  Since November 2001 the IWF has forwarded to the Home Office 21 examples of internet websites containing racially inflammatory material. Website addresses are as follows:

  http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/suralikeit/original/index.shtml

  http://www.nazi.org

  http://www.ummah.net/unity/palestine/page10.htm

  http://www.nottinghillnews.com

  http://www.Seanbryson.freeuk.com

  http://www.micetrap.net

  http://bloodandhonour.hit.bg/

  http://www.bnp.org.uk/

  http://www.islamic-truth.fsnet.co.uk/

  http://www.resistance.com/ethniccleansing/

  http://www.friendsreunited.co.uk/friendsReunited.ASP?WCI=MemoryBoard&bb

  http://www.ety.com/HRP/letters/180901a.htm/

  http://www.ety.com/HRP.JewishStudies/jstudyindex.htm

  http://www.inminds.co.uk/boycott-isreal.html

  http://www.redwatch.org

  http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/finalconflict/

  http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/finalconflict/a14-3.html

  http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/finalconflict/fcrevb103.html

  http://www.rentaslave.co.uk

  http://www.almuhajiroun.com/index.php

  http://www.heretical.org/British/zvscrime.html

  http://www.heretical.org/British/zvsgaol.html

  http://www.advfn.com/cmn/fbb/thread.php3?id=2314811

  http://www.theloyalist.fsnet.co.uk/edge.htm

  http://www.maboline.net

Page 32 [paragraph 95 of transcript]: racist material disguised as religious comment

  The CPS have handled a number of cases of Muslim v Sikh religious animosity. There is also evidence of religious hostility between other Asian or Middle Eastern minorities. In these cases the element of religion (for example, Sikhs inciting hatred against Muslims) can be a hook on which a bundle of racial/historical/political animosities is hung.

  We will keep looking for further examples.

Your email of 11 July: how many prosecutions, and success rate, resulted from racist incidents listed in columns 705W and 706W of Commons Hansard for 24 May 2002

  At Annex B is a table which shows the number of recorded racially aggravated offences, detection rates and prosecutions and cautions. In 1999-2000 in England and Wales there were 45 recorded racially aggravated offences per 100 racist incidents; and a detection rate for these offences of 34.5 per cent. The rate of prosecutions and cautions per 100 detected racially aggravated offences was 56.

  In 1999-2000 the percentage of prosecutions involving a racist incident which resulted in guilty pleas or findings of guilt was 78.5 per cent. This rose to 83 per cent in 2000-2001.

7 October 2002.

Annex A

STATISTICS OF PERSONS PROCEEDED AGAINST FOR RELIGIOUSLY (OR RACIALLY AND RELIGIOUSLY) AGGRAVATED OFFENCES—ENGLAND AND WALES (PROVISIONAL)

  Note: the following statistics are very provisional. They cover all returns made by the end of August (most of first quarter of 2002 for magistrates' courts and most of the first and second quarters of 2002 for Crown Courts).
HO codeOffence description Persons proceeded against
8/42Religiously aggravated common assault 1
8/43Religiously aggravated intentional harassment, alarm or distress 1
58/2Religiously aggravated other criminal damage 4
66/10Religiously aggravated fear or provocation of violence 2
125/61Religiously aggravated harassment, alarm or distress 2
8/47Racially or religiously aggravated ABH 3
8/49Racially or religiously aggravated intentional harassment, alarm or distress 2
66/16Racially or religiously aggravated fear or provocation of violence 3
125/63Racially or Religiously aggravated harassment, alarm or distress 1
TOTAL19


  Source: Home Office

Annex B

Table D2: The flow of cases through the Criminal Justice system 1999-2000: by police force*
ForceRacist
incidents
1998-99**
Racists
incidents
1999-00
RAOs
recorded
1999-00
Recorded
RAOs
per 100
Racist
incidents
RAOs
detected
1999-00
RAO
Detection
rate
(%)
RAO
Prosecutions
and cautions,
1999***
Prosecutions
and cautions
per 100
detected
RAOs
(col)(2)(3) (4)(5)(6) (7)(8)(9)
1  Avon and Somerset626 88724027 9338.873 78
  2  Bedfordshire134 3004214 1740.521 124
  3  Cambridgeshire205 51922243 12455.963 51
  4  Cheshire158 4219823 6364.346 73
  5  Cleveland147 2042914 1137.920 182
  6  Cumbria4585 273211 40.7982
  7  Derbyshire208 38326369 14755.945 31
  8  Devon and Cornwall116 53812022 8066.730 38
  9  Dorset145185 834534 41.01750
10  Durham75178 301725 83.32496
11  Essex229431 872049 56.361124
12  Gloucester83258 1475770 47.62130
13  Greater Manchester1,197 2,32469330 35851.7261 73
14  Hampshire271654 27342177 64.88649
15  Hertfordshire325 70314821 8960.149 55
16  Humberside111215 703327 38.62489
17  Kent273914 33937157 46.34730
18  Lancashire450917 23225121 52.29276
19  Leicestershire367 87816919 9556.2100 105
20  Lincolnshire14 19126310 83.312120
21  City of London28 55407316 40.01381
22  Merseyside324822 23428116 49.65951
23  Metropolitan Police11,050 23,34613,85059 3,35724.21,667 50
24  Norfolk94253 763053 69.73566
25  Northamptonshire282 59719132 14777.042 29
26  Northumbria623 1,15927324 18768.576 41
27  North Yorkshire64 96664 66.77175
28  Nottinghamshire475 71442560 18944.5170 90
29  South Yorkshire293 5579818 6768.447 70
30  Staffordshire220 20217687 5933.529 49
31  Suffolk150234 1255389 71.24652
32  Surrey126338 1685076 45.21824
33  Sussex399934 2462680 32.54455
34  Thames Valley486 99942042 14334.086 60
35  Warwickshire111 1506644 3147.010 32
36  West Mercia83464 2284993 40.82628
37  West Midlands988 1,54888357 42247.8229 54
38  West Yorkshire1,068 2,11823411 17373.9163 94
39  Wiltshire101221 773544 57.12557
40  Dyfed Powys3799 767766 86.82132
41  Gwent98213 974685 87.64553
42  North Wales3680 354417 48.61165
43  South Wales734 1,60240225 23458.2208 89
44  England and Wales23,049 47,81421,75045 7,50634.54,178 56

  Sources: Home Office (2000a): Povey et al (2000); data supplied by the Home Office (RDS) Crime and Criminal Justice Unit (see also Appendix C1)

  Notes:

  * The "attrition" of cases through the system (see Chapter 2) shows a steady reduction for the England and Wales totals and for most forces. There are also considerable differences in the number of RAOs per 100 incidents (col 5), which may in part be due to variability in recording practices between forces.

  ** Racist incidents in the preceding year (col 2) are given as a comparison.

  *** It is recognised that a single detected offence can lead to several persons charged or cautioned (col 7) and also that RAO charges may be added by the CPS (see Chapter 6). These factors are most likely to be evident for forces who dealt with a small number of cases (see especially the figures exceeding 100 in col 9).


 
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