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Lord Whitty: Operators of large intensive poultry units in England and Wales fall to be regulated by the Environment Agency under the provisions of the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive (EC/96/61) and corresponding national regulations.
Particular effort is being directed to helping first-time applicants, and to streamline the process, by enabling farmers to use a lower cost, "off the shelf" permit if they can comply with standard farming installation rules. The fee for an application for a standard farming permit would be £3,024.
Once the permit is issued a subsistence fee applies for each year during the life of the permit. The agency's charging scheme for poultry distinguishes between "large" and "small" units. A "large" unit is one that has over 400,000 places for poultry and would pay an annual subsistence fee of £2,537. A "small" unit, one with fewer than 400,000 places, would pay £2,024.
Farms that decide not to apply for a standard farming permit will be subject to a fee based upon the EP OPRA (environment protection operator performance and risk appraisal) scheme. This would be most likely if an intensive livestock unit also carries out other activities regulated under the IPPC regime. The sum charged will depend upon the location, emissions and operator performance.
If the operator is carrying out any other (non-farming) activities that fall to be regulated under IPPC, an additional application and subsistence fee would be charged in line with that for other sectors.
Lord Whitty: Integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC) is being implemented in England and Wales through the Pollution Prevention and Control (England and Wales) Regulations 2000. IPPC is being introduced on a sector-by-sector basis, concluding in 2007. Permitting is carried out by the Environment Agency and the local authorities depending on the classification of the installation.
The Environment Agency generally regulates installations that are the larger, more technically complex, or more polluting installations under the IPPC regime; the Part A(1) installations. Local authorities regulate installations that are generally smaller, less complex, or less polluting; the Part A(2) or Part B installations.
The Environment Agency has field staff who determine IPPC permit applications. Applications are determined by teams in the appropriate geographical area. An officer would lead on the permit determination, assisted by a permit team and technical officers. The exact make-up of the team would depend upon the complexity of the determination and the amount of secondary legislation that needs to be
Lord Whitty: Defra supports a substantial programme of research on FMD, costing approximately £1.5 million per annum. The current programme covers a number of key areas, each of which support Defra policy regarding the control of FMD.
Included within this programme are a number of projects that focus on the development of diagnostic technologies, costing £300,000 per annum. Further development of a real-time RT-PCR test (reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction) is being undertaken for rapid, accurate laboratory identification of the foot and mouth disease virus. Other diagnostic techniques include pen-side chromatographic strip tests, which can be used for rapid on-farm diagnosis by detecting FMD virus antigens or antibody. It is important that before any test is used in the field it is fully validated and internationally recognised. The development work includes the validation of these tests.
Lord Whitty: It is for companies that want to sell any pestcide product to show that it is not harmful to human health or to the environment. The point of the EC pesticide review, which we strongly support, is to ensure that all pesticides that continue to be produced commercially have been shown to meet modern standards of human and environmental safety. Armillatox is being withdrawn because no company chose to support tar acids (the active substance in Armillatox) in the EC pesticide review programme. Therefore we cannot be sure that the product meets
Armillatox is being withdrawn from the market under a recent EC regulation (EC No. 2076/2002). This is one of a series of regulations made as a result of a major EU review programme of all pesticides used in agricultural and related areas under Directive 91/414/EEC. Many older products like Armillatox which has been widely used to control honey fungus, were approved on the basis of limited experimental data that do not meet modern standards.
Lord Whitty: The directives and regulations currently listed as management requirements ("cross-compliance" conditions) with which farmers will have to comply to receive the single farm payment are as follows: Applicable from 1.1.2005 1. Directive 79/409/EEC on the conservation of wild birds (OJ L 103, 25.4.1979, p. 1). 2. Directive 80/68/EEC on the protection of groundwater against pollution caused by certain dangerous substances (OJ L 20, 26.1.1980, p. 43). 3. Directive 86/278/EEC on the protection of the environment, an in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture (OJ L 181, 4.7. 1986, p. 6). 4. Directive 91/676/EEC concerning the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources (OJ L 375, 31.12.1991, p. 1). 5. Directive 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild flora and fauna (OJ L 206, 22.7.1992, p. 7). 6. Council Directive 92/102/EEC on identification and registration of animals. 7. Commission Regulation (EC) No 2629/97 of laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 820/97 as regards eartags, holding registers and passports in the framework of the system for the identification and registration of bovine animals. 8. Regulation (EC) No 1760/2000 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a system for the identification and registration of bovine animals and regarding the labelling of beef and beef products. Applicable from 1.1.2006
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Culture, Media and Sport (Lord McIntosh of Haringey): Information about the Goverment's plans to act against so-called "chain gifting" or "pyramid" schemes in the Gambling Bill is contained in the statement about the law on prize competitions and lotteries that was placed in the Library on 19 June 2003.
Bogus trading schemes, which may also operate as "pyramids", are prohibited by Part XI of the Fair Trading Act 1973, as amended by the Trading Schemes Act 1996 and the Trading Schemes Regulations 1997.
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