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4 Jul 2003 : Column WA139

Written Answers

Friday, 4th July 2003.

Congo: UK Contribution to Multinational Force in Bunia

The Earl of Sandwich asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What is the present United Kingdom contribution to the new European Union force in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo; and what plans they have to vary or increase it.[HL3521]

The Minister of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean): My right honourable friend the Minister for the Armed Forces (Adam Ingram) said in another place on 23 June (Official Report, col. 702) that the UK is sending about 70 Royal Engineers to the Interim Emergency Multinational Force in Bunia (north-eastern Democratic Republic of Congo). With support staff and headquarters-based officers, total UK deployment will be around 85 personnel.

There are no plans at this stage to vary or increase this contribution.

Sudan

Baroness Cox asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Who is currently in charge of the verification and monitoring team (VMT) in Sudan; and what response the VMT is making to recent reports of helicopter gunship deployment by the Government of Sudan to Eastern Upper Nile.[HL3560]

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: The Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Special Envoy, Lt-General Sumbeiywo, is in charge of the verification and monitoring team (VMT). The VMT is investigating an alleged breach of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on cessation of hostilities in the Mading area in Eastern Upper Nile on 3 June. The MoU Channel of Communications Committee has been briefed on the status of current investigations but at this stage the VMT's findings remain confidential to Lt-General Sumbeiywo.

Baroness Cox asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What action they will take if reports of helicopter gunship deployment by the Government of Sudan to Eastern Upper Nile are verified.[HL3561]

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: We will await the outcome of the verification and monitoring team's final report into the alleged incident in Mading in Eastern Upper Nile on 3 June before considering what response we may make. I will write to the noble Baroness once I have seen this report.

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EU: Decision-making Procedures

Lord Pearson of Rannoch: To ask Her Majesty's Government:

    Further to the Written Answer by the Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean on 17 June (WA 90), whether they will set out in the Official Report the policy areas which became subject to qualified majority voting or co-decision after entry into force of the Single European Act 1987.[HL3564]

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: Under the Single European Act, 12 articles were either moved to, or were introduced subject to, qualified majority voting:


    altering or suspending autonomously duties in the Common Commercial Tariff;


    free movement of workers;


    freedom of third country nationals established in the Community to provide services;


    co-ordination of exchange policies to liberalise movement of capital;


    extension of the Treaty Title on Transport to sea and air transport;


    guidelines and conditions for establishing the internal market;


    measures establishing the internal market (other than fiscal provisions, those relating to the free movement of persons or the rights and interests of employed persons;


    mutual recognition of national measures in areas affecting the internal market that had not yet been harmonised;


    health and safety of workers;


    implementing decisions relating to the European Regional Development Fund;


    adoption of specific R&D programmes within the unanimously agreed multi-annual framework programme; and


    adoption of certain measures in Environment Title if this had been approved unanimously in the Council.

No articles were subject to the co-decision procedure as this was introduced by the Treaty of Maastricht.

Lord Pearson of Rannoch asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Further to the Written Answer by the Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean on 17 June (WA 90), whether they will set out in the Official Report the policy areas which became subject to qualified majority voting or co-decision after entry into force of the Treaty on European Union 1993 (Maastricht).[HL3565]

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Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: In the Treaty of Maastricht, 30 articles were either moved to, or introduced subject to, qualified majority voting:


    decisions implementing common foreign and security policy joint actions, if use of QMV is agreed unanimously by Council;


    decisions implementing Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) joint actions, if use of QMV is agreed unanimously in Council;


    potentially, application of Article 100c of EC Treaty to some aspects of JHA, if unanimously agreed by the Council;


    movement of capital to or from third countries;


    safeguard measures;


    movement of capital and payments to implement sanctions;


    establishing a list of third country nationals who require visas;


    broad economic guidelines;


    bail-out fund in the event of a natural disaster;


    definitions for applying prohibition on assuming financial liability;


    excessive deficits procedure;


    harmonising coins;


    ECSB statutes;


    exchange rate agreements;


    Economic and Financial Committee;


    consultation of Economic and Monetary Institute (EMI);


    mutual assistance in the event of balance of payments difficulties;


    decision on the position of the Community at international level as regards issues of particular relevance to EMU;


    protective measures (EMU);


    moving to stage III of EMU;


    stage III EMU derogations;


    education;


    public health;


    consumer protection;


    TENs guidelines;


    development co-operation;


    regulations and conditions for performance of ombudsman's tasks;


    allowances of members of ESC;


    measures to implement sanctions;


    transport safety;


    certain environmental measures; and


    determination of salaries, allowances and pensions of officials of Commission, ECJ and Court of Auditors.

Fifteen articles were made subject to the co-decision procedure:


    free movement of workers;

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    right of establishment;


    treatment of foreign nationals;


    mutual recognition of diplomas;


    provisions on the self-employed;


    free movement of services;


    internal market measures;


    mutual recognition in the internal market context;


    education;


    culture (with unanimity);


    public health;


    consumer protection;


    TENs guidelines;


    multi-annual framework R&D programmes (with unanimity), and


    environment.

Lord Pearson of Rannoch asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Further to the Written Answer by the Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean on 17 June (WA 90), whether they will set out in the Official Report the policy areas which became subject to qualified majority voting or co-decision after entry into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam 1999.[HL3566]

Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean: Under the Treaty of Amsterdam, 24 articles were moved to, or were introduced subject to, qualified majority voting (QMV):


    suspension of member state rights (including voting rights) if breach of fundamental principles is established by unanimity, and subsequently variation or revocation of such measures (Treaty of European Union (TEU) & Treaty Establishing the Economic Community (TEC));


    adoption of common foreign and security policy (CFSP) joint actions, common positions or any other decision based on a common strategy (subject to an emergency brake, and no QMV for decisions have military or defence implications);


    any decision implementing a CFSP joint action or common position (subject to an emergency brake, and no QMV for decisions have military or defence implications);


    measures to implement certain Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) decisions;


    authorisation of closer co-operation to develop the area of freedom, security and justice (subject to an emergency brake);


    authorisation of closer co-operation in the TEC (subject to emergency brake);


    compensatory aid for imports of raw materials;


    co-ordination of provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action for special treatment for foreign nationals (right of establishment);

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    establishing list of third countries whose nationals who are exempt from visas (only European Parliament (EP) consultation) and a uniform format for visas;


    procedures and conditions for issuing visas and rules on a uniform visa (five years from e.i.f. of Amsterdam Treaty);


    adoption of the Research Framework Programme;


    adapting or supplementing the Research Framework Programme;


    setting up of joint undertakings in R&T development;


    employment guidelines (only EP consultation);


    employment incentive measures;


    Customs co-operation;


    social exclusion;


    approval of agreements concluded by management and labour;


    equality of opportunity and treatment of men and women;


    public health;


    transparency (access to documents);


    combating fraud against the Community's financial interests;


    statistics;


    establishment of an independent advisory body on data protection; and


    outermost regions.

Under the Treaty of Amsterdam, 27 Articles were made subject to the Co-decision procedure:


    employment incentive measures;


    rules to prohibit discrimination on grounds of nationality;


    provisions for facilitating the exercise of citizens' rights to move and reside freely within the territory of the member states (with unanimity);


    internal market-related rules on social security for Community immigrant workers (with unanimity);


    certain directives on training and access to the professions (with unanimity);


    co-ordination of provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action for special treatment of foreign nationals;


    co-ordination of provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in member states concerning the taking up and pursuit of activities as self-employed persons;


    procedures and conditions for issuing visas and rules on a uniform visa (five years from e.i.f. of Amsterdam Treaty);


    common rules applicable to international transport to and from the territory of a member state or passing across the territory of one or more member states; the conditions under which non-resident carriers may operate transport services

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    within a member state; and measures to improve transport safety;


    transport policy (sea & air transport);


    employment incentive measures;


    customs co-operation;


    social policy articles formerly in the Social Protocol, except for those aspects subject to unanimity;


    equal opportunities and treatment for men and women (social policy);


    implementing decisions relating to the European Social Fund;


    measures to contribute to the achievement of vocational training objectives;


    public health: minimum requirements regarding quality and safety of organs; veterinary and phytosanitary measures with the direct objective of the protection of public health;


    public health: other measures;


    European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) implementing decisions;


    adoption of certain research measures;


    Community action in order to achieve its environmental objectives;


    development co-operation;


    general principles for transparency (access to documents);


    combating fraud affecting the financial interests of the Community;


    statistics, and


    establishment of independent advisory authority on data protection.


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