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The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Baroness Amos): We would not disclose any such assessment, as the work of the intelligence and security services is outside the scope of the Code of Practice on Access to Government Information (paragraph 6, part 1).
The Minister of State, Home Office (Lord Falconer of Thoroton): The Road Vehicles Lighting Regulations 1989 do not permit cycles to be fitted with any lamp which automatically emits a flashing light. Cycles in use on the roads at night are required to have a front lamp which shows a steady white light, a red light to the rear and red rear retro reflector.
All offences relating to bicycle lights and reflectors are classified together and cannot be broken down. In England and Wales in 2000, 275 persons were proceeded against for all such offences, 230 of whom were convicted.
Lord Falconer of Thoroton: Between February 2001, when curfew orders with electronic monitoring were extended to 10 to 15 year-olds, and 31 October 2002 the courts imposed 2,704 orders on young offenders of that age.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office (Lord Filkin): My honourable friend the Minister of State for Citizenship, Immigration and Community Cohesion wrote to the General Secretary of the Independent Schools Council (ISC), Mr Cooke, on 21 November.
The Director General of the Immigration and Nationality Directorate had previously written to Mr Cooke on 28 October; and officials met Mr Cooke on 6 November. At that meeting the position in relation to gap-year students who wish to enter the United Kingdom to spend a year working in independent schools was discussed. Officials will keep in contact with the ISC about this matter.
Lord Filkin: Reports are sent monthly to the Legal Services Commission which give information on the number of asylum seekers supported in National Asylum Support Service (NASS) accommodation in each cluster area and the number in receipt of financial support only, broken down by region.
What is the total sum of civil penalties collected in cases that are similar to, but not included in, the Roth case, which concerned clandestine entrants and the civil penalty.[HL109]
Lord Filkin: The Roth litigation, a legal challenge against the provisions contained in the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999 that allow penalties to be imposed on carriers for transporting clandestine entrants to the United Kingdom, was settled in October of this year. The settlement was between the
The findings of the Court of Appeal in the Roth case have been addressed by amendments to the penalty regime in the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002. These will take effect from 8 December 2002.
Since the regime was introduced in April 2000, liability has been accepted by a number of those on whom penalties have been imposed. Excluding the Roth litigants, penalties totalling approximately £1.9 million have been paid.
In the light of the Court of Appeal findings, the Home Office is currently considering how to deal with outstanding penalties imposed under the current regime. When a final decision is reached those affected will be notified.
Lord Filkin: Detention is most usually appropriate to effect removal, initially to establish a person's identity or basis of claim, or where there is reason to believe that the person will fail to comply with any conditions attached to the grant of temporary admission or release. It necessarily follows therefore that there will be asylum applicants detained at Harmondsworth Immigration Removal Centre whose cases have not been finally decided.
The most recent published statistics indicate that, as at 29 June 2002, there were 385 persons detained at Harmondsworth who were recorded as having claimed asylum at some stage. Information about which of these cases had not been finally decided is not readily available and could be obtained only at disproportionate cost by an examination of individual case files.
Harmondsworth Immigration Removal Centre is managed and operated on behalf of the Immigration Service by UK Detention Services Ltd. The contractor makes provision for education for school-aged children and employs suitably qualified staff as managers of education. The profile and numbers of children at the centre changes from day to day. Education provision needs therefore to be sufficiently flexible to cater for the needs of a variable number of children of variable ages and abilities. A programme of modular education concentrates on numeracy and literacy and the national curriculum, taking into account the diverse needs of the children who pass through the centre.
The Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (Lord Macdonald of Tradeston): I refer the noble Baroness to the Answer given in another place to the Member for Buckingham by my honourable friend the Member for Shipley on 26 March 2002 (Official Report; col. 815W).
This increase in expenditure in 200102 reflects work on such studies as broadband research, international e-economy benchmarking, and e-security and authentication. Other Cabinet Office consultancy spend is on research and IT developments.
Lord Macdonald of Tradeston: (a) Road network The reinstatement of infrastructure on the road network is a matter for the relevant highway authority. (b) Rail network The reinstatement of infrastructure on the rail network is an operational matter for Network Rail.
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