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Finance Bill
Schedule 5 — Stamp duty land tax: amount of tax chargeable: rent

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          (2)      Where sub-paragraph (1) applies in relation to an obligation, a payment

made in discharge of the obligation does not count as chargeable

consideration.

          (3)      The assumption or (as the case may be) release of any such obligation as is

mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) does not count as chargeable consideration

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in relation to the assignment or surrender of the lease.

Surrender of existing lease in return for new lease

  14      (1)      This paragraph applies where a lease is granted in consideration of the

surrender of an existing lease—

              (a)             of the same or substantially the same premises,

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              (b)             of which the unexpired term is substantially the same as the term of

the new lease, and

              (c)             on the same or substantially the same terms.

          (2)      Where this paragraph applies—

              (a)             the grant of the new lease does not count as chargeable consideration

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for the surrender, and

              (b)             the surrender does not count as chargeable consideration for the

grant of the new lease.

Reverse premium

  15      (1)      In the case of the grant, assignment or surrender of a lease a reverse

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premium does not count as chargeable consideration.

          (2)      A “reverse premium” means—

              (a)             in relation to the grant of a lease, a premium moving from the

landlord to the tenant;

              (b)             in relation to the assignment of a lease, a premium moving from the

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assignor to the assignee;

              (c)             in relation to the surrender of a lease, a premium moving from the

tenant to the landlord.

Indemnity given by purchaser

  16       Where the purchaser agrees to indemnify the vendor in respect of liability to

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a third party arising from breach of an obligation owed by the vendor in

relation to the land that is the subject of the transaction, neither the

agreement nor any payment made in pursuance of it counts as chargeable

consideration.

Schedule 5

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Section 56

 

Stamp duty land tax: amount of tax chargeable: rent

Introduction

  1        This Schedule provides for calculating the tax chargeable—

 

 

Finance Bill
Schedule 5 — Stamp duty land tax: amount of tax chargeable: rent

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              (a)             in respect of a chargeable transaction for which the chargeable

consideration consists of or includes rent, or

              (b)             where such a transaction is to be taken into account as a linked

transaction.

Calculation of tax chargeable in respect of rent

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  2       (1)      Tax is chargeable under this Schedule in respect of so much of the chargeable

consideration as consists of rent.

          (2)      The tax so chargeable is a percentage of the net present value of the rent

payable over the term of the lease.

          (3)      That percentage is determined by reference to whether the relevant land—

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              (a)             consists entirely of residential property (in which case Table A below

applies), or

              (b)             consists of or includes land that is not residential property (in which

case Table B below applies),

                   and, in either case, by reference to the amount of the relevant rental value.

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Table A: Residential

 
 

Relevant rental value

Percentage

 
 

Not more than £60,000

0%

 
 

More than £60,000

1%

 
 

Table B: Non-residential or mixed

 

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Relevant rental value

Percentage

 
 

Not more than £150,000

0%

 
 

More than £150,000

1%

 

          (4)      For the purposes of sub-paragraph (3)—

              (a)             the relevant land is the land that is the subject of the lease, and

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              (b)             the relevant rental value is the net present value of the rent payable

over the term of the lease,

                   subject as follows.

          (5)      If the lease in question is one of a number of linked transactions for which

the chargeable consideration consists of or includes rent—

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              (a)             the relevant land is any land that is the subject of any of those leases,

and

              (b)             the relevant rental value is the total of the net present values of the

rent payable over the terms of those leases.

 

 

Finance Bill
Schedule 5 — Stamp duty land tax: amount of tax chargeable: rent

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Net present value of rent payable over term of lease

  3        The net present value (v) of the rent payable over the term of a lease is

calculated by applying the formula:equation: equal[char[(*f"Garamond"fV"Regular"V*)v],sum[over[indexes[0,1,char[r],char[i]],indexes[

1,0,id[plus[num[1.00000000,"1"],char[T]]],char[i]]],equal[char[i],num[1.00000000,

"1"]],char[n]]]

                   where—

               ri is the rent payable (see paragraphs 4 and 5) in year i,

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               i is the first, second, third, etc year of the term,

               n is the term of the lease (see paragraphs 6 and 7), and

               T is the temporal discount rate (see paragraph 8).

Rent payable

  4       (1)      For the purposes of this Schedule a single sum expressed to be payable in

10

respect of rent, or expressed to be payable in respect of rent and other

matters but not apportioned, shall be treated as entirely rent.

                   This is without prejudice to the application of paragraph 4 of Schedule 4

(chargeable consideration: just and reasonable apportionment) where

separate sums are expressed to be payable in respect of rent and other

15

matters.

          (2)      Subject to paragraph 5 (effect of provision for rent review), section 51

(contingent, uncertain or unascertained consideration) applies in relation to

rent as in relation to other chargeable consideration, but no application may

be made under section 90 (application to defer payment in case of contingent

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or uncertain consideration) in respect of tax chargeable under this Schedule.

          (3)      No account shall be taken for the purposes of this Schedule of any provision

for rent to be adjusted in line with the retail price index.

Effect of provision for rent review

  5       (1)      This paragraph applies where the lease contains provision for adjustment of

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the rent, as from a specified date or dates, to reflect current market values.

          (2)      In this paragraph—

              (a)             a “rent review” means an adjustment in pursuance of such provision,

and

              (b)             references to the date of a rent review are to the date from which any

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such adjustment has or would have effect.

          (3)      If the lease provides for a rent review on or before the end of the second year

of the lease, section 51 (contingent, uncertain or unascertained

consideration) applies in relation to the possibility that the rent may be

adjusted on that review.

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          (4)      If the lease provides for a rent review after the end of the second year of the

lease, the annual rent payable after that review—

              (a)             is determined without regard to the possibility of an adjustment on

that review, and

              (b)             is assumed to be the same as the annual rent payable over the year

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preceding the first rent review or, if the period from the beginning of

 

 

Finance Bill
Schedule 5 — Stamp duty land tax: amount of tax chargeable: rent

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the term of the lease to the date of the first rent review is less than a

year, over that period.

Term of lease

  6       (1)      For the purposes of this Schedule the term of a lease is determined as

follows.

5

          (2)      Subject to the following provisions of this paragraph, the term of a lease is—

              (a)             the contractual term specified in the lease, or

              (b)             if shorter, the period from the date of the grant of the lease until the

end of the contractual term.

          (3)      Where in England and Wales or Northern Ireland—

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              (a)             an agreement for a lease is entered into,

              (b)             the agreement is substantially performed otherwise than by

completion, and

              (c)             a lease is subsequently granted in pursuance of the agreement,

                   the term of a lease is the period from the date of substantial performance of

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the agreement until the end of the contractual term specified in the lease.

                   In this sub-paragraph “substantially performed” and “completion” have the

same meanings as in section 44 (contract and conveyance).

          (4)      Notwithstanding anything in sub-paragraph (2) or (3), a lease granted by

way of renewal of a previous lease is treated as if its term had begun on the

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expiry of the previous lease.

                   This applies, in particular, to leases granted under Part 2 of the Landlord and

Tenant Act 1954 (c. 56) or under the Business Tenancies (Northern Ireland)

Order 1996 (S.I. 1996/725 (N.I. 5)).

          (5)      No account shall be taken of any right of either party to determine the lease

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or to renew it.

Treatment of lease for indefinite term

  7       (1)      For the purposes of this Schedule a lease for an indefinite term is treated as

if it were a lease for a term of 12 years.

          (2)      Sub-paragraph (1) applies, in particular, to a lease expressed to be—

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              (a)             perpetual,

              (b)             for life, or

              (c)             determinable on the marriage of the lessee.

          (3)      No account shall be taken for the purposes of this Schedule of any statutory

provision deeming such a lease to be a lease for a longer definite term.

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Temporal discount rate

  8       (1)      For the purposes of this Schedule the “temporal discount rate” is 3.5% or

such other rate as may be specified by regulations made by the Treasury.

          (2)      Regulations under this paragraph may make any such provision as is

mentioned in subsection (3)(b) to (f) of section 178 of the Finance Act 1989

40

(c. 26) (power of Treasury to set rates of interest).

 

 

Finance Bill
Schedule 5 — Stamp duty land tax: amount of tax chargeable: rent

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          (3)      Subsection (5) of that section (power of Inland Revenue to specify rate by

order in certain circumstances) applies in relation to regulations under this

paragraph as it applies in relation to regulations under that section.

Tax chargeable in respect of consideration other than rent

  9       (1)      Where in the case of a transaction to which this Schedule applies there is

5

chargeable consideration other than rent, the provisions of this Part apply in

relation to that consideration as in relation to other chargeable

consideration.

          (2)      If the annual rent exceeds £600 a year, the 0% band in the Tables in

subsection (2) of section 55 does not apply and any case that would have

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fallen within that band is treated as falling within the 1% band.

          (3)      For the purposes of sub-paragraph (2) the “annual rent” means the average

annual rent over the term of the lease or, if—

              (a)             different amounts of rent are payable for different parts of the term,

and

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              (b)             those amounts (or any of them) are ascertainable at the effective date

of the transaction,

                   the average annual rent over the period for which the highest ascertainable

rent is payable.

          (4)      Tax chargeable under this Schedule is in addition to any tax chargeable

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under section 55 in respect of consideration other than rent.

          (5)      Where a transaction to which this Schedule applies falls to be taken into

account for the purposes of that section as a linked transaction, no account

shall be taken of rent in determining the relevant consideration.

Increase of rent treated as grant of new lease

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  10      (1)      Where a lease is varied so as to increase the amount of the rent, the variation

is treated for the purposes of this Schedule as if it were the grant of a lease in

consideration of the additional rent made payable by it.

          (2)      Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to an increase of rent in pursuance of a

provision already contained in the lease.

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Interpretation

  11       In Scotland any reference in this Part to the term of a lease is to the period of

the lease.

 

 

 
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