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Finance Bill
Part 8 — Other taxes

    120

 

Part 8

Other taxes

Inheritance tax

 185   Inheritance tax: Gifts with reservation

     (1)    Section 102 of the Finance Act 1986 (c. 41) (gifts with reservation) is amended

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as follows.

     (2)    In subsection (5) (section not to apply where disposal is an exempt transfer by

virtue of any of the provisions of the Inheritance Tax Act 1984 specified in the

paragraphs of that subsection) at the end of paragraph (a) (section 18: transfers

between spouses) insert “, except as provided by subsections (5A) and (5B)

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below”.

     (3)    After subsection (5) insert—

           “(5A)              Subsection (5)(a) above does not prevent this section from applying if

or, as the case may be, to the extent that—

                  (a)                 the property becomes settled property by virtue of the gift,

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                  (b)                 by reason of the donor’s spouse (“the relevant beneficiary”)

becoming beneficially entitled to an interest in possession in the

settled property, the disposal is or, as the case may be, is to any

extent an exempt transfer by virtue of section 18 of the 1984 Act

in consequence of the operation of section 49 of that Act

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(treatment of interests in possession),

                  (c)                 at some time after the disposal, but before the death of the

donor, the relevant beneficiary’s interest in possession comes to

an end, and

                  (d)                 on the occasion on which that interest comes to an end, the

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relevant beneficiary does not become beneficially entitled to the

settled property or to another interest in possession in the

settled property.

           (5B)              If or, as the case may be, to the extent that this section applies by virtue

of subsection (5A) above, it has effect as if the disposal by way of gift

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had been made immediately after the relevant beneficiary’s interest in

possession came to an end.

           (5C)              For the purposes of subsections (5A) and (5B) above—

                  (a)                 section 51(1)(b) of the 1984 Act (disposal of interest in

possession treated as coming to end of interest) applies as it

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applies for the purposes of Chapter 2 of Part 3 of that Act; and

                  (b)                 references to any property or to an interest in any property

include references to part of any property or interest.”.

     (4)    The amendments made by this section have effect in relation to disposals made

on or after 20th June 2003.

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 186   Authorised unit trusts, OEICs and common investment funds

     (1)    The Inheritance Tax Act 1984 (c. 51) is amended as follows.

 

 

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     (2)    In section 6 (excluded property), after subsection (1) insert—

           “(1A)               A holding in an authorised unit trust and a share in an open-ended

investment company is excluded property if the person beneficially

entitled to it is an individual domiciled outside the United Kingdom.”.

     (3)    In section 48 (settlements: excluded property), after subsection (3) insert—

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           “(3A)               Where property comprised in a settlement is a holding in an authorised

unit trust or a share in an open-ended investment company—

                  (a)                 the property (but not a reversionary interest in the property) is

excluded property unless the settlor was domiciled in the

United Kingdom at the time the settlement was made, and

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                  (b)                 section 6(1A) above applies to a reversionary interest in the

property but does not otherwise apply in relation to the

property.”.

     (4)    In section 178(1) (sale of shares etc from deceased’s estate: preliminary)—

           (a)           in the definition of “qualifying investments”, after “authorised unit

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trust” insert “, shares in an open-ended investment company”, and

           (b)           for “section 1 of the Administration of Justice Act 1965” substitute

“section 42 of the Administration of Justice Act 1982”.

     (5)    Section 272 (general interpretation) is amended as follows.

     (6)    After the definition of “amount” insert—

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                    ““authorised unit trust” means a scheme which is a unit trust scheme for

the purposes of section 469 of the Taxes Act 1988 (see subsection (7)

of that section) and in the case of which an order under section 243 of

the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 is in force;”.

     (7)    After the definition of “mortgage” insert—

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                    ““open-ended investment company” means an open-ended investment

company within the meaning given by section 236 of the Financial

Services and Markets Act 2000 which is incorporated in the United

Kingdom;”.

     (8)    This section has effect in relation to transfers of value or other events occurring

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on or after 16th October 2002.

Landfill tax

 187   Rate of landfill tax

In section 42 of the Finance Act 1996 (c. 8) (amount of landfill tax), for the

amount specified in subsection (1)(a), and the corresponding amount in

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subsection (2), substitute—

           (a)           “£14” in relation to taxable disposals made, or treated as made, on or

after 1st April 2003 and before 1st April 2004;

           (b)           “£15” in relation to taxable disposals made, or treated as made, on or

after 1st April 2004.

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Climate change levy

 188   Exemption for fuel used in recycling processes

     (1)    In Schedule 6 to the Finance Act 2000 (c. 17) (climate change levy), after

paragraph 18 insert—

“Exemption: supply for use in recycling processes

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        18A               (1)                A supply of a taxable commodity is exempt from the levy if the

person to whom the supply is made intends to cause the commodity

to be used as fuel in a prescribed recycling process falling within sub-

paragraph (2).

                       (2)                A recycling process falls within this sub-paragraph if there is another

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process (“the competing process”) that—

                    (a)                   is not a recycling process,

                    (b)                   uses taxable commodities otherwise than as fuel,

                    (c)                   produces a product of the same kind as one produced by the

recycling process,

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                    (d)                   uses a greater amount of energy than the recycling process to

produce a given quantity of that product, and

                    (e)                   involves a lesser charge to levy for a given quantity of that

product than would, but for this paragraph, be the case for

the recycling process.

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                       (3)                For the purposes of sub-paragraph (2)(b) taxable commodities are

used “otherwise than as fuel” only if the supplies of those

commodities to the person using them are exempted from the levy

by virtue of paragraph 18.

                       (4)                Sub-paragraphs (5) and (6) apply where the recycling process or the

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competing process, as well as producing a product that is of the same

kind as one produced by the other process (“the corresponding

product”), also produces one or more products that are not

(“different products”).

                       (5)                If the production of the different products is merely incidental to the

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production of the corresponding product, the different products

shall be treated for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2)(d) and (e) as

being of the same kind as the corresponding product.

                       (6)                If the production of the different products is not merely incidental to

the production of the corresponding product—

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                    (a)                   the amounts of energy referred to in sub-paragraph (2)(d),

and the amounts of the charge to levy referred to in sub-

paragraph (2)(e), shall be determined on a just and

reasonable apportionment;

                    (b)                   the exemption conferred by sub-paragraph (1) shall be

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restricted to the proportion of the supply that is the same as

the proportion of the energy used by the recycling process to

produce the corresponding product (as determined for the

purposes of paragraph (a)).

                       (7)                In this paragraph “prescribed” means prescribed by regulations

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made by the Treasury.”.

 

 

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     (2)    The following amendments to that Schedule are consequential on that made by

subsection (1)—

           (a)           in paragraph 14(3A)(a) (use of electricity in an “exemption-retaining”

way) for “and 18” substitute “, 18 and 18A”;

           (b)           in paragraph 101(2)(a)(ii) (penalty for incorrect exemption notification)

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after “18” insert “, 18A”;

           (c)           in paragraph 146(3) (regulations subject to affirmative resolution

procedure) after “18(2),” insert “18A,”;

           (d)           in paragraph 147 (interpretation), in the definition of “prescribed”, after

“16(3)” insert “, 18A”.

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 189   CHP exemption to be based on current efficiency

     (1)    Schedule 6 to the Finance Act 2000 (c. 17) (climate change levy) is amended as

follows.

     (2)    In paragraph 15 (exemption for supplies to combined heat and power

stations)—

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           (a)           for paragraph (b) of sub-paragraph (4) substitute—

                           “(b)                             the “efficiency percentage” for a combined heat and

power station shall be determined in accordance with

regulations under paragraph 149.”;

           (b)           omit sub-paragraph (5).

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     (3)    In paragraph 148 (meaning of “combined heat and power station” etc)—

           (a)           in sub-paragraphs (2)(c) and (3)(c), for “complying with sub-paragraph

(6) and (so far as applicable)” substitute “complying (so far as

applicable) with”;

           (b)           omit sub-paragraph (6) (efficiency percentage to be stated on certificate

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of full or partial exemption).

     (4)    In paragraph 149(1) (determination of efficiency percentages for combined

heat and power stations) omit “the percentage that is to be stated in a certificate

under paragraph 148 as”.

     (5)    This section has effect in relation to supplies made on or after such day as the

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Treasury may by order made by statutory instrument appoint.

 190   Supplies not known to be taxable when made, etc

     (1)    In Schedule 6 to the Finance Act 2000 (c. 17) (climate change levy), paragraph

24 (deemed supply: change of circumstances or intentions) is amended as

follows.

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     (2)    In the heading, for “change of circumstances or intentions” substitute “change of

circumstances etc”.

     (3)    For sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) substitute—

                       “(1)                This paragraph applies in the following cases.

                       (1A)                The first case is where—

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                    (a)                   a supply of a taxable commodity has been made,

                    (b)                   the supply was not a taxable supply, and

                    (c)                   there is such a change in circumstances or any person’s

intentions that, if the changed circumstances or intentions

 

 

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had existed at the time the supply was made, the supply

would have been a taxable supply.

                       (1B)                The second case is where—

                    (a)                   a supply of a taxable commodity has been made,

                    (b)                   the supply was made on the basis that it was not a taxable

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supply, and

                    (c)                   it is later determined that the supply was (to any extent) a

taxable supply.

                       (2)                This paragraph does not apply where the reason that—

                    (a)                   the supply was not a taxable supply, or

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                    (b)                   the supply was made on the basis that it was not a taxable

supply,

                                       is that it was, or was thought to be, exempt from the levy under

paragraph 19 or 20A (exemption for supply of electricity produced

from renewable sources or in combined heat and power stations)

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(but see paragraph 20 or 20B).”.

     (4)    In sub-paragraph (3), at the beginning insert “Where this paragraph applies,”.

     (5)    After that sub-paragraph insert—

                       “(3A)                Where—

                    (a)                   had matters been as mentioned in sub-paragraph (1A)(c),

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only part of the supply would have been a taxable supply, or

                    (b)                   the determination referred to in sub-paragraph (1B)(c) is that

only part of the supply was a taxable supply,

                        the reference in sub-paragraph (3) to the commodity shall be read as

a reference to a corresponding part of it.”.

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     (6)    In sub-paragraph (5) for “sub-paragraph (1)(c)” substitute “sub-paragraph

(1A)(c)”.

     (7)    In paragraph 34(3) of that Act (time when deemed supply under paragraph 24

treated as made) at the end insert “or, as the case may be, upon the later

determination”.

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     (8)    This section has effect in relation to supplies made on or after such day as the

Treasury may by order made by statutory instrument appoint.

 191   Deemed supplies

     (1)    Schedule 6 to the Finance Act 2000 (c. 17) (climate change levy) is amended as

follows.

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     (2)    In paragraph 5(3) (levy chargeable on deemed supply of electricity) for

“paragraph 23(3)” substitute “paragraph 20(6)(a), 20B(6)(a), 23(3) or 24”.

     (3)    In paragraph 6 (supplies of gas)—

           (a)           after sub-paragraph (2) insert—

                                    “(2A)                      Levy is chargeable on a supply of gas that is deemed to be

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made under paragraph 24.”;

           (b)           in sub-paragraph (3) for “sub-paragraphs (1) and (2)” substitute “sub-

paragraph (1), (2) or (2A)”.

 

 

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     (4)    Subsection (2) has effect in relation to supplies deemed to be made on or after

31st March 2003, and subsection (3) in relation to supplies deemed to be made

on or after the day on which this Act is passed.

 192   Amendments about registration, payment etc

     (1)    Schedule 6 to the Finance Act 2000 (climate change levy) is amended as follows.

5

     (2)    In paragraph 41 (returns and payment of levy)—

           (a)           for paragraph (a) of sub-paragraph (1) (liability to account for levy by

reference to accounting periods) substitute—

                           “(a)                             for persons liable to account for levy to do so—

                                 (i)                                by reference to such periods (“accounting

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periods”) as may be determined by or under

the regulations, or

                                 (ii)                               in such other way as may be so determined;”;

           (b)           in sub-paragraph (1)(c) (liability to pay) omit “for any period”;

           (c)           after sub-paragraph (2) insert—

15

                                    “(2A)                      Paragraph 91(5) provides for the application of Part 7 of this

Schedule (recovery and interest) in relation to cases where,

by virtue of regulations under sub-paragraph (1)(a)(ii) above,

a person is liable to account for levy otherwise than by

reference to accounting periods.

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                                    (2B)                      Regulations under this paragraph may provide for the

application of any provision of this Schedule in relation to

such cases.”.

     (3)    In paragraph 53 (requirement to be registered), after sub-paragraph (3) insert—

                       “(4)                Regulations made by the Commissioners may provide that, in such

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cases or circumstances and subject to such conditions or

requirements as may be prescribed in the regulations, the

Commissioners may exempt a person from the requirement to be

registered.”.

     (4)    In paragraph 62(2)(b) (provision in regulations about bringing tax credit into

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account) for “levy due from him for such accounting period or periods”

substitute “such levy due from him”.

     (5)    In paragraph 78 (assessments of amounts of levy due), after sub-paragraph (1)

insert—

                       “(1A)                Where it appears to the Commissioners—

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                    (a)                   that any levy for which a person is liable to account otherwise

than by reference to an accounting period has become due,

and

                    (b)                   that there has been a default by that person that falls within

sub-paragraph (2),

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                                       they may assess the amount of that levy to the best of their

judgement and notify it to him.”.

     (6)    In paragraph 91 (interpretation etc of Part 7) at the end insert—

                       “(5)                In relation to cases where, by virtue of regulations under paragraph

41(1)(a)(ii), a person is liable to account for levy otherwise than by

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reference to accounting periods, this Part of this Schedule shall have

effect as if—

                    (a)                   references to levy due for “an” or “any” accounting period

were references simply to levy due;

                    (b)                   references to levy due for a specified accounting period were

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references to the levy in question;

                    (c)                   references to an assessment for a specified accounting period

were references to an assessment in respect of the levy in

question;

                    (d)                   any time limit framed by reference to the end of the

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accounting period for which levy is due were framed by

reference to the date on which payment of the levy is due;

                    (e)                   references to the making of a return for an accounting period

were references to the payment of the levy in question;

                    (f)                   references to the amount shown in such a return were

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references to the amount of levy paid;

                    (g)                   paragraph 88(8) and (9) were omitted.”.

     (7)    In paragraph 93(4) (criminal penalty for false return)—

           (a)           in paragraph (a) after “return” insert “or other notification”;

           (b)           in paragraph (b), and in the words after that paragraph, after “return”

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insert “or notification”.

     (8)    In paragraph 100(1) (civil penalty for misdeclaration)—

           (a)           omit “for an accounting period”;

           (b)           in paragraph (a) after “return” insert “or other notification”.

     (9)    In paragraph 125(1) (obligation to keep records) for “persons who are, or are

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required to be, registered” substitute “persons who—

                    (a)                      are registered,

                    (b)                      are required to be registered, or

                    (c)                      are exempted from the requirement to be registered by

regulations under paragraph 53(4)”.

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     (10)   In paragraph 135(1)(c) (Commissioners’ certificate as evidence of non-payment

of levy shown as due in a return) after “return” insert “or other notification”.

 193   Electricity from renewable sources etc

     (1)    Schedule 6 to the Finance Act 2000 (c. 17) (climate change levy) is amended as

follows.

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     (2)    In paragraph 20 (exemption under paragraph 19: averaging periods) for sub-

paragraphs (6) to (8) substitute—

                       “(6)                If the total mentioned in sub-paragraph (3)(b) exceeds that

mentioned in sub-paragraph (3)(a), then—

                    (a)                   in a case where, at the time when the balancing period ends,

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an averaging period also ends because of sub-paragraph

(2)(f) or (g), the supplier is for the purposes of this Schedule

deemed to make at that time a taxable supply of a quantity of

electricity equal to the excess;

                    (b)                   in any other case, a balancing debit equal to the excess is

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carried forward to the next balancing period.”.

 

 

 
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