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Railways and Transport Safety Bill


Railways and Transport Safety Bill
Part 4 — Shipping: Alcohol and Drugs

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 81    Prescribed limit

     (1)    The prescribed limit of alcohol for the purposes of this Part is—

           (a)           in the case of breath, 35 microgrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres,

           (b)           in the case of blood, 80 milligrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres, and

           (c)           in the case of urine, 107 milligrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres.

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     (2)    The Secretary of State may make regulations amending subsection (1).

Enforcement

 82    Penalty

A person guilty of an offence under this Part shall be liable—

           (a)           on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding

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two years, to a fine or to both, or

           (b)           on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory

maximum.

 83    Specimens, &c.

     (1)    The provisions specified in the first column of the table below, with the

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modifications specified in the third column and any other necessary

modifications, shall have effect in relation to an offence under this Part.

 

Provision

Description

Modification

 
 

Road Traffic Act

   
 

1988 (c. 52)

   

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Section 6

Preliminary breath

In place of subsections (1) and (2), the power

 
  

tests

to require the provision of a specimen shall

 
   

apply where—

 
   

     (a)    a constable in uniform reasonably

 
   

suspects that the person is

 

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committing an offence under section

 
   

78(3), 79(3) or 80(3),

 
   

     (b)    a constable in uniform reasonably

 
   

suspects that the person has

 
   

committed an offence under section

 

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78(3), 79(3) or 80(3) and still has

 
   

alcohol in his body, or

 
   

     (c)    an accident occurs owing to the

 
   

presence of a ship in a public place

 
   

and a constable reasonably suspects

 

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that the person was at the time of the

 
   

accident a person to whom section

 
   

78, 79 or 80 applied.

 
   

In place of subsection (3), a person may be

 
   

required to provide a specimen either—

 

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     (a)    at or near the place where the

 
   

requirement is made, or

 
   

     (b)    at a police station specified by the

 
   

constable.

 
 

Section 7

Provision of

In subsection (1) the reference to an offence

 

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specimen

under section 3A, 4 or 5 of the 1988 Act shall

 
   

be treated as a reference to an offence under

 
   

section 78, 79 or 80 of this Act.

 
 

 

Railways and Transport Safety Bill
Part 4 — Shipping: Alcohol and Drugs

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Provision

Description

Modification

 
   

In subsection (3)(c) the reference to an offence

 
   

under section 3A or 4 of the 1988 Act shall be

 
   

treated as a reference to an offence under

 
   

section 78(2), 79(2) or 80(2) of this Act.

 

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Section 7A

Specimen of blood

  
  

taken from person

  
  

incapable of

  
  

consenting

  
 

Section 8

Choice of specimen

  

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of breath

  
 

Section 9

Protection for

  
  

hospital patient

  
 

Section 10

Detention of person

In subsection (1)—

 
  

affected by alcohol

     (a)    the reference to driving or

 

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or drug

attempting to drive a mechanically

 
   

propelled vehicle on a road shall be

 
   

treated as a reference to exercising a

 
   

function in connection with the

 
   

navigation of a ship, and

 

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     (b)    the reference to an offence under

 
   

section 4 or 5 of the 1988 Act shall be

 
   

treated as a reference to an offence

 
   

under section 78, 79 or 80 of this

 
   

Act.

 

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In subsection (2) the reference to driving a

 
   

mechanically propelled vehicle shall be

 
   

treated as a reference to exercising a function

 
   

in connection with the navigation of a ship.

 
   

In subsection (3) the reference to driving

 

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properly shall be treated as a reference to

 
   

exercising a function in connection with the

 
   

navigation of a ship.

 
 

Section 11

Interpretation

For the definition of “the prescribed limit”

 
   

there shall be substituted the definition given

 

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in this Part (and the definition of “drug” shall

 
   

be disregarded).

 
 

Road Traffic

   
 

Offenders Act

   
 

1988 (c. 53)

   

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Section 15

Use of specimens

In subsection (1), the reference to an offence

 
   

under section 3A, 4 or 5 of the Road Traffic

 
   

Act 1988 shall be treated as a reference to an

 
   

offence under section 78, 79 or 80 of this Act.

 
   

The relevant time for the consumption of

 

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alcohol for the purpose of subsection (3)(a)

 
   

shall be before providing the specimen and

 
   

after the time of the alleged offence.

 
   

In subsection (3)(b) the reference to driving

 
   

shall be treated as a reference to exercising a

 

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function in connection with the navigation of

 
   

a ship.

 
 

Section 16

Documentary

  
  

evidence

  
 

 

Railways and Transport Safety Bill
Part 4 — Shipping: Alcohol and Drugs

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     (2)    The Secretary of State may by regulations amend the table in subsection (1) so

as—

           (a)           to add a provision relating to an offence which concerns alcohol or

drugs in relation to road traffic;

           (b)           to add, remove or amend a modification (whether or not in connection

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with an amendment of a provision specified in the table).

     (3)    For the purpose of the application by subsection (1) of a provision listed in the

table in that subsection—

           (a)           the provision shall extend to the whole of the United Kingdom, and

           (b)           a reference to the provision shall be treated, unless the context

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otherwise requires, as including a reference to the provision as applied.

 84    Detention pending arrival of police

     (1)    A marine official may detain a ship if he reasonably suspects that a person who

is or may be on board the ship—

           (a)           is committing an offence under section 78, 79 or 80, or

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           (b)           has committed an offence under section 78, 79 or 80.

     (2)    The power of detention under subsection (1)—

           (a)           is conditional upon the marine official making a request, either before

the detention or as soon as possible after its commencement, for a

constable in uniform to attend, and

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           (b)           lapses when a constable in uniform has decided whether or not to

exercise a power by virtue of section 83 and has informed the marine

official of his decision.

     (3)    In this section “marine official” means—

           (a)           a harbour master, or an assistant of a harbour master, appointed by a

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harbour authority,

           (b)           a person listed in section 284(1)(a) to (d) of the Merchant Shipping Act

1995 (c. 21)(detention of ship), and

           (c)           a person falling within a class designated by order of the Secretary of

State.

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     (4)    In construing section 284(1)(b) of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (detention

by person authorised by Secretary of State) for the purpose of subsection (3)(b)

above, the reference to authorisation to exercise powers under that section

shall be taken as a reference—

           (a)           to general authorisation to exercise powers under that section, and

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           (b)           to general or particular authorisation to exercise powers under this

section.

 85    Arrest without warrant

     (1)    A constable may arrest a person without a warrant if the constable reasonably

suspects that the person—

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           (a)           is committing an offence under section 78(2), 79(2) or 80(2), or

           (b)           has committed one of those offences and is still under the influence of

drink or drugs.

     (2)    But a person may not be arrested under this section while he is at a hospital as

a patient.

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Railways and Transport Safety Bill
Part 4 — Shipping: Alcohol and Drugs

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     (3)    In subsection (2) “hospital” means an institution which—

           (a)           provides medical or surgical treatment for in-patients or out-patients,

and

           (b)           is not on a ship.

     (4)    Arrest under this section shall be treated as arrest for an offence for the

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purposes of—

           (a)           Part IV of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (c. 60) (detention),

and

           (b)           Part V of the Police and Criminal Evidence (Northern Ireland) Order

1989 (S.I. 1989/1341 (N.I. 12)) (detention).

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 86    Right of entry

     (1)    A constable in uniform may board a ship if he reasonably suspects that he may

wish to exercise a power by virtue of section 83 or under section 85 in respect

of a person who is or may be on the ship.

     (2)    A constable in uniform may enter any place if he reasonably suspects that he

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may wish to exercise a power by virtue of section 83 or under section 85 in

respect of a person who is or may be in that place.

     (3)    For the purposes of boarding a ship or entering a place under this section a

constable—

           (a)           may use reasonable force;

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           (b)           may be accompanied by one or more persons.

General

 87    Consequential repeal

Section 117 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (c. 21) (drunkenness on duty)

shall cease to have effect.

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 88    Orders and regulations

     (1)    An order or regulations under this Part may—

           (a)           make transitional, supplemental and incidental provision;

           (b)           make provision generally or for specified purposes only;

           (c)           make different provision for different purposes.

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     (2)    The power under section 84(3)(c) for the Secretary of State to designate a class

of person includes a power for him to designate—

           (a)           himself, or

           (b)           one or more persons employed in his Department.

     (3)    An order or regulations under this Part shall be made by statutory instrument.

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     (4)    Regulations under this Part shall not be made unless a draft has been laid

before and approved by resolution of each House of Parliament.

     (5)    An order under section 84(3)(c) shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of

a resolution of either House of Parliament.

 

 

Railways and Transport Safety Bill
Part 4 — Shipping: Alcohol and Drugs

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     (6)    Before making regulations under section 81(2) the Secretary of State shall

consult such organisations as he thinks fit.

 89    Interpretation

     (1)    In this Part—

           (a)           “ship” includes every description of vessel used in navigation, and

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           (b)           a reference to the navigation of a vessel includes a reference to the

control or direction, or participation in the control or direction, of the

course of a vessel.

     (2)    Section 313 of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (c. 21) (interpretation) shall

apply to the following expressions used in this Part—

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           (a)           fishing vessel,

           (b)           foreign ship,

           (c)           harbour authority,

           (d)           master,

           (e)           registered,

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           (f)           seaman,

           (g)           United Kingdom ship, and

           (h)           United Kingdom waters.

     (3)    In this Part “pilot” has the meaning given by section 31(1) of the Pilotage Act

1987 (c. 21) (interpretation).

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     (4)    Regulations under section 267(4)(a) of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 (power

to define “accident” for the purposes of provisions about marine accident

investigations) shall, so far as is practicable, apply to the word “accident” as

used in relation to this Part.

     (5)    In this Part “drug” includes any intoxicant other than alcohol.

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 90    Crown application, &c.

     (1)    This Part shall not apply to a member of Her Majesty’s naval forces, military

forces or air forces, within the meaning given by section 225(1) of the Army Act

1955 (c. 18), while acting in the course of his duties.

     (2)    Subject to subsection (1), this Part shall apply to a person in the service of the

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Crown.

     (3)    But section 84 shall not have effect in relation to a ship which—

           (a)           is being used for a purpose of Her Majesty’s forces, or

           (b)           forms part of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary Service.

     (4)    This Part shall not apply to—

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           (a)           a member of a visiting force, within the meaning which that expression

has in section 3 of the Visiting Forces Act 1952 (c. 67) by virtue of section

12(1) of that Act, while acting in the course of his duties, or

           (b)           a member of a civilian component of a visiting force, within that

meaning, while acting in the course of his duties.

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 91    Territorial application

     (1)    This Part shall have effect in relation to—

 

 

Railways and Transport Safety Bill
Part 5 — Aviation: Alcohol and Drugs

    40

 

           (a)           United Kingdom ships,

           (b)           foreign ships in United Kingdom waters, and

           (c)           un-registered ships in United Kingdom waters.

     (2)    Section 86 shall not extend to Scotland.

     (3)    Subsection (2) does not affect any rule of law or enactment concerning the right

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of a constable in Scotland to board a ship or enter any place for any purpose.

Part 5

Aviation: Alcohol and Drugs

Offences

 92    Being unfit for duty

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     (1)    A person commits an offence if—

           (a)           he performs an aviation function at a time when his ability to perform

the function is impaired because of drink or drugs, or

           (b)           he carries out an activity which is ancillary to an aviation function at a

time when his ability to perform the function is impaired because of

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drink or drugs.

     (2)    In this section “drug” includes any intoxicant other than alcohol.

     (3)    Section 94 defines “aviation function” and “ancillary activity” for the purposes

of this Part.

 93    Prescribed limit

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     (1)    A person commits an offence if—

           (a)           he performs an aviation function at a time when the proportion of

alcohol in his breath, blood or urine exceeds the prescribed limit, or

           (b)           he carries out an activity which is ancillary to an aviation function at a

time when the proportion of alcohol in his breath, blood or urine

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exceeds the prescribed limit.

     (2)    The prescribed limit of alcohol is (subject to subsection (3))—

           (a)           in the case of breath, 9 microgrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres,

           (b)           in the case of blood, 20 milligrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres, and

           (c)           in the case of urine, 27 milligrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres.

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     (3)    In relation to the aviation function specified in section 94(1)(h) the prescribed

limit is—

           (a)           in the case of breath, 35 microgrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres,

           (b)           in the case of blood, 80 milligrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres, and

           (c)           in the case of urine, 107 milligrammes of alcohol in 100 millilitres.

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     (4)    The Secretary of State may make regulations amending subsection (2) or (3).

     (5)    Section 94 defines “aviation function” and “ancillary activity” for the purposes

of this Part.

 

 

 
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