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Criminal Justice Bill


Criminal Justice Bill



Explanatory notes to the Bill, prepared by the Home Office, will be published

separately as HL Bill 69–EN.


The Lord Falconer of Thoroton has made the following statement under section

19(1)(a) of the Human Rights Act 1998:

In my view the provisions of the Criminal Justice Bill are compatible with the

Convention rights.

HL Bill 6953/2


Criminal Justice Bill




Part 1

Amendments of Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984

General amendments

      1        Extension of powers to stop and search

      2        Warrants to enter and search

      3        Bail elsewhere than at police station

      4        Use of telephones for review of police detention

      5        Limits on period of detention without charge

      6        Property of detained persons

      7        Taking fingerprints without consent

      8        Taking non-intimate samples without consent

      9        Codes of practice

      10        Amendments related to this Part

Amendments relating to drugs

      11        Power of arrest for possession of Class C drugs

      12        Drug testing for under-eighteens

Part 2


      13        Grant and conditions of bail

      14        Offences committed on bail

      15        Absconding by persons released on bail

      16        Appeal to Crown Court

      17        Appeals to High Court

      18        Appeal by prosecution

      19        Drug users: restriction on bail

      20        Supplementary amendments to the Bail Act 1976

      21        Interpretation of Part 2

HL Bill 6953/2

Criminal Justice Bill



Part 3

Conditional cautions

      22        Conditional cautions

      23        The five requirements

      24        Failure to comply with conditions

      25        Code of practice

      26        Interpretation of Part 3

Part 4

Charging etc

      27        Charging or release of persons in police detention

      28        New method of instituting proceedings

      29        Further provision about new method

      30        Removal of requirement to substantiate information on oath

Part 5


      31        Initial duty of disclosure by prosecutor

      32        Defence disclosure

      33        Notification of intention to call defence witnesses

      34        Notification of names of experts instructed by defendant

      35        Further provisions about defence disclosure

      36        Continuing duty of disclosure by prosecutor

      37        Application by defence for disclosure

      38        Faults in defence disclosure

Part 6

Allocation and sending of offences

      39        Allocation of offences triable either way, and sending cases to Crown Court

      40        Mode of trial for certain firearms offences: transitory arrangements

Part 7

Trials on indictment without a jury

      41        Application by defendant for trial to be conducted without jury

      42        Applications by prosecution for certain complex or lengthy trials to be

conducted without jury

      43        Application by prosecution for trial to be conducted without jury where

danger of jury tampering

      44        Procedure for applications under sections 41 to 43

      45        Discharge of jury because of jury tampering

      46        Appeals

      47        Further provision about trials without a jury

      48        Rules of court

      49        Application of Part 7 to Northern Ireland


Criminal Justice Bill



Part 8

Live links

      50        Live links in criminal proceedings

      51        Effect of, and rescission of, direction

      52        Magistrates’ courts permitted to sit at other locations

      53        Warning to jury

      54        Rules of court

      55        Interpretation of Part 8

Part 9

Prosecution appeals

      56        Meaning of “terminating ruling”

      57        Prosecution right of appeal against certain rulings

      58        Appeals against terminating rulings

      59        Appeals against certain other rulings

      60        Expedited and non-expedited appeals

      61        Continuation of proceedings for offences not affected by ruling

      62        Determination of appeal by Court of Appeal

      63        Appeals to the House of Lords

      64        Costs

      65        Effect on time limits in relation to preliminary stages

      66        Restrictions on reporting

      67        Offences in connection with reporting

      68        Interpretation of Part 9

Part 10

Retrial for serious offences

Cases that may be retried

      69        Cases that may be retried

Application for retrial

      70        Application to Court of Appeal

      71        Determination by Court of Appeal

      72        New and compelling evidence

      73        Interests of justice

      74        Procedure and evidence

      75        Appeals

      76        Restrictions on publication in the interests of justice


      77        Retrial


      78        Authorisation of investigations


Criminal Justice Bill



      79        Urgent investigative steps

Arrest, custody and bail

      80        Arrest and charge

      81        Bail and custody before application

      82        Bail and custody before hearing

      83        Bail and custody during and after hearing

      84        Revocation of bail

Part 10: supplementary

      85        Functions of the DPP

      86        Rules of Court

      87        Armed Forces: Part 10

      88        Interpretation of Part 10

      89        Application of Part 10 to Northern Ireland

Part 11


Chapter 1

Evidence of bad character


      90        “Bad character”

      91        Abolition of common law rules

Persons other than defendants

      92        Non-defendant’s bad character


      93        Defendant’s bad character

      94        “Important explanatory evidence”

      95        Offences “of the same description” or “of the same category”

      96        “Matter in issue between the defendant and the prosecution”

      97        “Matter in issue between the defendant and a co-defendant”

      98        “Evidence to correct a false impression”

      99        “Attack on another person’s character”

      100        Stopping the case where evidence contaminated

      101        Offences committed by defendant when a child


      102        Assumption of truth in assessment of relevance or probative value

      103        Court’s duty to give reasons for rulings

      104        Rules of court

      105        Interpretation of Chapter 1

      106        Armed forces


Criminal Justice Bill



Chapter 2

Hearsay evidence

Hearsay: main provisions

      107        Admissibility of hearsay evidence

      108        Statements and matters stated

Principal categories of admissibility

      109        Cases where a witness is unavailable

      110        Business and other documents

      111        Preservation of certain common law categories of admissibility

      112        Inconsistent statements

      113        Other previous statements of witnesses


      114        Multiple hearsay

      115        Documents produced as exhibits

      116        Capability to make statement

      117        Credibility

      118        Stopping the case where evidence is unconvincing

      119        Court’s general discretion to exclude evidence


      120        Expert evidence: preparatory work

      121        Confessions

      122        Representations other than by a person

      123        Depositions

      124        Evidence at retrial


      125        Rules of court

      126        Proof of statements in documents

      127        Interpretation of Chapter 2

      128        Armed forces

      129        Repeals etc

Chapter 3

Miscellaneous and supplemental

      130        Evidence by video recording

      131        Video evidence: further provisions

      132        Use of documents to refresh memory

      133        Interpretation of Chapter 3

      134        Saving


Criminal Justice Bill



Part 12


Chapter 1

General provisions about sentencing

Matters to be taken into account in sentencing

      135        Purposes of sentencing

      136        Determining the seriousness of an offence

      137        Reduction in sentences for guilty pleas

      138        Increase in sentences for racial or religious aggravation

General restrictions on community sentences

      139        Meaning of “community sentence” etc.

      140        Restrictions on imposing community sentences

      141        Passing of community sentence on offender remanded in custody

      142        Community sentence not available where sentence fixed by law etc.

      143        Community order for persistent offender previously fined

General restrictions on discretionary custodial sentences

      144        General restrictions on imposing discretionary custodial sentences

      145        Length of discretionary custodial sentences: general provision

General limit on magistrates’ court’s power to impose imprisonment

      146        General limit on magistrates’ court’s power to impose imprisonment

      147        Consecutive terms of imprisonment

      148        Power to increase limits

Procedural requirements for imposing community sentences and discretionary custodial


      149        Pre-sentence reports and other requirements

      150        Additional requirements in case of mentally disordered offender

      151        Meaning of “pre-sentence report”

Disclosure of pre-sentence reports etc

      152        Disclosure of pre-sentence reports

      153        Other reports of local probation boards and members of youth offending


Pre-sentence drug testing

      154        Pre-sentence drug testing


      155        Powers to order statement as to offender’s financial circumstances


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