|Previous Section||Back to Table of Contents||Lords Hansard Home Page|
Lord Sainsbury of Turville: Her Majesty's Government's objective is to ensure that the World Trade Organisation (WTO) is seen to contribute to sustainable development, as enshrined in the founding agreement of the WTO. We do this through pressing for sustainable market access liberalisation and ensuring coherence between WTO and global environmental governance. Where necessary we seek to clarify WTO rules to support legitimate environmental regulation while ruling out unwarranted protectionism.
We and our European partners are committed to launching a new trade round. A new round will strengthen the global economy and help raise living standards in developing countries. A key part of the EU's and UK's approach is that a new round must support global sustainable development. This means it must have an environmental dimension.
We want to maximise the 'win-win' potential of trade liberalisation where there are positive environmental impacts. Where there are negative impacts, we are pressing to eliminate perverse subsidies which are both trade-distorting and environmentally damaging. Agriculture and fisheries are two key areas where we will pursue this approach.
We also want to see WTO rules clarified in two key areas so that legitimate environmental policy is not undermined. The interface between WTO rules and Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) must be addressed to prevent friction between two major bodies of international law. The legitimacy of
We take part, through the EU, in the WTO Committee on Trade and Environment established by the Uruguay round and use this committee to engage in active dialogue with developing countries and others on clarifying the relationship between MEAs and WTO rules. We also take every opportunity to use appropriate bilateral meetings to press arguments in favour of ensuring that MEAs are fully reflected in the policies of the WTO.
Lord Sainsbury of Turville: The conditions for the 3G Wireless Telegraphy Act licences were set out clearly in the Information Memorandum for the 3G auction. This will have influenced companies decisions on whether to participate in the auction and if so how much to bid. The Government see no case at present for changing these conditions after the auction in response to short-term market conditions.
Lord McIntosh of Haringey: The Budget 2000 fiscal projections assumed receipts from the spectrum auction of £3,000 million in 2000-01. These figures were set out in the Government's return to the European Commission for the Excessive Deficit Procedure which was deposited in the Library on 31 August 2000.
Lord McIntosh of Haringey: Information on identifiable total managed expenditure per head by programme for England, Scotland and Wales is contained in Public Expenditure Statistical Analyses, which is being presented to Parliament today (Cm 5101).
What percentage of black, Asian, white, Chinese and Japanese people have been stopped and searched by HM Customs and Excise at Heathrow airport in the last year for which figures are available; and what quantity, and percentage of (a) illegal drugs and (b) other illegal goods were seized from persons in each of these groups.[HL1333]
Lord McIntosh of Haringey: HM Customs and Excise does not maintain records of persons searched at airports or ports, but does so by operational region. Information on the total numbers stopped, including all of the main London airports, is set out in Customs and Excise's Annual Report for 1999-2000, a copy of which is in the Library.
Lord McIntosh of Haringey: HM Customs and Excise is strongly committed to the avoidance of discrimination in all that it does, to valuing diversity and ensuring equality of opportunity. In support of the culture we are working towards, we have run an awareness campaign to emphasise the importance of treating people with dignity and respect.
Customs and Excise provides a range of training on equality and diversity issues. The programme includes training specifically for staff who deal with the trading and travelling public, covering a wide range of diversity issues including those of race, religion and gender.
Customs and Excise also provides training for all staff designed to raise awareness of the department's equal opportunities and diversity policies covering racial discrimination, sexual harassment, disability and bullying.
A booklet is available giving information on the major world religions. This helps to give an understanding of the basic beliefs and helps to recognise some of the things which people from different faiths take for granted, and which form part of their culture. This is to help people appreciate and respond to the needs of people from minority ethnic communities. This information is published on the department's intranet site and is widely available to all staff.
The Government view the dissemination of racist, xenophobic or anti-Semitic hate messages very seriously. However, the inclusion of a provision on cyber-racism was not raised until the draft convention was almost completed and it was considered that the detailed consideration required could hamper difficult negotiations on articles that had been in the draft convention for a long time. Furthermore, it appears that the existing United Nations International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination already requires State Parties, which include all the participants in the Council of Europe Cybercrime Convention negotiations, to criminalise all such conduct irrespective of the medium through which it is committed. The Government are therefore unconvinced that there is a specific need for such an article in the Cybercrime Convention.
Lord Bassam of Brighton: Information taken from the Home Office's Court Proceedings Database showing the number of persons prosecuted for offences concerning cruelty to animals in England and Wales during the period 1997-1999 is given in the table.
|Persons Prosecuted||Persons Prosecuted||Persons Prosecuted|
|England and Wales|
|Protection of Animals Act, 1911 (as amended)||1,051||1,104||1,046|
|Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981 Sec 8||8||2||1|
|Protection of Animals Act, 1934||6||4||--|
|Docking and Necking of Horses Act, 1949||--||--||2|
|Pet Animals Act, 1951||4||7||10|
|Protection of Animals (Amendment) Act, 1954||34||22||25|
|Animal Health Act, 1981, Secs 40-42, 46 and 49 and Orders made under Secs 8, 9, 37, 38, 39 and 43||65||76||39|
|Slaughterhouses Act, 1974||--||2||4|
|Abandonment of Animals Act, 1960, Sec 1||26||36||17|
|Animals (Cruel Poisons) Act, 1962||1||1||--|
|Animal Boarding Establishments Act, 1963||2||5||8|
|Riding Establishments Acts, 1964 and 1970||1||1||--|
|Slaughter of Poultry Act, 1967||6||18||8|
|Agriculture (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1968, Secs 1, 2 and 6||9||5||15|
|Protection of Badgers Act, 1992 (except Sec 13)||44||18||30|
|Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981, Sec 9||5||--||3|
|Wildlife and Countryside Act, 1981, Sec 11||2||3||4|
|Wild Mammals (Protection) Act 1996||7||8||--|
|Breeding of Dogs Acts 1973 and 1991||5||5||5|
|Diseases of Animals Act||89||85||58|
|Wild Birds Protection Acts||84||68||157|
|Total England and Wales||1,449||1,470||1,432|
|Cruelty to animals including killing and maiming cattle (excluding dogs)||107||85||62|
|Cruelty to dogs||9||3||--|
|Dog (NI) Order 1983||1||--||--|
|Welfare of Animals Act (NI) 1972||15||--||--|
|Roads (NI) Order 1993||2||--||--|
|Total Northern Ireland||18||--||--|
|Overall total for United Kingdom||1,583||1,558||1,494|
|Next Section||Back to Table of Contents||Lords Hansard Home Page|