Select Committee on European Union Ninth Report


APPENDIX 3

TITLE II: REMEDIES AND ENFORCEMENT

Article 7

Defence of rights

1. Member States shall ensure that judicial and/or administrative procedures for the enforcement of obligations under this Directive are available to all persons who consider themselves wronged by failure to apply the principle of equal treatment to them, even after the relationship in which the discrimination is alleged to have occurred has ended.

2. Member States shall ensure that associations, organisations or other legal entities may be entitled to pursue, on behalf of the complainant with his or her approval, any judicial and/or administrative procedure provided for the enforcement of obligations under this directive.

Article 8

Burden of proof

1. Member States shall take such measures as are necessary, in accordance with their national judicial systems, to ensure that, when persons who consider themselves wronged because the principle of equal treatment has not been applied to them establish, before a court or other competent authority, facts from which it may be presumed that there has been direct or indirect discrimination, it shall be for the respondent to prove that there has been no breach of the principle of equal treatment.

2. Paragraph 1 shall not prevent Member States from introducing rules of evidence which are more favourable to complainants.

3. Paragraph 1 shall not apply to criminal procedures, unless otherwise provided by the Member States.

4. This Article shall apply to any legal proceedings pursued in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 7.

Article 9

Victimisation

Member States shall include in their legal order such necessary measures as to protect individuals from any adverse treatment or adverse consequence motivated directly or indirectly as a reaction to a complaint or to legal proceedings aimed at enforcing compliance with the principle of equal treatment.

Article 10

Dissemination of information

1. Member States shall ensure that adequate information on the provisions adopted pursuant to this Directive is provided throughout their territory, and in particular in vocational training and educational bodies and in the workplace.

2. Member States shall ensure that competent public authorities are informed by appropriate means as regards all national measures taken pursuant to this Directive.

Article 11

Social dialogue

1. Member States shall take adequate measures to promote social dialogue between the two sides of industry with a view to fostering the principle of equal treatment, including through the monitoring of workplace practices, collective agreements, codes of practices, research or exchange of experiences and good practices.

2. Member States shall encourage the two sides of the industry to conclude at the appropriate level, including at undertaking level, agreements laying down anti-discrimination rules in the fields referred to in Article 4 which fall within the scope of collective bargaining. These agreements shall respect the minimum requirements laid down by this Directive and the relevant national implementing measures.



 
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