Select Committee on European Union Eighteenth Report


APPENDIX 3 (continued)

Table 11.4 Industrial confidence indicator (percentage balance)

  
1997
  
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Belgium
-10
-9
-7
-9
-5
-3
-1
-3
1
4
4
3
Germany
-18
-15
-14
-13
-11
-11
-10
-7
-5
-5
-6
-6
Spain
-10
-8
-10
-7
-4
-1
1
2
4
6
6
4
France
-12
-10
-9
-13
-10
-7
-5
-2
0
-2
3
4
Ireland
-1
1
-3
4
4
5
2
3
3
6
11
4
Italy
-11
-3
-5
-2
-2
-2
2
4
3
4
5
4
Luxembourg
-9
-8
-8
-5
-5
1
2
10
18
17
17
20
Netherlands
0
1
1
0
1
1
4
4
5
4
4
5
Austria
-18
-16
-11
-11
-10
-9
-9
-7
-6
-6
-5
-6
Portugal
1
-3
-1
4
4
1
1
-2
-1
-2
0
3
Finland
-4
0
7
7
13
17
9
17
15
12
18
23
EU-11
-13
-9
-9
-8
-6
-6
-3
-1
0
0
1
1
EU-15
-11
-8
-8
-7
-6
-5
-2
-1
0
1
1
2
UK
-3
-4
-1
0
-5
-5
3
-5
-2
3
-1
3


  
1998
  
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Belgium
-1
-4
-3
-3
-2
-4
-2
-8
-12
-17
-19
-19
Germany
-4
-2
-2
-1
-2
-2
-4
-5
-5
-8
-12
-13
Spain
4
3
4
2
1
3
5
2
2
-3
-4
-2
France
4
6
8
8
7
10
8
7
5
1
1
-1
Ireland
8
12
4
3
7
6
3
0
7
-1
-5
-6
Italy
4
6
8
4
2
0
2
-1
-2
-5
-7
-8
Luxembourg
16
14
13
14
10
14
9
8
1
-4
-8
-7
Netherlands
2
3
3
4
2
3
3
2
2
-1
-1
-2
Austria
-5
-5
-3
-4
-7
-8
-6
-9
-12
-13
-15
-16
Portugal
4
5
6
4
4
0
1
2
2
-2
0
0
Finland
17
16
13
11
6
7
3
1
-6
-11
-17
-16
EU-11
1
2
3
3
1
2
1
-1
-2
-5
-8
-9
EU-15
1
2
2
1
0
0
-1
-4
-5
-9
-12
-11
UK
-2
-2
-3
-5
-11
-14
-14
-23
-23
-31
-34
-24


  
1999
  
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Belgium
-17
-16
-17
-10
-9
-10
-9
-9
-5
-1
-1
1
Germany
-14
-17
-17
-17
-15
-17
-15
-15
-14
-12
-11
-9
Spain
-1
-6
-4
-4
-3
-3
-4
-7
-4
-2
0
1
France
-4
-6
-8
-9
-9
-8
-4
0
3
4
10
5
Ireland
-13
6
-2
-5
0
1
6
6
11
9
21
20
Italy
-9
-10
-12
-8
-10
-5
-3
-2
-1
3
4
5
Luxembourg
-14
-22
-20
-22
-17
-14
-15
-10
-11
-1
3
11
Netherlands
-2
-2
-4
-2
-2
-1
-1
-2
0
4
4
3
Austria
-15
-17
-19
-17
-20
-16
-13
-12
-9
-11
-9
-8
Portugal
-3
-5
-6
-5
-7
-5
-3
-4
-5
-3
-3
-3
Finland
-14
-13
-16
-4
-9
-7
-6
-1
0
6
8
11
EU-11
-9
-11
-12
-11
-11
-9
-7
-7
-5
-3
-1
0
EU-15
-12
-14
-15
-12
-11
-10
-9
-7
-5
-3
-2
-1
UK
-27
-27
-28
-21
-11
-12
-16
-9
-5
-6
-6
-4


  
2000
  
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Belgium
0
3
5
5
5
5
1
Germany
-7
-6
-4
-3
-3
1
-1
Spain
1
2
4
7
3
4
6
France
7
10
11
11
13
16
12
Ireland
15
12
14
10
10
13
14
Italy
6
10
9
11
11
16
15
Luxembourg
9
7
4
18
9
4
9
Netherlands
2
3
4
4
5
4
4
Austria
-8
-8
-7
-1
-1
-3
-2
Portugal
-1
2
1
1
3
2
2
Finland
11
20
16
15
17
20
24
EU-11
1
3
4
5
5
8
7
EU-15
1
2
3
4
4
5
5
UK
-2
-5
-6
-9
-9
-9
-7

Source: Eurostat, Consumer survey, from Datastream



 
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