Previous Section Back to Table of Contents Lords Hansard Home Page


Life Expectancy

Lord Shore of Stepney asked Her Majesty's Government:

Lord McIntosh of Haringey: In order to calculate life expectancy at birth of those born since 1940 it is

16 Oct 2000 : Column WA70

necessary to make assumptions about future mortality, as those cohorts will not yet have all died. For section (a) of the table below, actual mortality between 1940 and 1999 (the latest year for which population estimates and deaths by age are available) has been used together with projected mortality thereafter from the 1998-based national population projections made by the Government Actuary's Department. In section (b), life expectancy has been calculated from the mortality rates experienced in the years shown only. It is these "period" figures that are most commonly published.

16 Oct 2000 : Column WA69

Life Expectancy at birth in the United Kingdom (a) Born in(5)

1940-411950-511960-611970-711980-811990-911999-2000
Males70.775.276.777.778.679.379.6
Females76.680.281.582.283.083.583.8

16 Oct 2000 : Column WA69

(b) Based on the mortality rates in the years:

1940-411950-511960-611970-711980-811990-911998-1999
Males58.465.867.868.970.773.075.0
Females63.570.473.675.276.778.679.8

(5) Calculated using historical mortality to 1999 and the mortality assumptions from the 1998-based national population projections thereafter.


16 Oct 2000 : Column WA69

Firearms Consultative Committee

Lord Marlesford asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they will list the current members of the Firearms Consultative Committee, indicating in respect of each member the date of appointment and previous relevant experience and expertise.[HL4070]

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Home Office (Lord Bassam of Brighton): Details of the current membership of the Committee and the areas from which they derive the knowledge and experience of the matters listed in section 22(1) of the Firearms (Amendment) Act 1988 are set out below. All appointments took effect from 7 September.

Mr David Penn (Chairman)Imperial War Museum
Mr Brian CarterFirearms Consultant. Gun Trade Association and Shooting Sports Trust
Col Sandy EwingFormer Chief Executive, National Rifle Association, former army Colonel
Mr Bill HarrimanHead of Firearms, British Association for Shooting and Conservation
Mr James HartAssistant Commissioner, City of London Police, Chair of Association of Chief Police Officers Sub-Committee on Firearms Licensing
Lt Col John HoareSecretary, National Small-Bore Rifle Association
Mr Mike LobbFirearms Licensing Officer
Mrs Gill Mashall-AndrewsGun Control Network
Mr Davie McCroneDeputy Chief Constable, Greater Manchester Police. Chair of the Association of Chief Police Officers Sub-Committee on the Criminal Use of Firearms
Mr Kenneth McInnesAssistant Chief Constable, Fife Constabulary
Mr Kevin O'CallahanForensic Science Service
Mr Bob PitcherProof Master, London Proof House
Mr Roger SanbrookHead of Firearms Policy Unit, HM Customs & Excise
Mr Mark ScogginsSolicitor. Represented BSSC during Lord Cullen's Inquiry
Prof Jonathan ShepherdVictim Support. Surgeon specialising in firearms wound ballistics
Dr Stephen SmithTechnical adviser, National Farmers Union
Mr Ian SneddonHead of Police Division, Scottish Executive
Mr Graham WiddecombePolicing and Crime Reduction Group, Home Office
Mr Arthur WinningtonFarmer and Magistrate.

16 Oct 2000 : Column WA71

Mr Mohamed Lodhi

Lord Avebury asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Why they considered it appropriate to entertain a request for the extradition to the United Arab Emirates of Mr Mohamed Lodhi, who has been convicted there in absentia on charges which carry the death penalty.[HL4042]

Lord Bassam of Brighton: The request for Mr Mohamed Lodhi's extradition for drugs offences was made under the provisions of the Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances ("the Vienna Convention") to which both the United Kingdom and the United Arab Emirates are signatories.

As Mr Lodhi currently has an application for habeas corpus outstanding, the case is sub judice, and it would not be appropriate for me to comment on the substance of the case.

If the case clears all the judicial stages, it will return to the Home Office for a decision on surrender. At that stage the case will be considered in the round, taking all relevant factors into account.

Voters' Rights

Lord Laird asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they consider it a basic human right for a voter to have the ability to join the political party of his or her choice.[HL4043]

Lord Bassam of Brighton: It would be for the domestic courts, and ultimately the Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, to decide in the circumstances of a particular case, and in the light of the European Convention on Human Rights, whether the Convention rights of a voter prevented from joining the political party of his or her choice had been violated.

Strikes and Demonstrations: Use of Armed Forces

Lord Mason of Barnsley asked Her Majesty's Government:

    On how many occasions since 1945 they have called upon the armed forces to assist in maintaining law and order and to protect essential services during national strikes and national demonstrations, giving the dates, the reasons for the call out during each stoppage, the duration of each stoppage and the estimated cost of each operation.[HL3992]

Lord Bassam of Brighton: The armed forces have not been called upon since 1945 to assist in maintaining law and order during national strikes and national demonstrations. They have, however, been called upon on a number of occasions to ensure that emergency services are maintained at essential levels

16 Oct 2000 : Column WA72

during industrial disputes. The last occasion when this happened was in 1998 during industrial action by the Essex Fire Brigade.

The further information requested is not readily available and could only be obtained at disproportionate cost.

Traffic Wardens' Functions

Lord Bradshaw asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether consideration is being given to the use of traffic wardens to enforce moving traffic offences; and when they expect to announce fresh proposals. [HL4072]

Lord Bassam of Brighton: The Government have no plans to extend the functions of traffic wardens to involve the enforcement of moving traffic offences.

AIDS and the Use of Condoms

Lord Shore of Stepney asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What research has been done, in the United Kingdom and the United States, into the efficacy of condoms in preventing the spread of the AIDS virus; and what have been the main findings. [HL4142]

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Lord Hunt of Kings Heath): Individual research studies 1 and meta-analysis 2 of similar studies have been carried out in both the United Kingdom and the United States. These indicate that, when used appropriately, CE/Kite-marked condoms significantly reduce the risk of transmission of HIV (the virus that causes AIDS).


    1 N Engl J Med 1994; 331: 341-6


    2 Soc.Sci.Med 1993; 36: 1635-1644

Smoking and Food Preparation and Consumption

Lord Laird asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What proposals they have to encourage the catering trade to prohibit smoking in areas where food is prepared and consumed. [HL3942]

Lord Hunt of Kings Heath: Current food hygiene legislation prohibits smoking in food preparation areas in all commercial food businesses, including caterers.

This long-standing legal restriction reflects the risk to food safety from the transfer of harmful bacteria from a handler's mouth or nose onto the food he or she is preparing. This requirement, and the reasons for it,

16 Oct 2000 : Column WA73

is reinforced through instruction and/or training which food handlers are required to undertake to ensure that they handle food safely.

The issue of whether or not smoking should be banned in areas where food is consumed is a matter for individual business managers and proprietors. In recent years there has been a strong move towards the provision of no smoking areas and smoking bans in many food businesses to reflect changes in customer attitudes towards passive smoking and personal preferences.

Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease

Lord Lucas asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they will list the date of onset, the age of onset, and (where applicable) the age at death of all those who have been diagnosed as having vCJD, or having died of vCJD, or are suspected of having vCJD, and who are included in the latest statistical release on vCJD. [HL4037]

Lord Hunt of Kings Heath: A table showing date of onset, age of onset and (where applicable) the age at death of all patients diagnosed as having confirmed or probable variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD) known to the National CJD Surveillance Unit is set out as follows. This reflects the position as at 5 October 2000.

Date of onsetAge at onsetAge at death (where applicable)
Jun-941819
Mar-941619
Jan-952930
Aug-942830
Mar-952829
Dec-942829
Feb-942829
Jul-943941
Aug-953031
Jan-951920
Jan-944850
Jan-952830
Jul-953435
Dec-951819
Jan-963234
Dec-952425
Oct-953436
Jan-962223
Mar-961819
Nov-962627
May-962124
Mar-962123
Mar-962224
Dec-942628
Oct-963536
Dec-961820
Dec-961417
Sep-953133
Feb-975253
Jul-971718
Oct-973335
May-964345
Nov-971920
Jul-972425
Jul-973536
Nov-972526
May-982020
Nov-973839
Dec-971517
Mar-982021
Dec-972425
Feb-982426
Jan-982223
May-983939
Aug-972829
Mar-971821
Dec-972324
Feb-985051
Oct-972728
Jul-982425
Jun-981517
Apr-984141
Jun-982425
Jul-9812Alive
Sep-981617
May-983233
Jan-992929
Jan-995354
Jun-994243
Apr-991415
Feb-993334
Apr-992627
Sep-981517
Mar-991820
Oct-982830
May-993233
Apr-992122
Jun-993637
May-992525
Jul-982224
May-993031
Apr-991819
Dec-9926Alive
Nov-992324
Jul-995051
Jul-9915Alive
Nov-9929Alive
Aug-993737
Jan-002425
Oct-993131
Oct-992728
Aug-9920Alive
Dec-992728
Jan-0020Alive


Next Section Back to Table of Contents Lords Hansard Home Page