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Baroness Amos: If the 1998 reporting (1,331 teacher deaths) is fairly accurate, and given the overall HIV infection trends in the adult population, Zambia will lose to AIDS annually about 2.8 per cent of its teaching force between 2000 and 2010.
To this should be added morbidity, based on approximate loss of 6 months of labour prior to full-blown AIDS, and 12 months' loss prior to death, giving a figure of 4.2 per cent loss of available teacher labour to 2010--i.e. 1,996 teacher equivalents per annum.
This has to be compared to national output of trained primary teachers of 2,226 per annum at present. The estimates in 1 and 2 are likely to be under-estimates, therefore the supply-demand is almost balanced at present.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Baroness Scotland of Asthal): Her Majesty's Government has recently approved the export of demining equipment for operations in Armenia. These will be used by the HALO Trust during humanitarian landmine clearance operations. This licence was granted for humanitarian purposes. It also reflects the determination of the Government to eliminate the scourge of landmines.
The UK remains committed to the OSCE arms embargo against both Azerbaijan and Armenia, which the UK interprets as covering all goods and technology in Part III of Schedule 1 to the Export of Goods (Control) Order 1994 (commonly known as the military list).
Baroness Scotland of Asthal: Enlargement will finally end the Cold War division of Europe. Countries which were divided for decades by political and economic barriers will participate once again as full and independent members of the European family of states. There are already 13 candidates for membership of the EU. The Amsterdam Treaty makes clear that any European state which conforms to the EU's political, economic and administrative criteria can join the Union. But no formal definition of a European state has been discussed with EU partners.
Baroness Scotland of Asthal: We continue to discuss with the US many aspects of their possible National Missile Defence system. But we have made no formal assessment of the technical feasibility or cost to the United States of such a system. The US has made clear that these are two of the factors that the President will consider in deciding whether to proceed with the deployment of any such system.
Baroness Scotland of Asthal: These potential threats to the United Kingdom are kept under constant review. The UK is an active participant in the international discussions on reducing the threats posed by both of these issues.
Baroness Scotland of Asthal: NATO defence and security policies take full account of the importance of arms control and disarmament. Arms control issues are currently being considered as part of the process initiated at the 1999 Washington Summit. A report on this work is due to be presented to NATO Ministers at their meetings in December.
Baroness Scotland of Asthal The European Commission have requested that urgency procedures be used throughout the EU legislative process in order to allow clearance work to begin before the end of summer 2000. The target date for the opening of a fully navigable channel at Novi Sad is spring 2001.
Lord McIntosh of Haringey: The Arts Council of England's paper The Next Stage, published on 18 May with the Boyden Report, specifically addresses the wider theatre ecology beyond the English regional producing theatres, to include receiving houses, medium and small touring companies as well as the national companies. ACE will now build on this in the next phase of its review, currently under way.
Lord McIntosh of Haringey: The Arts Council of England, as the national funding body for the arts in England, in consultation with the regional arts boards and the wider theatre community, is developing its national policy on theatre in England.
Lord McIntosh of Haringey: The Government have no such plans. Local authorities are being strongly encouraged to develop local cultural strategies but we do not anticipate that there will be mandatory elements in relation to theatres.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Social Security (Baroness Hollis of Heigham): The Households Below Average Income (HBAI) provides estimates of the number of individuals with household income below fractions of the Great Britain average. The fractions range from 40 to 100 per cent. Estimates are drawn from the Family Resources Survey. Income data at the very bottom of the income distribution are not regarded as sufficiently reliable to support estimates of the numbers below 5, 10 and 20 per cent of average income.
The number of individuals who lived in households with income below 40 per cent of the Great Britain average stood at 5 million in 1997-98, before the deduction of housing costs. The new edition of HBAI will be published on 13 July 2000 and will contain figures covering 1998-99.
Baroness Hollis of Heigham: As introduced into the House of Lords on 5 April 2000, Part III of the Child Support, Pensions and Social Bill provided, in Scotland, for the court to notify the Secretary of State (in practice the Benefits Agency) of the commencement of breach proceedings. Proceedings are commenced when the court issues a warrant to arrest the offender or requires him to appear before it.
The ultimate decision to return an offender to court for breach proceedings in Scotland is taken by the Sheriff or District Court (on which JPs sit). The court makes its decision on the basis of information about that breach, which is brought to the court's attention by a social worker or probation officer in whose area the offender resides.
The court concerned may be either the Sheriff or a District Court. However in practice the majority of community disposals made and any subsequent breach proceedings conducted occur in the Sheriff Courts.
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