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Macau: Strategic Export Control

Lord Hughes of Woodside asked Her Majesty's Government:

Baroness Scotland of Asthal: Following the return of Macau to Chinese sovereignty, we have reviewed our policy on the control of strategic exports to the Macau Special Administrative Region (MSAR).

We shall consider applications for licensing strategic exports to the MSAR on a case by case basis. We will not, however, issue licences for strategic exports to the MSAR for goods which we do not license for export to mainland China. Our policy on strategic exports to mainland China is as set out by my late right honourable friend Derek Fatchett on 3 June 1998, Official Report, cols. 246-7.

The Department of Trade and Industry will be removing Macau as a destination for Open General Licences which allow the export of Military List goods. Transhipment of goods on the Military List to the MSAR via the United Kingdom without a licence will also be prohibited. Schedule 3 to the Export of Goods (Control) Order (1994) will be amended accordingly.

Her Majesty's Government's policy on strategic exports to Hong Kong remains as announced by my late right honourable friend on 14 January 1998, Official Report, cols. 220-1.

Vaccines and Injectable Medicines: Bovine Material

Lord Lucas asked Her Majesty's Government:

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Lord Hunt of Kings Heath): No vaccines or other injectable medicines in use in the United Kingdom contain bovine serum derivatives as ingredients in the finished products.

Some vaccines use bovine material such as foetal calf serum and bovine albumin as nutrients to promote the growth of microbial organisms in culture media. Some injectable medicines use bovine serum derivatives in the manufacturing process. Subsequent purification is designed to remove all materials from such vaccines and injectable medicines that are associated with the manufacture but not required in the finished product. Manufacturers are required to provide validation of these processes to the Medicines Control Agency (MCA).

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In 1989, the Southwood Committee considered the potential for the transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy between cattle and other species, including man, through the use of medicinal products and concluded that the risk was remote. The Committee on Safety of Medicines (CSM) accepted this advice but as a precautionary measure issued guidelines to the pharmaceutical industry in March 1989 that gave advice on sourcing of bovine material used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. After these guidelines were issued, all pharmaceutical companies were obliged to source bovine material from outside the UK.

Vaccines that use bovine material in the manufacturing process manufactured since March 1989 have used bovine material from non-UK sources. The MCA has established that the latest date that vaccines manufactured before the guidelines came into force could have been used was November 1993.

The guidelines on sourcing and processing issued by the Committee on Safety of Medicines also applied to injectable medicines. All manufacturers of injectable medicines which used bovine material in manufacture changed to non-UK sourced materials after the guidelines were issued in March 1989. The MCA does not hold precise dates on which manufacturers of injectable medicines which may have used UK bovine material switched to sourcing such material from outside the UK. However, the MCA's records show that all manufacturers had changed their sourcing practices away from the UK in July 1992.

Gulf War Veterans: Questionnaires to GPs

The Countess of Mar asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Upon what legal authority the Ministry of Defence issues health questionnaires to the general practitioners of former members of HM Armed Forces, former Army Reservists and former members of the Territorial Army who served in Operation Granby without the consent of the individual concerned; how many questionnaires have been distributed, and over what period; what is the response rate; what fees are paid to GPs who complete and return the questionnaires; and for what purpose and by whom they are used.[HL2199]

The Minister of State, Ministry of Defence (Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean): The Ministry of Defence does not issue such questionnaires. There are contacts with general practitioners when they refer individual Gulf veterans to our Medical Assessment Programme, but not of the kind suggested.

If the noble Countess could send me the relevant document I would be pleased to consider the matter further.

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Grammar School Ballots and Petitions: Expenditure

Baroness Blatch asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Further to the Written Answer by Lord Falconer of Thoroton on 18 April (WA 97-98), whether they will provide a breakdown of the £14,600 and £185,755 expenditure on grammar school ballots and petitions.[HL2255]

The Minister of State, Department for Education and Employment (Baroness Blackstone): Payment to Electoral Reform Services is in respect of a range of activities including: advising petition organisers of procedural issues; calculating petition thresholds (including grant payments to schools who provide requested information); validating petitions; printing and mailing ballot papers; and counting votes cast in ballots.

Tourism Forum Meeting, 18 April

Baroness Anelay of St Johns asked Her Majesty's Government:

    Whether they will publish a report of the discussions held at the Tourism Forum on 18 April. [HL2195]

Lord McIntosh of Haringey: There will be no written report. The forum is managed by the English Tourism Council. Its role is to contribute, both at meetings and subsequently, to the development of the council's policy on key issues affecting the industry.

National Debt

Lord Ahmed asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What are the current figures and what have the figures been over the last 30 years for:


    (a) the National Debt; and


    (b) the annual interest payments on the National Debt. [HL2221]

Lord McIntosh of Haringey: The information requested falls within the responsibility of the Director of the Office for National Statistics, who has been asked to reply. Letter to Lord Ahmed from the Economics Statistics Director of the Office for National Statistics, Mr John Kidgell, dated 4 May 2000.

The Director of the Office for National Statistics (ONS) has been asked to reply to your recent question on National Debt. I am replying in the Director's absence.

For current figures on the National Debt, I refer you to table 14.2 of Part 1 of the 1999 edition of the Bank of England's Statistical Abstract for the annual figures for 1975 to 1999 and to table 13.2 of Part 1 of the 1998 edition of the Bank of England's Statistical Abstract for the annual figures for 1970 to 1975. These

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publications are available in the House of Lords Library.

The figures for annual interest payments on the National Debt are not calculated or published.

Mortgage Lending

Lord Ahmed asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What are the current figures and what have the figures been over the last 30 years for total mortgages outstanding to lending institutions. [HL2223]

Lord McIntosh of Haringey: The information requested falls within the responsibility of the Director of the Office for National Statistics, who has been asked to reply. Letter to Lord Ahmed from the Economics Statistics Director of the Office for National Statistics, Mr John Kidgell, dated 4 May 2000.

The Director of the Office for National Statistics (ONS) has been asked to reply to your recent question on outstanding mortgages. I am replying in the Director's absence.

Total mortgage lending by United Kingdom institutions at the end of each quarter is published by the Office for National Statistics in Economic Trends (currently in table 6.6) and Financial Statistics (currently in table 3.2C). The series identifier is AMWT.

The entire run of the series, which extends back to 1962, may be viewed on the ONS central statistical database, to which the house of Lords Library has access.

Money Supply

Lord Ahmed asked Her Majesty's Government:

    What are the current figures and what have the figures been over the last 30 years for:


    (a) M4 (total money supply); and


    (b) M0 (cash or coin).[HL2222]

Lord McIntosh of Haringey: This information is published in Tables 3.1C and 3.1D of the ONS publication Financial Statistics. The requested data are attached.

Current figures (seasonally adjusted)

Notes & Coins in circulation outside Bank of England (BOE): level £mM0 wide monetary base (end period): level £mMoney stock M4 (end period): level £m
March 200030,31830,469825,392
April 200030,41830,647not yet available


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Figures over the last 30 years (seasonally adjusted)

Notes & coins in circulation outside Bank of England (BOE): level £mM0 wide monetary base (end period): level £mMoney stock M4 (end period): level £m
19703,7964,09726,643
19714,0954,28930,976
19724,3614,84538,156
19734,8655,33946,544
19745,4316,15751,671
19756,2246,87257,943
19766,9977,64864,538
19777,7608,65174,074
19788,9179,83685,090
197910,07111,01397,339
198010,88511,649114,149
198111,47511,925137,837
198211,84112,302154,865
198312,57113,038175,385
198413,24713,746199,158
198513,89314,266225,144
198614,44615,023258,186
198715,12315,666304,708
198816,17716,867357,755
198917,12517,825425,731
199018,04918,300476,692
199118,48518,857503,822
199218,91619,393517,709
199319,85120,561543,253
199421,12121,954566,080
199522,36623,177622,016
199623,91024,734681,914
199725,39126,334719,991
199826,87927,702779,507
199928,81230,959806,571

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