Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Bill - continued        House of Lords

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  PART V
  CONTROL OF CAMPAIGN EXPENDITURE
 
Preliminary
Campaign expenditure.     72. - (1) The following provisions have effect for the purposes of this Part.
 
      (2) "Campaign expenditure", in relation to a registered party, means (subject to subsection (7)) expenses incurred by or on behalf of the party which are expenses falling within Part I of Schedule 8 and so incurred for election purposes.
 
      (3) "Election campaign", in relation to a registered party, means a campaign conducted by the party for election purposes.
 
      (4) "For election purposes", in relation to a registered party, means for the purpose of or in connection with-
 
 
    (a) promoting or procuring electoral success for the party at any relevant election, that is to say, the return at any such election of candidates-
 
      (i) standing in the name of the party, or
 
      (ii) included in a list of candidates submitted by the party in connection with the election; or
 
    (b) otherwise enhancing the standing-
 
      (i) of the party, or
 
      (ii) of any such candidates,
 
    with the electorate in connection with future relevant elections (whether imminent or otherwise).
      (5) For the purposes of subsection (4)-
 
 
    (a) the reference to doing any of the things mentioned in paragraph (a) or (as the case may be) paragraph (b) of that subsection includes doing so by prejudicing the electoral prospects at the election of other parties or candidates or (as the case may be) by prejudicing the standing with the electorate of other parties or candidates;
 
    (b) a course of conduct may constitute the doing of one of those things even though it does not involve any express mention being made of the name of any party or candidate; and
 
    (c) it is immaterial that any candidates standing in the name of the party also stand in the name of one or more other registered parties.
      (6) "Relevant election" has the same meaning as in Part II.
 
      (7) "Campaign expenditure" does not include anything which (in accordance with any enactment) falls to be included in a return as to election expenses in respect of a candidate or candidates at a particular election.
 
      (8) Where a registered party is a party with accounting units-
 
 
    (a) expenses incurred or to be incurred by or on behalf of any accounting unit of the party shall be regarded as expenses incurred or to be incurred by or on behalf of the party, and
 
    (b) references to campaign expenditure incurred or to be incurred by or on behalf of a registered party accordingly extend, in relation to the party, to expenses which constitute such expenditure by virtue of paragraph (a).
      (9) In this section "candidates" includes future candidates, whether identifiable or not.
 
      (10) Nothing in this Part applies in relation to expenses incurred or to be incurred by or on behalf of a minor party.
 
Notional campaign expenditure.     73. - (1) This section applies where, in the case of a registered party-
 
 
    (a) either-
 
      (i) property is transferred to the party free of charge or at a discount of more than 10 per cent. of its market value, or
 
      (ii) property, services or facilities is or are provided for the use or benefit of the party free of charge or at a discount of more than 10 per cent. of the commercial rate for the use of the property or for the provision of the services or facilities, and
 
    (b) the property, services or facilities is or are made use of by or on behalf of the party in circumstances such that, if any expenses were to be (or are) actually incurred by or on behalf of the party in respect of that use, they would be (or are) campaign expenditure incurred by or on behalf of the party.
      (2) Where this section applies, an amount of campaign expenditure determined in accordance with this section ("the appropriate amount") shall be treated, for the purposes of this Part, as incurred by the party during the period for which the property, services or facilities is or are made use of as mentioned in subsection (1)(b).
 
  This subsection has effect subject to subsection (9).
 
      (3) Where subsection (1)(a)(i) applies, the appropriate amount is such proportion of either-
 
 
    (a) the market value of the property (where the property is transferred free of charge), or
 
    (b) the difference between the market value of the property and the amount of expenses actually incurred by or on behalf of the party in respect of the property (where the property is transferred at a discount),
  as is reasonably attributable to the use made of the property as mentioned in subsection (1)(b).
 
      (4) Where subsection (1)(a)(ii) applies, the appropriate amount is such proportion of either-
 
 
    (a) the commercial rate for the use of the property or the provision of the services or facilities (where the property, services or facilities is or are provided free of charge), or
 
    (b) the difference between that commercial rate and the amount of expenses actually incurred by or on behalf of the party in respect of the use of the property or the provision of the services or facilities (where the property, services or facilities is or are provided at a discount),
  as is reasonably attributable to the use made of the property, services or facilities as mentioned in subsection (1)(b).
 
      (5) Where the services of an employee are made available by his employer for the use or benefit of a registered party, then for the purposes of this section the amount which is to be taken as constituting the commercial rate for the provision of those services shall be the amount of the remuneration or allowances payable to the employee by his employer in respect of the period for which his services are made available (but shall not include any amount in respect of contributions or other payments for which the employer is liable in respect of the employee).
 
      (6) Where an amount of campaign expenditure is treated, by virtue of subsection (2), as incurred by or on behalf of a party during any period the whole or part of which falls within any period which is, in relation to the party, a relevant campaign period for the purposes of section 80, then-
 
 
    (a) the amount mentioned in subsection (7) shall be treated as incurred by or on behalf of the party during the relevant campaign period, and
 
    (b) the treasurer or a deputy treasurer appointed under section 74 shall make a declaration of that amount,
  unless that amount is less than £200.
 
      (7) The amount referred to in subsection (6) is such proportion of the appropriate amount (determined in accordance with subsection (3) or (4)) as reasonably represents the use made of the property, services or facilities as mentioned in subsection (1)(b) during the relevant campaign period.
 
      (8) A person commits an offence if he knowingly or recklessly makes a false declaration under subsection (6).
 
      (9) No amount of campaign expenditure shall be regarded as incurred by virtue of subsection (1) in respect of-
 
 
    (a) the transmission by a broadcaster of a party political broadcast;
 
    (b) any facilities provided in accordance with any right conferred on candidates or a party at an election by any enactment; or
 
    (c) the provision by any individual of his own services which he provides voluntarily in his own time and free of charge.
      (10) In subsections (1), (3), (4) and (5) any reference to anything done by or in relation to a registered party includes a reference to anything done by or in relation to any accounting unit of the party; and section 50(6) and (8)(a) shall apply with any necessary modifications for the purpose of determining, for the purposes of subsection (1), whether property is transferred to a registered party or to any such unit.
 
Officers of registered party with responsibility for campaign expenditure.     74. - (1) The treasurer of a registered party may appoint, on such terms as he may determine, one or more deputy treasurers of the party for the purposes of this Part, but not more than 12 persons may hold such appointments at the same time.
 
      (2) The appointment of a person as deputy treasurer of a party is effective for those purposes once the treasurer has given the Commission a notification of the appointment which-
 
 
    (a) contains the name of the person so appointed and the address of his office; and
 
    (b) is accompanied by a declaration of acceptance of office signed by that person.
      (3) A person is not, however, eligible to be appointed as deputy treasurer of a registered party if, at any time within the last five years, he has been convicted of any offence under this Act or of any other offence committed in connection with a relevant election within the meaning of Part II or a referendum within the meaning of Part VII.
 
      (4) A person commits an offence if he accepts the office of deputy treasurer of a registered party when, by virtue of subsection (3), he is not eligible to be so appointed.
 
      (5) Where a deputy treasurer of a registered party is convicted of an offence falling within subsection (3), his appointment as deputy treasurer shall terminate on the date of the conviction.
 
      (6) If, where the appointment of any deputy treasurer of a registered party has been notified to the Commission under subsection (2)-
 
 
    (a) the deputy treasurer dies or his appointment terminates for any other reason, or
 
    (b) any change occurs in the address of his office,
  the treasurer of the party must notify the Commission of that fact within the appropriate period.
 
      (7) In subsection (6) "the appropriate period" means-
 
 
    (a) the period of 14 days beginning with the date of the deputy treasurer's death or the termination of his appointment, or
 
    (b) the period of 28 days beginning with the date when the change of address occurs,
  as the case may be.
 
      (8) The name of any deputy treasurer of a registered party and the address of his office, as notified to the Commission in accordance with this section, shall be included in the party's entry in the Great Britain or Northern Ireland register.
 
      (9) Where the Commission receive a notification under subsection (6), they shall cause any change required as a consequence of the notification to be made in any such entry as soon as is reasonably practicable.
 
      (10) For the purposes of this Part-
 
 
    (a) the address of the treasurer of a registered party shall be regarded as being the registered address of the party; and
 
    (b) the address of any deputy treasurer of such a party shall be regarded as being the address for the time being registered in relation to him in accordance with subsection (8).
 
General restrictions relating to campaign expenditure
Restriction on incurring campaign expenditure.     75. - (1) No campaign expenditure shall be incurred by or on behalf of a registered party unless it is incurred with the authority of-
 
 
    (a) the treasurer of the party,
 
    (b) a deputy treasurer of the party, or
 
    (c) a person authorised in writing by the treasurer or a deputy treasurer.
      (2) A person commits an offence if, without reasonable excuse, he incurs any expenses in contravention of subsection (1).
 
      (3) Where any expenses are incurred in contravention of subsection (1), the expenses shall not count for the purposes of sections 79 to 83 or Schedule 9 as campaign expenditure incurred by or on behalf of the party.
 
Restriction on payments in respect of campaign expenditure.     76. - (1) No payment (of whatever nature) may be made in respect of any campaign expenditure incurred or to be incurred by or on behalf of a registered party unless it is made by-
 
 
    (a) the treasurer of the party,
 
    (b) a deputy treasurer of the party, or
 
    (c) a person authorised in writing by the treasurer or a deputy treasurer.
      (2) Any payment made in respect of any such expenditure by a person within any of paragraphs (a) to (c) of subsection (1) must be supported by an invoice or a receipt unless it is less than £200.
 
      (3) Where a person within paragraph (b) or (c) of subsection (1) makes a payment to which subsection (2) applies, he must deliver to the treasurer-
 
 
    (a) notification that he has made the payment, and
 
    (b) the supporting invoice or receipt,
  as soon as possible after making the payment.
 
      (4) A person commits an offence if, without reasonable excuse-
 
 
    (a) he makes any payment in contravention of subsection (1), or
 
    (b) he contravenes subsection (3).
Restriction on making claims in respect of campaign expenditure.     77. - (1) A claim for payment in respect of campaign expenditure incurred by or on behalf of a registered party during any period which is, in relation to the party, a relevant campaign period (within the meaning of section 80) shall not be payable if the claim is not sent to-
 
 
    (a) the treasurer or a deputy treasurer of the party, or
 
    (b) any other person authorised under section 75 to incur the expenditure,
  not later than 21 days after the end of the relevant campaign period.
 
      (2) Any claim sent in accordance with subsection (1) shall be paid not later than 42 days after the end of the relevant campaign period.
 
      (3) A person commits an offence if, without reasonable excuse-
 
 
    (a) he pays any claim which by virtue of subsection (1) is not payable, or
 
    (b) he makes any payment in respect of a claim after the end of the period allowed under subsection (2).
      (4) In the case of any claim to which subsection (1) applies-
 
 
    (a) the person making the claim, or
 
    (b) the person with whose authority the expenditure in question was incurred,
  may apply to the High Court or a county court or, in Scotland, to the Court of Session or the sheriff for leave for the claim to be paid although sent in after the end of the period mentioned in that subsection; and the court, if satisfied that for any special reason it is appropriate to do so, may by order grant the leave.
 
      (5) Nothing in subsection (1) or (2) shall apply in relation to any sum paid in pursuance of the order of leave.
 
      (6) Subsection (2) is without prejudice to any rights of a creditor of a registered party to obtain payment before the end of the period allowed under that subsection.
 
      (7) The jurisdiction conferred by subsection (4) on the Court of Session or the sheriff may be exercised in such manner as is prescribed by Act of Sederunt; and any order made by the sheriff by virtue of that subsection may be appealed to the Court of Session.
 
      (8) Article 60 of the County Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1980 (appeals from county courts) shall apply in relation to any order of a county court in Northern Ireland made by virtue of subsection (4) as it applies in relation to any such decree of a county court as is mentioned in paragraph (1) of that Article.
 
      (9) Where, in the case of any campaign expenditure, the period allowed under subsection (1) or (2) would (apart from this subsection) end on-
 
 
    (a) a Saturday or Sunday or Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, Maundy Thursday or Good Friday,
 
    (b) a bank holiday, or
 
    (c) a day appointed for public thanksgiving or mourning,
  the period instead ends on the first day following that day which is not one of those days.
 
      (10) In subsection (9)(b) "bank holiday" means a day which under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971 is a bank holiday in any part of the United Kingdom-
 
 
    (a) in which is situated the office of the treasurer, deputy treasurer or (as the case may be) other authorised person to whom the claim is sent pursuant to subsection (1); or
 
    (b) in which the person providing the property, services or facilities to which the expenditure relates conducts his business; or
 
    (c) (if he conducts his business in more than one part of the United Kingdom) in which is situated the office from which dealings relating to the expenditure were conducted.
 
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Prepared 23 November 2000