Finance Bill - continued        House of Lords
SCHEDULE 30, DOUBLE TAXATION RELIEF - continued
Allocation of expenses etc in a computation under Case I of Schedule D - continued

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Interpretation of section 804C in relation to other insurance business.     804E. - (1) This section has effect for the interpretation of section 804C where the category of business concerned is not life assurance business or any category of life assurance business.
 
      (2) The "total income" of the category of business concerned for any period of account is the amount (if any) by which-
 
 
    (a) the sum of the amounts specified in subsection (3) below,
  exceeds
 
 
    (b) the sum of the amounts specified in subsection (4) below.
      (3) The amounts mentioned in subsection (2)(a) above are-
 
 
    (a) earned premiums, net of reinsurance;
 
    (b) investment income and gains;
 
    (c) other technical income, net of reinsurance;
 
    (d) any amount treated under section 107(2) of the Finance Act 2000 as a receipt of the company's trade.
      (4) The amounts mentioned in subsection (2)(b) above are-
 
 
    (a) acquisition costs;
 
    (b) the change in deferred acquisition costs;
 
    (c) losses on investments.
      (5) The "total relevant expenses" of the category of business concerned for any period of account is the sum of-
 
 
    (a) the claims incurred, net of reinsurance,
 
    (b) the changes in other technical provisions, net of reinsurance,
 
    (c) the change in the equalisation provision, and
 
    (d) investment management expenses,
       unless that sum is a negative amount, in which case the total relevant expenses shall be taken to be nil.
 
      (6) The amounts to be taken into account for the purposes of the paragraphs of subsections (3) to (5) above are the amounts taken into account for the purposes of corporation tax.
 
      (7) Expressions used-
 
 
    (a) in the paragraphs of subsections (3) to (5) above, and
 
    (b) in the provisions of section B of Schedule 9A to the Companies Act 1985 (form and content of accounts of insurance companies and groups) which relate to the profit and loss account format (within the meaning of paragraph 7(1) of that section),
       have the same meaning in those paragraphs as they have in those provisions."
 
      (2) In consequence of the provision made by subsection (11) of the section 804C inserted into the Taxes Act 1988 by sub-paragraph (1), in section 82 of the Finance Act 1989 (calculation of profits of insurance company in respect of its life assurance business) in subsection (1)(a) (amounts to be taken into account as an expense) omit "or foreign tax".
 
      (3) In consequence of the omission of those words by sub-paragraph (2), in sections 436(3)(a), 439B(3)(a) and 441(4)(a) of the Taxes Act 1988 (each of which provides for the omission of the words "tax or" in section 82(1)(a) of the Finance Act 1989 for certain purposes) for ""tax or"" substitute ""and any amounts of tax which are expended on behalf of"".
 
      (4) This paragraph has effect in relation to periods of account beginning on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Interpretation of sections 804A to 804E
     19. - (1) After section 804E of the Taxes Act 1988 insert-
 
 
"Interpretation of sections 804A to 804E.     804F. Expressions used in sections 804A to 804E and in Chapter I of Part XII have the same meaning in those sections as in that Chapter."
 
      (2) The section inserted by sub-paragraph (1)-
 
 
    (a) so far as relating to sections 804A and 804B, has effect in relation to accounting periods beginning on or after 1st April 2000; and
 
    (b) so far as relating to sections 804C to 804E, has effect in relation to periods of account beginning on or after 1st April 2000.
 
Time limits for claims for credit relief
     20. - (1) Amend section 806 of the Taxes Act 1988 as follows.
 
      (2) For subsection (1) substitute-
 
 
    "(1) Subject to subsection (2) below and section 804(7), any claim for an allowance under any arrangements by way of credit for foreign tax in respect of any income or chargeable gain-
 
 
    (a) shall, in the case of any income or chargeable gain which falls to be charged to income tax for a year of assessment, be made on or before-
 
      (i) the fifth anniversary of the 31st January next following that year of assessment, or
 
      (ii) if later, the 31st January next following the year of assessment in which the foreign tax is paid;
 
    (b) shall, in the case of any income or chargeable gain which falls to be charged to corporation tax for an accounting period, be made not more than-
 
      (i) six years after the end of that accounting period, or
 
      (ii) if later, one year after the end of the accounting period in which the foreign tax is paid."
      (3) This paragraph has effect in relation to claims for credit made on or after 21st March 2000.
 
 
Foreign dividends: onshore pooling and utilisation of certain unrelieved foreign tax
     21. - (1) After section 806 of the Taxes Act 1988 insert-
 
 

"Foreign dividends: onshore pooling and utilisation of eligible unrelieved foreign tax
Eligible unrelieved foreign tax on dividends: introductory.     806A. - (1) This section applies where, in any accounting period of a company resident in the United Kingdom, an amount of eligible unrelieved foreign tax arises in respect of a dividend falling within subsection (2) below paid to the company.
 
      (2) The dividends that fall within this subsection are any dividends chargeable under Case V of Schedule D, other than-
 
 
    (a) any dividend which is trading income for the purposes of section 393;
 
    (b) any dividend which, in the circumstances described in paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (8) of section 393, would by virtue of that subsection fall to be treated as trading income for the purposes of subsection (1) of that section;
 
    (c) in a case where section 801A applies, the dividend mentioned in subsection (1)(b) of that section;
 
    (d) in a case where section 803 applies, the dividend mentioned in subsection (1)(b) of that section;
 
    (e) any dividend the amount of which is, under section 811, treated as reduced.
      (3) For the purposes of this section-
 
 
    (a) the cases where an amount of eligible unrelieved foreign tax arises in respect of a dividend falling within subsection (2) above are the cases set out in subsections (4) and (5) below; and
 
    (b) the amounts of eligible unrelieved foreign tax which arise in any such case are those determined in accordance with section 806B.
      (4) Case A is where-
 
 
    (a) the amount of the credit for foreign tax which under any arrangements would, apart from section 797, be allowable against corporation tax in respect of the dividend,
 
    exceeds
 
    (b) the amount of the credit for foreign tax which under the arrangements is allowed against corporation tax in respect of the dividend.
      (5) Case B is where the amount of tax which, by virtue of any provision of any arrangements, falls to be taken into account as mentioned in section 799(1) in the case of the dividend (whether or not by virtue of section 801(2) or (3)) is less than it would be apart from the mixer cap.
 
      (6) In determining whether the circumstances are as set out in subsection (4) or (5) above, sections 806C and 806D shall be disregarded.
 
The amounts that are eligible unrelieved foreign tax.     806B. - (1) This section has effect for determining the amounts of eligible unrelieved foreign tax which arise in the cases set out in section 806A(4) and (5).
 
      (2) In Case A, the difference between-
 
 
    (a) the amount of the credit allowed as mentioned in section 806A(4)(b), and
 
    (b) the greater amount of the credit that would have been so allowed if, for the purposes of subsection (2) of section 797, the rate of corporation tax payable as mentioned in that subsection were the upper percentage,
       shall be an amount of eligible unrelieved foreign tax.
 
      (3) In Case B, where the mixer cap restricts the amount of tax to be taken into account as mentioned in section 799(1) in the case of the Case V dividend, the difference, in the case of that dividend, between-
 
 
    (a) the amount of tax to be taken into account as there mentioned, and
 
    (b) the greater amount of tax that would have been taken into account as there mentioned, had M in the formula in section 799(1A) in its application in the case of that dividend (but not any lower level dividend) been the upper percentage,
       shall be an amount of eligible unrelieved foreign tax.
 
      (4) In Case B, where the mixer cap-
 
 
    (a) restricts the amount of underlying tax that is treated as mentioned in subsection (2) or (3) of section 801 in the case of any dividend received as mentioned in that subsection, but
 
    (b) does not restrict the relevant tax in the case of any higher level dividend,
       subsection (5) below shall apply.
 
      (5) Where this subsection applies, an amount equal to the appropriate portion of the difference, in the case of the dividend mentioned in subsection (4)(a) above, between-
 
 
    (a) the amount of underlying tax treated as mentioned in section 801(2) or (3), as the case may be, and
 
    (b) the greater amount of underlying tax that would have been so treated, had M in the formula in section 799(1A) in its application in the case of that dividend (but not any higher or lower level dividend) been the upper percentage,
       shall be an amount of eligible unrelieved foreign tax.
 
      (6) For the purposes of subsection (5) above, the "appropriate portion" of the difference there mentioned in the case of any dividend is found by multiplying the amount of that difference by the product of the reducing fractions for each of the higher level dividends.
 
      (7) For the purposes of subsection (6) above, the "reducing fraction" for any dividend is the fraction-
 
 
    (a) whose numerator is the amount of the dividend; and
 
    (b) whose denominator is the amount of the relevant profits (within the meaning of section 799(1)) out of which the dividend is paid.
      (8) Any reference in this section to any tax being restricted by the mixer cap in the case of any dividend is a reference to that tax being so restricted otherwise than by virtue only of the application of the mixer cap in the case of one or more lower level dividends.
 
      (9) For the purpose of determining the amount described in subsection (2)(b), (3)(b) or (5)(b) above, sections 806C and 806D shall be disregarded.
 
      (10) In this section-
 
 
    "the Case V dividend" means the dividend mentioned in section 806A(1);
 
    "higher level dividend", in relation to another dividend, means any dividend-
 
      (a) by which that other dividend is to any extent represented; and
 
      (b) which either is the Case V dividend or is to any extent represented by the Case V dividend;
 
    "lower level dividend", in relation to another dividend, means any dividend which-
 
      (a) is received as mentioned in section 801(2) or (3); and
 
      (b) is to any extent represented by that other dividend;
 
    "the relevant tax" means-
 
      (a) in the case of the Case V dividend, the foreign tax to be taken into account as mentioned in section 799(1); and
 
      (b) in the case of any other dividend, the amount of underlying tax to be treated as mentioned in section 801(2) or (3) in the case of the dividend.
Onshore pooling.     806C. - (1) In this section "qualifying foreign dividend" means any dividend which falls within section 806A(2), other than-
 
 
    (a) an ADP dividend paid by a controlled foreign company;
 
    (b) so much of any dividend paid by any company as represents an ADP dividend paid by another company which is a controlled foreign company;
 
    (c) a dividend in respect of which an amount of eligible unrelieved foreign tax arises.
      (2) For the purposes of this section-
 
 
    (a) a "related qualifying foreign dividend" is any qualifying foreign dividend paid to a company resident in the United Kingdom by a company which, at the time of payment of the dividend, is related to that company;
 
    (b) an "unrelated qualifying foreign dividend" is any qualifying foreign dividend which is not a related qualifying foreign dividend.
      (3) For the purposes of giving credit relief under this Part to a company resident in the United Kingdom-
 
 
    (a) the related qualifying foreign dividends that arise to the company in an accounting period shall be aggregated;
 
    (b) the unrelated qualifying foreign dividends that arise to the company in an accounting period shall be aggregated;
 
    (c) the underlying tax in relation to the related qualifying foreign dividends that arise to the company in an accounting period shall be aggregated;
 
    (d) so much of the foreign tax paid in respect of the qualifying foreign dividends that arise to the company in an accounting period as is not underlying tax shall be aggregated.
      (4) Credit relief under this Part shall be given as if-
 
 
    (a) the related qualifying foreign dividends aggregated under paragraph (a) of subsection (3) above in the case of any accounting period instead together constituted a single related qualifying foreign dividend arising in that accounting period ("the single related dividend" arising in that accounting period);
 
    (b) the unrelated qualifying foreign dividends aggregated under paragraph (b) of that subsection in the case of any accounting period instead together constituted a single unrelated qualifying foreign dividend arising in that accounting period ("the single unrelated dividend" arising in that accounting period);
 
    (c) the underlying tax aggregated under paragraph (c) of that subsection for any accounting period were instead underlying tax in relation to the single related dividend arising in that accounting period (the "aggregated underlying tax" in respect of the single related dividend);
 
    (d) the tax aggregated under paragraph (d) of that subsection for any accounting period were instead foreign tax (other than underlying tax) paid in respect of, and computed by reference to,-
 
      (i) the single related dividend arising in that accounting period,
 
      (ii) the single unrelated dividend so arising, or
 
      (iii) partly the one dividend and partly the other,
 
    (that aggregated tax being referred to as the "aggregated withholding tax").
      (5) For the purposes of this section, a dividend paid by a controlled foreign company is an "ADP dividend" if it is a dividend by virtue of which (whether in whole or in part and whether taken alone or with one or more other dividends) no apportionment under section 747(3) falls to be made as regards an accounting period of the controlled foreign company in a case where such an apportionment would fall to be made apart from section 748(1)(a).
 
Utilisation of eligible unrelieved foreign tax.     806D. - (1) For the purposes of this section, where-
 
 
    (a) any eligible unrelieved foreign tax arises in an accounting period of a company, and
 
    (b) the dividend in relation to which it arises is paid by a company which, at the time of payment of the dividend, is related to that company,
       that tax is "eligible underlying tax" to the extent that it consists of or represents underlying tax.
 
      (2) To the extent that any eligible unrelieved foreign tax is not eligible underlying tax it is for the purposes of this section "eligible withholding tax".
 
      (3) For the purposes of giving credit relief under this Part to a company resident in the United Kingdom-
 
 
    (a) the amounts of eligible underlying tax that arise in an accounting period of the company shall be aggregated (that aggregate being referred to as the "relievable underlying tax" arising in that accounting period); and
 
    (b) the amounts of eligible withholding tax that arise in an accounting period of the company shall be aggregated (that aggregate being referred to as the "relievable withholding tax" arising in that accounting period).
      (4) The relievable underlying tax arising in an accounting period of the company shall be treated for the purposes of allowing credit relief under this Part as if it were-
 
 
    (a) underlying tax in relation to the single related dividend that arises in the same accounting period,
 
    (b) relievable underlying tax arising in the next accounting period (whether or not any related qualifying foreign dividend in fact arises to the company in that accounting period), or
 
    (c) underlying tax in relation to the single related dividend that arises in such one or more preceding accounting periods as result from applying the rules in section 806E,
       or partly in one of those ways and partly in each or either of the others.
 
      (5) The relievable withholding tax arising in an accounting period of the company shall be treated for the purposes of allowing credit relief under this Part as if it were-
 
 
    (a) foreign tax (other than underlying tax) paid in respect of, and computed by reference to, the single related dividend or the single unrelated dividend that arises in the same accounting period,
 
    (b) relievable withholding tax arising in the next accounting period (whether or not any qualifying foreign dividend in fact arises to the company in that accounting period), or
 
    (c) foreign tax (other than underlying tax) paid in respect of, and computed by reference to, the single related dividend or the single unrelated dividend that arises in such one or more preceding accounting periods as result from applying the rules in section 806E,
       or partly in one of those ways and partly in any one or more of the others.
 
      (6) The amount of relievable underlying tax or relievable withholding tax arising in an accounting period that is treated-
 
 
    (a) under subsection (4)(a) or (c) above as underlying tax in relation to the single related dividend arising in the same or any earlier accounting period, or
 
    (b) under subsection (5)(a) or (c) above as foreign tax paid in respect of, and computed by reference to, the single related dividend or the single unrelated dividend arising in the same or any earlier accounting period,
       must not be such as would cause an amount of eligible unrelieved foreign tax to arise in respect of that dividend.
 
Rules for carry back of relievable tax under section 806D.     806E. - (1) Where any relievable tax is to be treated as mentioned in section 806D(4)(c) or (5)(c), the rules for determining the accounting periods in question (and the amount of the relievable tax to be so treated in relation to each of them) are those set out in the following provisions of this section.
 
      (2) Rule 1 is that the accounting periods in question must be accounting periods beginning not more than three years before the accounting period in which the relievable tax arises.
 
      (3) Rule 2 is that the relievable tax must be so treated that-
 
 
    (a) credit for, or for any remaining balance of, the relievable tax is allowed against corporation tax in respect of the single dividend arising in a later one of the accounting periods beginning as mentioned in rule 1 above,
  before
 
 
    (b) credit for any of the relievable tax is allowed against corporation tax in respect of the single dividend arising in any earlier such accounting period.
      (4) Rule 3 is that the relievable tax must be so treated that, before allowing credit for any of the relievable tax against corporation tax in respect of the single dividend arising in any accounting period, credit for foreign tax is allowed-
 
 
    (a) first for the aggregated foreign tax in respect of the single dividend arising in that accounting period, so far as not consisting of relievable tax arising in another accounting period; and
 
    (b) then for relievable tax arising in any accounting period before that in which the relievable tax in question arises.
      (5) The above rules are subject to sections 806D(6) and 806F.
 
      (6) In this section-
 
 
    "aggregated foreign tax" means aggregated underlying tax or aggregated withholding tax;
 
    "relievable tax" means relievable underlying tax or relievable withholding tax;
 
    "the single dividend" means-
 
      (a) in relation to relievable underlying tax, the single related dividend; and
 
      (b) in relation to relievable withholding tax, the single related dividend or the single unrelated dividend.
Credit to be given for underlying tax before other foreign tax etc.     806F. - (1) For the purposes of this Part, credit in accordance with any arrangements shall, in the case of any dividend, be given so far as possible-
 
 
    (a) for underlying tax (where allowable) before foreign tax other than underlying tax;
 
    (b) for foreign tax other than underlying tax before amounts treated as underlying tax; and
 
    (c) for amounts treated as underlying tax (where allowable) before amounts treated as foreign tax other than underlying tax.
      (2) Accordingly, where the amount of foreign tax to be brought into account for the purposes of allowing credit relief under this Part is subject to any limitation or restriction, the limitation or restriction shall be taken to have the effect of excluding foreign tax other than underlying tax before excluding underlying tax.
 
Claims for the purposes of section 806D(4) or (5).     806G. - (1) The relievable underlying tax or relievable withholding tax arising in any accounting period shall only be treated as mentioned in subsection (4) or (5) of section 806D on a claim.
 
      (2) Any such claim must specify the amount (if any) of that tax-
 
 
    (a) which is to be treated as mentioned in paragraph (a) of the subsection in question;
 
    (b) which is to be treated as mentioned in paragraph (b) of that subsection; and
 
    (c) which is to be treated as mentioned in paragraph (c) of that subsection.
      (3) A claim under subsection (1) above may only be made before the expiration of the period of-
 
 
    (a) six years after the end of the accounting period mentioned in that subsection; or
 
    (b) if later, one year after the end of the accounting period in which the foreign tax in question is paid.
Surrender of relievable tax by one company in a group to another.     806H. - (1) The Board may by regulations make provision for, or in connection with, allowing a company which is a member of a group to surrender all or any part of the amount of the relievable tax arising to it in an accounting period to another company which is a member of that group at the time, or throughout the period, prescribed by the regulations.
 
      (2) The provision that may be made under subsection (1) above includes provision-
 
 
    (a) prescribing the conditions which must be satisfied if a surrender is to be made;
 
    (b) determining the amount of relievable tax which may be surrendered in any accounting period;
 
    (c) prescribing the conditions which must be satisfied if a claim to surrender is to be made;
 
    (d) prescribing the consequences for tax purposes of a surrender having been made;
 
    (e) allowing a claim to be withdrawn and prescribing the effect of such a withdrawal.
      (3) Regulations under subsection (1) above-
 
 
    (a) may make different provision for different cases; and
 
    (b) may contain such supplementary, incidental, consequential or transitional provision as the Board may think fit.
      (4) For the purposes of subsection (1) above a company is a member of a group if the conditions prescribed for that purpose in the regulations are satisfied.
 
Interpretation of foreign dividend provisions of this Chapter.     806J. - (1) This section has effect for the interpretation of the foreign dividend provisions of this Chapter.
 
      (2) In this section, "the foreign dividend provisions of this Chapter" means sections 806A to 806H and this section.
 
      (3) For the purposes of the foreign dividend provisions of this Chapter, where-
 
 
    (a) one company pays a dividend ("dividend A") to another company, and
 
    (b) that other company, or a company which is related to it, pays a dividend ("dividend B") to another company,
       dividend B represents dividend A, and dividend A is represented by dividend B, to the extent that dividend B is paid out of profits which are derived, directly or indirectly, from the whole or part of dividend A.
 
      (4) Where-
 
 
    (a) one company is related to another, and
 
    (b) that other is related to a third company,
       the first company shall be taken for the purposes of paragraph (b) of subsection (3) above to be related to the third, and so on where there is a chain of companies, each of which is related to the next.
 
      (5) In any case where-
 
 
    (a) a company resident outside the United Kingdom pays a dividend to a company resident in the United Kingdom, and
 
    (b) the circumstances are such that subsection (6)(b) of section 790 has effect in relation to that dividend,
       the foreign dividend provisions of this Chapter shall have effect as if the company resident outside the United Kingdom were related to the company resident in the United Kingdom (and subsection (10) of that section shall have effect accordingly).
 
      (6) Subsection (5) of section 801 (related companies) shall apply for the purposes of the foreign dividend provisions of this Chapter as it applies for the purposes of that section.
 
      (7) In the foreign dividend provisions of this Chapter-
 
 
    "aggregated underlying tax" shall be construed in accordance with section 806C(4)(c);
 
    "aggregated withholding tax" shall be construed in accordance with section 806C(4)(d);
 
    "controlled foreign company" has the same meaning as in Chapter IV of Part XVII;
 
    "eligible unrelieved foreign tax" shall be construed in accordance with sections 806A and 806B;
 
    "the mixer cap" means section 799(1)(b);
 
    "qualifying foreign dividend" has the meaning given by section 806C(1);
 
    "related qualifying foreign dividend" has the meaning given by section 806C(2)(a);
 
    "relievable tax" has the meaning given by section 806E(6);
 
    "relievable underlying tax" shall be construed in accordance with 806D(3)(a);
 
    "relievable withholding tax" shall be construed in accordance with 806D(3)(b);
 
    "single related dividend" shall be construed in accordance with section 806C(4)(a);
 
    "single unrelated dividend" shall be construed in accordance with section 806C(4)(b);
 
    "the upper percentage" is 45 per cent."
      (2) The amendments made by sub-paragraph (1) have effect in relation to-
 
 
    (a) dividends arising on or after 31st March 2001, and
 
    (b) foreign tax in respect of such dividends,
       (and accordingly the single related dividend or the single unrelated dividend which falls to be treated under those amendments as arising in any accounting period of a company shall not include any dividend arising on or before 30th March 2001).
 
 
Application of foreign dividend provisions to branches or agencies in the UK of persons resident elsewhere
     22. - (1) After section 806J of the Taxes Act 1988 insert-
 
 

"Application of foreign dividend provisions to branches or agencies in the UK of persons resident elsewhere
Application of foreign dividend provisions to branches or agencies in the UK of persons resident elsewhere.     806K. - (1) Sections 806A to 806J shall apply in relation to an amount of eligible unrelieved foreign tax arising in a chargeable period in respect of any of the income of a branch or agency in the United Kingdom of a person resident outside the United Kingdom as they apply in relation to eligible unrelieved foreign tax arising in an accounting period of a company resident in the United Kingdom in respect of any of the company's income, but with the modifications specified in subsection (2) below.
 
      (2) Those modifications are-
 
 
    (a) take any reference to an accounting period as a reference to a chargeable period;
 
    (b) take any reference to corporation tax as including a reference to income tax;
 
    (c) take the reference in section 806A(4)(a) to section 797 as a reference to sections 796 and 797;
 
    (d) in relation to income tax, for subsection (2) of section 806B substitute the subsection (2) set out in subsection (3) below.
      (3) That subsection is-
 
    "(2) In Case A, the difference between-
 
 
    (a) the amount of the credit allowed as mentioned in section 806A(4)(b), and
 
    (b) the greater amount of credit that would have been so allowed if, for the purposes of section 796, the amount of income tax borne on the dividend as computed under that section were charged at a rate equal to the upper percentage,
       shall be an amount of eligible unrelieved foreign tax."."
 
      (2) The amendment made by sub-paragraph (1) has effect in relation to-
 
 
    (a) dividends arising on or after 31st March 2001, and
 
    (b) foreign tax in respect of such dividends,
       (and accordingly the single related dividend or single unrelated dividend which by virtue of that amendment falls to be treated as arising in any chargeable period shall not include any dividend arising on or before 30th March 2001).
 
 
Unrelieved foreign tax: profits of overseas branch or agency
     23. - (1) After section 806K of the Taxes Act 1988 insert-
 
 

"Unrelieved foreign tax: profits of overseas branch or agency
Carry forward or carry back of unrelieved foreign tax.     806L. - (1) This section applies where, in any accounting period of a company resident in the United Kingdom, an amount of unrelieved foreign tax arises in respect of any of the company's qualifying income from an overseas branch or agency of the company.
 
      (2) The amount of the unrelieved foreign tax so arising shall be treated for the purposes of allowing credit relief under this Part as if it were foreign tax paid in respect of, and computed by reference to, the company's qualifying income from the same overseas branch or agency-
 
 
    (a) in the next accounting period (whether or not the company in fact has any such income from that source in that accounting period), or
 
    (b) in such one or more preceding accounting periods, beginning not more than three years before the accounting period in which the unrelieved foreign tax arises, as result from applying the rules in subsection (3) below,
       or partly in the one way and partly in the other.
 
      (3) Where any unrelieved foreign tax is to be treated as mentioned in paragraph (b) of subsection (2) above, the rules for determining the accounting periods in question (and the amount of the unrelieved foreign tax to be so treated in relation to each of them) are that the unrelieved foreign tax must be so treated under that paragraph-
 
     1. that-
 
 
    (a) credit for, or for any remaining balance of, the unrelieved foreign tax is allowed against corporation tax in respect of income of a later one of the accounting periods beginning as mentioned in that paragraph,
  before
 
 
    (b) credit for any of the unrelieved foreign tax is allowed against corporation tax in respect of income of any earlier such period;
     2. that, before allowing credit for any of the unrelieved foreign tax against corporation tax in respect of income of any accounting period, credit for foreign tax is allowed-
 
 
    (a) first for foreign tax in respect of the income of that accounting period, other than unrelieved foreign tax arising in another accounting period; and
 
    (b) then for unrelieved foreign tax arising in any accounting period before that in which the unrelieved foreign tax in question arises.
      (4) For the purposes of this section, the cases where an amount of unrelieved foreign tax arises in respect of any of a company's qualifying income from an overseas branch or agency in an accounting period are those cases where-
 
 
    (a) the amount of the credit for foreign tax which under any arrangements would, apart from section 797, be allowable against corporation tax in respect of that income,
 
    exceeds
 
    (b) the amount of the credit for foreign tax which under the arrangements is allowed against corporation tax in respect of that income;
       and in any such case that excess is the amount of the unrelieved foreign tax in respect of that income.
 
      (5) For the purposes of this section, a company's qualifying income from an overseas branch or agency is the profits of the overseas branch or agency which are-
 
 
    (a) chargeable under Case I of Schedule D; or
 
    (b) included in the profits of life reinsurance business or overseas life assurance business chargeable under Case VI of Schedule D by virtue of section 439B or 441.
      (6) Where (whether by virtue of this subsection or otherwise) an amount of unrelieved foreign tax arising in an accounting period falls to be treated under subsection (2) above for the purposes of allowing credit relief under this Part as foreign tax paid in respect of, and computed by reference to, qualifying income of an earlier accounting period, it shall not be so treated for the purpose of any further application of this section.
 
      (7) In this section "overseas branch or agency", in relation to a company, means a branch or agency through which the company carries on a trade in a territory outside the United Kingdom.
 
Provisions supplemental to section 806L.     806M. - (1) This section has effect for the purposes of section 806L and shall be construed as one with that section.
 
      (2) If, in any accounting period, a company ceases to have a particular overseas branch or agency, the amount of any unrelieved foreign tax which arises in that accounting period in respect of the company's income from that overseas branch or agency shall, to the extent that it is not treated as mentioned in section 806L(2)(b), be reduced to nil (so that no amount arises which falls to be treated as mentioned in section 806L(2)(a)).
 
      (3) If a company-
 
 
    (a) at any time ceases to have a particular overseas branch or agency in a particular territory ("the old branch or agency"), but
 
    (b) subsequently again has an overseas branch or agency in that territory ("the new branch or agency"),
       the old branch or agency and the new branch or agency shall be regarded as different overseas branches or agencies.
 
      (4) If, under the law of a territory outside the United Kingdom, tax is charged in the case of a company resident in the United Kingdom in respect of the profits of two or more of its overseas branches or agencies in that territory, taken together, then, for the purposes of-
 
 
    (a) section 806L, and
 
    (b) subsection (3) above,
       those overseas branches or agencies shall be treated as if they together constituted a single overseas branch or agency of the company.
 
      (5) Unrelieved foreign tax arising in respect of qualifying income from a particular overseas branch or agency in any accounting period shall only be treated as mentioned in subsection (2) of section 806L on a claim.
 
      (6) Any such claim must specify the amount (if any) of the unrelieved foreign tax-
 
 
    (a) which is to be treated as mentioned in paragraph (a) of that subsection; and
 
    (b) which is to be treated as mentioned in paragraph (b) of that subsection.
      (7) A claim under subsection (5) above may only be made before the expiration of the period of-
 
 
    (a) six years after the end of the accounting period mentioned in that subsection, or
 
    (b) if later, one year after the end of the accounting period in which the foreign tax in question is paid."
      (2) The amendment made by sub-paragraph (1) has effect in relation to unrelieved foreign tax arising in any accounting period ending on or after 1st April 2000.
 
      (3) No such tax shall be treated by virtue of that amendment as foreign tax in respect of income arising in any accounting period ended on or before 31st March 2000.
 
 
Foreign tax on amounts underlying non-trading credits
     24. - (1) Amend section 807A of the Taxes Act 1988 (disposals and acquisitions of company loan relationships) as follows.
 
      (2) In subsection (2) (tax which is to be treated as if it were to be disregarded for certain purposes) in paragraph (b), after "is attributable, on a just and reasonable apportionment," insert "(i)" and at the end insert "; or
 
 
      (ii) to so much of a relevant qualifying payment as, on such an apportionment, is attributable to a time when the company is not a party to the interest rate or currency contract concerned".
      (3) In subsection (7), insert the following definition at the appropriate place-
 
 
    ""relevant qualifying payment" means a qualifying payment, for the purposes of Chapter II of Part IV of the Finance Act 1994, falling within section 153(1)(a) or (b) of that Act;".
      (4) This paragraph has effect in relation to accounting periods ending on or after 21st March 2000.
 
 
Royalties: special relationship
     25. - (1) After section 808A of the Taxes Act 1988 insert-
 
 
"Royalties: special relationship.     808B. - (1) Subsection (2) below applies where any arrangements having effect by virtue of section 788-
 
    (a) make provision, whether for relief or otherwise, in relation to royalties (as defined in the arrangements), and
 
    (b) make provision (the special relationship provision) that where owing to a special relationship the amount of the royalties paid exceeds the amount which would have been paid in the absence of the relationship, the provision mentioned in paragraph (a) above shall apply only to the last-mentioned amount.
      (2) The special relationship provision shall be construed as requiring account to be taken of all factors, including-
 
 
    (a) the question whether the agreement under which the royalties are paid would have been made at all in the absence of the relationship,
 
    (b) the rate or amounts of royalties and other terms which would have been agreed in the absence of the relationship, and
 
    (c) where subsection (3) below applies, the factors specified in subsection (4) below.
      (3) This subsection applies if the asset in respect of which the royalties are paid, or any asset which that asset represents or from which it is derived, has previously been in the beneficial ownership of-
 
 
    (a) the person who is liable to pay the royalties,
 
    (b) a person who is, or has at any time been, an associate of the person who is liable to pay the royalties,
 
    (c) a person who has at any time carried on a business which, at the time when the liability to pay the royalties arises, is being carried on in whole or in part by the person liable to pay those royalties, or
 
    (d) a person who is, or has at any time been, an associate of a person who has at any time carried on such a business as is mentioned in paragraph (c) above.
      (4) The factors mentioned in subsection (2)(c) above are-
 
 
    (a) the amounts which were paid under the transaction, or under each of the transactions in the series of transactions, as a result of which the asset has come to be an asset of the beneficial owner for the time being,
 
    (b) the amounts which would have been so paid in the absence of a special relationship, and
 
    (c) the question whether the transaction or series of transactions would have taken place in the absence of such a relationship.
      (5) The special relationship provision shall be construed as requiring the taxpayer to show-
 
 
    (a) the absence of any special relationship, or
 
    (b) the rate or amount of royalties that would have been payable in the absence of the relationship,
       as the case may be.
 
      (6) The requirement on the taxpayer to show in accordance with subsection (5)(a) above the absence of any special relationship includes a requirement-
 
 
    (a) to show that no person of any of the descriptions in paragraphs (a) to (d) of subsection (3) above has previously been the beneficial owner of the asset in respect of which the royalties are paid, or of any asset which that asset represents or from which it is derived, or
 
    (b) to show the matters specified in subsection (7) below,
       as the case may be.
 
      (7) Those matters are-
 
 
    (a) that the transaction or series of transactions mentioned in subsection (4)(a) above would have taken place in the absence of a special relationship, and
 
    (b) the amounts which would have been paid under the transaction, or under each of the transactions in the series of transactions, in the absence of such a relationship.
      (8) Subsection (2) above does not apply where the special relationship provision expressly requires regard to be had to the use, right or information for which royalties are paid in determining the excess royalties (and accordingly expressly limits the factors to be taken into account).
 
      (9) For the purposes of this section one person ("person A") is an associate of another person ("person B") at a given time if-
 
 
    (a) person A was, within the meaning of Schedule 28AA, directly or indirectly participating in the management, control or capital of person B at that time, or
 
    (b) the same person was or same persons were, within the meaning of Schedule 28AA, directly or indirectly participating in the management, control or capital of person A and person B at that time."
      (2) This paragraph has effect in relation to royalties (as defined in the arrangements) payable on or after the day on which this Act is passed.
 
 
Postponement of capital allowances to obtain double taxation relief
     26. - (1) Section 810 of the Taxes Act 1988 (postponement of capital allowances to obtain double taxation relief) shall cease to have effect.
 
      (2) This paragraph has effect in relation to claims made on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Time limits where reduction under s.811 rendered excessive or insufficient
     27. - (1) Amend section 811 of the Taxes Act 1988 (deduction for foreign tax where no credit allowable) as follows.
 
      (2) After subsection (3) insert-
 
 
    "(4) Where the amount by which any income is treated under subsection (1) above as reduced is rendered excessive or insufficient by reason of any adjustment of the amount of any tax payable either-
 
 
    (a) in the United Kingdom, or
 
    (b) under the law of any other territory,
       nothing in the Tax Acts limiting the time for the making of assessments or claims for relief shall apply to any assessment or claim to which the adjustment gives rise, being an assessment or claim made not later than six years from the time when all such assessments, adjustments and other determinations have been made, whether in the United Kingdom or elsewhere, as are material in determining whether any and if so what reduction under subsection (1) above falls to be treated as made.
 
      (5) Subject to subsection (7) below, where-
 
 
    (a) the amount of any income of a person is treated under subsection (1) above as reduced by any sum, and
 
    (b) the amount of that reduction is subsequently rendered excessive by reason of an adjustment of the amount of any tax payable under the law of a territory outside the United Kingdom,
       that person shall give notice in writing to an officer of the Board that an adjustment has been made that has rendered the amount of the reduction excessive.
 
      (6) A notice under subsection (5) above must be given within one year from the time of the making of the adjustment.
 
      (7) Subsections (5) and (6) above do not apply where the adjustment is one whose consequences in relation to the reduction fall to be given effect to in accordance with regulations made under-
 
 
    (a) section 182(1) of the Finance Act 1993 (regulations relating to individual members of Lloyd's); or
 
    (b) section 229 of the Finance Act 1994 (regulations relating to corporate members of Lloyd's).
      (8) A person who fails to comply with the requirements imposed on him by subsections (5) and (6) above in relation to any adjustment shall be liable to a penalty of an amount not exceeding the amount of the difference specified in subsection (9) below.
 
      (9) The difference is that between-
 
 
    (a) the amount of tax payable by the person in question for the relevant chargeable period, after giving effect to the reduction that ought to be made under subsection (1) above; and
 
    (b) the amount that would have been the tax so payable after giving effect instead to a reduction under that subsection of the amount rendered excessive as mentioned in subsection (5)(b) above.
      (10) For the purposes of subsection (9) above "the relevant chargeable period" means the chargeable period as respects which the reduction was treated as made."
 
      (3) This paragraph has effect in relation to adjustments made on or after 21st March 2000.
 
 
Mutual agreement procedure
     28. - (1) After section 815A of the Taxes Act 1988 insert-
 
 
"Mutual agreement procedure and presentation of cases under arrangements.     815AA. - (1) Where, under and for the purposes of arrangements made with the government of a territory outside the United Kingdom and having effect under section 788-
 
    (a) a case is presented to the Board, or to an authority in that territory, by a person concerning his being taxed (whether in the United Kingdom or that territory) otherwise than in accordance with the arrangements; and
 
    (b) the Board arrives at a solution to the case or makes a mutual agreement with an authority in that territory for the resolution of the case,
       subsections (2) and (3) below have effect.
 
      (2) The Board shall give effect to the solution or mutual agreement, notwithstanding anything in any enactment; and any such adjustment as is appropriate in consequence may be made (whether by way of discharge or repayment of tax, the allowance of credit against tax payable in the United Kingdom, the making of an assessment or otherwise).
 
      (3) A claim for relief under any provision of the Tax Acts may be made in pursuance of the solution or mutual agreement at any time before the expiration of the period of 12 months following the notification of the solution or mutual agreement to the person affected, notwithstanding the expiration of the time limited by any other enactment for making the claim.
 
      (4) Where arrangements having effect under section 788 include provision for a person to present a case to the Board concerning his being taxed otherwise than in accordance with the arrangements, subsections (5) and (6) below have effect.
 
      (5) The presentation of any such case under and in accordance with the arrangements-
 
 
    (a) does not constitute a claim for relief under the Tax Acts; and
 
    (b) is accordingly not subject to section 42 of the Management Act or any other enactment relating to the making of such claims.
      (6) Any such case must be presented before the expiration of-
 
 
    (a) the period of 6 years following the end of the chargeable period to which the case relates; or
 
    (b) such longer period as may be specified in the arrangements."
      (2) Subsections (1) to (3) of the section inserted by sub-paragraph (1) have effect where the solution or mutual agreement is reached or made on or after the day on which this Act is passed.
 
      (3) Subsection (6) (and subsection (4) so far as relating to subsection (6)) of that section has effect in relation to the first presentation of a case on or after the day on which this Act is passed.
 
 
Restriction of interest on repayment of tax resulting from carry back of relievable tax
     29. - (1) Amend section 826 of the Taxes Act 1988 as follows.
 
      (2) After subsection (7B) insert-
 
 
    "(7BB) Subject to subsection (7BC) below, in any case where-
 
 
    (a) within the meaning of section 806D, any relievable underlying tax or relievable withholding tax arises in an accounting period of a company ("the later period"),
 
    (b) pursuant to a claim under section 806G, the whole or any part of that tax is treated as mentioned in section 806D(4)(c) or (5)(c) in relation to the single related dividend or the single unrelated dividend arising in an earlier accounting period ("the earlier period"), and
 
    (c) a repayment falls to be made of corporation tax paid for the earlier period or of income tax in respect of a payment received by the company in that period,
       then, in determining the amount of interest (if any) payable under this section on the repayment referred to in paragraph (c) above, no account shall be taken of so much of the amount of the repayment as falls to be made as a result of the claim under section 806G, except so far as concerns interest for any time after the date on which any corporation tax for the later period became due and payable (as mentioned in subsection (7D) below).
 
      (7BC) Where, in a case falling within subsection (7A)(a) and (b) above-
 
 
    (a) as a result of the claim under section 393A(1), an amount or increased amount of eligible unrelieved foreign tax arises for the purposes of section 806A(1), and
 
    (b) pursuant to a claim under section 806G, the whole or any part of an amount of relievable underlying tax or relievable withholding tax is treated as mentioned in section 806D(4)(c) or (5)(c) in relation to the single related dividend or the single unrelated dividend arising in an accounting period before the earlier period,
       then subsection (7BB) above shall have effect in relation to the claim under section 806G as if the reference in the words after paragraph (c) to the later period within the meaning of that subsection were a reference to the period which, in relation to the claim under section 393A(1), would be the later period for the purposes of subsection (7A) above."
 
      (3) In subsection (7D) (date on which corporation tax is due and payable for the purposes of certain provisions) after "(7B)" insert ", (7BB)".
 
      (4) In subsection (7E) (which, for the purposes of certain provisions, restricts the power in section 59A of the Taxes Management Act 1970 to alter the date on which corporation tax is due and payable) after "(7B),", in both places where it occurs, insert "(7BB),".
 
 
Time limits where deduction under s.278 of the 1992 Act rendered excessive or insufficient
     30. - (1) Amend section 278 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 as follows.
 
      (2) At the beginning, insert "(1)".
 
      (3) At the end add-
 
 
    "(2) Where the amount of any deduction allowed under subsection (1) above is rendered excessive or insufficient by reason of any adjustment of the amount of any tax payable either-
 
 
    (a) in the United Kingdom, or
 
    (b) under the law of any other territory,
       nothing in this Act, the Management Act or the Taxes Act limiting the time for the making of assessments or claims for relief shall apply to any assessment or claim to which the adjustment gives rise, being an assessment or claim made not later than six years from the time when all such assessments, adjustments and other determinations have been made, whether in the United Kingdom or elsewhere, as are material in determining whether any and if so what deduction falls to be made under subsection (1) above.
 
      (3) Where-
 
 
    (a) a deduction has been allowed under subsection (1) above in the case of the person making the disposal, and
 
    (b) the amount of that deduction is subsequently rendered excessive by reason of an adjustment of the amount of any tax payable under the law of a territory outside the United Kingdom,
       that person shall give notice in writing to an officer of the Board that an adjustment has been made that has rendered the amount of the deduction excessive.
 
      (4) A notice under subsection (3) above must be given within one year from the time of the making of the adjustment.
 
      (5) A person who fails to comply with the requirements imposed on him by subsections (3) and (4) above in relation to any adjustment shall be liable to a penalty of an amount not exceeding the amount of the difference specified in subsection (6) below.
 
      (6) The difference is that between-
 
 
    (a) the amount of tax payable by the person in question for the relevant chargeable period, after giving effect to the deduction that ought to be made under subsection (1) above; and
 
    (b) the amount that would have been the tax so payable after giving effect instead to a deduction under that subsection of the amount rendered excessive as mentioned in subsection (3)(b) above.
      (7) For the purposes of subsection (6) above "the relevant chargeable period" means the chargeable period as respects which the deduction was treated as made."
 
      (4) This paragraph has effect in relation to adjustments made on or after 21st March 2000.
 
 
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