Finance Bill - continued        House of Lords

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SCHEDULE 29
 
  CHARGEABLE GAINS: NON-RESIDENT COMPANIES AND GROUPS ETC.
  PART I
  APPLICATION OF TAXATION OF CHARGEABLE GAINS ACT 1992
 
Main amendments
     1. - (1) In section 170 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (groups of companies: interpretation), the following provisions shall cease to have effect-
 
 
    (a) paragraph (a) of subsection (2) (which provides that references to companies apply only to companies resident in the United Kingdom); and
 
    (b) in subsection (9)(b) the words "(although resident in the United Kingdom)".
      (2) The above amendments (referred to in this Schedule as "the main amendments") have effect in accordance with the following provisions of this Schedule.
 
 
Transfers within a group
     2. - (1) Section 171 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (transfers within a group: general provisions) is amended as follows.
 
      (2) For subsection (1) (treatment for corporation tax purposes of transfer of asset within group) substitute-
 
 
    "(1) Where-
 
 
    (a) a company ("company A") disposes of an asset to another company ("company B") at a time when both companies are members of the same group, and
 
    (b) the conditions in subsection (1A) below are met,
       company A and company B are treated for the purposes of corporation tax on chargeable gains as if the asset were acquired by company B for a consideration of such amount as would secure that neither a gain nor a loss would accrue to company A on the disposal.
 
      (1A) The conditions referred to in subsection (1)(b) above are-
 
 
    (a) that company A is resident in the United Kingdom at the time of the disposal, or the asset is a chargeable asset in relation to that company immediately before that time, and
 
    (b) that company B is resident in the United Kingdom at the time of the disposal, or the asset is a chargeable asset in relation to that company immediately after that time.
  For this purpose an asset is a "chargeable asset" in relation to a company at any time if, were the asset to be disposed of by the company at that time, any gain accruing to the company would be a chargeable gain and would by virtue of section 10(3) form part of its chargeable profits for corporation tax purposes.".
 
      (3) In subsection (2)-
 
 
    (a) in paragraph (a), for "a member of a group of companies" substitute "company B", and
 
    (b) in the closing words, for "a member of a group of companies" substitute "company A".
      (4) In subsection (3) for "the company first mentioned in that subsection" substitute "company A".
 
      (5) After subsection (5) add-
 
 
    "(6) Subsection (1) above applies notwithstanding any provision in this Act fixing the amount of the consideration deemed to be received on a disposal or given on an acquisition.
 
  But where it is assumed for any purpose that a member of a group of companies has sold or acquired an asset, it shall be assumed also that it was not a sale or acquisition to which this section applies.".
 
      (6) The above amendments, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 171, have effect in relation to disposals on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Transfer of United Kingdom branch or agency
     3. - (1) Section 172 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (transfer of United Kingdom branch or agency) shall cease to have effect.
 
      (2) The above amendment has effect in relation to disposals on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
De-grouping charge
     4. - (1) Section 179 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (company ceasing to be member of group) is amended as follows.
 
      (2) For subsection (1) substitute-
 
 
    "(1) This section applies where-
 
 
    (a) a company ("company A") acquires an asset from another company ("company B") at a time when company B is a member of a group,
 
    (b) the conditions in subsection (1A) below are met, and
 
    (c) company A ceases to be a member of that group within the period of six years after the time of the acquisition.
  References in this section to a company ceasing to be a member of a group of companies do not apply to cases where a company ceases to be a member of a group in consequence of another member of the group ceasing to exist.
 
      (1A) The conditions referred to in subsection (1)(b) above are-
 
 
    (a) that company A is resident in the United Kingdom at the time it acquires the asset, or the asset is a chargeable asset in relation to that company immediately after that time, and
 
    (b) that company B is resident in the United Kingdom at the time of that acquisition, or the asset is a chargeable asset in relation to that company immediately before that time.
  For this purpose an asset is a "chargeable asset" in relation to a company at any time if, were the asset to be disposed of by the company at that time, any gain accruing to the company would be a chargeable gain and would by virtue of section 10(3) form part of its chargeable profits for corporation tax purposes.".
 
      (3) In subsection (2A)-
 
 
    (a) in paragraph (a)-
 
      (i) after "a company" insert "("company A")", and
 
      (ii) after "another company" insert "("company B")",
 
    (b) in paragraph (b) for "that company's" substitute "company A's",
 
    (c) in paragraph (c) for "the company that made the acquisition" substitute "company A", and
 
    (d) in the closing words for "the company's" substitute "company A's".
      (4) In subsections (2B) (three times), (2C), (2D), (3) (three times), (4) (twice), (10)(c) and (13) for "the chargeable company" substitute "company A".
 
      (5) Subsections (11) and (12) (which are superseded by the provision made by paragraph 9 below) shall cease to have effect.
 
      (6) The amendments made by sub-paragraphs (2) to (4) above, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 179, have effect in relation to assets acquired on or after 1st April 2000.
 
      (7) The amendments made by sub-paragraph (5) above have effect in relation to gains accruing on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Reconstruction or amalgamation involving transfer of business
     5. - (1) Section 139 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (reconstruction or amalgamation involving transfer of business) is amended as follows.
 
      (2) In subsection (1) (transfer of business on basis of no gain and no loss) for paragraph (b) (requirement that both companies are resident in the United Kingdom) substitute-
 
 
    "(b) the conditions in subsection (1A) below are met in relation to the assets included in the transfer, and".
      (3) After subsection (1) insert-
 
 
    "(1A) The conditions referred to in subsection (1)(b) above are-
 
 
    (a) that the company acquiring the assets is resident in the United Kingdom at the time of the acquisition, or the assets are chargeable assets in relation to that company immediately after that time, and
 
    (b) that the company from which the assets are acquired is resident in the United Kingdom at the time of the acquisition, or the assets are chargeable assets in relation to that company immediately before that time.
  For this purpose an asset is a "chargeable asset" in relation to a company at any time if, were the asset to be disposed of by the company at that time, any gain accruing to the company would be a chargeable gain and would by virtue of section 10(3) form part of its chargeable profits for corporation tax purposes.".
 
      (4) The above amendments have effect in relation to disposals made on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Deemed disposal on non-resident ceasing to carry on trade in United Kingdom through branch or agency
     6. - (1) Section 25 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (non-residents: deemed disposals) is amended as follows.
 
      (2) After subsection (3) insert-
 
 
    "(3A) Subsection (3) above shall not apply if-
 
 
    (a) the person ceasing to carry on the trade is a company, and
 
    (b) the trade is transferred to another company in circumstances in which section 139 or 171 applies in relation to the assets transferred.".
      (3) Subsection (4) shall cease to have effect.
 
      (4) The amendment in sub-paragraph (2) above has effect in relation to cases where section 139 or, as the case may be, section 171 has effect as amended by this Schedule.
 
      (5) The amendment in sub-paragraph (3) above has effect in relation to cases where section 139 has effect as amended by this Schedule.
 
 
Restriction on set-off of pre-entry losses
     7. - (1) In Schedule 7A to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (restriction on set-off of pre-entry losses), paragraph 1 (application and construction of Schedule) is amended as follows.
 
      (2) In sub-paragraph (3)-
 
 
    (a) for "it became a member of the relevant group" substitute "the relevant event occurred in relation to it", and
 
    (b) for "that group" substitute "the relevant group".
      (3) After sub-paragraph (3) insert-
 
 
    "(3A) In this paragraph references to the relevant event occurring in relation to a company-
 
 
    (a) in a case in which-
 
      (i) the company was resident in the United Kingdom at the time when it became a member of the relevant group, or
 
      (ii) the asset was a chargeable asset in relation to the company at that time,
 
    are references to the company becoming a member of that group;
 
    (b) in any other case, are references to whichever is the first of-
 
      (i) the company becoming resident in the United Kingdom, or
 
      (ii) the asset becoming a chargeable asset in relation to the company.
  For this purpose an asset is a "chargeable asset" in relation to a company at any time if, were the asset to be disposed of by the company at that time, any gain accruing to the company would be a chargeable gain and would by virtue of section 10(3) form part of its chargeable profits for corporation tax purposes."
 
      (4) In sub-paragraph (4)(a) for "it became a member of the relevant group" substitute "the relevant event occurred in relation to it".
 
      (5) In sub-paragraph (5)-
 
 
    (a) in the opening words, for the words from "the company" to "the relevant group" substitute "the relevant event occurred in relation to the company by reference to which that asset is a pre-entry asset",
 
    (b) in paragraph (a), for "a company has become a member of the relevant group" substitute "a relevant event has occurred in relation to a company", and
 
    (c) in paragraph (b), for "a company became a member of the relevant group" substitute "a relevant event occurred in relation to a company".
      (6) The above amendments, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of Schedule 7A, have effect in relation to the amount to be included in respect of chargeable gains in a company's total profits for any accounting period ending on or after 21st March 2000.
 
      (7) Any question whether a company was, in relation to times before 21st March 2000, a member of a group shall be determined by reference to the position under the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 as it stood before the main amendments.
 
      (8) Any question whether a company was, in relation to times before 6th April 1992, a member of a group shall be determined by reference to the position under the Capital Gains Tax Act 1979.
 
      (9) Where-
 
 
    (a) immediately before the time when the main amendments have effect in relation to a company in accordance with sub-paragraph (6), the company was not a member of a group of companies for the purposes of section 170 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (as it stood before the main amendments), and
 
    (b) immediately after that time, the company is a member of a group of companies for the purposes of that section (as amended by the main amendments),
       Schedule 7A to that Act shall not have effect in relation to any losses accruing to the company before that time or any chargeable assets (within the meaning of paragraph 1(3A) of that Schedule) held by it immediately before that time.
 
 
Restrictions on setting losses against pre-entry gains
     8. - (1) The main amendments have effect for the purposes of Schedule 7AA to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (restrictions on setting losses against pre-entry gains) in relation to accounting periods ending on or after 21st March 2000.
 
      (2) Any question whether a company was, in relation to times before 21st March 2000, a member of a group shall be determined by reference to the position under the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 as it stood before the main amendments.
 
 
Recovery of unpaid tax
     9. - (1) For sections 190 and 191 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 substitute-
 
 
"Tax recoverable from another group company or controlling director.     190. - (1) This section applies where-
 
    (a) a chargeable gain has accrued to a company ("the taxpayer company"),
 
    (b) the condition in subsection (2) below is met, and
 
    (c) the whole or part of the corporation tax assessed on the company for the accounting period in which the gain accrued ("the relevant accounting period") is unpaid at the end of the period of six months after it became payable.
      (2) The condition referred to in subsection (1)(b) above is-
 
 
    (a) that the taxpayer company is resident in the United Kingdom at the time when the gain accrued, or
 
    (b) that the gain forms part of the taxpayer company's chargeable profits for corporation tax purposes by virtue of section 10(3).
      (3) The following persons may, by notice under this section, be required to pay the unpaid tax-
 
 
    (a) if the taxpayer company was a member of a group at the time when the gain accrued-
 
      (i) a company which was at that time the principal company of the group, and
 
      (ii) any other company which in any part of the period of twelve months ending with that time was a member of that group and owned the asset disposed of, or any part of it, or where that asset is an interest or right in or over another asset, owned either asset or any part of either asset; and
 
    (b) if the gain forms part of the chargeable profits of the taxpayer company for corporation tax purposes by virtue of section 10(3), any person who is, or during the period of twelve months ending with the time when the gain accrued was, a controlling director of the taxpayer company or of a company which has, or within that period had, control over the taxpayer company.
      (4) The Board may serve a notice on a person within subsection (3) above requiring him, within 30 days of the service of the notice, to pay-
 
 
    (a) the amount which remains unpaid of the corporation tax assessed on the taxpayer company for the relevant accounting period, or
 
    (b) if less, an amount equal to corporation tax on the amount of the chargeable gain at the rate in force when the gain accrued.
      (5) The notice must state-
 
 
    (a) the amount of corporation tax assessed on the taxpayer company for the relevant accounting period that remains unpaid,
 
    (b) the date when it first became payable, and
 
    (c) the amount required to be paid by the person on whom the notice is served.
      (6) The notice has effect-
 
 
    (a) for the purposes of the recovery from that person of the amount required to be paid and of interest on that amount, and
 
    (b) for the purposes of appeals,
       as if it were a notice of assessment and that amount were an amount of tax due from that person.
 
      (7) Any notice under this section must be served before the end of the period of three years beginning with the date on which the liability of the taxpayer company to corporation tax for the relevant accounting period is finally determined.
 
      (8) Where the unpaid tax is charged in consequence of a determination under paragraph 36 or 37 of Schedule 18 to the Finance Act 1998 (determination where no return delivered or return incomplete), the date mentioned in subsection (7) above shall be taken to be the date on which the determination was made.
 
      (9) Where the unpaid tax is charged in a self-assessment, including a self-assessment that supersedes a determination (see paragraph 40 of Schedule 18 to the Finance Act 1998), the date mentioned in subsection (7) above shall be taken to be the latest of-
 
 
    (a) the last date on which notice of enquiry may be given into the return containing the self-assessment;
 
    (b) if notice of enquiry is given, 30 days after the enquiry is completed;
 
    (c) if more than one notice of enquiry is given, 30 days after the last notice of completion;
 
    (d) if after such an enquiry the Inland Revenue amend the return, 30 days after notice of the amendment is issued;
 
    (e) if an appeal is brought against such an amendment, 30 days after the appeal is finally determined.
      (10) If the unpaid tax is charged in a discovery assessment, the date mentioned in subsection (7) above shall be taken to be-
 
 
    (a) where there is no appeal against the assessment, the date when the tax becomes due and payable;
 
    (b) where there is such an appeal, the date on which the appeal is finally determined.
      (11) A person who has paid an amount in pursuance of a notice under this section may recover that amount from the taxpayer company.
 
      (12) A payment in pursuance of a notice under this section is not allowed as a deduction in computing any income, profits or losses for any tax purposes.
 
      (13) In this section-
 
 
    "director", in relation to a company, has the meaning given by section 168(8) of the Taxes Act (read with subsection (9) of that section) and includes any person falling within section 417(5) of that Act (read with subsection (6) of that section);
 
    "controlling director", in relation to a company, means a director of the company who has control of it (construing control in accordance with section 416 of the Taxes Act);
 
    "group" and "principal company" have the meaning which would be given by section 170 if in that section for references to 75 per cent. subsidiaries there were substituted references to 51 per cent. subsidiaries.".
      (2) In section 87A(3) of the Taxes Management Act 1970 (date from which interest runs in the case of an assessment of a company's tax on another person)-
 
 
    (a) after "In relation to corporation tax assessed" insert "or treated as assessed", and
 
    (b) after "139(7)" insert "or 190".
      (3) The above amendments, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 190 (as substituted by sub-paragraph (1) above), have effect in relation to gains accruing on or after 1st April 2000.
 
      (4) Any question whether a company was a member of a group during the period of twelve months ending when such a gain accrued shall be determined in accordance with section 170 as amended by the main amendments.
 
 
Replacement of business assets by members of group
     10. - (1) Section 175 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 is amended as follows.
 
      (2) In subsection (1) after "all the trades" insert "to which this section applies".
 
      (3) After subsection (1) insert-
 
 
    "(1A) The trades to which this section applies are-
 
 
    (a) any trade carried on by a company that is resident in the United Kingdom, and
 
    (b) any trade carried on in the United Kingdom through a branch or agency by a company not so resident.".
      (4) In subsection (2A), after paragraph (b) insert-
 
 
    "(ba) the conditions in subsection (2AA) below are met, and".
      (5) After subsection (2A) insert-
 
 
    "(2AA) The conditions referred to in subsection (2A)(ba) above are-
 
 
    (a) that the company making the disposal is resident in the United Kingdom at the time of the disposal, or the assets are chargeable assets in relation to that company immediately before that time, and
 
    (b) that the acquiring company is resident in the United Kingdom at the time of the acquisition, or the assets are chargeable assets in relation to that company immediately after that time.
  For this purpose an asset is a "chargeable asset" in relation to a company at any time if, were the asset to be disposed of by the company at that time, any gain accruing to the company would be a chargeable gain and would by virtue of section 10(3) form part of its chargeable profits for corporation tax purposes.".
 
      (6) For subsection (3) substitute-
 
 
    "(3) Section 154(2) applies where the company making the claim is a member of a group of companies-
 
 
    (a) as if all members of the group for the time being carrying on a trade to which this section applies were the same person, and
 
    (b) in accordance with subsection (1) above, as if all those trades were the same trade;
       so that the gain accrues to the member of the group holding the asset concerned on the occurrence of the event mentioned in section 154(2).".
 
      (7) The above amendments, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 175, have effect in relation to cases in which-
 
 
    (a) either the disposal or acquisition is on or after 1st April 2000, or
 
    (b) both the disposal and acquisition are on or after that date.
      (8) In a case falling within paragraph (a) of sub-paragraph (7) above, any question whether a company was, at the time of the acquisition or disposal corresponding to the disposal or acquisition referred to in that paragraph, a member of a group shall be determined in accordance with section 170 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 as amended by the main amendments.
 
 
Transfers of assets within a group: trading stock
     11. - (1) For section 173 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 substitute-
 
 
"Transfers within a group: trading stock.     173. - (1) Where-
 
    (a) a company ("company A") acquires an asset as trading stock of a trade to which this section applies,
 
    (b) the acquisition is from a company ("company B") that at the time of the acquisition is a member of the same group of companies, and
 
    (c) the asset did not form part of the trading stock of any such trade carried on by company B,
       company A is treated for the purposes of section 161 as having acquired the asset otherwise than as trading stock and immediately appropriated it for the purposes of the trade as trading stock.
 
      (2) Where-
 
 
    (a) a company ("company C") disposes of an asset forming part of the trading stock of a trade to which this section applies carried on by that company,
 
    (b) the disposal is to another company ("company D") that at the time of the disposal is a member of the same group of companies, and
 
    (c) the asset is acquired by company D otherwise than as trading stock of any such trade carried on by it,
       company C is treated for the purposes of section 161 as having appropriated the asset immediately before the disposal for some purpose other than the purpose of use as trading stock.
 
      (3) The trades to which this section applies are-
 
 
    (a) any trade carried on by a company resident in the United Kingdom, and
 
    (b) any trade carried on in the United Kingdom through a branch or agency by a company not so resident.".
      (2) The above amendment, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 173 (as substituted by sub-paragraph (1) above), have effect in relation to acquisitions and disposals on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Restriction of losses by reference to capital allowances
     12. - (1) In section 41 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992, after subsection (7) add-
 
 
    "(8) Where there is a disposal of an asset acquired in circumstances in which-
 
 
    (a) section 140A applies, or
 
    (b) section 171 applies or would apply but for subsection (2) of that section,
       this section has effect in relation to capital allowances made to the person from which it was acquired (so far as not taken into account in relation to a disposal of the asset by that person), and so on as respects previous transfers of the asset in such circumstances.
 
  This does not affect the consideration for which an asset is deemed under section 140A or 171 to be acquired.".
 
      (2) The above amendment has effect in relation to cases where the disposal first referred to in section 41(8) (as inserted by sub-paragraph (1) above) is on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Assets held on 6th April 1965: disposal outside group
     13. - (1) Section 174 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 is amended as follows.
 
      (2) In subsection (4) for "at a time when both were members of the group" substitute "in a transfer to which section 171(1) applied".
 
      (3) Subsection (5) shall cease to have effect.
 
      (4) The above amendments, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 174, have effect in relation to acquisitions on or after 1st April 2000.
 
      (5) Any question whether a company was, in relation to times before 1st April 2000, a member of a group shall be determined in accordance with section 170 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 as it stood before the main amendments.
 
  PART II
  MINOR AND CONSEQUENTIAL AMENDMENTS
 
Section 97 of the Inheritance Tax Act 1984
     14. The main amendments have effect for the purposes of section 97 of the Inheritance Tax Act 1984 (transfer of asset within a group of companies) in relation to disposals on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 132 of the Finance Act 1988
     15. - (1) In section 132 of the Finance Act 1988 (recovery of tax from another group company or controlling director), in subsection (6), in the definition of "group", the words "references to residence in the United Kingdom were omitted and" shall cease to have effect.
 
      (2) The above amendment, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 132, have effect in relation to cases in which the migrating company ceases to be resident in the United Kingdom on or after 1st April 2000.
 
      (3) Any question whether a company was a member of a group during the period of twelve months ending when the migrating company ceased to be so resident shall be determined in accordance with section 170 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 as amended by the main amendments.
 
 
Section 14 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     16. - (1) Section 14 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (non-resident groups of companies) is amended as follows.
 
      (2) For subsection (2) substitute-
 
 
    "(2) The following provisions-
 
 
    (a) section 41(8),
 
    (b) section 171 (except subsections (1)(b) and (1A)),
 
    (c) section 173 (with the omission of the words "to which this section applies" in subsections (1)(a) and (2)(a) and "such" in subsections (1)(c) and (2)(c) and with the omission of subsection (3)),
 
    (d) section 174(4) (with the substitution of "at a time when both were members of the group" for "in a transfer to which section 171(1) applied"), and
 
    (e) section 175(1) (with the omission of the words "to which this section applies"),
       shall apply in relation to non-resident companies which are members of a non-resident group of companies as they apply in relation to companies which are members of a group of companies."
 
      (3) In subsection (3), for "Sections 178 to 180" substitute "Section 179 (except subsections (1)(b) and (1A))".
 
      (4) In subsection (4)(b), the words "without subsections (2)(a), (9) and (12) to (14)" shall cease to have effect.
 
      (5) The above amendments, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 14, have effect in cases in which section 41, 171, 173, 174(4), 175(1) or 179, as the case may be, have effect as amended by this Schedule.
 
 
Section 31A of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     17. - (1) Section 31A of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (asset-holding company leaving a group of companies) is amended as follows.
 
      (2) In subsection (9)(b) for "the principal company of that group" substitute-
 
 
 
    " any other company which-
      (i) is a member of that group immediately before that event, and
 
      (ii) is designated as the chargeable company for the purposes of this section in a notice served on the company by an officer of the Board."
      (3) After subsection (10) add-
 
 
    "(11) Where a notice is served on a company under subsection (9)(b) above, the Inland Revenue may make an assessment to tax in the amount which in their opinion ought to be charged under this section."
 
      (4) The above amendments, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of sections 30 to 34 of that Act, have effect in relation to disposals on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 106 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     18. - (1) Section 106 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (disposal of shares and securities within prescribed period of acquisition) is amended as follows.
 
      (2) For subsection (2) substitute-
 
 
    "(2) Subsections (2A) to (2C) below apply where the company making the disposal is a member of a group.
 
      (2A) Where-
 
 
    (a) shares of the class in question are held by another member of the group, and
 
    (b) at any time during the prescribed period before the disposal, the condition in subsection (2D) below is met,
       those shares shall be treated for the purposes of paragraph (a) of subsection (1) above as held by the company making the disposal.
 
      (2B) Where-
 
 
    (a) shares of the class in question are acquired by another member of the group, and
 
    (b) at the time of the acquisition, the condition in subsection (2D) below is met,
       those shares shall be treated for the purposes of paragraph (b) of subsection (1) above as acquired by the company making the disposal.
 
      (2C) Where-
 
 
    (a) shares of the class in question are acquired by the company making the disposal from another company which was a member of the group throughout the prescribed period before and after the disposal, and
 
    (b) throughout the part of the prescribed period before or after the disposal for which the other member of the group held the shares, the condition in subsection (2D) below is met,
       those shares shall be disregarded for the purposes of paragraph (b) of subsection (1) above.
 
      (2D) The condition referred to in subsections (2A) to (2C) above is-
 
 
    (a) that the other member of the group is resident in the United Kingdom, or
 
    (b) that the shares are chargeable shares in relation to that other member."
      (3) In subsection (10), after the definition of "prescribed period" insert-
 
 
    " and for the purposes of this section shares are "chargeable shares" in relation to a company at any time if, were the shares to be disposed of by the company at that time, any gain accruing to the company would be a chargeable gain and would by virtue of section 10(3) form part of its chargeable profits for corporation tax purposes."
 
      (4) The above amendments, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 106, have effect in relation to cases in which the prescribed period before the disposal (within the meaning of that section) begins on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 116 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     19. - (1) In section 116 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (reorganisations, conversions and reconstructions), in subsection (11) for "171(1) or 172" substitute "or 171(1)".
 
      (2) The above amendment has effect in accordance with paragraph 3(2).
 
 
Section 117A of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     20. - (1) In section 117A of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (assets that are not qualifying corporate bonds for corporation tax purposes), in subsection (8)(a) for "171 and 172" substitute "and 171".
 
      (2) The above amendment has effect in accordance with paragraph 3(2).
 
 
Section 117B of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     21. - (1) In section 117B of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (holdings in unit trusts etc excluded from treatment as qualifying corporate bonds), in subsection (6)(a) for "171 and 172" substitute "and 171".
 
      (2) The above amendment has effect in accordance with paragraph 3(2).
 
 
Section 138A of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     22. The main amendments have effect for the purposes of section 138A of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (use of earn-out rights for exchange of securities) in relation to rights conferred on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 140 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     23. - (1) In section 140 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (postponement of charge on transfer of assets to non-resident company), in subsection (6)(b) for "apart from section 170(2)(a) and (9)" substitute "if subsections (1)(b) and (1A) of that section and section 170(9) were disregarded".
 
      (2) The above amendment has effect in relation to disposals on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 176 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     24. - (1) In section 176 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (depreciatory transactions within a group), in subsection (7), paragraph (c) and the word "and" immediately preceding it shall cease to have effect.
 
      (2) The above amendment, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 176, have effect in relation to cases in which the depreciatory transaction (within the meaning of section 176) is on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 177 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     25. - (1) In section 177 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (dividend stripping), in subsection (2) for "171 or 172" substitute "or 171".
 
      (2) The above amendment, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 177, have effect in relation to disposals on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 178 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     26. Section 178 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (which is spent) shall cease to have effect.
 
 
Section 180 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     27. Section 180 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (which is spent) shall cease to have effect.
 
 
Section 181 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     28. - (1) In section 181 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (exemption from de-grouping charge in the case of certain mergers)-
 
 
    (a) in subsection (1), for "neither section 178 nor section 179 shall" substitute "section 179 shall not"; and
 
    (b) subsection (5) shall cease to have effect.
      (2) The amendment made by sub-paragraph (1)(b) above, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 181, have effect in relation to cases in which the company ceases to be a member of a group on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 192 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     29. In section 192 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (tax exempt distributions), in subsection (3) for "neither section 178 nor 179 shall" substitute "section 179 shall not".
 
 
Section 211 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     30. - (1) Section 211 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (transfer of long term business of an insurance company) shall be amended as follows.
 
      (2) In subsection (2)-
 
 
    (a) the words "Subject to subsection (3) below" shall cease to have effect,
 
    (b) after paragraph (a) insert "or", and
 
    (c) paragraph (b), and the word "or" immediately following it, shall cease to have effect.
      (3) After subsection (2) insert-
 
 
    "(2A) Where section 139 has effect in relation to an asset by virtue of subsection (2) above, the reference in subsection (1A) of that section to section 10(3) shall be construed as a reference to section 11(2)(b), (c), (d) or (e) of the Taxes Act."
 
      (4) Subsection (3) shall cease to have effect.
 
      (5) The above amendments have effect in accordance with paragraph 5(4).
 
 
Section 216 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     31. The main amendments have effect for the purposes of section 216 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (assets transferred from building society to company) in relation to transfers on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 217C of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     32. - (1) In section 217C of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (disposal of assets by incorporated friendly society), for subsection (2) substitute-
 
 
    "(2) If the disposal by the incorporated society is in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (8) of section 41, the disposal to which section 217A(3) applies shall for the purposes of that subsection be taken to have been a previous transfer of the asset in such circumstances.".
 
      (2) The above amendment has effect in relation to cases in which the disposal by the incorporated society is on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 228 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     33. The main amendments have effect for the purposes of section 228 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (conditions for roll-over relief: supplementary) in relation to disposals on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 253 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     34. The main amendments have effect for the purposes of section 253 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (relief for loans to traders)-
 
 
    (a) in relation to loans made on or after 1st April 2000;
 
    (b) in relation to guarantees given on or after that date.
 
Section 276 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     35. - (1) In section 276 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (application of the 1992 Act to the territorial sea and the continental shelf), for subsection (8) substitute-
 
 
    "(8) The provisions specified in subsection (9) below shall apply in relation to a disposal of exploration or exploitation rights or exploration or exploitation assets if (and only if) the disposal is-
 
 
    (a) by a company resident in a territory outside the United Kingdom to a company resident in the same territory,
 
    (b) by a company resident in the United Kingdom to another company which is so resident, or
 
    (c) by a company which is not resident in the United Kingdom to another company which is resident there.
      (9) Those provisions are-
 
 
    (a) section 41(8),
 
    (b) section 171 (except subsections (1)(b) and (1A)),
 
    (c) section 173 (with the omission of the words "to which this section applies" in subsections (1)(a) and (2)(a) and "such" in subsections (1)(c) and (2)(c) and with the omission of subsection (3)),
 
    (d) section 174(4) (with the substitution of "at a time when both were members of the group" for "in a transfer to which section 171(1) applied"),
 
    (e) section 179 (except subsections (1)(b) and (1A)), and
 
    (f) section 181.
      (10) The provisions specified in subsection (9) above shall apply in accordance with subsection (8) above with the following modifications-
 
 
    (a) for the purposes of paragraph (a) of subsection (9) above, section 41(8) applies as if section 170 applied, for the purposes of section 171, with the omission of subsection (9), and
 
    (b) for the purposes of paragraphs (b) to (f) of subsection (9) above, the provisions specified in those paragraphs apply as if in section 170 subsection (9) were omitted."
      (2) The above amendment has effect in cases in which section 41, 171, 173, 174(4), 179 or 181, as the case may be, has effect as amended by this Schedule.
 
 
Schedule A1 to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     36. The main amendments have effect for the purposes of paragraph 11 of Schedule A1 to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (rules for application of taper relief) in relation to any determination whether, at any time on or after 1st April 2000, a company is a 51 per cent subsidiary of another company.
 
 
Schedule 2 to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     37. The main amendments have effect for the purposes of paragraph 5 of Schedule 2 to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (disposals of assets held on 6th April 1965) in relation to any determination whether, at any time on or after 1st April 2000, a company is a member, or the principal company, of a group of companies.
 
 
Schedule 3 to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     38. The main amendments have effect for the purposes of paragraphs 8 and 9 of Schedule 3 to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (disposals of assets held on 31st March 1982: supplementary provisions) in relation to any determination whether, at any time on or after 1st April 2000, a company is a member, or the principal company, of a group of companies.
 
 
Schedule 7B to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     39. - (1) Schedule 7B to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (modification of that Act in relation to overseas life insurance companies) is amended as follows.
 
      (2) After paragraph 6 insert-
 
 
    "6A. In section 171(1A), the words "section 11(2)(b), (c), (d) or (e) of the Taxes Act" shall be treated as substituted for the words "section 10(3)".
 
     6B. In section 175(2AA), the words "section 11(2)(b), (c), (d) or (e) of the Taxes Act" shall be treated as substituted for the words "section 10(3)".".
 
      (3) In paragraph 9 for "section 191(1)(b)" substitute "section 190(2)(b)".
 
      (4) After paragraph 14 add-
 
 
    "15. - (1) In Schedule 7A, in sub-paragraph (3A) of paragraph 1, the words "section 11(2)(b), (c), (d) or (e) of the Taxes Act" shall be treated as substituted for the words "section 10(3)".
 
      (2) In that paragraph, the following sub-paragraph shall be treated as inserted after sub-paragraph (4)-
 
    "(4A) Where-
 
 
    (a) an asset is held by an overseas life insurance company, and
 
    (b) section 440 of the Taxes Act applies at any time in relation to the asset,
       the asset shall not be treated for the purposes of sub-paragraph (3A)(b) above as having become a chargeable asset at that time.""
 
      (5) The amendment made by sub-paragraph (2) above has effect in relation to cases where section 171 or, as the case may be, section 175 has effect as amended by this Schedule.
 
      (6) The amendment made by sub-paragraph (3) above has effect in relation to cases where section 190 has effect as amended by this Schedule.
 
      (7) The amendment made by sub-paragraph (4) above has effect in relation to cases where Schedule 7A has effect as amended by this Schedule.
 
 
Schedule 7C to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992
     40. The main amendments have effect for the purposes of Schedule 7C to the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (which is inserted by virtue of section 48 of this Act).
 
 
Section 136 of the Finance Act 1993
     41. - (1) In section 136 of the Finance Act 1993 (exchange gains and losses: arm's length test in relation to assets and liabilities), for subsection (12)(d) substitute-
 
 
    "(d) any question whether companies are members of the same group shall be determined in accordance with section 170 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992."
      (2) The above amendment, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 136, have effect in relation to accrual periods beginning on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Section 136A of the Finance Act 1993
     42. - (1) In section 136A of the Finance Act 1993 (exchange gains and losses: arm's length test in relation to debts of varying amounts), for subsection (10)(d) substitute-
 
 
    "(d) any question whether companies are members of the same group shall be determined in accordance with section 170 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992."
      (2) The above amendment, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of section 136A, have effect in relation to accrual periods beginning on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Schedule 17 to the Finance Act 1993
     43. - (1) In Schedule 17 to the Finance Act 1993 (exchange gains and losses: chargeable gains), in paragraph 7(2)(b) for "171 or 172" substitute "or 171".
 
      (2) The above amendment has effect in accordance with paragraph 3(2) above.
 
 
Schedule 9 to the Finance Act 1996
     44. - (1) Schedule 9 to the Finance Act 1996 (computational provisions in relation to loan relationships) is amended as follows.
 
      (2) In paragraph 11 (transactions not at arm's length), in sub-paragraph (3) for paragraphs (a) and (b) substitute-
 
 
    "(a) in the case of any related transaction between two companies that are-
 
      (i) members of the same group, and
 
      (ii) within the charge to corporation tax in respect of that transaction; or
 
    (b) in relation to a member of a group of companies, in the case of any transaction which is part of a series of transactions having the same effect as a transaction falling within paragraph (a) above."
      (3) In that paragraph, for sub-paragraph (5) substitute-
 
 
    "(5) In this paragraph references to a company which is a member of a group of companies shall be construed in accordance with section 170 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992."
 
      (4) In paragraph 12 (continuity of treatment), in sub-paragraph (1), for paragraphs (a) and (b) substitute-
 
 
    "(a) a related transaction between two companies that are-
 
      (i) members of the same group, and
 
      (ii) within the charge to corporation tax in respect of that transaction,
 
    (b) a series of transactions having the same effect as a related transaction between two companies each of which-
 
      (i) has been a member of the same group at any time in the course of that series of transactions, and
 
      (ii) is within the charge to corporation tax in respect of the related transaction,".
      (5) The above amendments, and the main amendments so far as they apply for the purposes of paragraphs 11 and 12 of Schedule 9 to the Finance Act 1996, have effect in relation to transactions entered into, or series of transactions begun, on or after 1st April 2000.
 
 
Schedule 15 to the Finance Act 1996
     45. - (1) In Schedule 15 to the Finance Act 1996 (loan relationships: savings and transitional provisions), in paragraph 8(2) for "171(1) or 172" substitute "or 171(1)".
 
      (2) The above amendment has effect in accordance with paragraph 3(2) above.
 
  PART III
  TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
     46. - (1) For the purposes of this paragraph-
 
 
    (a) references to a company which was a member of an old group are references to it being, immediately before the time when the main amendments have effect in accordance with the preceding provisions of this Schedule, a member of a group for the purposes of section 170 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 (as it stood before the main amendments), and
 
    (b) references to a company which is a member of a new group are references to it being, immediately after that time, a member of a group for the purposes of that section (as amended by the main amendments).
      (2) Where the same two or more companies were members of an old group and are members of a new group, those groups shall be regarded as the same group for the purposes of the provisions amended by this Schedule in relation to which the main amendments have effect.
 
      (3) Sub-paragraph (2) above applies irrespective of whether the new group includes companies which were not members of the old group.
 
      (4) Sub-paragraph (5) below applies in relation to a company which-
 
 
    (a) was a member of an old group, but
 
    (b) is not a member of a new group by reason only that-
 
      (i) the principal company of the old group is not the principal company of the new group, and
 
      (ii) the company in question is not an effective 51 per cent subsidiary of the principal company of the new group.
      (5) For the purposes of the provisions amended by this Schedule in relation to which the main amendments have effect, section 170(3)(b) of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 shall not apply in relation to the company for so long as it remains an effective 51 per cent subsidiary of the company which was the principal company of the old group.
 
      (6) Expressions used in this paragraph and in section 170 of the Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992 shall be construed for the purposes of this paragraph in accordance with that section.
 
 
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