Criminal Justice and Court Services Bill - continued        House of Lords
PART II, PROTECTION OF CHILDREN - continued
Disqualification orders - continued

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Conditions for application under section 31.     32. - (1) An individual may only make an application under section 31 with the leave of the Tribunal.
 
      (2) An application for leave under this section may not be made unless the appropriate conditions are satisfied in the individual's case.
 
      (3) In the case of an individual who was under the age of 18 when he committed the offence against a child, the appropriate conditions are satisfied if-
 
 
    (a) at least five years have elapsed since the relevant date, and
 
    (b) in the period of five years ending with the time when he makes the application under this section, he has made no other such application.
      (4) In the case of any other individual, the appropriate conditions are satisfied if-
 
 
    (a) at least ten years have elapsed since the relevant date, and
 
    (b) in the period of ten years ending with the time when he makes the application under this section, he has made no other such application.
      (5) The Tribunal may not grant an application under this section unless it considers-
 
 
    (a) that the individual's circumstances have changed since the order was made or, as the case may be, since he last made an application under this section, and
 
    (b) that the change is such that leave should be granted.
      (6) In this section "the relevant date" means-
 
 
    (a) in relation to an individual whose sentence is an actual term of custody, the day on which he is released or, if later, the day on which the disqualification order is made,
 
    (b) in relation to an individual whose sentence is suspended and does not take effect, the day on which the disqualification order is made,
 
    (c) in relation to an individual whose sentence is an order for admission to hospital-
 
      (i) if he is detained in a hospital pursuant to the order, the day on which he ceases to be liable to be detained there, or
 
      (ii) if he is not so detained, the day on which the disqualification order is made,
 
    (d) in relation to an individual whose sentence is a guardianship order, the day on which the disqualification order is made.
      (7) In this section-
 
 
    "actual term of custody" means a term of imprisonment or detention which is not suspended, or is suspended but takes effect,
 
    "guardianship order" has the same meaning as in section 29,
 
    "order for admission to hospital" means-
 
      (a) an order made by the Crown Court, the Court of Appeal, a court-martial or the Courts-Martial Appeal Court that the individual be admitted to hospital, or
 
      (b) a hospital order within the meaning of the Mental Health Act 1983.
      (8) In subsection (7) "detention" means detention (or detention and training) under any sentence or order mentioned in paragraphs (b) to (f) of the definition of "qualifying sentence" in section 29.
 
 
Effect of disqualification orders
Persons disqualified from working with children: offences.     33. - (1) An individual who is disqualified from working with children is guilty of an offence if he knowingly applies for, offers to do, accepts or does any work in a regulated position.
 
      (2) An individual is guilty of an offence if he knowingly offers work in a regulated position to, or procures work in a regulated position for, an individual who is disqualified from working with children.
 
      (3) It is a defence for an individual charged with an offence under subsection (1) to prove that he did not know, and could not reasonably be expected to know, that he was disqualified from working with children.
 
      (4) An individual is disqualified from working with children for the purposes of this Part if-
 
 
    (a) he is included (otherwise than provisionally) in the list kept under section 1 of the Protection of Children Act 1999 (individuals considered unsuitable to work with children),
 
    (b) he is included, on the grounds of not being a fit person, in the list kept for the purposes of regulations under section 218(6) of the Education Reform Act 1988 (prohibition or restriction on employment as teacher etc),
 
    (c) he is included, on the grounds that he is unsuitable to work with children, in any list kept by the Secretary of State or the National Assembly for Wales of persons disqualified under section 470 or 471 of the Education Act 1996, or
 
    (d) he is subject to a disqualification order.
      (5) In subsection (4)(b) "grounds of not being a fit person" means the grounds mentioned in section 218(6ZA)(c) of the Education Reform Act 1988.
 
      (6) An individual who is guilty of an offence under this section is liable-
 
 
    (a) on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum, or to both,
 
    (b) on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years, or to a fine, or to both.
Meaning of "regulated position".     34. - (1) The regulated positions for the purposes of this Part are-
 
 
    (a) a position whose normal duties include work in an establishment mentioned in subsection (2),
 
    (b) a position whose normal duties include work on day care premises,
 
    (c) a position whose normal duties include caring for, training, supervising or being in sole charge of children,
 
    (d) a position whose normal duties involve unsupervised contact with children under arrangements made by a responsible person,
 
    (e) a position whose normal duties include caring for children under the age of 16 in the course of the children's employment,
 
    (f) a position a substantial part of whose normal duties include supervising or training children under the age of 16 in the course of the children's employment,
 
    (g) a position mentioned in subsection (6),
 
    (h) a position whose normal duties include supervising or managing an individual in his work in a regulated position.
      (2) The establishments referred to in subsection (1)(a) are-
 
 
    (a) an institution which is exclusively or mainly for the detention of children,
 
    (b) a hospital which is exclusively or mainly for the reception and treatment of children,
 
    (c) a care home, residential care home, nursing home or private hospital which is exclusively or mainly for children,
 
    (d) an educational institution,
 
    (e) a children's home or voluntary home,
 
    (f) a home provided under section 82(5) of the Children Act 1989.
      (3) For the purposes of this section, work done on any premises is treated as not being done on day care premises to the extent that-
 
 
    (a) it is done in a part of the premises in which children are not looked after, or
 
    (b) it is done at times when children are not looked after there.
      (4) The duties referred to in subsection (1)(c) and (d) do not include (respectively)-
 
 
    (a) caring for, training, supervising or being in sole charge of children in the course of the children's employment, or
 
    (b) duties involving contact with children in the course of the children's employment.
      (5) The reference in subsection (1)(d) to unsupervised contact is to contact in the absence of any responsible person or carer; and in this subsection "carer" means a person who holds a position such as is mentioned in subsection (1)(c).
 
      (6) The positions mentioned in subsection (1)(g) are-
 
 
    (a) member of the governing body of an educational institution,
 
    (b) member of a social services committee established by a local authority,
 
    (c) member of an education committee appointed by a local authority,
 
    (d) director of social services of a local authority,
 
    (e) chief education officer of a local education authority,
 
    (f) charity trustee of a children's charity,
 
    (g) member, or chief executive, of the Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service.
      (7) In its application to Northern Ireland, subsection (6) is to be read as mentioning also the following positions-
 
 
    (a) member, or director of social services, of a Health and Social Services Board established under Article 16 of the Health and Personal Social Services (Northern Ireland) Order 1972,
 
    (b) member, or executive director of social work, of a Health and Social Services trust established under Article 10 of the Health and Personal Social Services (Northern Ireland) Order 1991,
 
    (c) member, or chief education officer, of an education and library board established under Article 3 of the Education and Libraries (Northern Ireland) Order 1986.
      (8) For the purposes of subsection (1)(h), the holder of a position-
 
 
    (a) only supervises an individual if he supervises the day to day performance of the individual's duties, and
 
    (b) only manages an individual if the individual is directly responsible to him for the performance of his duties or he has authority to dismiss the individual.
      (9) For the purposes of this section a charity is a children's charity if the individuals who are workers for the charity normally include individuals working in regulated positions.
 
      (10) For the purposes of this section an individual is a worker for a charity if he does work under arrangements made by the charity; but the arrangements referred to in this subsection do not include any arrangements made for purposes which are merely incidental to the purposes for which the charity is established.
 
      (11) For the purposes of this section, the following are responsible persons in relation to a child-
 
 
    (a) the child's parent or guardian and any adult with whom the child lives,
 
    (b) the person in charge of any establishment mentioned in subsection (2) in which the child is accommodated, is a patient or receives education, and any person acting on behalf of such a person,
 
    (c) a person registered under Part XA of the Children Act 1989 for providing day care on premises on which the child is cared for, and
 
    (d) any person holding a position mentioned in subsection (6).
      (12) In this section "detention" means detention by virtue of an order of a court or under an enactment.
 
      (13) For the purpose of amending the definition of "regulated position", the Secretary of State may by order make any amendment of this section (apart from this subsection) which he thinks appropriate.
 
Disqualification in Scotland or Northern Ireland.     35. - (1) The Secretary of State may by order provide that section 33 shall apply in relation to an individual falling within subsection (2) as it applies in relation to an individual who is disqualified from working with children.
 
      (2) An individual falls within this subsection if under the law of Scotland or Northern Ireland he is subject to a prohibition or disqualification which, in the opinion of the Secretary of State, corresponds to disqualification (by any of the means mentioned in section 33(4)) from working with children.
 
Rehabilitation of offenders.     36. - (1) Where a disqualification order is made in respect of an individual's conviction of an offence, the rehabilitation period which, in accordance with section 6 of the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974, is applicable to the conviction is to be determined as if that order had not been made; and a disqualification order is not a sentence for the purposes of that Act.
 
      (2) In this section "conviction" has the same meaning as in that Act.
 
 
General
Interpretation of Part II.     37. - (1) In this Part-
 
 
    "armed forces offence" means an offence under section 70 of the Army Act 1955, section 70 of the Air Force Act 1955 or section 42 of the Naval Discipline Act 1957,
 
    "care home" has the same meaning as in the Care Standards Act 2000,
 
    "charity" and "charity trustee" have the same meanings as in the Charities Act 1993,
 
    "child" means a person under the age of 18,
 
    "children's home" has-
 
      (a) in relation to England and Wales, the same meaning as in the Care Standards Act 2000,
 
      (b) in relation to Northern Ireland, the meaning which would be given by Article 90(1) of the Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 if, in Article 91(2) of that Order, sub-paragraphs (a), (f) and (g) and the words after sub-paragraph (h) were omitted,
 
    "day care premises" means premises in respect of which a person is registered under Part XA of the Children Act 1989 for providing day care,
 
    "disqualification order" has the meaning given by section 29,
 
    "employment" means paid employment, whether under a contract of service or apprenticeship or under a contract for services,
 
    "education committee" means a committee appointed by a local authority as mentioned in section 499 of the Education Act 1996,
 
    "educational institution" means an institution which is exclusively or mainly for the provision of full-time education to children,
 
    "hospital" has-
 
      (a) in relation to England and Wales, the meaning given by section 128(1) of the National Health Service Act 1977,
 
      (b) in relation to Northern Ireland, the meaning given by Article 2(2) of the Health and Personal Social Services (Northern Ireland) Order 1972,
 
    "local authority" has the same meaning as in the Education Act 1996,
 
    "nursing home" has the meaning given by Article 16 of the Registered Homes (Northern Ireland) Order 1992,
 
    "private hospital" has the meaning given by Article 90(2) of the Mental Health (Northern Ireland) Order 1986,
 
    "residential care home" has the meaning given by Article 3 of the Registered Homes (Northern Ireland) Order 1992,
 
    "the Tribunal" means the tribunal established by section 9 of the Protection of Children Act 1999,
 
    "voluntary home" has the meaning given by Article 74(1) of the Children (Northern Ireland) Order 1995,
 
    "work" includes-
 
      (a) work of any kind, whether paid or unpaid and whether under a contract of service or apprenticeship, under a contract for services, or otherwise than under a contract, and
 
      (b) an office established by or by virtue of an enactment,
 
    and "works" is to be read accordingly.
      (2) In this Part references, in relation to a suspended sentence, to taking effect are to taking effect by virtue of-
 
 
    (a) an order or direction under section 91 of the Naval Discipline Act 1957 or section 119 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000, or
 
    (b) the determination of the suspension under section 120 of the Army Act 1955 or section 120 of the Air Force Act 1955.
 
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