Freedom of Information Bill - continued        House of Lords

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  PART IV
  ENFORCEMENT
Application for decision by Commissioner.     49. - (1) Any person (in this section referred to as "the complainant") may apply to the Commissioner for a decision whether, in any specified respect, a request for information made by the complainant to a public authority has been dealt with in accordance with the requirements of Part I.
 
      (2) On receiving an application under this section, the Commissioner shall make a decision unless it appears to him-
 
 
    (a) that the complainant has not exhausted any complaints procedure which is provided by the public authority in conformity with the code of practice under section 44,
 
    (b) that there has been undue delay in making the application,
 
    (c) that the application is frivolous or vexatious, or
 
    (d) that the application has been withdrawn or abandoned.
      (3) Where the Commissioner has received an application under this section, he shall either-
 
 
    (a) notify the complainant that he has not made any decision under this section as a result of the application and of his grounds for not doing so, or
 
    (b) serve notice of his decision (in this Act referred to as a "decision notice") on the complainant and the public authority.
      (4) Where the Commissioner decides that a public authority-
 
 
    (a) has failed to communicate information, or to provide confirmation or denial, in a case where it is required to do so by section 1(1), or
 
    (b) has failed to comply with any of the requirements of sections 10, 13 and 15,
  the decision notice must specify the steps which must be taken by the authority for complying with that requirement and the period within which they must be taken.
 
      (5) A decision notice must contain particulars of the right of appeal conferred by section 56.
 
      (6) Where a decision notice requires steps to be taken by the public authority within a specified period, the time specified in the notice must not expire before the end of the period within which an appeal can be brought against the notice and, if such an appeal is brought, no step which is affected by the appeal need be taken pending the determination or withdrawal of the appeal.
 
      (7) Subsections (5) and (6) do not apply in relation to a decision notice which relates to a failure to comply with section 13.
 
      (8) This section has effect subject to section 52.
 
Information notices.     50. - (1) If the Commissioner-
 
 
    (a) has received an application under section 49, or
 
    (b) reasonably requires any information-
 
      (i) for the purpose of determining whether a public authority has complied or is complying with any of the requirements of Part I, or
 
      (ii) for the purpose of determining whether the practice of a public authority in relation to the exercise of its functions under this Act conforms with that proposed in the codes of practice under sections 44 and 45,
 
    he may serve the authority with a notice (in this Act referred to as "an information notice") requiring it, within such time as is specified in the notice, to furnish the Commissioner, in such form as may be so specified, with such information relating to the application, to compliance with Part I or to conformity with the code of practice as is so specified.
      (2) An information notice must contain-
 
 
    (a) in a case falling within subsection (1)(a), a statement that the Commissioner has received an application under section 49, or
 
    (b) in a case falling within subsection (1)(b), a statement-
 
      (i) that the Commissioner regards the specified information as relevant for either of the purposes referred to in subsection (1)(b), and
 
      (ii) of his reasons for regarding that information as relevant for that purpose.
      (3) An information notice must also contain particulars of the right of appeal conferred by section 56.
 
      (4) The time specified in an information notice must not expire before the end of the period within which an appeal can be brought against the notice and, if such an appeal is brought, the information need not be furnished pending the determination or withdrawal of the appeal.
 
      (5) An authority shall not be required by virtue of this section to furnish the Commissioner with any information in respect of-
 
 
    (a) any communication between a professional legal adviser and his client in connection with the giving of legal advice to the client with respect to his obligations, liabilities or rights under this Act, or
 
    (b) any communication between a professional legal adviser and his client, or between such an adviser or his client and any other person, made in connection with or in contemplation of proceedings under or arising out of this Act (including proceedings before the Tribunal) and for the purposes of such proceedings.
      (6) In subsection (5) references to the client of a professional legal adviser include references to any person representing such a client.
 
      (7) The Commissioner may cancel an information notice by written notice to the authority on which it was served.
 
      (8) In this section "information" includes unrecorded information.
 
Enforcement notices.     51. - (1) If the Commissioner is satisfied that a public authority has failed to comply with any of the requirements of Part I, the Commissioner may serve the authority with a notice (in this Act referred to as "an enforcement notice") requiring the authority to take, within such time as may be specified in the notice, such steps as may be so specified for complying with those requirements.
 
      (2) An enforcement notice must contain-
 
 
    (a) a statement of the requirement or requirements of Part I with which the Commissioner is satisfied that the public authority has failed to comply and his reasons for reaching that conclusion, and
 
    (b) particulars of the right of appeal conferred by section 56.
      (3) An enforcement notice must not require any of the provisions of the notice to be complied with before the end of the period within which an appeal can be brought against the notice and, if such an appeal is brought, the notice need not be complied with pending the determination or withdrawal of the appeal.
 
      (4) Subsections (2)(b) and (3) do not apply in relation to a decision notice which relates to a failure to comply with section 13.
 
      (5) The Commissioner may cancel an enforcement notice by written notice to the authority on which it was served.
 
      (6) This section has effect subject to section 52.
 
Exception from duty to comply with decision notice or enforcement notice.     52. - (1) A decision notice or enforcement notice which relates to a failure to comply with section 13 in relation to any one or more requests for information shall cease to have effect if, not later than the twentieth working day following the day on which the notice was given to the public authority, the accountable person in relation to that authority gives the Commissioner a certificate signed by him stating that he has on reasonable grounds formed the opinion that the authority did not fail to comply with section 13 in relation to that request or those requests.
 
      (2) Where the accountable person gives a certificate to the Commissioner under subsection (1) in relation to a decision notice, the accountable person shall, on doing so or as soon as reasonably practicable after doing so, inform the person who is the complainant for the purposes of section 49 of the reasons for his opinion.
 
      (3) The accountable person is not obliged to provide information under subsection (2) if, or to the extent that, compliance with that subsection would involve the disclosure of exempt information.
 
      (4) In this section "the accountable person"-
 
 
    (a) in relation to a government department, means any Minister of the Crown,
 
    (b) in relation to a Northern Ireland department, means the Northern Ireland Minister in charge of that department,
 
    (c) in relation to the House of Commons or the National Audit Office, means the Speaker of that House,
 
    (d) in relation to the House of Lords, means the Clerk of the Parliaments,
 
    (e) in relation to the Northern Ireland Assembly or the Northern Ireland Audit Office, means the Presiding Officer of that Assembly,
 
    (f) in relation to the National Assembly for Wales or an Assembly subsidiary as defined by section 99(4) of the Government of Wales Act 1998, means the Assembly First Secretary,
 
    (g) in relation to the Greater London Authority or a functional body within the meaning of the Greater London Authority Act 1999, means the Mayor of London,
 
    (h) in relation to a local authority or, in Northern Ireland, a district council within the meaning of the Local Government Act (Northern Ireland) 1972, means a member, committee or sub-committee of that local authority or district council designated by the Secretary of State by order,
 
    (i) in relation to any public authority not falling within paragraph (b), (e) or (h) whose functions are exercisable wholly or mainly in or as regards Northern Ireland and relate wholly or mainly to transferred matters, means the First Minister and deputy First Minister in Northern Ireland acting jointly, or any Northern Ireland Minister nominated in relation to that public authority by those Ministers so acting,
 
    (j) in relation to any public authority specified in Part II of Schedule 1 which is not a local authority but whose members include members of local authorities, means-
 
      (i) a committee or sub-committee of the public authority designated by the Secretary of State by order, or
 
      (ii) a member of a local authority who is also a member of that public authority and is designated by the Secretary of State by order, and
 
    (k) in relation to any other public authority, means a Minister of the Crown designated by the Secretary of State by order.
      (5) An order under subsection (4)-
 
 
    (a) may designate specified persons or persons falling within a specified description,
 
    (b) may designate different persons in relation to the same authority in relation to different cases, and
 
    (c) may make any designation subject to conditions.
      (6) The Secretary of State may by order provide for the exercise of the functions conferred by subsection (1) on the accountable person (whether designated by subsection (4) or by an order under that subsection) in the event of any vacancy in the office held by the accountable person or in the event of the illness or absence of the accountable person.
 
      (7) In this section-
 
 
    "local authority" means-
 
      (a) a local authority within the meaning of the Local Government Act 1972,
 
      (b) the Common Council of the City of London, or
 
      (c) the Council of the Isles of Scilly;
 
    "working day" has the same meaning as in section 9.
Failure to comply with notice.     53. - (1) If a public authority has failed to comply with-
 
 
    (a) so much of a decision notice as requires steps to be taken,
 
    (b) an information notice, or
 
    (c) an enforcement notice,
  the Commissioner may certify in writing to the court that the public authority has failed to comply with that notice.
 
      (2) For the purposes of this section, a public authority which, in purported compliance with an information notice-
 
 
    (a) makes a statement which it knows to be false in a material respect, or
 
    (b) recklessly makes a statement which is false in a material respect,
  is to be taken to have failed to comply with the notice.
 
      (3) Where a failure to comply is certified under subsection (1), the court may inquire into the matter and, after hearing any witness who may be produced against or on behalf of the public authority, and after hearing any statement that may be offered in defence, deal with the authority as if it had committed a contempt of court.
 
      (4) In this section "the court" means the High Court or, in Scotland, the Court of Session.
 
Powers of entry and inspection.     54. Schedule 3 (powers of entry and inspection) has effect.
 
No action against public authority.     55. - (1) This Act does not confer any right of action in civil proceedings in respect of any failure to comply with any duty imposed by or under this Act.
 
      (2) Subsection (1) does not affect the powers of the Commissioner under section 53.
 
 
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