Armed Forces Discipline Bill [H.L.] - continued        House of Lords
Custody - continued

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Release from custody after charge or during proceedings.     5. - (1) After section 75H of the Army Act 1955 there is inserted-
 
 
"Release from custody after charge or during proceedings.     75J. - (1) This section applies where, at a hearing under section 75F(1) of this Act or on a review under section 75G(1) of this Act, the judicial officer or judge advocate (as the case may be) does not authorise keeping the accused in military custody.
 
    (2) Where this section applies, the accused-
 
 
    (a) subject to paragraph (b) below, shall be released from military custody forthwith, but
 
    (b) if he is subject to military law only by virtue of section 131 or 205(1)(ea), (eb), (g) or (h) of this Act, may be required to comply, before release or later, with such requirements as appear to the judicial officer or judge advocate (as the case may be) to be necessary for the purpose of securing his attendance at any hearing in connection with the offence to which the charge relates.
      (3) A person on whom a requirement has been imposed under subsection (2)(b) above is guilty of an offence if he fails without reasonable cause to attend any hearing to which the requirement relates.
 
      (4) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable on conviction by court-martial to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or any less punishment provided by this Act."
 
      (2) After section 75H of the Air Force Act 1955 there is inserted-
 
 
"Release from custody after charge or during proceedings.     75J. - (1) This section applies where, at a hearing under section 75F(1) of this Act or on a review under section 75G(1) of this Act, the judicial officer or judge advocate (as the case may be) does not authorise keeping the accused in air-force custody.
 
    (2) Where this section applies, the accused-
 
 
    (a) subject to paragraph (b) below, shall be released from air-force custody forthwith, but
 
    (b) if he is subject to air-force law only by virtue of section 131 or 205(1)(ff), (h) or (i) of this Act, may be required to comply, before release or later, with such requirements as appear to the judicial officer or judge advocate (as the case may be) to be necessary for the purpose of securing his attendance at any hearing in connection with the offence to which the charge relates.
      (3) A person on whom a requirement has been imposed under subsection (2)(b) above is guilty of an offence if he fails without reasonable cause to attend any hearing to which the requirement relates.
 
      (4) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable on conviction by court-martial to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or any less punishment provided by this Act."
 
      (3) After section 47J of the 1957 Act there is inserted-
 
 
"Release from custody after charge or during proceedings.     47K. - (1) This section applies where, at a hearing under section 47G(1) of this Act or on a review under section 47H(1) of this Act, the judicial officer or judge advocate (as the case may be) does not authorise keeping the accused in naval custody.
 
    (2) Where this section applies, the accused-
 
 
    (a) subject to paragraph (b) below, shall be released from naval custody forthwith, but
 
    (b) if he is a person to whom section 51 of this Act applies or is subject to this Act by virtue of section 111(3) or (5) of this Act, may be required to comply, before release or later, with such requirements as appear to the judicial officer or judge advocate (as the case may be) to be necessary for the purpose of securing his attendance at any hearing in connection with the offence to which the charge relates.
      (3) A person on whom a requirement has been imposed under subsection (2)(b) above is guilty of an offence if he fails without reasonable cause to attend any hearing to which the requirement relates.
 
      (4) A person guilty of an offence under this section shall be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or any less punishment authorised by this Act.
 
      (5) Any such offence shall be treated as if it were an offence under Part I of this Act."
 
Arrest during proceedings.     6. - (1) After section 75J of the Army Act 1955 there is inserted-
 
 
"Arrest during proceedings.     75K. - (1) Except where subsection (3) below applies, the commanding officer of a person subject to military law ("the accused") who-
 
    (a) has been charged with, or is awaiting sentence for, an offence against any provision of this Part of this Act, and
 
    (b) is not in military custody,
  may, if satisfied that taking the accused into military custody is justified, give orders for his arrest.
 
      (2) Subject to subsection (4) below, subsection (3) below applies between the commencement of the trial of the accused by court-martial and the announcement of the court-martial's finding on the charge or every charge against the accused.
 
      (3) Where this subsection applies, the judge advocate, if satisfied that taking the accused into military custody is justified, may direct the arrest of the accused; and any person with power to arrest the accused for an offence against a provision of this Act shall have the same power, exercisable in the same way, to arrest him pursuant to a direction under this subsection.
 
      (4) Subsection (3) above shall cease to apply (but without prejudice to any direction already given by virtue of that subsection) if the court-martial is dissolved.
 
      (5) For the purposes of this section, taking the accused into military custody is justified if there are substantial grounds for believing that, if not taken into military custody, he would-
 
 
    (a) fail to attend any hearing in the proceedings against him,
 
    (b) commit an offence,
 
    (c) injure himself, or
 
    (d) interfere with witnesses or otherwise obstruct the course of justice, whether in relation to himself or any other person.
      (6) Taking the accused into military custody is also justified for the purposes of this section if-
 
 
    (a) the accused is subject to military law only by virtue of section 131 of this Act, and
 
    (b) he has failed to attend any hearing in the proceedings against him.
      (7) A person arrested under subsection (1) above, if kept in military custody-
 
 
    (a) shall be treated as being in military custody under an order under section 75F(2) of this Act, and
 
    (b) shall be brought as soon as practicable before a judicial officer to be dealt with as on a review under section 75G(1) of this Act.
      (8) A person arrested under subsection (3) above-
 
 
    (a) shall be treated as being in military custody under an order under section 75F(2) of this Act, and
 
    (b) shall be brought as soon as practicable before the judge advocate on whose direction the arrest was made (unless already before him), and shall be dealt with by him as on a review under section 75G(1) of this Act."
      (2) After section 75J of the Air Force Act 1955 there is inserted-
 
 
"Arrest during proceedings.     75K. - (1) Except where subsection (3) below applies, the commanding officer of a person subject to air-force law ("the accused") who-
 
    (a) has been charged with, or is awaiting sentence for, an offence against any provision of this Part of this Act, and
 
    (b) is not in air-force custody,
  may, if satisfied that taking the accused into air-force custody is justified, give orders for his arrest.
 
      (2) Subject to subsection (4) below, subsection (3) below applies between the commencement of the trial of the accused by court-martial and the announcement of the court-martial's finding on the charge or every charge against the accused.
 
      (3) Where this subsection applies, the judge advocate, if satisfied that taking the accused into air-force custody is justified, may direct the arrest of the accused; and any person with power to arrest the accused for an offence against a provision of this Act shall have the same power, exercisable in the same way, to arrest him pursuant to a direction under this subsection.
 
      (4) Subsection (3) above shall cease to apply (but without prejudice to any direction already given by virtue of that subsection) if the court-martial is dissolved.
 
      (5) For the purposes of this section, taking the accused into air-force custody is justified if there are substantial grounds for believing that, if not taken into air-force custody, he would-
 
 
    (a) fail to attend any hearing in the proceedings against him,
 
    (b) commit an offence,
 
    (c) injure himself, or
 
    (d) interfere with witnesses or otherwise obstruct the course of justice, whether in relation to himself or any other person.
      (6) Taking the accused into air-force custody is also justified for the purposes of this section if-
 
 
    (a) the accused is subject to air-force law only by virtue of section 131 of this Act, and
 
    (b) he has failed to attend any hearing in the proceedings against him.
      (7) A person arrested under subsection (1) above, if kept in air-force custody-
 
 
    (a) shall be treated as being in air-force custody under an order under section 75F(2) of this Act, and
 
    (b) shall be brought as soon as practicable before a judicial officer to be dealt with as on a review under section 75G(1) of this Act.
      (8) A person arrested under subsection (3) above-
 
 
    (a) shall be treated as being in air-force custody under an order under section 75F(2) of this Act, and
 
    (b) shall be brought as soon as practicable before the judge advocate on whose direction the arrest was made (unless already before him), and shall be dealt with by him as on a review under section 75G(1) of this Act."
      (3) After section 47K of the 1957 Act there is inserted-
 
 
"Arrest during proceedings.     47L. - (1) Except where subsection (3) below applies, the commanding officer of a person subject to this Act ("the accused") who-
 
    (a) has been charged with, or is awaiting sentence for, an offence under any provision of Part I of this Act, and
 
    (b) is not in naval custody,
  may, if satisfied that taking the accused into naval custody is justified, give orders for his arrest.
 
      (2) Subject to subsection (4) below, subsection (3) below applies between the commencement of the trial of the accused by court-martial and the announcement of the court-martial's finding on the charge or every charge against the accused.
 
      (3) Where this subsection applies, the judge advocate, if satisfied that taking the accused into naval custody is justified, may direct the arrest of the accused; and any person with power to arrest the accused for an offence under Part I of this Act shall have the same power, exercisable in the same way, to arrest him pursuant to a direction under this subsection.
 
      (4) Subsection (3) above shall cease to apply (but without prejudice to any direction already given by virtue of that subsection) if the court-martial is dissolved.
 
      (5) For the purposes of this section, taking the accused into naval custody is justified if there are substantial grounds for believing that, if not taken into naval custody, he would-
 
 
    (a) fail to attend any hearing in the proceedings against him,
 
    (b) commit an offence,
 
    (c) injure himself, or
 
    (d) interfere with witnesses or otherwise obstruct the course of justice, whether in relation to himself or any other person.
      (6) Taking the accused into naval custody is also justified for the purposes of this section if-
 
 
    (a) the accused is a person to whom section 51 of this Act applies, and
 
    (b) he has failed to attend any hearing in the proceedings against him.
      (7) A person arrested under subsection (1) above, if kept in naval custody-
 
 
    (a) shall be treated as being in naval custody under an order under section 47G(2) of this Act, and
 
    (b) shall be brought as soon as practicable before a judicial officer to be dealt with as on a review under section 47H(1) of this Act.
      (8) A person arrested under subsection (3) above-
 
 
    (a) shall be treated as being in naval custody under an order under section 47G(2) of this Act, and
 
    (b) shall be brought as soon as practicable before the judge advocate on whose direction the arrest was made (unless already before him), and shall be dealt with by him as on a review under section 47H(1) of this Act."
Judicial officers.     7. - (1) After section 75K of each of the 1955 Acts there is inserted-
 
 
"Judicial officers.     75L. - (1) Judicial officers shall be appointed for the purposes of this Act by the Judge Advocate General.
 
    (2) No person shall be appointed under this section unless-
 
 
    (a) he is qualified under section 84B(2) of this Act for appointment as the judge advocate in relation to a court-martial, or
 
    (b) he has, and has had for at least five years, in any Commonwealth country or any colony rights and duties similar to those of a barrister or solicitor in England and Wales, and is subject to punishment or disability for breach of professional rules."
      (2) After section 47L of the 1957 Act there is inserted-
 
 
"Judicial officers.     47M. - (1) Judicial officers shall be appointed for the purposes of this Act by the Chief Naval Judge Advocate.
 
    (2) No person shall be appointed under this section unless-
 
 
    (a) he is qualified under section 53B(2) of this Act for appointment as the judge advocate in relation to a court-martial, or
 
    (b) he has, and has had for at least five years, in any Commonwealth country or any colony rights and duties similar to those of a barrister or solicitor in England and Wales, and is subject to punishment or disability for breach of professional rules."
Custody rules.     8. - (1) After section 75L of each of the 1955 Acts there is inserted-
 
 
"Custody rules.     75M. - (1) The Secretary of State may make rules with respect to proceedings-
 
    (a) on an application under section 75C of this Act;
 
    (b) under section 75F(1) of this Act;
 
    (c) on a review under section 75G(1) of this Act.
      (2) Rules under this section may in particular make provision with respect to-
 
 
    (a) arrangements preliminary to the proceedings;
 
    (b) the representation of the person to whom the proceedings relate;
 
    (c) the admissibility of evidence;
 
    (d) procuring the attendance of witnesses;
 
    (e) the immunities and privileges of witnesses;
 
    (f) the administration of oaths;
 
    (g) circumstances in which a review under section 75G(1) of this Act may be carried out without a hearing;
 
    (h) the use for the purposes of the proceedings of live television links or similar arrangements, including the use of such a link or other arrangement as a means of satisfying the requirement of section 75C(2)(b), 75F(1) or 75K(7)(b) or (8)(b) of this Act for a person to be brought before a judicial officer or judge advocate;
 
    (i) the appointment of persons to discharge administrative functions under the rules.
      (3) Rules under this section shall be made by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament."
 
      (2) After section 47M of the 1957 Act there is inserted-
 
 
"Custody rules.     47N. - (1) The Secretary of State may make rules with respect to proceedings-
 
    (a) on an application under section 47D of this Act;
 
    (b) under section 47G(1) of this Act;
 
    (c) on a review under section 47H(1) of this Act.
      (2) Rules under this section may in particular make provision with respect to-
 
 
    (a) arrangements preliminary to the proceedings;
 
    (b) the representation of the person to whom the proceedings relate;
 
    (c) the admissibility of evidence;
 
    (d) procuring the attendance of witnesses;
 
    (e) the immunities and privileges of witnesses;
 
    (f) the administration of oaths;
 
    (g) circumstances in which a review under section 47H(1) of this Act may be carried out without a hearing;
 
    (h) the use for the purposes of the proceedings of live television links or similar arrangements, including the use of such a link or other arrangement as a means of satisfying the requirement of section 47D(2)(b), 47G(1) or 47L(7)(b) or (8)(b) of this Act for a person to be brought before a judicial officer or judge advocate;
 
    (i) the appointment of persons to discharge administrative functions under the rules.
      (3) Rules under this section shall be made by statutory instrument subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament."
 
 
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Prepared 17 December 1999