Armed Forces Discipline Bill [H.L.] - continued        House of Lords
The summary appeal court - continued

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Appointment of judge advocates.     15. - (1) After section 83ZA of each of the 1955 Acts there is inserted-
 
 
"Judge advocates.     83ZB. - (1) Judge advocates in relation to the summary appeal court shall be appointed by the Judge Advocate General.
 
    (2) No person shall be appointed under this section unless he is qualified under section 84B(2) of this Act for appointment as the judge advocate in relation to a court-martial."
 
      (2) After section 52FF of the 1957 Act there is inserted-
 
 
"Judge advocates.     52FG. - (1) Judge advocates in relation to the summary appeal court shall be appointed by the Chief Naval Judge Advocate.
 
    (2) No person shall be appointed under this section unless he is qualified under section 53B(2) of this Act for appointment as the judge advocate in relation to a court-martial."
 
Officers qualified for membership of summary appeal court.     16. - (1) After section 83ZB of the Army Act 1955 there is inserted-
 
 
"Officers qualified for membership of summary appeal court.     83ZC. - (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) below, an officer is qualified under this section for membership of the summary appeal court if he is a military officer who has held a commission in any of Her Majesty's naval, military, or air forces for a period of not less than two years or periods amounting in the aggregate to not less than two years.
 
    (2) Subject to subsection (3) below, rules under section 83ZJ of this Act may specify circumstances in which any other military officer or a naval or air-force officer is qualified under this section for membership of the court.
 
      (3) The following are not qualified under this section for membership of the court-
 
 
    (a) the court administration officer,
 
    (b) an officer under the command of the court administration officer,
 
    (c) the prosecuting authority,
 
    (d) any person who has a general qualification within the meaning of section 71 of the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990,
 
    (e) an advocate in Scotland or a solicitor who has a right of audience in the Court of Session or the High Court of Justiciary,
 
    (f) a member of the Bar of Northern Ireland,
 
    (g) a person who has in any Commonwealth country rights and duties similar to those of a barrister or solicitor in England and Wales, and is subject to punishment or disability for breach of professional rules, or
 
    (h) any person who is, or has at any time during the preceding five years been, a provost officer.
      (4) In this section-
 
 
    "air-force officer" means an officer belonging to Her Majesty's air forces and subject to air-force law;
 
    "military officer" means an officer belonging to Her Majesty's military forces and subject to military law; and
 
    "naval officer" means an officer belonging to Her Majesty's naval forces and subject to the Naval Discipline Act 1957."
      (2) After section 83ZB of the Air Force Act 1955 there is inserted-
 
 
"Officers qualified for membership of summary appeal court.     83ZC. - (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) below, an officer is qualified under this section for membership of the summary appeal court if he is an air-force officer who has held a commission in any of Her Majesty's naval, military, or air forces for a period of not less than two years or periods amounting in the aggregate to not less than two years.
 
    (2) Subject to subsection (3) below, rules under section 83ZJ of this Act may specify circumstances in which any other air-force officer or a naval or military officer is qualified under this section for membership of the court.
 
      (3) The following are not qualified under this section for membership of the court-
 
 
    (a) the court administration officer,
 
    (b) an officer under the command of the court administration officer,
 
    (c) the prosecuting authority,
 
    (d) any person who has a general qualification within the meaning of section 71 of the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990,
 
    (e) an advocate in Scotland or a solicitor who has a right of audience in the Court of Session or the High Court of Justiciary,
 
    (f) a member of the Bar of Northern Ireland,
 
    (g) a person who has in any Commonwealth country rights and duties similar to those of a barrister or solicitor in England and Wales, and is subject to punishment or disability for breach of professional rules, or
 
    (h) any person who is, or has at any time during the preceding five years been, a provost officer.
      (4) In this section-
 
 
    "air-force officer" means an officer belonging to Her Majesty's air forces and subject to air-force law;
 
    "military officer" means an officer belonging to Her Majesty's military forces and subject to military law; and
 
    "naval officer" means an officer belonging to Her Majesty's naval forces and subject to the Naval Discipline Act 1957."
      (3) After section 52FG of the 1957 Act there is inserted-
 
 
"Officers qualified for membership of summary appeal court.     52FH. - (1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) below, an officer is qualified under this section for membership of the summary appeal court if he is a naval officer of or above the rank of lieutenant who has held a commission in any of Her Majesty's naval, military, or air forces for a period of not less than three years or periods amounting in the aggregate to not less than three years.
 
    (2) Subject to subsection (3) below, rules under section 83ZJ of this Act may specify circumstances in which any other naval officer or a military or air-force officer is qualified under this section for membership of the court.
 
      (3) The following are not qualified under this section for membership of the court-
 
 
    (a) the court administration officer,
 
    (b) an officer under the command of the court administration officer,
 
    (c) the prosecuting authority,
 
    (d) any person who has a general qualification within the meaning of section 71 of the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990,
 
    (e) an advocate in Scotland or a solicitor who has a right of audience in the Court of Session or the High Court of Justiciary,
 
    (f) a member of the Bar of Northern Ireland,
 
    (g) a person who has in any Commonwealth country rights and duties similar to those of a barrister or solicitor in England and Wales, and is subject to punishment or disability for breach of professional rules, or
 
    (h) any person who is, or has at any time during the preceding five years been, a member of the Royal Navy Regulating Branch.
      (4) In this section-
 
 
    "air-force officer" means an officer belonging to Her Majesty's air forces and subject to air-force law;
 
    "military officer" means an officer belonging to Her Majesty's military forces and subject to military law; and
 
    "naval officer" means an officer belonging to Her Majesty's naval forces and subject to this Act."
Constitution of court for appeals.     17. - (1) After section 83ZC of each of the 1955 Acts there is inserted-
 
 
"Constitution of summary appeal court for appeals.     83ZD. - (1) For the purpose of hearing an appeal, the summary appeal court shall consist of-
 
    (a) one of the judge advocates appointed under section 83ZB, and
 
    (b) two officers qualified under section 83ZC for membership of the court.
      (2) Subsection (1) above has effect subject to any provision made by virtue of section 83ZJ of this Act.
 
      (3) The judge advocate for any appeal shall be specified by or on behalf of the Judge Advocate General.
 
      (4) The other members of the court for any appeal shall be specified by or on behalf of the court administration officer."
 
      (2) After section 52FH of the 1957 Act there is inserted-
 
 
"Constitution of summary appeal court for appeals.     52FJ. - (1) For the purpose of hearing an appeal, the summary appeal court shall consist of-
 
    (a) one of the judge advocates appointed under section 52FG, and
 
    (b) two officers qualified under section 52FH for membership of the court.
      (2) Subsection (1) above has effect subject to any provision made by virtue of section 52FP of this Act.
 
      (3) The judge advocate for any appeal shall be specified by or on behalf of the Chief Naval Judge Advocate.
 
      (4) The other members of the court for any appeal shall be specified by or on behalf of the court administration officer.
 
      (5) In specifying members of the court under subsection (4) of this section the person doing so shall ensure that at least one member of the court for any appeal is of or above the rank of commander.
 
      (6) At any sitting of the court, the most senior member of the court at that sitting shall preside."
 
Right of appeal.     18. - (1) After section 83ZD of each of the 1955 Acts there is inserted-
 
 
"Right of appeal.     83ZE. - (1) Any person in respect of whom-
 
    (a) a charge has been dealt with summarily, and
 
    (b) a finding that the charge has been proved has been recorded,
  may appeal to the summary appeal court against the finding or against any punishment awarded (or against both).
 
      (2) Subject to subsection (3) below, any appeal must be brought within the period of twenty-one days beginning with the date on which the punishment was awarded ("the initial period") or within such longer period as the court may (before the end of the initial period) allow.
 
      (3) The court may at any later time give leave for an appeal to be brought.
 
      (4) On any appeal under this section, the respondent shall be the prosecuting authority."
 
      (2) After section 52FJ of the 1957 Act there is inserted-
 
 
"Right of appeal.     52FK. - (1) Any person in respect of whom-
 
    (a) a charge has been tried summarily, and
 
    (b) a finding of guilt has been recorded,
  may appeal to the summary appeal court against the finding or against any punishment awarded (or against both).
 
      (2) Subject to subsection (3) below, any appeal must be brought within the period of twenty-one days beginning with the date on which the punishment was awarded ("the initial period") or within such longer period as the court may (before the end of the initial period) allow.
 
      (3) The court may at any later time give leave for an appeal to be brought.
 
      (4) On any appeal under this section, the respondent shall be the prosecuting authority."
 
Hearing of appeals.     19. - (1) After section 83ZE of each of the 1955 Acts there is inserted-
 
 
"Hearing of appeals.     83ZF. - (1) An appeal under section 83ZE of this Act against a finding shall be by way of a rehearing of the charge.
 
    (2) An appeal under section 83ZE of this Act which relates only to the punishment awarded shall be by way of a rehearing in relation to the award of punishment.
 
      (3) Except in such cases as may be prescribed by rules under section 83ZJ of this Act, appeals shall be heard in open court.
 
      (4) Proceedings of the summary appeal court shall be conducted in accordance with the law of England and Wales.
 
      (5) Rulings and directions on questions of law (including questions of procedure and practice) shall be given by the judge advocate.
 
      (6) Any directions given by the judge advocate shall be binding on the court."
 
      (2) After section 52FK of the 1957 Act there is inserted-
 
 
"Hearing of appeals.     52FL. - (1) An appeal under section 52FK of this Act against a finding shall be by way of a rehearing of the charge.
 
    (2) An appeal under section 52FK of this Act which relates only to the punishment awarded shall be by way of a rehearing in relation to the award of punishment.
 
      (3) Except in such cases as may be prescribed by rules under section 52FP of this Act, appeals shall be heard in open court.
 
      (4) Proceedings of the summary appeal court shall be conducted in accordance with the law of England and Wales.
 
      (5) Rulings and directions on questions of law (including questions of procedure and practice) shall be given by the judge advocate.
 
      (6) Any directions given by the judge advocate shall be binding on the court."
 
 
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Prepared 19 November 1999