Select Committee on European Communities Second Report



APPENDIX 4

Tables and figures

Table 1: GM crops approved and awaiting approval for commercial release in the ECUpdated 28 October 1998—Italics indicate consent issued

Date submittedCompetent authority NotifierReferenceDescription of GMO Scope of applicationDate of consent
22 June 1992Germany Vemie Veterinar Chemie GmbHC/D/92/1-1 Pseudorabies virus strainImmunisation of pigs against Aujeszky's disease 18 December 1992
29 March 1993Belgium Rhone Merienx BelgiumC/B/92/B28 Rabies vaccineLive vaccine intended for bait for fox consumption 20 June 1993
11 October 1993Germany Vemie veterinar Chemie GmbHC/D93/1-2 Pseudorabies virus strainImmunisation of pigs against Aujeszky's disease 20 April 1993
23 Nov 1993FranceSociete National d'Exploitation des Tabacs et Allumettes C/F/93/08-02Tobacco modified for resistance to oxynil herbicides Use in agriculture and tobacco industry Commission adopted decision 8 June 1994
7 February 1994UK Plant Genetic Systems NV94/M1/1Oilseed rape hybrid system with herbicide tolerance Seed production only28 February 1996
6 December 1994UK Monsanto Europe94/M3/1 Soyabeans modified for tolerance to glyphosafe herbicidesImportation, storage and use for animal feeds and food. Not for cultivation7 May 1996
31 March 1995France Ciba-GeigyC/F/4/11-3 Maize modified for insect resistance and herbicide toleranceUse in agriculture in EC and importation of grain into the EC5 February 1997
27 April 1995Netherlands Bejo Zaden BVC/NL/94/25 Red Hearted Chicory modified for altered fertility Seed production only5 August 1996
27 July 1995FrancePlant Genetic Systems NVC/F/95/05-01 (A)Oilseed rape hybrid system with herbicide tolerance Importation of seeds for extraction of oil, and agriculture use in ECQualified majority vote in favour (5 December 1996) Consent not yet issued
27 July 1995FrancePlant Genetic Systems NV C/F/95/05-01 (B)Oilseed rape hybrid system with herbicide tolerance Importation of seeds for extraction of oil, and agricultural use in EC Qualified majority vote in favour (5 December 1996) Consent not yet issued
6 March 1996UK AgrEvo UK Crop ProtectionC/GB/95/M5/1 Oilseed rape modified for tolerance to glufosinate ammonium herbicide Importation of grain for food animal for food, animal feed and industrial uses 9 June 1998
12 March 1996FrancePioneer Hi-Bred International C/F/95/12-01/BMaize modified for insect resistance and herbicide tolerance Growing, import, storage and processing of grain and maize products for use in food, feed and industrial products Vote taken in Regulatory Committee. Outcome unknown
31 May 1996FranceAgrEvo France C/F/95/12/07Maize modified for tolerance to glufosinate ammonium herbicide Agricultural use leading to animal and human consumption Commission adopted decision 22 April 1998. Consent believed to be issued, but not confirmed
3 June 1996UK Northrup King CompanyC/GB/96/M4/1 Maize modified for insect resistance and herbicide tolerance Importation of grain only9 June 1998
12 June 1996FranceMonsanto Europe C/F/12/02Maize modified for insect resistance Production of maize in the EC and import, storage and processing for use in feed, food and industrial products Commission adopted decision 22 April 1998. Consent believed to be issued, but not confirmed
5 July 1996Finland Valio LtdC/F1/96/INA Sreptacoccus thermophilus modified as a test kit for the detection of antibiotic residues in milk Use of the kit in dairy industry 21 August 1997
15 July 1996GermanyHoechst Schering AgrEvo GmbH C/DE/96/5Oilseed rape modified for tolerance to glufosinate ammonium herbicide Same purposes as conventionally bred varieties in EC Vote not yet taken by Commission
5 August 1996Netherlands AVEBEC/NL/96/10Potatoes modified for altered starch production Growing, multiplication of breeding material, and processing starch for human consumption Vote not yet taken by Commission
20 Sept 1996Netherlands Bejo Zaden BVC/NL/94/25-A Red Hearted Chicory modified for altered sterility and tolerance to glufosinate ammonium herbicide Production of vegetable chicory cropsVote not yet taken by Commission
25 Sept 1996Netherlands Florigene Europe BVC/NL/96/14 Carnation with modified flower colour Cut flowers for purchase by consumers 1 December 1997
29 January 1997Belgium Plant Genetic SystemsC/BE/96/01 Oilseed rape hybrid system modified for herbicide toleranceGrowing and multiplication for breeding material, feed, food, and industrial usesVote not yet taken by Commission
24 October 1997Denmark LF Trifolium A/S Monsanto Europe SA Danisco Seed C/DK/97/01Fodder beet modified for tolerance to glyphostate herbicides Production of fodder beet in ECVote not yet by Commission
15 Dec 1997UKMonsanto Europe C/GB/97/M3/2Maize modified for tolerance to glyphosate herbicides Importation for processing for use as animal feed and food ingredients. Not be used for cultivation Application not yet forwarded to the Commission
17 Dec 1997SpainMonsanto Europe C/ES/97/01Cotton modified for tolerance to glyphosate herbicides The same purposes as non-GM commercial cotton varieties Vote not yet taken by Commission
17 Dec 1997SpainZeneca Plant Science C/ES/96/01Tomatoes modified for delayed ripening Manufacture into food productsVote not yet taken by Commission
17 Dec 1997SpainMonsanto Europe C/ES/96/02Cotton modified for insect resistance The same purposes as non-GM commercial cotton varieties Vote not yet taken by Commission
23 June 1998Netherlands Dekalb Genetics CorporationC/NL/97/17 Maize modified for resistance to European corn borer and for tolerance to glufosinate-ammonium herbicides The same purposes as non-GM maze grain and processed maize products Vote not yet taken by Commission
30 June 1998Sweden Amylogene HB C/SE/96/3501Potatoes modified for altered starch production For production of seed potatoes and raw material for the starch industry Vote not yet taken by Commission
14 August 1998Netherlands Florigene Europe BVC/NL/97/12 Carnations modified for increased vaselife For production of cut flowers and horticulture 20 October 1998
14 August 1998Netherlands Florigen Europe BVC/NL/97/13 Carnations modified for altered flower colour For production of cut flowers and horticulture 20 October 1998
Source: Biotechnology Unit, CB Division, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions.
(For GM crops awaiting approval in the United States, see the Appendix to the USDA's supplementary memorandum, pp. 175-81.)

TABLE 2: DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMMERCIAL USE OF GM CROPS IN THE US AND EC

United States:
Crop
1995
1996
1997
1998
 
Total acreage (million acres)
Of which GM (percentage of total)
Total acreage (million acres)
Of which GM (percentage of total)
Total acreage (million acres)
Of which GM (percentage of total)
Total acreage (million acres)
Of which GM (percentage of total)
Soya
61.6
0.0
63.4
1.6
69.6
12.8
71.6
35.2
Maize
65.0
0.0
73.1
1.0
73.7
9.4
73.8
27.0
Wheat
60.9
0.0
62.9
0.0
63.6
0.0
59.1
0.0
Other*
19.0
<0.1
15.8
12.0
16.5
25.4
13.9
?

European Community:
Crop
1995
1996
1997
1998
Total acreage (million acres)
Of which GM (percentage of total)
Total acreage (million acres)
Of which GM (percentage of total)
Total acreage (million acres)
Of which GM (percentage of total)
Total acreage (million acres)
Of which GM (percentage of total)
Soya
0.8
0.0
0.8
0.0
1.0
0.0
1.1
0.0
Maize
9.5
0.0
10.4
0.0
10.8
0.0
10.3
0.1
Wheat
41.0
0.0
41.9
0.0
42.7
0.0
42.4
0.0
Other*
12.7
0.0
12.5
0.0
12.6
0.0
13.3
0.0

*Other comprises Cotton, Canola/OSR, Potato, Tomato, Tobacco.

Source: FAO and ISAAA estimates


FIGURE 1: CURRENT STRUCTURE OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEES IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.


FIGURE 2: CURRENT STRUCTURE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION'S SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY COMMITTEES (DIRECTORATE-GENERAL XXIV)

Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food.


FIGURE 3: STAGES OF THE APPROVAL PROCESS FOR COMMERCIAL RELEASE UNDER THE CURRENT DELIBERATE RELEASE DIRECTIVE (90/220/EEC)


FIGURE 4: STAGES OF THE APPROVAL PROCESS FOR COMMERCIAL RELEASE UNDER THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION'S PROPOSED REVISION OF THE DELIBERATE RELEASE DIRECTIVE


 
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