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The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Baroness Hayman): We hope to be able to announce the terms of reference and membership of the Chief Medical Officer's expert advisory group on cloning shortly.
The Government's response to the Human Genetics Advisory Commission and Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority report on cloning, published on 24 June, included a statement that the Chief Medical Officer's expert group would, among other considerations, provide an opportunity to obtain views on alternatives to cloning embryonic cells.
Baroness Hayman: We made particular mention of the fluoridation of water because this has been shown to be the most effective method of reducing tooth decay. We do, however, recognise the contribution that other oral health promotion measures can make and have allocated £500,000 for funding exemplar projects in the current financial year. These include two projects aimed at encouraging families from ethnic communities to register with dental practices in order that they may benefit from both the treatment and preventive measures provided by the dental team. We are working on a dental strategy in which we will develop our policy on oral and dental health.
Baroness Hayman: We wish the local authority, as the locally elected representative body, to be involved in the assessment of public opinion, but the main change required to remedy the flaw in the present legislation is for the water companies to be put under a statutory obligation to accede to requests to fluoridate where there is strong local support for doing so. As the White Paper indicated, we will introduce amending legislation to this effect provided the scientific review we have commissioned confirms that there are benefits to dental health and no significant risks.
Baroness Hayman: The Report and Accounts of the Medical Devices Agency have today been laid before both Houses of Parliament in accordance with the requirements of Sections 5(2) and 5(3) of the Exchequer and Audit Departments Act 1921. Copies have also been placed in the Library.
Baroness Hayman: The Report and Accounts have today been laid before both Houses of Parliament in accordance with the requirements of Sections 5(2) and 5(3) of the Exchequer and Audit Departments Act 1921. Copies have also been placed in the Library.
Baroness Hayman: Measures set out in the White Paper Smoking Kills set out the Government's tobacco control strategy and promised more than £100 million over the next three years. This will include up to £60 million for smoking cessation services and up to £50 million on a programme of public information and education. Eight million pounds over three years in Scotland will be devoted to tackling reduction in smoking. Equivalent funding in Wales is subject to the outcome of the Comprehensive Spending Review for Wales.
Baroness Hayman: The annual cost to the National Health Service of treating smoking-related disease caused by smoking is estimated to be between £1.4 billion and £1.7 billion for England. Spending on social security benefits is affected by very many factors and it is not possible to isolate the benefit cost of smoking-related illnesses.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (Lord Whitty): The legislation allowing the exchange of certain South African driving licences for British ones came into force on 2 July.
Lord Whitty: This is a matter for the London Borough of Greenwich as highway authority for this length of the A.2. We understand from the council that they were not aware of any problem with the lighting on the traffic islands but they will carry out a night-time inspection as soon as possible and put in hand any remedial action necessary.
(b) How many buses, coaches and taxis travel on the M.4 between Junctions 4 and 2 on an average weekday; and how that number is spread over the day.[HL3000]
Lord Whitty: Before the introduction of the bus lane, the average time for a vehicle joining the M.4 at Junction 4 and travelling in lane 2 before leaving at Junction 2, during the peak periods 06.30 to 09.30 and 17.30 to 20.30 hours, was calculated from measurements of vehicle speeds as 12.4 minutes. Information is not available for different classes of vehicle.
On the assumption that buses now travel in the middle lane between Junctions 4 and 3 and in the outside lane between Junctions 3 and 2, their average journey time during weekday peak times is 9.1 minutes. This represents a saving on average of over three minutes. Monitoring has shown that cars are also making savings over the same distance of one minute during the morning peak and two and half minutes during the evening peak periods. It will be some time before we can be confident this information is directly comparable with that obtained before the bus lane was opened, as it refers to measurements at different times of the year.
It is not possible to give precise figures for the number of buses, coaches or taxis on the M.4 before the bus lane opened. The numbers now using this section of the motorway can only be determined by measuring the numbers using the bus lane between Junctions 3 and 2. After the first month of operation, on average 550 buses and coaches, 100 minibuses and 3,150 taxis used the bus lane each day. About 220 taxis per hour use the bus lane in peak periods and 150 per hour at other times. Bus,
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