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Lord Whitty: It depends on whether or not the non-EU licence holder is resident in the country in which the vehicle in question is registered, and whether or not the non-EU licence is recognised there for driving those vehicles. The holder of a non-European Union driving licence may drive a European Union registered light goods or public carriage vehicle in the UK as a visitor only if he is resident in the EU member state in
Lord Whitty: We understand that Railtrack are preparing to apply for an Order under the Transport and Works Act 1992 in early 2000 to authorise all those aspects of the West Coast Main Line Upgrade Project in England for which they consider that they need to obtain statutory powers. The timescale for a decision on such an application will depend largely on the extent of objections.
Lord Whitty: There has been no such advice. Each application for the release of genetically modified (GM) plants for research purposes is supported by a risk assessment which is evaluated by government experts and independent scientists on the Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment (ACRE). Their consideration will include the possible spread of GM pollen by all means and its likely consequences. Based on the type of GM plant, how it has been modified and the circumstances of the proposed release, it may be judged necessary to minimise the potential for cross-pollination of neighbouring sexually compatible crops or wild relatives by the GM plants. The precautions taken to prevent or reduce cross-pollination include the removal of flowers, specific isolation distances between GM and non-GM plants or borders of non-GM plants around the plots of GM plants. Where isolation distances are set between genetically modified crops and conventional crops these are not intended to prevent pollen spread but to reduce pollen spread as far as is practically possible.
Lord McIntosh of Haringey: The Jewish Museum, as a designated museum, will receive a grant of £50,000 as part of the first round of awards made by the Designated Museums Challenge Fund for 1999/2000. This fund, established by the Government, will award a total of £15 million to designated museums over the next three years. The grant will assist with documentation, catalogue preparation and photography of the collections, which will together form a high quality database. The Jewish Museum can expect to receive further grants in the next two years.
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (Baroness Symons of Vernham Dean): The additional measures against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia agreed by the Council of Ministers on 26 April included:
The Council adopted a Regulation (1064/1999) imposing a ban on flights between the European Community and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on 21 May 1999. This entered into force the following day and repealed and replaced the provisions of Regulation No. 1901/98, as amended. The ban allows for exemptions, subject to a consultation procedure, for strictly humanitarian purposes.
On 15 June the Council of the European Union adopted a further Regulation (1294.99) concerning a freeze of funds and a ban on investment in relation to the FRY. The Regulation came into force on 19 June. The regulation provides that:
The Regulation applies to any person who is national of a Member State, to any body which is incorporated or constituted under the law of a Member State, on board an aircraft or any vessel under the jurisdiction of a Member State and within the territory of the Community and its airspace.
The Regulation is directly applicable in the UK and repeals Regulations No. 1295/98 and No. 1607/98. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Freezing of Funds and Prohibition on Investment) Regulations 1999, which came into force on 25 June, give practical effect to the EC Regulation in the UK and provides for criminal penalties if the provisions of the EC Regulation are infringed.
The Council also decided on 26 April to widen the scope of the prohibition on the export of equipment to include provision and export of certain goods, services and technology to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in order to prevent the restoring/repairing assets damaged in airstrikes. In line with this decision and pending the preparation of a Regulation to implement it, the UK, while continuing to scrutinise individually all applications for licences to export dual-use goods to the FRY, has granted licences only where the goods are to be used for clearly humanitarian purposes. Following the Council decision, the Commission and member states began preparations to adopt the necessary Regulation. This work has been put on hold, following the end of NATO's military campaign against the FRY. The UK practice remains in place.
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